Preserving Family TreasuresLYRASIS Preservation ServicesFunded in part by a grant from the National Endowmentfor Humanities, division of Preservation and Access.
LYRASIS Preservation ServicesWe offer:• Education and training: full-day workshops, live online andself-paced classes.• Information and referral: call us with your preservationquestions!• Loan services: we have environmental monitoring equipmentavailable for loan.• Publications: all types of preservation publications,downloadable for free.• Disaster assistance: We are available 24/7 to assist you.• Consulting: personalized assistance for your specificpreservation needs.• http://bit.ly/LYRPresHome
Welcome• This short class is intended to introduceparticipants to preserving family treasuresand will cover the following topics:– What are family treasures?– Why materials deteriorate– Storage and shelving practices– Supplies and materials– Care of materials by category– Insurance and appraisal– When to seek help from a professional
What Would You Save?• If your house was on fire and your family(people and pets) are all safe, what onething would you take out of the housewith you?
What Would You Save???• Whatever you said you would save, there is agood chance that it is a personal essentialrecord and/or a “family treasure.”Let’s learn more about personal essentialrecords….
Personal essential records arethose items that…•Help you respond to emergencies•Protect health, safety, and rights•Require massive resources toreconstruct•Document the history of community andfamiliesWe will look at each category over the next few slides.
Some records are necessary foremergency responseIn your personal life, this means having afamily emergency plan. What kinds ofquestions does a family emergency plancover?---Does your family have an alternate place to meetif you couldn’t get back home?--Do you have emergency supplies like food andwater readily available?--Do you know how to shut off the water or gas inyour house?
For more on emergency planning:Federal Emergency Management Agency- Ready America:http://www.ready.gov/america/makeaplan/index.html
Other records protect your rights anhelp you function after a disaster:• Mortgages/rental agreements• Birth, marriage, and death certificates• Medical records• Insurance– Medical– Homeowners– Car– Life
Some personal essential recordswould be difficult to reconstructBased upon large amounts of dataExamples:• Tax records• Cell phone contacts• Email and physicaladdress books
Some records document family history• These are FAMILY TREASURES• They do not need to be made ofpaper, but can be made from avariety of materials—yourgrandmother’s china, a high schoolyearbook, photographs of yourgreat-grandparents, your greataunt’s quilt…
Why Materials Deteriorate• Chemical and physical NOcomposition• Storage conditions YES• Use and handling YESBrittle scrapbookCan we control?
Chemical and Physical Composition• Most family treasures are composed of organicmaterials, and organic materials are designedto break down over time.• Some materials are inherently more stable—stone and ceramic for example, while othersare less so, like most paper and textiles.• Some materials weaken because of the waythey were put together--poor quality bindingscontribute to the deterioration of manyscrapbooks, for example.
Sources of Damage• Prolonged exposure to heat and humidity:– Speeds up chemical deterioration processesalready occurring in paper, photographs, andaudiovisual materials• Exposure to light:– Fades inks, pigments, and final image materialin books, documents and photographs– Speeds up chemical deterioration
Sources of DamageOne can seewhere anotherbook was storednext to this one—the parts of thecover exposed tolight have faded.
Sources of Damage:Tape and Glue• Use of acidic adhesives and tapes does moreharm than good• Results in staining from adhesive and“adhesive creep”• Adhesive creep= adhesive migrates andsticks to other materials• Adhesives are bad for long term preservation
Sources of Damage (continued)• Wear from use (china gets chipped, biblesgets ink or coffee stains on them)– Do not stop using them, but beware of theirfragility and handle with careThose items that are extremely valuable to us areprobably going to be used and handled a lot.
Sources of Damage (continued)• Poor quality storage materials– Appropriate paper storage materials like alkalinebuffered and acid-free papers and boards haveonly been widely available for 25-30 years.Anything older than that has the potential to beharming your records and treasures.– Be suspect of plastics of unknown origin and notfrom reputable vendors. Certain kinds of plasticslike PVC can very harmful for collections storage.
