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LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim
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LTC, Jack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference, Going to San Bernardino A Symposium on Intermodal Transit Stations and Transit-Oriented Design, 11/06/2009, Do Kim

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Do Kim, PhD.; Department of Urban and Regional Planning; Cal Poly Pomona

Do Kim, PhD.; Department of Urban and Regional Planning; Cal Poly Pomona

Published in: Business, Technology
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  • 1. The Impacts of TOD:From Regional Land Use PerspectiveDo Kim, Ph.D.Department of Urban and Regional PlanningCalifornia State Polytechnic University - PomonaJack R. Widmeyer Transportation Research Conference 1
  • 2. INTRODUCTION
  • 3. Introduction • This presentation focuses on how Transit Oriented Development (TOD) impacts on future regional land use and transportation conditions. • By comparing with other land use alternatives, this presentation provides quantitative evidences on how much positive impacts TOD can bring. • This presentation also points out a unique land use scenario planning approach, which is a community stakeholder driven process combined with a cutting- edge GIS simulation technology. 3
  • 4. Project Overview • Land use scenario planning in conjunction with 2035 Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) of North Florida Transportation Planning Organization • Exploring alternative land use concepts and the associated long term transportation impacts and opportunities • By Design, a TOD oriented land use alternative is compared with other land use concepts.
  • 5. Base of Land Use Alternatives • Developing future land use alternatives in the region in order to accommodate projected population and employment growth 2005 Increment 2005-2035 Annual Growth Rate County Population Employment Population Employment Population Employment Clay 184,624 47,374 132,176 25,270 1.84% 1.44% Nassau 67,681 20,213 38,819 10,782 1.52% 1.44% St. Johns 157,981 65,666 168,382 35,027 2.45% 1.44% Duval 855,572 509,112 362,428 271,564 1.18% 1.44% Total 1,262,795 642,365 701,805 342,643 Avg .1.48% Avg. 1.44%
  • 6. Four Scenarios • Scenario A – Concentric Outer Growth • Scenario B – North-South Centers Growth • Scenario C – Satellite Centers Growth • Scenario D – Transit Centers Growth
  • 7. Scenario A – Concentric Outer Growth • Outer growth into vacant and undeveloped lands outside the existing urbanized areas • Supporting expanded highway network with limited transit options
  • 8. Scenario B – North South Centers Growth • Growth in an outward direction away from existing urbanized areas and into the region’s north and southeast quadrants • Supporting north-south commuter rail transit and continued highway investment
  • 9. Scenario C – Clustered Satellite Centers Growth • Outer growth along key transportation corridors and strong redevelopment strategy in old urban areas • Supporting moderate levels of transits and continued highway investment
  • 10. Scenario D – Transit Centers Growth • Redevelopment concentrating in major urban areas and development along future commuter rail and other transit • Supporting most robust transit network for the region
  • 11. SCENARIO BUILDING PROCESS
  • 12. Place Type Oriented Modeling • Community elements - pedestrian shed • ¼ mile diameter area (40 acres) • Combination of different development types (building types) in the shed
  • 13. Creation of Community Element Land use detail Dwelling Units/Acre 5 Non-Residential FAR 0.72 Non-Developable Developable 1/4 mi Park 2% SF House 3% Retention 2% Apartment 12 % Road 15 % Mixed Use 6% Civic 15 % Retail 12 % Parking 5% Office 28 % Total 39 % Total 61 % GRAND TOTAL 100 %
  • 14. Community Element for the Project
  • 15. Scenario Development Workshop Chip set play
  • 16. Scenarios by Participants
  • 17. From Chips to Data • Converting allocated chips by the public to GIS data by CorPlan • Land use / transportation planners interpreted chips and perform minor modification in order to make the allocations fit in areas
  • 18. Building Type Modeling Any types of buildings can be modeled, even parcel without a building like park or parking lot
  • 19. Creation of Community Elements
  • 20. Allocation of Community Elements
  • 21. Allocation Results Review • Summary Interface • Providing socio-economic data based on allocation • Keeping tracking allocation in overall or in particular areas
  • 22. Selection of an Alternative
  • 23. SCENARIO COMPARISON
  • 24. OverviewPerformance Measure Criteria% of new jobs by County% of new jobs located within 1/2 mile of proposed premium transit corridor% of new jobs located within 1/2 mile of fixed route bus corridor% of new jobs located within 1 mile of proposed premium transit corridor% of new jobs located within 1 mile of fixed route bus corridor% of new Jobs Located within 2miles from the Beltline% of new Jobs Located within Downtown Jacksonville% of new jobs located within walkable communities% of agricultural land in total developed area% of existing agricultural land remaining "Un-Urbanized"% of new population located within 1/2 mile of premium transit corridor% of new population located within 1/2 mile of regular transit corridor% of new population located within 1 mile of premium transit corridor% of new population located within 1 mile of regular transit corridor% of new Population Located within 2 mile from Beltline% of New Population Located within Downtown Jacksonville% of new population accommodated by townhouse or multifamily housing% of wetlands in total developed area% of wetlands consumedTotal acreage of urbanized landsTotal acreage of existing agricultural lands converted to urbanized landsTotal acreage of wetlands converted to urbanized landsPersons per acre of developed lands (efficiency of urbanized land)% of new households accommodated by redevelopment% of jobs accommodated by redevelopment
  • 25. Lands for Development More Transit Components
  • 26. Development Along Transit Corridor Within ½ mile of proposed premium transit corridor More Transit Components
  • 27. CBD Infill and Redevelopment More Transit Components
  • 28. Density & Mixed Uses
  • 29. COMPARISON WITH TREND
  • 30. Trend • Forecasting future land use patterns based on the future land use and development plans (DRIs) approved of submitted
  • 31. Trend VS. Scenario D Land Consumption and Redevelopment
  • 32. Trend VS. Scenario D Density and mixed uses
  • 33. Trend VS. Scenario D Transit
  • 34. Trend VS. Scenario D -7% Traffic -15% None u 7%
  • 35. Trend VS. Scenario D Traffic and air quality -22% -6% -10%
  • 36. SUMMARY
  • 37. Lessons Learned • Transit Oriented Development can save significant amount of agricultural and environmental lands and also improve traffic flows and air quality. • When TODs are combined with highway development, careful consideration is required in terms of locations and spacing of TODs. • In the case that there is strong infill and redevelopment trends in a region, TODs can be an excellent development option connecting redevelopment hubs and supporting balanced development 37

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