Interactive il teaching_strategies_day_one
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  • It is fun to explore the geographic background of your students, you get input and involvement from the class, and a great lead in to talking about the concepts of term selection and controlled vocabulary/thesaurus use
  • M-all the world’s a stage A-A street light is like a star. Both provide light at night, both are in predictable locations, both are overhead, and both serve no function in the daytime. S-He runs like a cheetah
  • Reinforce the comparison Use visual aids, demonstrations, or models Check for understanding Wean students from comparisons Generate new comparisons with your colleagues.
  • What concepts can we get students talking about using this cartoon? Privacy Trust of librarians and library staff Confidentiality Issues related to IL standard 5
  • Notice article that could be parody and makes one question legitimacy, too--not uncommon even on “legit” news site--Ozzy Osbourne’s bat coat fetches $3300.
  • Also, when it comes to learning styles, appeals to visual and tactile
  • Show searchengineshowdown chart
  • Advanced Searching Features Let’s take a look at some of the advanced features many search tools make available to users. Search engines tend to have the very best advanced search capabilities. I’m going to use Altavista to demonstrate Boolean searching. Boolean- explain operators on the board [Go to AlltheWeb’s Advanced Search interface.] I want to find out a little about the Children's Internet Protection Act. Boolean searching allows you to require terms in your results, or exclude them completely. AND- terms separated by AND must appear (sometimes +) OR- at least one of the terms separated by OR must appear, but not necessarily both NOT/AND NOT- the term following NOR or AND NOT should not appear (sometimes -) (CIPA OR "Children's Internet Protection Act)" AND ALA AND "Supreme Court" Add NOT Carla Hayden to see if it narrows the search. Another Example: "USA PATRIOT ACT" AND libraries AND FISA NOT "homeland security" Boolean at Google Boolean searching isn’t for everyone, so some search engines handle this type of search with menus rather than nested statements. Google is such an example. Notice that you are presented with “Find Results” fill-in fields and a word filter fill-in fields. With these options we can replicate the same search as we performed at Altavista. with all of the words ALA with the exact phrase "supreme court" with any of the words CIPA Children's-Internet-Protection-Act without the words
  • Not is to me, the most “dangerous” boolean operator. There could be a great pair of Reebok running shoes out there--the difference between winning and losing the race-- that I exclude in my search for sneakers NOT reebok
  • Who what where when why Authority, bias, consistency, currency, cites its sources Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review Currency, Relevancy, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose Others?

Interactive il teaching_strategies_day_one Interactive il teaching_strategies_day_one Presentation Transcript

  • Interactive Information Literacy Teaching Strategies
  • Resource List
    • All print and electronic resources referenced in this class are listed here:
    • http://www.delicious.com/eduserv/10_Strategies
    • http://delicious.com/eduserv/information_literacy
  • What Do You Call…
  • … This?
  • I call it a Coke…but--
    • Coke
    • Pop
    • Soda
    • Cola
    • Tonic
    • Drink
    • Soft drink
    • Can
    • Soda pop
    • Carbonated Beverage
    • ?
  • Strategy: Using Language/Figures of Speech
    • Great for teaching larger, abstract concepts used in a variety of research contexts
    • Uses terminology students connect with
    • Creates a conversation, active involvement
    • Creates meaning in a fun way
    • Synonyms, metaphor, simile, analogy
  • English Class
    • Metaphor- -a figure of speech concisely comparing two things, saying that one is the other
    • Analogy --a cognitive process of transferring information from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject (the target), and a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process.
    • Simile --A figure of speech comparing two unlike things, often introduced with the word "like" or "as"
    • Synonyms--“Coke can”
      • Controlled vocabulary or search term selection
    • “ pay-per-view” metaphor
      • Quality of programming compared to quality of information
      • Information as a commodity
        • “Garbage can as database” for an identity thief
        • Facebook/database
    Examples
  • Common Sources-- Metaphors and Analogies
    • Sports
    • Shopping
    • Food
    • Cars
    • Pets
    • Technology
    • Weather
    • Family
    • Politics
    • ?
  • Fishing for Analogies and Metaphors
    • Students are the fish, how do you catch them? (know your students)
    • What kind of “hook” are you going to use? (concept(s) you are teaching)
    • Put a few lines in the water (brainstorm with colleagues)
    • Watch for good fishing spots (look for examples in real life)
  • Your Turn!