• Cracks in ceramics, wooden objects, andpaintings: …can occur due to physical damage, extremetemperature and humidity conditions, and chemicaldegradation• Books with loose or detached bindings: … canfurther fall apart and cause more severe damage• Adhesives yellowing and failing:… like Elmer’s Glue, isnot made to last for hundreds of years. Over time, the glueyellows and cracks• Water damage and signs of mold: …broken pipes,leaky roofs or basements, have resulted in water damage todocuments. If left unnoticed, mold may develop, puttingboth the document itself, and potentially your health, at risk.Some Signs of Deterioration…Have You Seen Any of These?
How Can We PreserveOur Family Treasures?•We can not change the chemicaland physical composition ofmaterials•We can change the way we storeand handle them to help extend theiruseful lives
Storage Practices: Cool and Dry• Would you want to live in a hot, humidhouse filled with bugs? Neither do yourcollections!Usually, the attic or the basement is theWORST place to store your collections becauseof fluctuations in temperature and humidity,the potential for leaks, and rodents, and thefact that you probably don’t spend a lot of timein those locations, so you are not in tune withyour collection’s environments.
Storage Practices:Location, Location, Location!• Avoid basements or attics:--Both places are notorious for waterdamage/mold from leaks--Often these spaces lack insulation• Do not place shelving along exterior walls(temperature and humidity fluctuations)• Avoid prolonged exposure to directsunlight• Keep away from skylights…they leak!
Storage Practices: Cool and Dry• In general, your family treasures should bestored in places that are…– Cool– Dry– Well-ventilated– Free from pests– Protected from light– Protected from fire– Protected from leaks
Storing Your Family Treasures:Temperature & Relative Humidity Control• Ideal conditions 68-72° F and 30-50%relative humidity• Try to make incremental changes—Moveitems from attic to room with betterconditions for starters…• If you cool with window units, run at lowspeeds to increase dehumidificationcapability
Materials Sensitive to High Humidity• Metal• Paper• Textiles• Wood• Inlay• Veneer• Finishes• Parchment• Paper Mache• Baskets• Magnetic mediaThink about where theseitems are located in yourhouse.Are they stored in the attic?The basement? The barn orshed? These are placeswhere you are likely to haveleaks and a potential forhigh humidity, which canlead to swelling and mold.Avoid air conditioning vents,where air tends to be damp.
Materials Sensitive to Low Humidity• Wood• Rawhide• Leather• Parchment• Animal glues• Tortoise shell• Ivory• Inlaid surfacesFurniture can dry out, woods can crack, veneers can peel. Sinceyou probably have these objects stored in the same place asthe items that are sensitive to high humidity, this can provequite a challenge. Try and control the fluctuations andextremes in either direction. There is more humidity in thesummer. In the winter, the heating system kicks on and driesup the air in your house. Keep materials away from directsource of heat/air vents to minimize the damage• Baskets• Quill• Vellum
Storing Your Family Treasures:Air Circulation• Stagnant air often found inattics/basements• Stagnant air = happy mold spores• Fans can increase air circulation andprevent mold growth• If mold already present—take care; fanscould spread spores!
Storing Your Family Treasures:Mold• For more information on mold, seeLYRASIS Preservation leaflet, “Invasion ofthe Giant Mold Spore”:– http://bit.ly/LYRPresMold
Storing Your Family Treasures:Pests• Types of pests: silverfish, roaches, moths,beetles, rodents…all damage family treasures• Monitor treasures, especially those packedaway• Look for signs of activity (chewing, skins, fecalremains)• Keep areas clean and dry• Seal up windows and doors
Shelving Practices• Some treasures are hung or on display• Others stored in boxes on shelves• Steel shelving preferred—does not off-gas• Wood shelving can off-gas volatile organiccompounds (VOCs). Seal with polyurethaneor create a barrier between wood and objectswith glass, Plexiglas, or Marvelseal™• Oversized items should be shelved flat
Microclimates• A small environment in which an object isstored, ideally protecting the item fromexternal hazards and slowing the physicaland chemical deterioration.• Microclimates can protect family treasures.• Can be made from paper, plastic, or otherappropriate enclosure.
