SUICIDE AMONG ADOLESCENTS: HELPING PARENTS UNDERSTAND AND IDENTIFY WARNING SIGNS Dr. LaWanda N. Evans, LPC Intern, CSC, CT...
FACTS MYTHS RISK FACTORS
SUICIDE FACTS <ul><li>Suicide ranks third as a cause of death among people ages 15 – 24. </li></ul><ul><li>In Texas, suici...
SUICIDE FACTS, CONT. <ul><li>Approximately 1 out of every 100 young person, ages 15 – 24 commit suicide. </li></ul><ul><li...
SUICIDE FACTS, CONT. <ul><li>Gay, lesbian, and bi-sexual youth have 2 – 3 times greater risk of committing suicide than he...
MYTHS ASSOCIATED WITH ADOLESCENT SUICIDE
MYTHS <ul><li>Adolescents who talk about suicide never attempt suicide.  </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide happens with no warning...
MYTHS, CONT. <ul><li>Once an adolescent is suicidal, he or she is suicidal forever.  </li></ul><ul><li>If an adolescent at...
MYTHS, CONT.  <ul><li>All adolescents who engage in suicidal behavior are mentally ill.  </li></ul><ul><li>Every adolescen...
MYTHS, CONT.  <ul><li>Never use the word suicide when talking to adolescents because using the word gives some adolescents...
RISK FACTORS
RISK FACTORS <ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Identity Concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Fam...
RISK FACTORS, CONT. <ul><li>Loss/death of a significant person </li></ul><ul><li>Break-up of a relationship </li></ul><ul>...
RISK FACTORS, CONT.  <ul><li>Distorted thinking patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Negative self-talk </li></ul><ul><li>Catastroph...
RISK FACTORS, CONT. <ul><li>Easy access to lethal means </li></ul><ul><li>Unwillingness to seek help because of the stigma...
BEHAVIORS YOU MAY SEE AT HOME WARNING SIGNS  VERBAL SIGNS PROTECTIVE FACTORS
BEHAVIORS YOU MAY SEE AT HOME
BEHAVIORS YOU MAY SEE AT HOME <ul><li>Failing to obey rules or directives </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding taking part in family...
BEHAVIORS, CONT.  <ul><li>Resisting going to school or discussing school activities </li></ul><ul><li>Arguing about everyt...
WARNING SIGNS
WARNING SIGNS <ul><li>Sense of hopelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling trapped, like there’s no way out </li></ul><ul><li>W...
WARNING SIGNS, CONT.  <ul><li>Decline in grades/failures </li></ul><ul><li>Truancy/increased absenteeism </li></ul><ul><li...
WARNING SIGNS, CONT.  <ul><li>Mood swings, personality changes </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent boredom, difficulty concentrat...
WARNING SIGNS, CONT.  <ul><li>Giving away valued possessions </li></ul><ul><li>Planning a funeral </li></ul><ul><li>Diffic...
WARNING SIGNS, CONT.  <ul><li>Access to and/or possession of a weapon, especially firearm </li></ul><ul><li>Sense that par...
VERBAL SIGNS
VERBAL SIGNS <ul><li>“ I’m so tired. I don’t feel like I can take this any longer.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I don’t want to be...
VERBAL SIGNS <ul><li>“ I wish I were dead.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I’m going to end it all.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You will be ...
FACTORS THAT MAY DECREASE ADOLESCENT SUICIDAL BEHAVIOR AND RISK FACTORS
PROTECTIVE FACTORS <ul><li>Social Network/External Support </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for Living </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Eff...
PROTECTIVE FACTORS, CONT. <ul><li>Good relationships with family members </li></ul><ul><li>Support from family </li></ul><...
PROTECTIVE FACTORS, CONT. <ul><li>Openness to other’s experiences and solution </li></ul><ul><li>Openness to new knowledge...
WHAT TO DO IF YOU THINK YOUR CHILD HAS A PROBLEM
WHAT TO DO <ul><li>Trust your feelings. </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of the signs discussed earlier </li></ul><ul><li>Do not...
WHAT KIND OF HELP IS AVAILABLE
HELP IS AVAILABLE <ul><li>Seek assistance from a mental health professional </li></ul><ul><li>Individual counseling </li><...
RESOURCES
RESOURCES  <ul><li>Crisis Line – 972-233-2233 </li></ul><ul><li>Dallas Metrocare Services – 214-330-7722 </li></ul><ul><li...
RESOURCES  <ul><li>http://www.granthalliburton.org/   </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.iamherecoalition.org/   </li></ul><ul><...
REFERENCES
REFERENCES  <ul><li>American Association of Suicidology. (2010).  Some facts about suicide . Washington, DC. </li></ul><ul...
THANKS
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Parent Workshop Suicide Among Adolescents

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This powerpoint is for educational purposes only and to raise awareness about adolescent suicide. Please contact me for more information about this presentation or if you would like me to facilitate this presentation for your school, parent group, youth group, agency, or business.