    • Let’s take 5 minutes to discuss how you might use language creatively in your class!
    • Share an example with the group!
  • Strategy: Using Humorous Examples or Images
  • Make an Impression…
  • Strategy: (Humorous) Comparisons
    • Web page evaluation
    • Articles
    • Scholarly vs. popular
  • Site Comparison: The Onion
  • vs. CNN
  • Article Comparison
    • Exploding Head Syndrome
  • Weekly World News
    • From the Weekly World News, May 24, 1994:
    • MOSCOW --
    • Doctors are blaming a rare electrical imbalance in the brain for the bizarre death of a chess player whose head literally exploded in the middle of a championship game!
    • No one else was hurt in the fatal explosion but four players and three officials at the Moscow Candidate Masters' Chess Championship were sprayed with blood and brain matter when…
  • WWN, Cont’d.
    • ..Nikolai Titov's head suddenly blew apart. Experts say he suffered from a condition called Hyper-Cerebral Electrosis or HCE.
    • "He was deep in concentration with his eyes focused on the board," says Titov's opponent, Vladimir Dobrynin. "All of a sudden his hands flew to his temples and he screamed in pain. Everyone looked up from their games, startled by the noise. Then, as if someone had put a bomb in his cranium, his head popped like a firecracker.”
  • Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain*
    • Evans, R., & Pearce, J. (2001, June). Exploding Head Syndrome. Headache: The Journal of Head & Face Pain, 41(6), 602-603. Retrieved December 2, 2007, from Academic Search Complete database.
    • *Ouch.
  •  
  • Comparisons: Classroom Potential
    • Give students one source and see what else they can find--is it real?
    • Validate (or invalidate) by searching a variety of sources
    • Direct comparisons--Search for bias, parody, consistency of facts across resources
    • Bias--Fox vs. CNN; different disciplines? Journalism vs. scholarship/Medicine vs. Psychology
    • Is there a corporate entity behind scholarly work? Example--positive article about Atkins Diet in scholarly journal, but sponsored by Atkins Corp.
  • Strategy: Let’s Play with Print!
    • Research shows students often have a great deal of difficulty selecting and narrowing their topic*
    • Libraries have great print resources that help teach and reinforce information literacy concepts in a variety of ways!
          • *Quarton, B. (2003, June). Research Skills and the New Undergraduate. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 30(2), 120. Retrieved December 2, 2007, from Academic Search Complete database.
  • Useful Print Resources
    • CQ Researcher
    • Subject encyclopedias (Encyclopedia of Psychology, Religion, Philosophy)
    • Periodicals
  • Print Resources: Classroom Potential
    • CQ Researcher (or other current, topical resource)
    • Excellent for exploring a variety of current topics
    • Concise, interesting articles
    • Other, more in-depth sources are cited
    • Offers statistical information, pro-con arguments on controversial issues
  • Subject/Topic Encyclopedias
    • Students are often unaware of these wonderful, scholarly resources
    • Generally, sources of this type offer a better, more in depth overview than the web or a general encyclopedia
    • Opportunities for students to explore other, cited resources
  • Periodicals
    • Scholarly vs. Popular
    • Give them criteria have them review in teams
    • Evaluate and share, offer feedback
    • Tricks! Publications like Science, Nature, New Yorker or Discover can prove challenging to evaluate
    • Print vs. online full text
  • Strategy: Boolehuh?
    • Boolean searching is an essential concept for effective database searching
    • I learned it via Venn diagrams. Ugh.
    • What are some other, more effective ways to teach students about this idea?
  • Boolean Operators AND -- NOT -- OR --NEAR
  • cars AND trucks library OR libraries dolphins NOT football
  • Boolean Shoes
    • Use the students, get them up and moving and illustrate boolean concepts based on the kinds of shoes they are wearing:
    • Black AND brown shoes (NO Results!)
    • Flip flops OR sandals
    • Sneakers NOT Reebok
  • Strategy: Make it Memorable With Mnemonics
    • The Five W’s of Information Evaluation
    • The ABC 3 of web page evaluation
    • SQ3R-for critical thinking
    • CRAAP test
    • Others?
  • Five W’s
    • Who-authority
    • What-topic, consistency
    • Where-where did you find it?