Supplies• Make sure you are using appropriatesupplies for enclosures and storage• Some vendors use terms that have no realmeaning—meant to make you think productsare high quality when they may or may notbe• When in doubt, call up supplier and askquestions
Supplies• Beware of vague terms such as “Archivalquality”, “Acid-free”, and “Photo-safe”.– these terms can be used appropriately inassociation with a standard and from a reputablevendor.• Some better terms are:– “Lignin” and “lig-free” paper– Photograph Activity Test (PAT)– ANSI/NISO Z39.48 standard for permanent paper
Use Inert PlasticsIf you are purchasing plastic sleeves,containers, or foam padding, look for itemsmade out of inert plastics, such as:•Polyester (Mylar, Melinex, Tyvek)•Polyethylene•Polypropylene
Use Inert PlasticsDo NOT use PVC or polystyrenepeanuts or plastics of unknownorigin for long-term storage.
Object StorageThese items are safe for object storage:• Black or white polyethylene foams—othercolors may be chemically treated and harmyour materials• Polypropylene containers like Rubbermaid orSterilite
No PVC Plastics or PolystyrenePeanuts for Long-Term Storage• PVC = polyvinyl chloride• These objects can off-gas,deteriorate, and damageyour materials• If unsure of plastic’s originconsider replacingImage fromhttp://natmus.dk/index.php?id=356
Purchasing Supplies•Order from reputable supplierswhenever possible•Look for appropriate terminology•Never assume “equivalence”–“Acid-free does not mean “lignin-free”–“Photo-safe” does not mean PVC-free–Archival is not necessarily fade-proof
Testing Paper Supplies• Use a pH pen to test acidity levels in papersupplies and enclosures• Most common is Abbey pH pen, which useschlorophenol red as the pH indicator agent
Testing with Abbey pH Pen• Draw a small line or spot in an unobtrusivearea of the material being tested• If mark is pale yellow,the paper is acidic• If mark is pale purple,the paper is neutral oralkaline• If mark is tan, the paper is somewhat acidic
Use and Handling• Careful handling is as important as appropriate storage• Consider condition of the original– Some treasures are only used for special occasions– Others can handle everyday use– Physical state of original may determine amount/kind ofuse• Wash hands before handling: dirt, oils from your skin, andtoday’s lunch can damage materials• Do not lift oversized, awkward, or heavy items alone• When in doubt, consult a conservator for appropriate storageand handling
Caring for Treasures by Type: PaperWhat do you have in your collections that are madeout of paper?The kind of paper the material is made of greatly influenceshow long the material will last.
Documents and Papers• The “Era of Bad Paper”: 1850-1970Caused by:– Fiber source– Beating technology– Chlorine bleaching– Additives
How is Paper Made?• Paper is made of a sheet of cellulose fibers ofvegetable origin reduced to a pulp with waterand formed into a sheet on a screen• Its quality is greatly affected by the fiber source,the pulping process and the additives used• Paper can be made of all sorts of things, notjust wood
Fiber Source: Cotton andLinen Rags• Prior to the mid-to-late nineteenth century,paper in the West was made from recycled linenand cotton rags.• Early rag-based paper is durable andpermanent.• The spread of literacy during the industrialrevolution increased the demand for paper,which prompted a search for alternative fibers.
Fiber Source: Wood Pulp• Wood developed into the fiber of choice andwith it came tremendous problems withdurability and permanence.• Wood based paper offered high level of yieldat a low cost, but ultimately quality suffered.• Unpurified wood pulp is a major source ofacid.• The quality of paper progressively declinedprimarily as a result of the introduction ofacids in the papermaking process.
Beating Technology• Paper is made by reducing a fiber source toa pulp. This is accomplished by beating.• This used to be done with hammers,creating long fibers and strong paper.• Mechanization cuts fibers rather thancrushing them.• This results in shorter, weaker fibers.