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Transcript of "Parent Workshop Suicide Among Adolescents"

  1. 1. SUICIDE AMONG ADOLESCENTS: HELPING PARENTS UNDERSTAND AND IDENTIFY WARNING SIGNS Dr. LaWanda N. Evans, LPC Intern, CSC, CTS Thursday, December 8, 2011
  2. 2. FACTS MYTHS RISK FACTORS
  3. 3. SUICIDE FACTS <ul><li>Suicide ranks third as a cause of death among people ages 15 – 24. </li></ul><ul><li>In Texas, suicide is the second leading cause of death for 15 year olds. </li></ul><ul><li>Research has shown that most adolescent suicides occur after school hours and in the teen’s home. </li></ul>
  4. 4. SUICIDE FACTS, CONT. <ul><li>Approximately 1 out of every 100 young person, ages 15 – 24 commit suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Females attempt suicide three times more often than males. </li></ul><ul><li>Males complete suicide four times more often than females. </li></ul><ul><li>53% of young people who commit suicide abuse substances. </li></ul>
  5. 5. SUICIDE FACTS, CONT. <ul><li>Gay, lesbian, and bi-sexual youth have 2 – 3 times greater risk of committing suicide than heterosexual youth. </li></ul><ul><li>27% of high school students have thought about suicide. 16% had a plan, and 8% made an attempt. </li></ul><ul><li>The Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health </li></ul><ul><li>Administration has declared suicide as a mental health problem. </li></ul>
  6. 6. MYTHS ASSOCIATED WITH ADOLESCENT SUICIDE
  7. 7. MYTHS <ul><li>Adolescents who talk about suicide never attempt suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide happens with no warning signs. </li></ul><ul><li>Most adolescents who attempt suicide fully intend to die. </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescents from affluent families attempt or complete suicide more often than adolescents from poor families. </li></ul>
  8. 8. MYTHS, CONT. <ul><li>Once an adolescent is suicidal, he or she is suicidal forever. </li></ul><ul><li>If an adolescent attempts suicide and survives, he or she will never make an attempt again. </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescents who attempt or complete suicide always leave notes </li></ul><ul><li>Most adolescent suicides happen late at night or during the predawn hours. </li></ul>
  9. 9. MYTHS, CONT. <ul><li>All adolescents who engage in suicidal behavior are mentally ill. </li></ul><ul><li>Every adolescent who attempts suicide is depressed </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide is hereditary </li></ul><ul><li>If an adolescent is intent on attempting suicide, there is nothing anyone can do to prevent its occurrence. </li></ul>
  10. 10. MYTHS, CONT. <ul><li>Never use the word suicide when talking to adolescents because using the word gives some adolescents the idea. </li></ul><ul><li>There is not correlation between alcoholism and suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>The most common method for adolescent suicide completion involves drug overdose. </li></ul>
  11. 11. RISK FACTORS
  12. 12. RISK FACTORS <ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Identity Concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Family Violence/history of suicide or child abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Stress to perform and achieve </li></ul><ul><li>Threat of AIDS or any life threatening disease </li></ul>
  13. 13. RISK FACTORS, CONT. <ul><li>Loss/death of a significant person </li></ul><ul><li>Break-up of a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Abortion </li></ul><ul><li>Family history of substance abuse </li></ul>
  14. 14. RISK FACTORS, CONT. <ul><li>Distorted thinking patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Negative self-talk </li></ul><ul><li>Catastrophic thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual or physical assault </li></ul><ul><li>Previous suicide attempt </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers to accessing mental health treatment </li></ul>
  15. 15. RISK FACTORS, CONT. <ul><li>Easy access to lethal means </li></ul><ul><li>Unwillingness to seek help because of the stigma associated with mental health and substance abuse disorders or suicidal thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure to the suicidal behavior of others </li></ul><ul><li>History of physical and/or sexual abuse </li></ul>
  16. 16. BEHAVIORS YOU MAY SEE AT HOME WARNING SIGNS VERBAL SIGNS PROTECTIVE FACTORS
  17. 17. BEHAVIORS YOU MAY SEE AT HOME
  18. 18. BEHAVIORS YOU MAY SEE AT HOME <ul><li>Failing to obey rules or directives </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding taking part in family activities </li></ul><ul><li>Spending a lot of time alone in their room </li></ul><ul><li>Being secretive about friends and activities </li></ul><ul><li>Not communicating with parents and siblings </li></ul><ul><li>Displaying values and attitudes different from the family </li></ul>
  19. 19. BEHAVIORS, CONT. <ul><li>Resisting going to school or discussing school activities </li></ul><ul><li>Arguing about everything </li></ul><ul><li>Staying away from home as much as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest in pleasurable activities </li></ul><ul><li>Violent actions, rebellious behavior, or running away </li></ul>
  20. 20. WARNING SIGNS
  21. 21. WARNING SIGNS <ul><li>Sense of hopelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling trapped, like there’s no way out </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawing from friends, family, and society </li></ul><ul><li>No reason for living, no sense of purpose in life </li></ul><ul><li>Lose of interest in personal appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of interest in academics </li></ul>
  22. 22. WARNING SIGNS, CONT. <ul><li>Decline in grades/failures </li></ul><ul><li>Truancy/increased absenteeism </li></ul><ul><li>Dropping out of extra-curricular activities </li></ul><ul><li>Weight gain or loss </li></ul><ul><li>Change in eating and sleeping habits </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>More frequent injuries or bruises </li></ul>
