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Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
Positive psychology sample free talk
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Positive psychology sample free talk

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LVS Consulting is pleased to offer 51 free talks on positive psychology in 2013. This is a sample of a free talk that was given as a keynote. For more information, please visit …

LVS Consulting is pleased to offer 51 free talks on positive psychology in 2013. This is a sample of a free talk that was given as a keynote. For more information, please visit http://www.lvsconsulting.com/2012/09/06/51-free-talks-on-positive-psychology/ and contact LVS Consulting.

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  • 1. Positive Psychology KCHC November 2012 Presented by: Lisa Sansom
  • 2. A brief history of Positive Psychology Dr. Martin Seligman Learned Helplessness Optimism  Explanatory style IPPA  International Positive Psychology Association  Third World Congress in LA, summer 2013 MAPP  Masters in Applied Positive Psychology, U Pennwww.lvsconsulting.com 2
  • 3. Positive Psychology Study of people at their best Science of what makes life worth living Flourishing  51% by 2051 Umbrella term for researchers  Psychologists  Neuroscientists  Funding attraction No claims to have invented the fieldwww.lvsconsulting.com 3
  • 4. What is positive psychology? PERMA (Seligman, Flourish)www.lvsconsulting.com
  • 5. Positive Emotions How many can you name?www.lvsconsulting.com
  • 6. Why be “happy”? Happy people (high in SWB)  Live longer  Live healthier (fewer colds and other illnesses)  Faster recovery when sick  More friends (causal?)  Higher pay at work and more promotions  Better satisfaction with work  Higher quality relationships  Overcome challenges more easily  And other important findings… Happiness is a process, not an end goalwww.lvsconsulting.com 6
  • 7. Positive Emotions PANAS scale  Positive Affect Negative Affect scale / schedule  Watson, Clark & Tellegen 1988 Measures positive and negative emotion separatelywww.lvsconsulting.com 7
  • 8. Sample PANAS questions Indicate to what extent you feel this way right now (1-5 scale): Interested Irritable Distressed Alert Excited Ashamed Upset Inspired Strong Nervous Guilty Determined Scared Attentive Hostile Jittery Enthusiastic Active Proud Afraidwww.lvsconsulting.com 8
  • 9. PANAS findings and implications Positive Affect (PA) is not simply the absence of Negative Affect (NA) PA seems to be consistent for an individual across time and situation  More variable for some individuals than others, but this variability is also consistent People high in PA more likely to be married (and happily so) and to like their jobs  Chicken and egg issue People who describe themselves as religious or spiritual higher on PAwww.lvsconsulting.com 9
  • 10. Genetics of happiness? According to twin studies, PA is heritable – influenced by genetics – but less so than intelligence  About 50% of your PA is heritable  But does not mean inevitable as genetic expressions can be changed  ~10% is situational  ~40% is entirely within your choice / control  This is what we can focus on and affect directly  We can also reframe our “situation”www.lvsconsulting.com 10
  • 11. Positivity Ratio 3:1 Barbara Fredrickson Work with Marcial Losada Broaden & Build theory  Not specific-action tendencies  Positive emotions signal safety  Future-oriented  Encourage learning, openness  Undo the effects of negative emotions 3:1 for flourishing  John Gottman: 5:1 in close relationshipswww.lvsconsulting.com 11
  • 12. Flow / Engagement Mihaly Czikszentmihalyi Flow = experience of working at full capacity Optimal balance between skill and challenge  Creativity Activities perceived as voluntary Distinguished from “junk flow” We need to learn to rise to the occasion and meet challenges (grit, resilience)  Otherwise-depressed people who manage to keep busy in meaningful ways are not troubled by their symptoms while engagedwww.lvsconsulting.com 12
  • 13. Flow / Engagement When you are engaged deeply in an activity and time seems to stand still When are you in flow?www.lvsconsulting.com
  • 14. Positive Relationships Who do you have good relationships with? What makes them positive?www.lvsconsulting.com
  • 15. Positive Relationships Happy people have more friends, more likely to be married, have happier relationships  But which way does this go?  Can’t just “give you more friends” to find out You can’t do without social relationships Satisfaction with marriage spikes, and then returns to baseline When spouse dies, widows exhibit steep decline in life satisfaction and only slowly recover (5-7 yrs)www.lvsconsulting.com 15
  • 16. Adaptation to Marriage 7.5 7.45 7.4 7.35 7.3 7.25 7.2 7.15 7.1 7.05 2 Yr. Marriage 2 After Beforewww.lvsconsulting.com 16
  • 17. Slow Adaptation to Widowhood 7.2 7 6.8 6.6 6.4 All is Fine 6.2 Husband failing 6 Widow 5.8 2 Yrs. All is Widow 4 Yrs. Fine 4 Yrs.www.lvsconsulting.com 17 6 Yrs.
