• A virtual classroom is a electronic way
for educators to interact with elearning or face-to-face students either
via video-conferencing, internet
broadcast, or email.
• Allowing education institutions to hold
synchronous live courses over the
• Educators are able to schedule and
deliver live online classes, share videos
and presentation content.
• Virtual Classrooms are incorporated
into institutions learning management
system (LMS) using any Learning Tools
Interoperability (LTI)-compliant LMS.
Blackboard collaborate is the leading online
collaboration platform built for education,
allowing scheduling of online classrooms
and sharing of multimedia content.
Wimba classroom is a live, virtual classroom
environment with various features that
include audio, video, application sharing and
content display, and MP4 capabilities. (Lu,
Wimba classroom & Elluminate was
purchased by Blackboard in July of 2013 and
will soon be obsolete.
E-learning satisfaction will be influenced by the
quality of the e-learning system, multimedia
instruction, interactive learning activities, and
learners’ self-efficacy. (Liaw, 2008)
Videoconferencing is a useful adjunct to
traditional educational delivery modes, and can
enable quality education opportunities that
would be prohibitive due to time, travel, and cost
constraints. (Biden, 2005)
The increase of efforts to understand the make-up and
needs of the audiences and become acutely aware of
the teaching style and the cultural contingency of the
theories, models, and pedagogies that are used
(Szudlarek, B., McNett, J., Romani, L., & Lane, H., 2013)
Adding synchronous components(virtual classroom
technologies) to online courses can facilitate
interaction. (Martin, F., Parker, M. A., & Deale, D. F.,
Its pedagogical design and ease-of-use ensures that educators
and students engage as if they were meeting face-to-face.
Results showed that the blended teaching media
and virtual classroom practices had a statistically significant
contribution on the achievement of the students in geography
and their attitudes towards the geography course compared to
the face to face expository method. (Dikmenli, Y., & Unaldi, U.,
Results show that the use of the virtual classroom enhance the
communication in the online mathematics teaching. (Lu, 2011)
• Virtual Classroom
• Distance Education
• Web Based
• Online Collaborating
• Online Courses
• Online Instruction
Atasi, M., & Madanmohan, S. (2008). Learning Through
Virtual Classroom. Retrieved from Learning Through
Birden, H. (2005). Teaching by videoconference: a
commentary on best practice for rural education in
health professions. Rural and remote health, 356.
Dikmenli, Y., & Unaldi, U. (2013). Effect of the Blended
Learning Environment and the Application of
Virtual Class upon the Achievement and the Attitude
against the Geography Course. Online Submission.
Lu, Y. (2011). Using a Virtual Classroom to Teach Online
Mathematics. Online Submission.
Martin, F., Parker, M. A., & Deale, D. F. (2012). Examining
Interactivity in Synchronous Virtual Classrooms.
International Review of Research in Open and
Distance Learning, 227-261.
Shen, D. (2013). Unpacking online learning experiences:
Online learning self-efficacy and learning
satisfaction. The internet and higher education, 1017.
Doughterty, K. J. (2012). Transforming Teaching and
Learning through the Virtual Classroom. College
Liaw, S. (2008). Investigating students' perceived
satisfaction, behavioral intention, and effectiveness
of e-learning: A case study of the Blackboard system.
Computers & education, 864-873.
• Taras, V., Caprar, D. V., Rottig, D., Sarala, R. M., Zakaria, N.,
Zhao, F., & Zengyu Huang, V.(2013). A Global
Classroom? Evaluating the Effectiveness of Global
Virtual Collaboration as a Teaching Tool in
Management Education. Academy Of Management
Learning & Education, 12(3), 414-435.
• Wimba (2011). Wimba Classroom 6.1. Retrieved online
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