About me and Skill Sets


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About me and Skill Sets

  1. 1. Formal Report On Leadership: Research on World Leaders, their qualities, and Learning Experiences . UCCS College of Business: Leadership GuidePage | 1
  2. 2. Preface Leadership is a quality that’s inside of everyone. Some of us are born leaders others assume that role. In any given situation, a leader can emerge, and when that day comes, I will bring will take with me all the things in life I learned. I see leadership as the forefront of the biblical stories, wars, and our own search for democracy. Leadership is at the forefront of “The American Dream”.Page | 2
  3. 3. PREFACELeadership is a situational or assumed rolethat places an individual in a position toinfluence, persuade, or provide guidance topeople, processes, and practices by makingconnections, articulating vision, and the useof empowerment to reach an overall goal oragenda.Leadership is a balance between self-interest (Goal oriented) and Utilitarianism.Page | 3
  4. 4. Leadership In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility -- I welcome it. <John F. Kennedy> "Change starts when someone sees the next step.” – William Drayton The optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty." - Winston Churchill "You can succeed best and quickest by helping others to succeed." - Napoleon Hill If everyone is moving forward together, then success takes care of itself. " - Henry Ford "The greatest danger for most of us is not that our aim is too high and we miss it, but that it is too low and we reach it." - MichelangeloPage | 4
  5. 5. Table of Contents Chapter 1: Leadership Theory Page 5 Status: Assumed Role Page 6 Assumptions: Situational Page 9 Vision Page 10 Inspiration Page 11 Stories, Analogies, Metaphor Page 13 Drawing Connections Page15 Transformation Relationship Page 17 Task Completion/Group Cohesion Page 19 Morale: Buy in Page 21 Feedback Page23 Analysis and Role Identification Page 25-31Chapter 2: Leadership Skills Character (Ethos) Competence (Logos) Concern (Pathos) CommunicationChapter 3: Leadership through Example List the leaders discussed in your journalChapter 4: Opposing Views in MangeamentAppendices A: Leadership handouts from the class [use A-1, A-2 … B: Handout on the best business leaders in history B-1, B-2… C: Articles used for Leadership journal C-1, C-2… D: Key economic and political issues handouts D-1, D-2 E: Other material as you see fit (it’s your handbook !) [can write numbers in pencil]Page | 5
  6. 6. Chapter 1: Leadership Theory INPUT INTEGRATION OUTPUT FeedbackSUBJECTIVE Purpose Situational Vision Inspiration Transformation Relationship Stories Drawing analogy connections Metaphor OBJECTIVE Assume role Method FeedbackThe Leadership Model involves 3 main parts. These parts are inputs, integration, and outputs. Our inputsinclude values, people, standards, and previous influences. There are two leadership scenarios: 1. Subjective or Situational Role 2. Assumed RoleThe integration process starts the communication process or derives intentions or purpose. This isdivided into two categories which are method and purpose or drawing connections and visions. This thepeople verse process comparison but can be used interchangeably for both. Within this process ofintegration is the ability to communicate through speech and writings or to inspire people. The end resultis high morale, group cohesion and task completion.Chapter 1 reviews the Leadership model from leadership principles and dialogue. The chapter covers thesubjective inputs of various leaders up to tasks completion. Not only will leadership discover thevariability of skills but the transferrable skill sets that foster education today.Page | 6
  7. 7. Assumed Role The leaders chosen for the assumed role or delegated tasks are Lincoln, Walton, Powell, MartinLuther King and Obama. All leaders have their strengths and weakness in comparison to the model butoverall these leaders delegated from a status and a particular process. The different processesgenerated from their leadership principles or speeches. For example, Obama and King changeassumptions and status throughout their speech as they spoke to a larger audience. Following thedescription of the leaders, an Analysis is conducted on each with direct source documentation in theappendix.LincolnFor Lincoln the assumed role is showed in the dialogue “Get out of the office and circulate among thetroops.” This means to assume a role and communicate with people and become interpersonal. Lincolncommunicates the importance of processes and the flow of information. Also, He believed to have astrong hand and to be decisive which means taking a role in decision making.Sam WaltonMr. Walton believed that despite the role people assume there need to be communication. Overall,understanding the roles of communication is important for people with assumed roles. For example,Walton rule number 7 states “”the folks on the front line-the ones who actually talk to customers-arethe only ones who really know what’s going on out there. You better find out what they know.” Part ofthe responsibility associated with assuming a role is information search, processes as well as intentions.To accomplish such, a leader must assume a role and communicate amongst other associates of thebusiness.Colin PowellThe assumed role in Colin Powell leadership principles reads to “Perpetual Optimism is a forcemultipler,” meaning, be confident, “remain Calm”, and “be demanding”. To act one’s role and to “don’ttake counsel of your fears”! Colin Powell makes the connection between leaders leading from formalleadership. A leadership stance that is dictating, directing, and with order! Overall, follow the processand don’t stray from them unless the obstacle can be breech.Martin Luther KingThe assumed role in the speech is delegated through the power of his speaking and audience. Such self-awareness, education, and negotiation skill shows a leader that is transitioning between subjective andobjective inputs. Objective inputs such as “We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plan ofdignity and discipline.” As leader he describes the process and the intentions that speaks differently tothe beholder.Page | 7