    • When-when was it published? Last updated?
    • Why-Bias- is it trying to influence or inform? Persuade, sell, entertain?
  • ABC 3
    • Authority
    • Bias
    • Content
    • Consistency
    • Currency
  • Discussion: Do you ever?
  • Helpful Resources
    • Perdue University OWL
    • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/
    • OWL Materials-Writing a Research Paper
    • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/658/01/
  • Helpful Method-SQ3R for Critical Thinking
    • Survey
    • Question
    • Read
    • Recite
    • Review
    • WRITE!
  • Strategy: Use a Game
    • Information Literacy Game
    • Information Literacy Jeopardy
    • Word search
    • “ Information Literacy Bingo”
  • Information Literacy Game
    • General concepts in board game format from UNC-Greensboro
    • Multiple players
    • Fun, interactive--students can chose an avatar/identity
    • UNC-G makes files available for other libraries to share
  • Information Literacy Jeopardy
    • Any popular game is adaptable
    • Really helps reinforcing concepts like Plagiarism
    • Example of “answer” from Murphy Library/UW LaCrosse Library Jeopardy:
    • To take or disguise ideas or words of others as your own; to use another’s idea without crediting the source.
    • Question: “What is plagiarism?”
          • http://www.uwlax.edu/murphy/nonweb/searchsoup/jeopardy/
  • Discussion: Competition!
    • Competition=engagement
    • How else might we engage students in competitive endeavors in the classroom?
    • Contests, Trivia, “Battles,” Teams
  • Strategy: Use an Online Tutorial
    • Yours, or, well, ‘borrow’ one!
    • There are lots of good ones out there
    • Great for exploring topics in a hands-on process
    • Excellent for use with difficult or time consuming topics like plagiarism
  • Online Tutorial: Example
    • Acadia University
    • “ You Quote it, You Note it”
    • http://library.acadiau.ca/tutorials/plagiarism/
  • Strategy: Concept to Search Terms
    • Frustration: You’ve spent time teaching boolean searching, search terms, etc.--then you move to hands on searching.
    • Still, students type in their topic as a complete sentence!
  • Topic
    • The role of women in the Civil War
    • “ Mindwalking through”
  • Key Concepts
    • Women Role Civil War
  • Keywords Women Role Civil War
    • Gender
    • Wife
    • Wives
    • Home
    • Family
    • Nurse
    • Spy
    • War btw. The States
    • United States
    • History
    • American Civil War, 1861-1865
  • Strategy: Make a Logical Leap
    • Everyday information leads to scholarship
    • Instructor prompts discussion with students about different information needs in a typical student’s life, different information sources they might use to fill that need, and why a source is useful.
    • Example: Where do you look when you need info about--
    • A movie you might like to see?
    • The weather for the upcoming weekend?
    • Information about a celebrity or political figure?
  • Then… Instructor explains that, similarly, there are different sources of academic information and each has its uses. List each source and its characteristics. Magazines/Newspapers Books/Monographs Scholarly Journals
    • Most current info
    • Good for topics in the news
    • Thorough treatment
    • Written by experts
    • Present research
    • Review articles
    • Very specialized
  • Icebreakers or… This One Goes to 11!
  • A Few Icebreakers to Get Your Class Going!
    • Use candy as an incentive/prize for responses
    • Inform students that it's "o.k." to interrupt librarians
    • Ask students about their previous experience(s) in using the library, good/bad, successful/unsuccessful, etc.
    • Begin with a library orientation video
      • 3 Letter body parts!
    • Discussion: How do you break the ice?
          • ACRL Brainstorm, http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/about/sections/is/eventsconferences/brainstorming.cfm
  • Video-Be careful!
    • Queue it up carefully!
    • Make sure it works
    • Test ahead of time
    • Make sure it is still there
      • http://www.watchcartoononline.com/the-simpsons-episode-206-dead-putting-society
      • 12:31
  • Icebreakers
    • Use icebreakers to set the tone for your lecture
    • If you get students attention from the beginning, it's easier to keep it
    • Students stop listening after the first seven minutes of class, so keep icebreakers on hand even for use in the middle of a session
  • Questions? Comments?
    • What strategies do you use?
  • End of Day One!
    • Questions?
    • Russell Palmer
    • 1.800.999.8558
    • x4916
    • [email_address]