Chlorine Bleaching and Additives• When chlorine is used to whiten paper andreduce lignin, paper becomes more acidic anddeteriorates more quickly.• When impurities such as iron and copper areintroduced into the process, they furtherdegrade the paper.• Sizing agents—added to improve printability—also contribute to acidity in paper.
Some Hope for Papers•More paper mills have converted toalkaline-based processes. This producesbetter quality paper and is better for theenvironment.•ANSI Z39.48 Standard for PermanentPaper– Products that meet this standard will havelonger life than traditional papers– Also look for lignin-free and/or alkaline bufferedproducts
Papers with Preservation Problems•Brittle paper•Newsprint•Telegrams•Unstable copy processes(faxes, thermographicpapers)•Onion skin•Tracing paperThese papers will deteriorate or fade rapidly. They mayneed to be reformatted or treated by conservator.
Inks• Ink formulas vary widely• Many will fade when exposed to light• Many will bleed when exposed to moisture• Some will even eat through paper (like irongaulle ink)• For long-term preservation, use inks thatare permanent, fade-proof, and water-proof
Documents and Papers: Storage• Keep temperature and humidityfluctuations to a minimum.• Copy poor quality papers ontoalkaline buffered paper.• Place documents in appropriatelysized, alkaline buffered folders.• Folders may be stored in documentboxes or file cabinets.
Avoid Harmful Adhesives& Fasteners• Rubber bands… deteriorate and stickto paper• Staples…rust• Paper clips…rust• Glue (Rubber Cement, Elmer’s, etc.)…yellow, stain and lose adhesion• Cellophane tape…carrier comes off,leaves acidic adhesive that stains
Tape DamageYou should not use any tape on your materials.Over time, they often do more harm than good.
The acids from the glue that was used to hold thisclipping in place is now staining the document.Damage from Glue
Bound Volumes• Avoid pulling on head/endcap toremove from shelf—hold the frontand back cover between thumb and fingers incenter of spine• Do not force open• Do not “dog ear” or leave objects in book(flowers, sticky notes, newspaper clippings)
Bound Volumes: Storage• Shelve items snug forsupport, but not too tight• Store oversize volumesflat• Boxes for fragile volumes– Custom, drop spine boxes– Phase boxes and wrappers– Polyester dust jackets– Binders for pamphlets– Envelopes for lightweight itemsDrop spine boxFour flap, tux boxes, or wrappers
Family Bibles have….• Thin paper (often of poor quality)• Poor quality bindings• Been well-used and are• Hard (and expensive torepair)What to do?• Store in dry, cool environment• Create custom enclosure• Handle with care
Artwork• Leave repairs to conservator• Where and how you hang artwork canaffect how long it lasts• What materials you use to frame yourartwork can also have a significant impact
Framing and Display• Use alkaline buffered mats andbacking board• Item should not come in contactwith glazing• Hinging of item to back mat boardshould be reversible – no tape orpermanent adhesives• Hang in area that receives limitedlight, or display a reproductioninstead.• To protect from light damage, useUV filtering glazing
Selecting a Framer• Ask for recommendations• Specify how you want object framed• Look at how object was framed
Selecting a Framer• Look for members of the Professional PictureFramers Association– http://www.pmai.org/ppfa/• To learn more, Matting and Framing for Art andArtifacts on Paper– http://www.nedcc.org/free-resources/preservation-leaflets/4.-storage-and-handling/4.10-matting-and-framing-for-art-and-artifacts-on-paper
Hanging Artwork• Screw eyes should be attached to thick area of frame• Eyes and ring hangers better than teeth (which put toomuch strain on top portion of frame)• Wire should be strong enough to hang painting• Take care where you hang—make sure hook and wallitself is strong enough• Avoid hanging in direct sunlight to prevent damage fromnatural light/UV• Avoid hanging against outdoor wall—temp/RHfluctuations• Use “bumper” to raise artwork from wall—will allow aircirculation, prevent mold/condensation and preventartwork from scratching wall
