L Moore Final Defense
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L Moore Final Defense Presentation Transcript

  • 1. A Dissertation Final Defense
    LaTrice C. Moore, Doctoral Candidate
    Argosy University, Tampa Campus
    May 23, 2010
  • 2. Entrepreneurial Characteristics & Attitudes: A Cross-Disciplinary Look at Millennials Enrolled at a
    Central Florida Community College
  • 3. Significance of Problem and Rational for Study
    • To remain competitive U.S. graduates need entrepreneurial thinking
    • 4. 2008, approximately 300 of the nation’s 1100 community colleges offered an entrepreneurship program (NACCE, 2008)
    • 5. Lack of academic research
  • Variables
    • Dependent: Entrepreneurial characteristics and attitudes
    • 6. Kolb Learning Styles Inventory (Kolb & Kolb, 2005)
    • 7. Entrepreneurial Attitude Orientation Scale (Robinson et al., 1991).
  • Kolb’s Learning Styles Inventory (KSLI 3.1)
    Learning is conceived of as a 4-stage cycle.
  • 8. Kolb’s Learning Styles Inventory
  • 9. Entrepreneurial Attitude Orientation Scale (EAO)
    • Attitude approach to predicting entrepreneurs Robinson et al. (1991).
  • Variables
    • Independent: The independent variables to be examined in this study include student majors (business and non-business) and all other demographics.
  • Demographics
    • Age Range
    • 10. Gender
    • 11. Ethnicity
    • 12. Birth Order
    • 13. Enrollment
    • 14. Major
    • 15. Home Campus
    • 16. Future Plans
    • 17. Parent’s Business Ownership
    • 18. Social Networking
    • 19. Organized Sports
    • 20. Employment
  • Population
    • The Millennial Generation
    • 21. Born between 1982-2000 (McAlister, 2009).
    • 22. Ages 18-28 for study
    • 23. Known as the “safe generation”
    • 24. 75% of them share their parents’ beliefs and values
    • 25. Characterizing as special, confident, achieving, and pressured (DeBard (2004).
  • Population
    • Total enrollment is 22,789 (09-10)
    • 26. Millennials represent 27.5% or 6,268 of the total enrollment
  • Sample
    • Central Florida community college
    • 27. College Success Course (SLS 1101)
    • 28. Spring 2010 academic year
    • 29. Students 18 and over
    • 30. 375 students
  • Survey Administration
    • 11 out 15 classes participated in study
    • 31. 7 Campus A
    • 32. 4 Campus B.
    • 33. Administered over 4 days
    • 34. 227 surveys turned in
    • 35. 135 from Campus A
    • 36. 92 from Campus B
    • 37. 33 were unusable
    • 38. Usable surveys 194
  • Descriptive Statistics
  • 39. Descriptive Statistics
  • 40. Research Question 1 (RQ1)
    Are certain personality traits associated withentrepreneurial characteristics present in millennials enrolled at a Central Florida community college interested in pursuing an associate’s degree in business and non-business college programs?
  • 41. Results of RQ1 Testing
    -22
    -18
    -14
    -12
    -10
    -8
    -6
    -4
    -2
    -1
    0
    2
    4
    6
    8
    10
    11
    12
    13
    15
    17
    19
    21
    23
    25
    27
    29
    30
    0
    10
    20
    30
    40
    50
    60
    70
    80
    90
    100
    24 22 20 18 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -5 -7 -9 -11 -13 -15
    AE-RO
    100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
    AC-CE
  • 42. Results of RQ1 Testing
    • Yes, certain personality traitsassociated with entrepreneurial characteristics are present in millennials who are pursuing either a business or non-business associate’s degree. The personality trait present in millennials is learning by feeling as described by Caird (1993).
  • Research Question 2 (RQ2)
    Are entrepreneurial attitudes present in millennials enrolled at a Central Florida community college interested in pursuing an associate’s degree in business and non-business college programs?
  • 43. Results of RQ2 Testing
  • 44. Results of RQ2 Testing
    • Yes, entrepreneurial attitudes are present in millennials enrolled at a Central Florida community college who are interested in pursuing an associate’s degree in business and non-business college programs.
  • Research Question 3 (RQ3)
    RQ3: Are there differences in demographics in relation to certain personality traits associated withentrepreneurial characteristics and attitudes in millennials enrolled at a Central Florida community college interested in pursuing an associate’s degree in business and non-business college programs?
  • 45. Results of RQ3 Testing
    • Focused on whether there are differences in certain personality traits associated with entrepreneurial characteristics and entrepreneurial attitudes in relation to demographics (age, gender, major, birth order, and so on)in millennials interested in pursuing an associate’s degree in business and non-business college programs?
    • 46. H1o and H2o
  • Hypotheses
    H1o:There is not a significant difference in the presence of certain personality traits associated withentrepreneurial characteristics and attitudes in millennials by college major (business and non-business).
    H2o: There is not a significant difference in demographics in relation to certain personality traits associated withentrepreneurial characteristics or attitudes by college major (business and non-business).
  • 47.
  • 48.
  • 49. Research Question 4 (RQ4)
    Are there differences in certain personality traits associated withentrepreneurial characteristics and attitudes in millennials and nonmillennials enrolled at a Central Florida community college interested in pursuing an associate’s degree in business and non-business college programs?
  • 50. Result of RQ4 Testing
    • Focused on whether there are differences in certain personality traits associated with entrepreneurial characteristics and entrepreneurial attitudes between millennials and non-millennials interested in pursuing an associate’s degree in business and non-business college programs.
    • 51. H3o
  • Hypotheses
    H3o: There is not a significant difference in certain personality traits associated withentrepreneurial characteristics or attitudes between millennials and nonmillennials.
  • 52.
  • 53. Conclusion
    • Preferred learning style of millennials was “diverging”
    • 54. The higher mean scores indicate a more positive attitude towards entrepreneurship
    • 55. No differences in the demographics of millennials in relation entrepreneurial characteristics and entrepreneurial attitudes.
    • 56. No difference in entrepreneurial characteristics or attitudes between millennials and non-millennials.
  • Interdisciplinary Entrepreneurship Program
    • For colleges to meet the workforce needs of the local community, entrepreneurship programs must be open to students from all disciplines to help them compete locally and globally.
  • Limitations and Delimitations
    Limitations
    • Millennial generation values speed over accuracy.
    • 57. Use of multiple survey scales may cause unintentional bias.
    • 58. Honest answers
    Delimitations
    • Community college and not a traditional four-year university or college
    • 59. Major may change after this study
    • 60. Limited life experiences
    • 61. Course selected
  • Future Research
    • Millennials who have started a business
    • 62. Minority entrepreneurs and non-minority entrepreneurs’ entrepreneurial characteristics and entrepreneurial attitudes
    • “I am calling on our nation’s governor and state education chiefs to develop standards and assessments that don’t simply measure whether students can fill in a bubble on a test, but whether they possess 21st century skills like problem-solving and critical thinking, entrepreneurship and creativity”
    • 63. President Barack Obama
    Taking on Education
    March 10, 2009