  8. 8. ObamaAs the president of the United States, Obama objective approach surfaces through the connections withthe audience and victims. In the big picture, he captivated information, life experiences, and Americanhistory to speak leadership, commitment, and inspiration. The process taken to communicate status andchange assumptions is throughout the speech.Page | 8
  9. 9. Assumptions: Situational This section will discuss the same leaders presented previously but their situational approach toleadership. In this section, the subjective input description becomes generated from purpose andtransformational of methods. For example, this analysis will cover not only what they say, but takinginto account under what circumstances those comments became reality. The section focuses on people.LincolnThe assumptions highlighted by people familiar with Lincoln consider him an “executive force and vigor”which is the result of the leadership roles in which, he showed persistence and perseverance. Underany situation, Lincoln philosophy to be leader and inspire others created a situational process wherethere was a tasks and he assumed the role with right intentions.Sam WaltonFor situational leadership, Sam Walton explains the situation role with “ignore the conventionalwisdom” meaning everyone is placed in a situation for something. Under such leadership herecommends “motivating your partners and to “make bets with outrages payoffs”. His intentions are togain commitment through purpose, evaluating assumptions, and vision.Colin PowellColin Powell situational leadership evolved around security and dedication. The situational role modelmust be firm, decisive, and free from influences. The vision is in the situation rather than the situationadapting a vision. Such a transformational viewpoint Colin Powell recommends such as “Remain calm,Be Kind” and “Don’t take counsel of your fears”. This is highly effective when intentions, audience, andvision is relied upon in situation measures embodied around assumptions and purpose.Martin Luther King Jr.Dr. King excellence in personifying the situational roles in society while assuming those roles, andarticulating a vision shows the situational measures of leadership and how to over them. His languageof peace and injustice highlights his role of searching for “doors of opportunity”, as a child of God. Asituational role that is not only biblical in history but relevant for such leadership.President Barack ObamaThe situational leadership of Obama to respond to a unordinary event for politicians at this day in time isastonishing as intentions to bring together the American people spread interpretations that influencehis audience. Such a role and vision highlights such a power purpose. Obama ability to relate to culture,values, and American standards were the inputs to his visionary speech and biblical message ofrelativeness to multiple platforms of America.Page | 9
  10. 10. Vision For situational leadership intended to persuade or inspire the foundation of vision enablesleaders to be passionate, charismatic, and attentive to the needs of their audience. For this sectiondiscover the passion within our leaders to pursue dreams, to dream, and to look into tomorrow foractions that’s demanded today.LincolnPresident’s use of vision is magnified from strong sense of togetherness and teamwork. He believed thatsuccess is accomplish by “setting goals” with individuals who are “result oriented . Lincoln was describedas “He was open, civil, tolerant, and fair, and he maintained a respect for the dignity of all people at alltimes.” Such characteristics means not only did people have the upmost respect for his character butsuch traits help propel his visions from start to finish.Sam WaltonSam believed in having a vision by setting high goals, encourage competition, and finding different waysto solve problems. A belief that leaders must “believe in it more than anything else” and everyone elsemust be “committed to your business,” then success will follow. Sam Walton’s description of visionthrough his 10 rules of success is encouraging with a strong sense of teamwork toward taskscompletion.Colin PowellA strong stance on vision: “Think the impossible because it can be done”. He extends vision toward“have a vision. Be demanding”. A vision to think the impossible first, and then, one should considerdowngrading but “don’t let adverse facts stand in the way of a good decision.” His vision is tactical byconsidering all things and paying attention to detail. His vision is through intentions and thoseobjectives should be clear.Martin Luther KingThrough the persuasion speech of Martin Luther King he inspired his audience by articulating a vision offairness. This vision is relevant throughout his speech in many different comparisons. His visionintegrates many influences and appeal to a wider audience.ObamaObama articulates vision through the image of the country. He uses situational measures to vision thedecisions victims would make today. By rising questions with his audience he allows vision to speakloudly and connect with the people of this Nation “So sudden loss causes us to look backward -– but italso forces us to look forward; to reflect on the present and the future, on the manner in which we liveour lives and nurture our relationships with those who are still with us.”Page | 10
