Clean Energy Market Opportunity The Future of Clean Energy Need Solution New Global Ballard Energy PEM Fuel Cell Solutions Advantage• Clean energy • Scaleable future is accelerating • Fuel flexibility• No single energy • Efficient, reliable technology solution and safe• Fuel cell • Rapid response to technologies will changes in power play key roles demand PAGE 2
Generation of Hydrogen from Biomass Benefits • Local, sustainable, and lower cost source of GHG reducing electricity & heat for communities • Local jobs for biomass collection, processing, and plant operation • Biochar: Sequester carbon; complete biomass lifecycle by returning nutrients to local soil; possible revenue stream • Flexible feedstock, up to 45% moisture • 165 kW to multi-megawatt distributed power generation • Large international potential where fuel source is available PEM fuel cell system Electricity H2 Pyrolysis Purification Gasifier Biomass High H2Feedstock Syngas Heat Biochar: soil supplements Future: fuel cell vehicles March 16, 2012 3
Ballard’s Solution for Distributed GenerationPower Scalable from 165 kWPackaging Self contained ISO containerFuel efficiency 48%, based on LHVOutput voltage 380-480 VACOutput heat load 1100 kW per 1000 kWnetAvailable water 60-65˚Ctemp Self-contained systems,Siting simple integration with plant Smarter Solutions for a Clean Energy Future 4
Pyrolysis Gasifier Feedstock Options• Agricultural/forest residues, underutilized wood, mixed paper waste, wood chips, Palm mass, sawdust, grass, hay, straw, miscanthus, tree/lawn waste, corn stover• Energy crops – Switchgrass• Cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignins• Cannot process tires, aluminum, and some PVC’s. Excellent fuel LCA (>85% CO2 reduction) with waste streams March 16, 2012 5
Typical 1MW CLEARgen™ Installation Smarter Solutions for a Clean Energy Future 6
Ballard Distributed Generation Deployments 1 MW fuel cell system for peak load management at electric utility in Ohio. 1/3 MW fuel cell system to use by- product hydrogen at a chlorine production plant1MW mobile unit for FirstEnergy 50 kW fuel cell system running on hydrogen from a 5 ton/d plasma gasification plant in South Korea 1.1 MW fuel cell system for peak shaving for Toyota Motor Sales USA Inc. in Torrance, CA Smarter Solutions for a Clean Energy Future COMMERCIAL CONFIDENTIAL 7
Environmental Dividend from Fuel Cells & Biomass Fuel cells will be an important part of the future alternative energy mix Key environmental advantages provided by Fuel Cells over incumbent technologies Biomass can provide clean energy fuel source for Fuel Cells
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