Caring for Treasures:Photographic Materials andFilms
Are composed of three or fourlayers:1. Support2. Binder3. Final Image4. Baryta Layer (optional)Photographs
• May be glass, plastic film, paper, or resin-coated paper• Provides the structure and stability for thephotograph to be used/held, etc.Photographs: Support
• Holds the image to support• Usually gelatin, but may be albumen orcollodianPhotographs: Binder/Emulsion
• Usually suspended in theemulsion/binder• Made of silver, color dyes or pigmentparticles• This is what makes the image you seePhotographs: Final Image (blue dots)
Photographs: Baryta Layer• Optional layer• Between base and binder• Provides bright, smooth background forimage to display against
Photographs deteriorate due to:Chemical and physical compositionPoor environmental storage conditionsPoor storage enclosures and shelvingconditionsInappropriate use and handlingDisastersNaturalPeople-createdElectronic
Cellulose AcetateMost family treasures on this type ofnegative (1920’s- Present)Created in response to nitrate film,which was flammableOften identified by “safety” writtenon the sideVulnerable to vinegar syndromeDeterioration characteristics• Vinegar smell• Bubbles/crystals• ShrinkingVinegarSyndrome
Photographic Prints & Negatives:Storage and Handling• All supplies should meet thePAT test• Store prints and negativesseparately• Early formats may needcustom housing• Wear cotton gloves fornegatives and handle fromedges only
Avoid Exposure Light and Heat• Chemical processes in different types ofphotographs react with light and heat,especially chromogenic photographs(Kodachrome, Ektachrome processes)• Exposure to light and high temperatures cancause dyes to fade or leftover chemicals tostain.
Scrapbooks and Albums– Interleave between pages if necessary– Shelve spine down or flat– Protect from dust and light in a proper sizedenclosure
InterleavingWhat to interleave:• Photographs• Highly acidic itemsWhat type of paper to use:• Acid-free• Passes Photograph ActivityTest (PAT)• NO glassine
Learn More about Photographs• Check out– Image Permanence Institute•http://www.imagepermanenceinstitute.org– NEDCC resources•http://www.nedcc.org/resources/leaflets.list.php• Sign up for online classes through LYRASIS– Care of Photographic Materials– Understanding Digital Photographshttp://bit.ly/LYRClasses
Scrapbooks and AlbumsHandling– Do not open flat– Support fragile volumes with foam blocks or abook cradle– Store snugly in box, spine down or flat (dependingupon size)
Modern Scrapbooks and Albums• Use low lignin and acidfree paper• Use photo cornersinstead of adhesives• Avoid “magnetic” albums(see example on right)• Choose albums with inertplastic pockets or paper pages• No PVCs
Videotape/Audiotape Storage• Maintain clean storage areas• Keep controlled environment50-60°F, 40-50% RH• Replace acidic cardboard or vinyl boxes• Store vertically• Avoid sources of magnetic fields• To learn more about caring for videos from theAIC…•http://bit.ly/cyWpKP
Videotapes: Sticky Shed Syndrome• Occurs most commonly in polyestervideotapes made between 1975-1985• Caused by high relative humidity, hightemperatures, and natural aging• Characteristics: Higher friction, gummy orwaxy residue• If you suspect sticky shed syndrome, take toa professional to inspect/reformat
Home Movies•Stored on film, videocassette, and digitalvideo•Keep cool and dry in inert plasticcontainers•Keep original after transfer•Check out Home Movie Day!–http://www.homemovieday.com/
Cold Storage for Photographsand FilmCold storage can be used to slow• Fading and deteriorating colorphotographs• Vinegar Syndrome in acetate negatives,films, and reel-to-reel tapes
Digital Collections• More and more family treasures are beingcreated electronically or digitized• What kinds of family treasures do you havein electronic format?