  11. 11. InspirationWhat leader is not inspirational? Is it not inspiration that drives people idolize and write. For our 5leaders below, a discussion on how purpose leads to inspiration or the use of integration to reach similarresults. The leader discuss gains inspiration from their audience.LincolnDonald Phillips stated “He lifted people out of their everyday selves and into higher level ofperformance, achievement and awareness. He believed to encourage innovation. He believed to“persuade rather than to coerce.” Also a belief to” Lead by being led!” Such inspiration shows thecharacter of Lincoln and his belief to Lead by example and to persuade. This is embodied within thetransformational relationship that leads to overall morale and people who are inspired.WaltonSam Walton principles are very inspiring through is ability to communicate inspiration through wisdom,people, and behavior. Sam Walton inspires his audience through messages such as: “Swim Upstream.Go the other Way. Ignore the conventional Wisdom”, and “Have fun and always show Enthusiasm”.“Nothing else can quite substitute for a few well-chosen, well-timed, sincere words of praise. They’reabsolutely free and worth a fortune”, a principle that alarms inspiration through social dialogue.Colin PowellFrom the general’s standpoint inspiration is reanalyzing things following feedback: “it aint as bad as youthink. It will look better in the morning.” Such encouragement inspires his audience by connecting taskscompletion with feedback and vision. Colin Powell inspires through commands and strong statementsby telling his audience what needs to be done with positive feedback and constructive criticism.Martin Luther King Jr.Martin Luther King’s speech provides inspires through well explained visions and connections betweenpeople, places, and things. The use of the environment and public publications collected connectionsfrom the audience with a message to persuade or inspire.“"Free at last! free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!"ObamaObama inspired his audience through a transformational relationship of drawing connections, andstories. For many paragraphs during his speech he ended by calling for a buy in such as “ending processfor a more perfect union”, “America’s Fidelity to the law” and “I want to live up to her expectations.”Together these phrases communicate with the entire economy from city workers, to grade school kids,parents, and college students. As well still live in a world divided by hatred his inspiring words rings:Page | 11
  12. 12. “And I believe that for all our imperfections, we are full of decency and goodness, and that the forcesthat divide us are not as strong as those that unite us”Page | 12
  13. 13. Stories, Analogy, MetaphorMany good speakers and writers communicated their connections through analog, stories, andmetaphors. Some leaders personify things while others comparing two things that are alike. For thissection, the same leaders observed before now take the evaluation of effective communication withinthe transformational process. From the firsthand accounts of Lincoln to the implications in Walton’sprinciples in the first steps the section concludes with analyzing some great speeches.LincolnLincoln use of stories and metaphors is relevant in his ability to engage in stories and conversations.Lincoln communication principle is for people to master public communication. Horace Greely, claimsLincoln “profited by the teaching of events and circumstances, no matter how adverse and unwelcome”.Such teachings, comparisons, and relativeness not only enhance the probability of stories andmetaphors but complete the communication model of gaining acceptance.Sam WaltonWalton believed communication is very important even more so, to “find out what they know.” Tocommunicate his principles he used metaphors such as “swimming upstream” and comparisonsbetween costs and benefits. Sam Metaphors are engaging through stories to gain information and toshare credit. As he believed information in business is powerful.Colin PowellColin uses a metaphor such as “avoid having your ego so close to your position that when your positionfalls, your ego goes with it” a very symbolic outlook towards generals in history. Such generals such asJulius Cesar and George Washington encountered the same obstacles, told many stories, and manystories written about them. Not only does stories draw connections and gain commitment but they canalso be inspiring by influencing and placing the reader in control.Martin Luther KingMartin Luther King used stories throughout his speech to engage the audience. He related to the bible,law, politics, and society. Such success elevated the speech to influence and connect with his audience.An Example includes:We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you besatisfied?" we can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gainlodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities.ObamaThe inspiration from the stories in the speech include speaking of a victims dream and differentiatingbetween Heaven and Earth : “"I hope you jump in rain puddles.” If there are rain puddles in Heaven,Page | 13
  14. 14. Christina is jumping in them today. (Applause.) And here on this Earth -- here on this Earth, we place ourhands over our hearts, and we commit ourselves as Americans to forging a country that is forever worthyof her gentle, happy spirit.” Not only does this gives the reader a vivid image, but transforms theunfortunate situation into a vision through stories, drawing a religious connection, and inspiringeveryone metaphorically.Page | 14