  23. 23. WARNING SIGNS, CONT. <ul><li>Mood swings, personality changes </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent boredom, difficulty concentrating </li></ul><ul><li>Negative change in peer group </li></ul><ul><li>Low self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings of loneliness and isolation </li></ul><ul><li>History of suicide attempts </li></ul><ul><li>History of suicide in the family </li></ul>
  24. 24. WARNING SIGNS, CONT. <ul><li>Giving away valued possessions </li></ul><ul><li>Planning a funeral </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty adjusting to the death of a loved one </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden, unexpected break from depression </li></ul><ul><li>Talking about suicide or death </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-occupation with death in writing or art </li></ul>
  25. 25. WARNING SIGNS, CONT. <ul><li>Access to and/or possession of a weapon, especially firearm </li></ul><ul><li>Sense that parents do not understand them or their emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Expressions powerlessness and lack of control </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive drug and/or alcohol use, or other drugs </li></ul>
  26. 26. VERBAL SIGNS
  27. 27. VERBAL SIGNS <ul><li>“ I’m so tired. I don’t feel like I can take this any longer.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I don’t want to be a bother anymore.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You won’t be able to treat me like this much longer.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You won’t be able to take it out on me much longer.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I want to die” or “I am going to kill myself.” </li></ul>
  28. 28. VERBAL SIGNS <ul><li>“ I wish I were dead.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I’m going to end it all.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You will be better off without me.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ What’s the point of living?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Who cares if I’m dead, anyway?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Soon you won’t have to worry about me.” </li></ul>
  29. 29. FACTORS THAT MAY DECREASE ADOLESCENT SUICIDAL BEHAVIOR AND RISK FACTORS
  30. 30. PROTECTIVE FACTORS <ul><li>Social Network/External Support </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for Living </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Efficacy/Self-Esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Well-Being </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-Solving Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul>
  31. 31. PROTECTIVE FACTORS, CONT. <ul><li>Good relationships with family members </li></ul><ul><li>Support from family </li></ul><ul><li>Good social skills </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence in oneself, situation and achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to seek help when difficulties arise </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to seek help when important choices must be made </li></ul>
  32. 32. PROTECTIVE FACTORS, CONT. <ul><li>Openness to other’s experiences and solution </li></ul><ul><li>Openness to new knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Good relationships with peers </li></ul><ul><li>Good relationships with teachers and other adults </li></ul><ul><li>Support from relevant people </li></ul>
  33. 33. WHAT TO DO IF YOU THINK YOUR CHILD HAS A PROBLEM
  34. 34. WHAT TO DO <ul><li>Trust your feelings. </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of the signs discussed earlier </li></ul><ul><li>Do not be afraid to ask your child if he/she is thinking about suicide or death. </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to your child and don’t be judgmental </li></ul><ul><li>Let your child know that you believe what has been shared and will get help. </li></ul>
  35. 35. WHAT KIND OF HELP IS AVAILABLE
  36. 36. HELP IS AVAILABLE <ul><li>Seek assistance from a mental health professional </li></ul><ul><li>Individual counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Couples or family counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Group counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Self-help/Support groups </li></ul>
  37. 37. RESOURCES
  38. 38. RESOURCES <ul><li>Crisis Line – 972-233-2233 </li></ul><ul><li>Dallas Metrocare Services – 214-330-7722 </li></ul><ul><li>Grand Prairie ISD Pupil Support Services – 972-237-4005 </li></ul><ul><li>National Suicide Prevention Lifeline – 1-800-273-8255 (TALK) </li></ul><ul><li>Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) – 1-800-729-6686 </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide and Crisis Center of North Texas – 1-866-672-5100 </li></ul>
  39. 39. RESOURCES <ul><li>http://www.granthalliburton.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.iamherecoalition.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.centromisalud.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.christian-works.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.childrenandfamilies.info </li></ul><ul><li>www.dbsa-dallas.net </li></ul><ul><li>www.teencontact.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.contactcrisisline.org </li></ul>
  40. 40. REFERENCES
  41. 41. REFERENCES <ul><li>American Association of Suicidology. (2010). Some facts about suicide . Washington, DC. </li></ul><ul><li>Capuzzi, D. (2009). Suicide prevention in schools: Guidelines for middle and high school settings (2 nd ed.). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association. </li></ul><ul><li>National Alliance on Mental Illness (2011). Suicide in youth. </li></ul><ul><li>Screening for Mental Health, Inc. (2009). SOS signs of suicide prevention program: High school program implementation guide and resources. </li></ul>
  42. 42. THANKS
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