Digital Collections…A FewExamples• Photos• Video• Emails• Facebook pages• Music• Online scrapbooks and much more!What are you doing to preserve these things?
Preserving Digital Collections•Unfortunately there are no easy answers…But here are a few things you can do toensure that your digital family treasureslast…
Digital Collections•If digitizing, keep the original object–it may be easier to re-digitize from theoriginal•When in doubt, print it out!–We know how to preserve paper, so if youcan create a paper copy, do so
Digital Collections• Keep multiple digital copies in multipleplaces– Send copies to friends and family around thecountry. Keep some on cd, some on yourcomputer, buy a back-up hard drive• Be prepared and proactive to migratematerials– Did you ever have to transfer your documentsfrom Word Perfect to Microsoft Word?– Plan to migrate your materials at least every fiveyears onto new media and/or a new format
Caring for Treasures: Furnitureand Other Objects
Furniture• Often complex components (glass, wood,textiles, nails, stains, adhesives)• Sunlight can affect color and finish• Keep out of direct sunlight• Avoid humid conditions for wood• Vulnerable to pests infestations– Wood: termites/beetles– Textiles: moths/carpet beetlesFor more on furniture, see Saving Your Treasures:Furniturehttp://www.netnebraska.org/basic-page/television/saving-your-treasures-furniture
Furniture: Care and Handling• Use pads and coasters to prevent wear andtear– Use mylar backed cork– Don’t use felt because it absorbs moisture• Moving furniture– Move from from the bottom not the top– Do not drag across floor– Make sure you have enough folks to lift– If moving long distances make sure properlypadded and you understand your insurancecoverage
Furniture: Cleaning• Clean with lint-free cloth—good bet formost wood• Cloth can be vacuumed with brushattachment wrapped in cheesecloth• Avoid stain-resistant treatments• Use paste wax sparingly• Do not wax damaged areas
Decorative Metals• Many decorative metals look alike but needto be stored, handled and cared differently• Never clean/polish without accurateidentification
Silver• Generic term• Sterling silver= 92.5% pure and will belabeled “sterling”• Susceptible to mixing with other metals—leads to corrosion (tarnishing)• Tarnish = silver sulfide• Oil on your hands can corrode• Removing tarnish removes portion of thesilver; over time, loses shape, luster, etc.
Cleaning and Storing Silver• Early stages of tarnish can be remove without polishingusing a clean piece of flannel, muslin or other soft cotton• Solid pieces can be hand washed with mild detergent;hollow pieces should not be—water can work its way intohollow parts and corrode• Do not put silver in dishwasher—hand wash and dryquickly• For more on cleaning silver, see video, see SavingNebraska’s Treasures website: How to Polish Silver– http://netnebraska.org/interactive-multimedia/culture/saving-your-treasures-how-polish-silver-objects• Avoid storing acidic foods or foods with sulfur: lemon,tomatoes, eggs• Also avoid rubber, fresh flowers, newspaper, wool andsalt
Textiles• Deteriorate due to chemical changes,mechanical wear, and mishandling• Light and heat fade colors, break down fibers,and discolor finishes• High relative humidity can lead to mold/mildew• Low relative humidity can lead to drying out• Atmospheric pollutants, acidic wood/paper, orcleaning chemicals damage fabrics• Creases from folds damage over time
Textiles: Storage• Keep out of sun and fluorescent light• Display flat or at an angle to minimize stretching orpulling of fabric• Avoid pesticides and mothballs• Store in acid-free boxes with unbuffered tissue orwrapped in clean, with sheets• Avoid creases by padding with unbuffered tissue• Roll rugs or blankets pile outward and wrap in undyedcotton or white sheet
Textiles: Cleaning• Blot spills immediately• Sturdy fabrics can be vacuumed with brushattachment covered with cotton cheeseclothon low suction• Do not wash or dry clean fragile textiles• For more on caring for textiles, see Saving YourTreasures: Textiles– http://www.netnebraska.org/basic-page/television/saving-your-treasures-textiles
