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Great for teaching larger, abstract concepts used in a variety of research contexts
Uses terminology students connect with
Creates a conversation, active involvement
Creates meaning in a fun way
Synonyms, metaphor, simile, analogy
Metaphor- -a figure of speech concisely comparing two things, saying that one is the other
Analogy --a cognitive process of transferring information from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject (the target), and a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process.
Simile --A figure of speech comparing two unlike things, often introduced with the word "like" or "as"
Controlled vocabulary or search term selection
“ pay-per-view” metaphor
Quality of programming compared to quality of information
Information as a commodity
“Garbage can as database” for an identity thief
Common Sources-- Metaphors and Analogies
Fishing for Analogies and Metaphors
Students are the fish, how do you catch them? (know your students)
What kind of “hook” are you going to use? (concept(s) you are teaching)
Put a few lines in the water (brainstorm with colleagues)
Watch for good fishing spots (look for examples in real life)
Let’s take 5 minutes to discuss how you might use language creatively in your class!
Share an example with the group!
Strategy: Using Humorous Examples or Images
Make an Impression…
Strategy: (Humorous) Comparisons
Web page evaluation
Scholarly vs. popular
Site Comparison: The Onion
Exploding Head Syndrome
Weekly World News
From the Weekly World News, May 24, 1994:
Doctors are blaming a rare electrical imbalance in the brain for the bizarre death of a chess player whose head literally exploded in the middle of a championship game!
No one else was hurt in the fatal explosion but four players and three officials at the Moscow Candidate Masters' Chess Championship were sprayed with blood and brain matter when…
..Nikolai Titov's head suddenly blew apart. Experts say he suffered from a condition called Hyper-Cerebral Electrosis or HCE.
"He was deep in concentration with his eyes focused on the board," says Titov's opponent, Vladimir Dobrynin. "All of a sudden his hands flew to his temples and he screamed in pain. Everyone looked up from their games, startled by the noise. Then, as if someone had put a bomb in his cranium, his head popped like a firecracker.”
Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain*
Evans, R., & Pearce, J. (2001, June). Exploding Head Syndrome. Headache: The Journal of Head & Face Pain, 41(6), 602-603. Retrieved December 2, 2007, from Academic Search Complete database.
Comparisons: Classroom Potential
Give students one source and see what else they can find--is it real?
Validate (or invalidate) by searching a variety of sources
Direct comparisons--Search for bias, parody, consistency of facts across resources
Bias--Fox vs. CNN; different disciplines? Journalism vs. scholarship/Medicine vs. Psychology
Is there a corporate entity behind scholarly work? Example--positive article about Atkins Diet in scholarly journal, but sponsored by Atkins Corp.
Strategy: Let’s Play with Print!
Research shows students often have a great deal of difficulty selecting and narrowing their topic*
Libraries have great print resources that help teach and reinforce information literacy concepts in a variety of ways!
*Quarton, B. (2003, June). Research Skills and the New Undergraduate. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 30(2), 120. Retrieved December 2, 2007, from Academic Search Complete database.
Useful Print Resources
Subject encyclopedias (Encyclopedia of Psychology, Religion, Philosophy)
Print Resources: Classroom Potential
CQ Researcher (or other current, topical resource)
Excellent for exploring a variety of current topics
Concise, interesting articles
Other, more in-depth sources are cited
Offers statistical information, pro-con arguments on controversial issues
Students are often unaware of these wonderful, scholarly resources
Generally, sources of this type offer a better, more in depth overview than the web or a general encyclopedia
Opportunities for students to explore other, cited resources
Scholarly vs. Popular
Give them criteria have them review in teams
Evaluate and share, offer feedback
Tricks! Publications like Science, Nature, New Yorker or Discover can prove challenging to evaluate
Print vs. online full text
Boolean searching is an essential concept for effective database searching
I learned it via Venn diagrams. Ugh.
What are some other, more effective ways to teach students about this idea?
Boolean Operators AND -- NOT -- OR --NEAR
cars AND trucks library OR libraries dolphins NOT football
Use the students, get them up and moving and illustrate boolean concepts based on the kinds of shoes they are wearing:
Black AND brown shoes (NO Results!)
Flip flops OR sandals
Sneakers NOT Reebok
Strategy: Make it Memorable With Mnemonics
The Five W’s of Information Evaluation
The ABC 3 of web page evaluation
SQ3R-for critical thinking
Where-where did you find it?
When-when was it published? Last updated?
Why-Bias- is it trying to influence or inform? Persuade, sell, entertain?
How else might we engage students in competitive endeavors in the classroom?
Contests, Trivia, “Battles,” Teams
Strategy: Use an Online Tutorial
Yours, or, well, ‘borrow’ one!
There are lots of good ones out there
Great for exploring topics in a hands-on process
Excellent for use with difficult or time consuming topics like plagiarism
Online Tutorial: Example
“ You Quote it, You Note it”
Strategy: Concept to Search Terms
Frustration: You’ve spent time teaching boolean searching, search terms, etc.--then you move to hands on searching.
Still, students type in their topic as a complete sentence!
The role of women in the Civil War
“ Mindwalking through”
Women Role Civil War
Keywords Women Role Civil War
War btw. The States
American Civil War, 1861-1865
Strategy: Make a Logical Leap
Everyday information leads to scholarship
Instructor prompts discussion with students about different information needs in a typical student’s life, different information sources they might use to fill that need, and why a source is useful.
Example: Where do you look when you need info about--
A movie you might like to see?
The weather for the upcoming weekend?
Information about a celebrity or political figure?
Then… Instructor explains that, similarly, there are different sources of academic information and each has its uses. List each source and its characteristics. Magazines/Newspapers Books/Monographs Scholarly Journals
Most current info
Good for topics in the news
Written by experts
Icebreakers or… This One Goes to 11!
A Few Icebreakers to Get Your Class Going!
Use candy as an incentive/prize for responses
Inform students that it's "o.k." to interrupt librarians
Ask students about their previous experience(s) in using the library, good/bad, successful/unsuccessful, etc.