THE NORTH VS. THE SOUTH 1861 - 1865 ...but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive,General and the other would accept war GeneralUlysses S. rather than let Robert E. LeeGrant it perish, and the war ConfederateUnion General, came…Abraham Lincoln, March 4, General,North 1865 South
Introduction Task Process Resources Evaluation Conclusion INTRODUCTION It is 3:30 a.m. and you have just awakened from your sleep. You have been learning about the Civil War in school, and on this night you dreamt that you were fighting in Civil War battles, talking to soldiers, and listening to President Lincoln give an Address at Gettysburg.. Suddenly, you hear a knock outside of your window. You open your window and see a boy peering in at you. You ask him who he is and want he wants. "My name is Little Johnny" he replies. “I am the Child Guardian of History and I need your help." You ask him how he got here and he replies that he has been traveling through time warps for years. He tells youthat he just came back from the year 2095. You are amazed to find out that something terrible has happened in thefuture. Nobody in the year 2095 remembers anything about the Civil War. He is afraid that if something isnt done about it, this important event in history will be forgotten forever. "What can I do to help?" you ask. "You can help me by gathering up 3 classmates, coming with me through the time warp, learning more about theCivil War, and then sharing it with your fellow classmates. It is important that they learn all about it so that they can share it with others, who will share it with others, who will share it with others, and so on." You are amazed at what you are hearing. "Well," he says, "are you going to accept this mission?" "Absolutely!" you state. " I cant believe I am going to travel through time and see all of these famous events,people, and places. I have always wondered what it would be like to live during the time of the Civil War. But what should I tell my folks?" “We will travel while their asleep and I will make sure your safe and that you return to your bed unnoticed”!
BACKGROUND The Civil War was a war between the states of the North against the states of the South. It was thegreatest war in American history. 3 million soldiers fought - 600,000 died, making this war the heaviestof casualties in all of history. The southern states wanted to have their own nation and be able to decide what laws to have. Thenorth did not want the country to be broken apart. In the election of 1860 Abraham Lincoln stated thathe wanted to stop the spread of slavery. The southern states said that if Lincoln won, they wouldsecede (leave) the union. When Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president, the South Carolinalegislature perceived a threat. Calling a state convention, the delegates voted to remove the state ofSouth Carolina from the union known as the United States of America. The secession of SouthCarolina was followed by the secession of six more states -- Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia,Louisiana, and Texas -- and the threat of secession by four more -- Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, andNorth Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The Civil War began. It was the only war fought on American soil by Americans, and for thatreason we have always been fascinated with The Civil War. Click to go back to top
TaskYO U R T I M E T R AV E L T E A M W I L L N E E D TO R E S E A RC H A N DR E P O R T O N M A N Y I M P O R TA N T A S P E C T S O F T H E C I V I L W A R .YOUR TEAM WILL BE :* M A K I N G A M A P O F S O U T H E R N A N D N O R T H E R N S TA T E S*CREATING A TIMELINE*REPORTING ON BATTLES*REPORTING ON EVENTS AND PEOPLE*RETRIEVING WRITTEN LETTERS FROM CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS*MAKING NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN FLAGS* C O M PA R I N G A D V A N TA G E S A N D D I S A D V A N TA G E S O F T H ENORTH AND SOUTH DURING THE WAR . CLICK TO GO BACK TO TOP
PROCESS*The four roles of your group members will be a reporter,historian, illustrator, and an editor.*Each person will have a specific task.*Each time traveler will be required to keep a journal to recordall findings while in the time warp.Upon arriving back at the present time, each member will thenneed to organize their findings into a clear, neat, and creativeform that can be presented to classmate. Click to go back to top
RESOURCES CIVIL WAR RESOURCES The Civil War Overview Diaries and letters written by soldiers Pictures and images of the war Information on many aspects of the Civil War Battles Battle of Gettysburg Surrender at Appomattox Court House History of the Battle of Gettysburg Monitor vs. the Merrimack Click to go back to top
RESOURCES EVENTS PEOPLE Harriet Tubman The Gettysburg Address Abraham Lincoln Research Site Emancipation Proclamation A site about all the many people associated History of the Drinking Gourd with the Civil War The Drinking Gourd Choose from a list of people at this site Restoration Choose from a list of women of the Civil War Battle of Gettysburg General Sherman and his “March to the Sea” Fredricksburg African Americans of the Civil War Click to go back to top
RESOURCESUNIFORMS, MONEY & MEDICINE COST & CASUALTIES OF THE WAR Uniforms during the Civil War Civil War statistics Flags of the Civil War Money during the Civil War Medicine during the Civil War Pictures of Union &Confederate money during the Click to go back to topCivil War
EVALUATIONEach time traveler will be evaluated on grammar,punctuation, and spelling of written or typed work.Neatness, creativity, and completion of tasks will alsobe considered when grading the projects. It is alsoimportant that while traveling through time, all travelerswork cooperatively. In addition to handing in yourjournal, the following rubric will be used to assess yourwork. Click on YOUR JOB. REPORTER ILLUSTRATOR HISTORIAN EDITOR
CONCLUSION"With your help and dedication to the CivilWar, I am confident that this team oftravelers will do well at saving the future,"says Little Johnny the Child Guardian ofHistory. "The future of studentseverywhere depends on you!“"We will do our best, " you reply."Good luck," says Little Johnny.And with that he is gone. Click to go back to the top
RUBRIC FOR REPORTERROLE YOUR JOB RESOURCE IDEASREPORTER Find 2 letters from Civil Type up reports in Word. War Soldiers. Print them out & paste them in your Use a Venn Diagram to journal. show how the North and South were alike, different Report on what the and the same. You can Underground Railroad was. create this in Word or Power Point. Compare advantages and disadvantages of the north and south. Include each side of the issues causing the war.Click on the flag to go Report on the meaning of back to abolition and secession.the introduction page.