Clothing• Keep use to a minimum if you are concerned withkeeping the item in good shape• Restrict use to those who are the same size orsmaller of the original wearer• Avoid exposure to deodorant and make-up• Fragile items should not be dry-cleaned, bleached,or even washed• Hang on well-padded plastic hanger covered inunbleached cotton cloth that is as wide asgarment’s shoulders to support• Avoid hanging knit, bias-cut or heavy garments
Glass and Ceramics:Storage and Handling• Use clean, bare hands when handling• Do not pick up by handles or rim• Store in dry cupboards—do not overstack so you caneasily lift in/out• Pad individual pieces if necessary—ethafoam,flannel, paper towels, or polyethelene. Do not usenewsprint• Don’t use heirloom objects for food storage orflower arrangements
Glass and Ceramics:Display• Best displayed in cabinets with glass panels ratherthan open shelves—this forms an additional layer ofprotection from prying hands, kids running into,dust, fluctuations in temperature and humidity• If you use glass plate stands, use plastic ones—metal ones might rust• If you use metal hooks to hang on walls, purchaseclear vinyl tubing from hardware store to slip overthe hangers to protect ceramics from damage• Use mats for pieces displayed on furniture. Thisprotects both pieces from damage and limitslikelihood that piece will slip
Glass and Ceramics: Cleaning• Wash glazed and glass objects by hand• Avoid washing unglazed objects or those with objectswith gold edging, hand-painting or repairs. Use drybrush• Do not use dusting sprays, polishes, bleach orcommercial cleaners• Do not use scrub pads—only foam sponges• Chandeliers should be dusted with soft-haired brush• Mirrors—do not spray directly on mirror but on cloth
Insurance for Your FamilyTreasures• Do you have renter’s or homeowner’s insurance?• Make sure that you understand what events yourpolicy covers and what kind of restitution you willreceive• If you have particularly valuable family treasures, makesure that you add specific riders on your insurancepolicy for replacement value of these items• Maintain a list of your family treasures, complete withtime/date stamped photographs to documentcondition in case of damage or theft• Store list in multiple places (outside of the house).
Appraisers• Appraisers can help you determine value of yourfamily treasures• Good appraiser will charge flat fee that they will tellyou upfront• Do not use appraiser who will charge a percentage ofthe item’s value• American Society of Appraisers– http://www.appraisers.org/ASAHome.aspx• Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America– http://abaa.org
Leave Repairs to the ExpertsAmateur repair can causemore harm than good!When in doubt, DONOTHING!
Conservation vs. Restoration• Restoration– An attempt to make an item look as though itwere new– Replacing worn or deteriorated parts.• Conservation– Focus is on chemical and physical stabilization– Rule of reversibility: Any thing done by aconservator should be able to be undone.– “Less is best”
Seeking ConservationTreatment• Seek treatment to stabilize rather than “restore”.• Choose a conservator according to specialty(i.e., paper, books, paintings, objects, textiles)• A conservator should provide– Proposed treatment estimate– Examination and condition assessment– Written report and before and after photography– Insurance coverage• Contact two or three conservators for estimatesand check their references.
How to Find a Conservator• The American Institute for Conservation (AIC)of Historic and Artistic Works maintains a list– http://bit.ly/csPyuF• For more help on selecting a conservatorsee the AIC Guidelines for Selecting aConservator
When Should You Contacta Conservator?• After a disaster• If you see signs of pest infestation• If an item has been broken or torn• If you notice a rapid change in thecondition of an item• If you have a mold or mildew outbreak
For More Information• Heritage Preservation’s Caring for Your FamilyTreasures– http://www.heritagepreservation.org/PUBS/treasures.HTM• Saving Nebraska’s Treasures– http://netnebraska.org/basic-page/television/saving-your-treasures
Follow Us on• http://www.facebook.com/LyrDigPres
Thank You!Contact us if you have any questionsLYRASIS Preservation Services1438 W. Peachtree St. NW/Suite 200Atlanta, GA email@example.com