  • 18. Experience Sampling Method (ESM) Pager going off at Introverts Extroverts random times of waking Social hours Introverts / Extroverts – Alone how happy are you now? (1-6)  Alone?  With people?  6 is happiestwww.lvsconsulting.com 18
  • 19. Experience Sampling Method (ESM) Pager going off at Introverts Extroverts random times of waking Social 2.4 2.9 hours Introverts / Extroverts – Alone how happy are you now? (1-6)  Alone?  With people?  6 is happiestwww.lvsconsulting.com 19
  • 20. Experience Sampling Method (ESM) Pager going off at Introverts Extroverts random times of waking Social 2.4 2.9 hours Introverts / Extroverts – Alone 2.1 how happy are you now? (1-6)  Alone?  With people?  6 is happiestwww.lvsconsulting.com 20
  • 21. Experience Sampling Method (ESM) Pager going off at Introverts Extroverts random times of waking Social 2.4 2.9 hours Introverts / Extroverts – Alone 1.5 2.1 how happy are you now? (1-6)  Alone?  With people?  6 is happiestwww.lvsconsulting.com 21
  • 22. Relationships “Other people matter.”  Chris Peterson “Love. Full stop.”  George Vaillantwww.lvsconsulting.com
  • 23. Meaning / purpose What do you contribute to the world? What is your meaning or purpose?www.lvsconsulting.com
  • 24. Meaning People are meaning-making Post-traumatic growth (PTG not PTSD)  85% know PTSD – studies show that knowing about it makes it more likely to occur  Yet PTG is a more common outcome Strengths of belief, spirituality Meaning in life questionnaire  I understand my lifes meaning.  I am seeking a purpose or mission for my life.www.lvsconsulting.com 24
  • 25. Character Strengths Strengths are things that  You are good at  You enjoy doing  Are beneficial to others  Inspire other people when they see you doing them  Provide potential sources of meaningwww.lvsconsulting.com
  • 26. Some strengths (VIA classification) Creativity  Kindness  Gratitude Curiosity  Social  Hope Critical intelligence  Zest thinking  Teamwork  Love Love of  Fairness  Humour learning  Leadership  Honesty Wisdom  Forgiveness  Humility Bravery  Prudence Perseverance  Self-control Spirituality  Appreciationwww.lvsconsulting.com
  • 27. What is a story about you at your best? What strengths did you hear?  Strengths can be from the list  Strengths can be other things that you heard and that you admirewww.lvsconsulting.com
  • 28. Findings on Meaning Church-goers  Healthier  More forgiving  Less drugs, crime  More education, more money, live longer Active ingredients:  Comforting beliefs / ritual  Social support (confounding!)  Connecting to something permanent, important, larger than yourselfwww.lvsconsulting.com 28
  • 29. Opportunities for increasing meaning Values Strengths  VIA vs. Gallup (also Realise2, StandOut, others) Increasing the perceived meaningfulness of an activity  Increases internalization / intrinsic motivation  Increases task curiosity  Increases autonomy More on this in accomplishment pillarwww.lvsconsulting.com 29
  • 30. Accomplishment What have you done and achieved? What are you proud of?www.lvsconsulting.com
  • 31. Accomplishment Newest addition to Pos Psych  Contentious Achievement, accomplishing goals  Goal theory (Locke & Latham)  Self-efficacy (Bandura)  Grit / perseverance (Duckworth)www.lvsconsulting.com 31
  • 32. Grit (determination / perseverance) Grit scale (Duckworth) Among college students:  Higher GPAs, SATs In military:  Greater retention over first summer of training (Beast Barracks at West Point) In Spelling Bee:  Predicted number of hours of study  Predicted advancement to final rounds In another study (Duckworth) – self-discipline outdoes IQ in predicting academic performance of adolescentswww.lvsconsulting.com 32