RUBRIC FOR HISTORIANROLES YOUR JOB RESOURCE IDEASHISTORIAN Create a timeline Create timeline of 10 important with pictures and events/battles descriptions as during the war. slides in Power Each event or Point. battle should have a detailed Use Chart Wizard description of the in Excel to create important graphs showing information and costs andClick on the flag pictures. causalities. to go back tothe introduction Create a graph page. comparing war costs and causalities.
RUBRIC FOR ILLUSTRATORROLE YOUR JOB RESOURCE IDEASILLUSTRATOR Create replicas of Kid Pix may be the Union and used to create Confederate flags. flags. Identify states of Insert pictures of the Union and the Northern and Confederacy. Use Southern states a visual aid to into Word. show the states of Document and each side. label states.Click on the flag Show examples of Find pictures of to go back to uniforms worn by currency and copythe introduction soldiers and into a word page. money used document. during the war.
RUBRIC FOR EDITORROLE YOUR JOB RESOURCE IDEASEDITOR Write an article on the Use Microsoft causes of the civil war. Publisher or Word Create a newsletter in to create news word and identify and articles about your write about 2 important assigned topics. women and 2 important African Americans during the Civil War. Find pictures on (You can copy and paste the Internet and this assignment ONLY) copy into articles.Click on the flag Identify and write about to go back to 3 important people fromthe introduction each side of the war. This may include page. generals, presidents, etc.
C U R R I C U L U M S TA N D A R D S ( T E A C H E R ’ S PA G E 1 ) Identify causes of the Civil War from the northern and southern viewpoints. Use a range of strategies, including drawing conclusions such as opinions about characters based on their actions and summarizing passages, to comprehend fifth-grade recreational reading materials in a variety of genres. Use a wide range of strategies and skills, including using text features to gain meaning, summarizing passages, and drawing conclusions, to comprehend fifth-grade informational and functional reading materials. Use text features, including indexes, tables, and appendixes, to guide interpretation of expository/informational texts. Express meaning through writing varied sentence structure, detailed paragraphs, and multi-paragraph compositions in an organized manner. Compose texts using an introductory paragraph that includes a main idea; supporting paragraphs with a minimum of three reasons, explanations, or steps in a process; and a conclusion. Use text features, including indexes, tables, and appendixes, to guide interpretation of expository/informational texts. Use search strategies in the research process to identify reliable current resources and computer technology to locate information. Use various technology applications, including word processing and multimedia software. Use technology tools to organize, interpret, and display data.
NETS-S Standards (TEACHER’S PAGE 2)1. Creativity and InnovationStudents demonstrate creative thinking, construct knowledge, and develop innovative products andprocesses using technologyStudents:a. apply existing knowledge to generate new ideas, products, or processes.b. create original works as a means of personal or group expression.2. Communication and CollaborationStudents use digital media and environments to communicate and work collaboratively to supportindividual learning and contribute to the learning of others.Students:a. interact, collaborate, and publish with peers, experts, or others employing a variety of digitalenvironments and media.b. communicate information and ideas effectively to multiple audiences using a variety of media andformats.d. contribute to project teams to produce original works or solve problems.4. Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and Decision MakingStudents use critical thinking skills to plan and conduct research, manage projects, solve problems,and make informed decisions using appropriate digital tools and resources.Students:a. identify and define authentic problems and significant questions for investigation.b. plan and manage activities to develop a solution or complete a project.c. collect and analyze data to identify solutions and/or make informed decisions.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES ( T E A C H E R ’ S PA G E 3 )The student groups will: Research the events that led to the civil war, the events during the war, and the events after the war. Complete artifacts to guide and organize the information that they find on those /people events. Students will communicate effectively. Students will demonstrate knowledge of Civil War & important figures of era. Students will work cooperatively in groups.