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New creative communities of citizens triggered by the crisis and active in the smart city ecosystem
 

New creative communities of citizens triggered by the crisis and active in the smart city ecosystem

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According to an European document published in http://creativemetropoles.eu Barcelona is listed as a best practices with Berlin, Amsterdam, Oslo and Riga. In particular the same document highlights ...

According to an European document published in http://creativemetropoles.eu Barcelona is listed as a best practices with Berlin, Amsterdam, Oslo and Riga. In particular the same document highlights the success of a specific neighbourhood, called 22@: “as a project of urban transformation, it responds to the need to restore the social and economic dynamism or the old industrial area called Poblenou and creates a diverse and balanced environment where the different facilities coexist with state-subsidized buildings, facilities and green spaces that improve the quality of life and work.” (p.66) Indeed, in the “Communication from the commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions” (2012) - which outlines the strategies for the Horizon 2020 - it had been claimed that: “At the heart of our social fabric, culture shapes our identities, aspirations and relations to others and the world. It also shapes the places and landscapes where we live, the lifestyles we develop. Heritage, visual and performing arts, cinema, music, publishing, fashion or design manifest themselves strongly in daily life but the contribution that cultural and creative sectors can bring to social and economic development in the EU is still not fully recognised.”
In this presentation it will be outlined how creative communities operating in 22@ perceive this political and urbanistic mandate, how this local and European policy affects their identities, aspirations, conflicts and relations in the city ecosystem and how they organize themselves, the synergies, collaborations or cooperation they promote to ensure work opportunity, welfare and quality of life.

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    New creative communities of citizens triggered by the crisis and active in the smart city ecosystem New creative communities of citizens triggered by the crisis and active in the smart city ecosystem Presentation Transcript

    • New creative communities of citizens triggered by the crisis and active in the smart city ecosystem Barcelona 20th February 2014 Media-tic Marco Polo Research Grant Hosting Institute: IN3 - UOC Valentina Bazzarin valentina.bazzarin@unibo.it
    • Reality bites When Tocqueville visited the United States in the 1830s, it was the Americans' propensity for civic association that most impressed him as the key to their unprecedented ability to make democracy work. "Americans of all ages, all stations in life, and all types of disposition:' he observed, "are forever forming associations. There are not only commercial and industrial associations in which all take part, but others of a thousand different types--religious, moral, serious, futile, very general and very limited, immensely large and very minute.... Nothing, in my view, deserves more attention than the intellectual and moral associations in America." (Putnam, 1995)
    • Attraction Vs Reaction “At the heart of our social fabric, culture shapes our identities, aspirations and relations to others and the world. It also shapes the places and landscapes where we live, the lifestyles we develop. Heritage, visual and performing arts, cinema, music, publishing, fashion or design manifest themselves strongly in daily life but the contribution that cultural and creative sectors can bring to social and economic development in the EU is still not fully recognised.” (Communication from the commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, 2012) In a recent past Barcelona had already attracted talents and it still appeals to creative workers looking for the opportunity to express themselves. People working in art, design and architecture contributed to change both the urban landscape and the significance of a city working for years precariously but inspired by the “credo that individuals actually have some power over their economic destinies” (Ross 2009). Most of this people are still based in Barcelona and they compose part of “the precarious generation” that after the global economic crises promoted the grassroots movement worldwide known as the “indignados”.
    • The crisis factor Alfredo Jaar, Cultura = Capitale (2012)
    • #15M in Barcelona Hilgartner and Bosk (1988, p. 55)
    • Creativity and Civic Hacking Source: http://www.dispatchwork. info/venice
    • Placement in the social context Sennett (1999 in Featherstone and Lash, eds.) “the sense of place is based on the need to belong not to a ‘society’ in the abstract but to somewhere in particular; in satisfying that need, people develop commitment and loyalty. As the shifting institutions of the economy diminish the experience of belonging somewhere special at work, people’s commitments increase to geographical places like nations, cities and localities.” (p.15).
    • Is the community a medium? IT WAS SUPPOSED TO BE… An ethnographic observation of digital agenda process perceived by both social-media active users and social-media inactive citizens living in Barcelona
    • Method - Ethnography of places and communities - 12 in depth interviews to extract keywords - Analysis of documents ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● crises miserables coworking sharing close/open (inclusion/exclusion) politics immigrants/ no catalans institutionalized comida selling price perimeter of the citadel enclosure ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● sustainability policy change citizens/neighborhood attraction recycled materials craftsman bricoleurs independentist hype violence places safety market opportunities self-sufficient a services and connections “silicon valley for the poors”
    • Creative policies Proven capacity of creative district to boost realty prices in selected cities, building on well documented and by now, formulaic cycles of gentrification Creative occupation do not entail costintensive institutional support LOW LEVEL OF PUBLIC INVESTMENT Source: http://blog.gardeviance.org/ (Ross, 2009, p.33)
    • Is the crisis reshaping the smart and creative city? The crisis as well as cheap and affordable technologies are reshaping the (knowledge) society
    • Sum up and further steps what the fieldwork tells… “is the aftermath of carpe diem” (Castells in Aftermath of the crisis) available on Youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=RjJaheN_S20
    • Bologna calling citizens requests: - basic rights - inclusion - opportunity - spaces of hope (Harvey) - spaces of debate - spaces of culture political answers: - spectacular urbanism - touristic facilities - attracting investment - promotion of new economic sectors