  • 33. Resilience Resilience is about how we bounce back from adversity  How do we overcome the bad things that happen to us? Much easier to do for optimistic thinkers ABCDE model A = Adversity – the bad thing that happened B = Beliefs – what do you believe to be true about that adverse event? C = Consequences – how do you feel, what do you think, what do you do as a result?www.lvsconsulting.com
  • 34. Example of a bad thing Activating event: I applied for a job and I didn’t get it. B = the beliefs – what do you believe to be true?  I’m no good at job interviews  There was someone else better  They had someone else in mind the whole time.  I’m under-qualified C = how do you feel, what do you think, what you do?  I feel bad, upset, frustrated  I don’t apply for any more jobs at that company  I apply for lower-level jobswww.lvsconsulting.com
  • 35. What next? D = Disputation  How can you dispute or debate the Beliefs? Four key questions:  What evidence do you have?  What are some alternatives?  What are the implications, even if your Belief is correct?  What is the usefulness of holding onto that Belief?www.lvsconsulting.com
  • 36. Let’s test B = I’m no good at job interviews What evidence do you have?  Ask for feedback. How have I done in other interviews? What are some alternatives?  I did ok in the interview, but wasn’t a good fit.  Someone else was more qualified. What are the implications, even if your Belief is correct?  I can get training on how to do job interviews What is the usefulness of holding onto that Belief?  Not very – it will just make me feel bad and I won’t want to do other interviews.www.lvsconsulting.com
  • 37. After the Disputation E = energization  You have a path to move forward  You feel better – more positive! In this example:  Get interview training  Get feedback from the interviewerswww.lvsconsulting.com
  • 38. Science-based What distinguishes positive psychology from “self-help” is the sciencewww.lvsconsulting.com
  • 39. Validating positive interventions(Seligman, Steen, Park, Peterson) Five different positive interventions:  Gratitude visit  Three good things  You at your best  Using signature strengths  Identifying signature strengths One weekwww.lvsconsulting.com 39
  • 40. Validating positive interventions(Seligman, Steen, Park, Peterson)www.lvsconsulting.com 40
  • 41. Validating positive interventions(Seligman, Steen, Park, Peterson)www.lvsconsulting.com 41
  • 42. Resources – books Authentic Happiness – Seligman Learned Optimism – Seligman Positivity – Fredrickson A Primer in Positive Psychology – Peterson Happiness – Diener & Biswas-Diener  Practically anything by Ed Diener Spark – Ratey (positive health) The How of Happiness – Lyubomirsky The Happiness Hypothesis – Haidt Spiritual Evolution – Vaillant  Harvard Study, another book: Aging Wellwww.lvsconsulting.com 42
  • 43. Resources – web www.authentichappiness.org – Seligman  Lots of assessments – all free www.positivepsychologycanada.com – CPPA  Canadian Positive Psychology Association  Newsletter, webinars, conference 2014 (Ottawa) http://positivepsychologynews.com – PPND  Free daily newsletter – written by MAPP alum www.lvsconsulting.com  My own irregular blogwww.lvsconsulting.com 43
  • 44. To be happier… Create more PERMA  Positive emotions  Engagement / flow  Relationships  Meaning / purpose  Accomplishment / achievement Spot your strengths and those of others! “Other people matter”www.lvsconsulting.com
  • 45. Thank you! Any questions?www.lvsconsulting.com

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