  15. 15. Drawing ConnectionsA connection is made between the leaders inputs and outputs through a transformational process thatallows many leaders to be quite predictive. For this section, 2 public speeches and the remaining 3leadership qualities or principles are viewed from purpose and methods. Such integration explains ourleader use of the model.Lincoln“Lincoln knew that true leadership is often realized by exerting quiet and subtle influence on a day-to-day basis, by frequently seeing followers and other people face to face”. Lincoln was known to treateveryone with respect with principles such as “Keep searching until you find your Grant”. That drawsconnection and shows his “mastering of the paradox.” Anyone searches for connections assume a rolewith a purpose to talk face to face, draw connections, and gain commitment.Sam WaltonSam Walton believes in making connections through communicating or hearing the voice of the peoplearound you. Through this belief Sam Walton rules of leadership makes connections between life andwork, passion and power, and information and empowerment. Sam Walton ability to connect behaviorwith success in “don’t take you seriously” means that leadership is humid and there are connectionsbetween the tasks and yourself that deserves a relax approach.Colin PowellCollin Powell makes connections between being “calm” and “kind.” Also, General Powell makesconnections between success-ego and choices- outcomes. Overall he bridges the connection betweenpeople and results which are decisions before and after. This connection he evaluates throughout hisprinciples of leadership.Martin Luther King Martin Luther King draws connections through environmental influences and laws. He refers topeople as “Gods Children” and “that all men would be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life, liberty,and the pursuit of happiness” when referencing the Declaration of Independence. Martin Luther king’sability to connect with geographical locations also, energizes his speech and strengthens his audience.Page | 15
  16. 16. Barak ObamaBarak Obama draws connections with the victims and uses those connections to tell stories by not onlyrelating to their previous life but their life after death. He also draws connections between Americansand circumstances. Such connections are broad, narrow, personal , and routine. A process that’stactical through verbal and nonverbal communications and relating to Genre as well as an audience.Page | 16
  17. 17. Transformation RelationshipThis section reviews the transformational process and how many leadership qualities come togetherinterchangeably. The section will discover the strategy and tactics through communication from the 5leaders previously discuss.LincolnLincoln’s assassination is an example of a transformational conflicts between his vision, tasks completionand the overall buy-in resulting in a spillover effect. Lincoln understood the value of vision and makingimportant connections. Rather than a response towards generations he challenge his audience, inspiredthem, and gained commitment.Sam WaltonThe transformational relationship through Walton’s rule of leadership is shown in messages such as“money and ownership aren’t enough” and “make bets with outrageous payoffs” as he drawsconnections, inspiration, and vision under the single purpose to persuade or inspire through a methodof decision making based on verbal and nonverbal evidence.Colin PowellColin Powell use the transformational process through the purpose of viewing everything from apositive direction and to “be care what you choose” in decision making while not allowing “adverse factsstand in the way of a good decision”. This transformational relationship asserts an analytical approachto leadership and integrating different inputs and outputs of the communication model.Martin Luther KingMartin Luther King use of a transformational relationship is the embodiment of the speech as it gainssuch outputs as Morale and Group Cohesion while articulating vision-drawing connections. Mr. Kingpurpose change with the message and delivered interchangeably through metaphors and Stories: “Sowe have come to cash this check -- a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and thesecurity of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency ofnow”>Page | 17
  18. 18. President Barak ObamaThere are a lot of disagreements with Obama vision but he does a great job exercising his vision throughpurpose and transforming his vision through biblical analogy, and drawing connections that areinspirational. Barak Obama does transition his vision by drawing connections with his environment, theinspiration of his culture, and the stories of the victims to gain commitment. The overall purpose is toinspire America during a time of Grief. Obama completed intentions resulted from a transformationalprocess that utilized all key elements, change interpretations, and provided a status for each victim.Page | 18
  19. 19. Task Completion/Group CohesionGroup cohesion is generated from the audience or the impact of principles. For the public speakersgroup cohesion measured from the categories previous discuss toward the likelihood of theireffectiveness on the audience. Again, Colin Powell and Lincoln principles are viewed toward theiropinion of teamwork, group cohesion and performance.Lincoln“He lifted people out of their everyday selves and into a higher level of performance, achievement, andawareness” Not only is this inspirational but the overall feedback toward group cohesion and taskcompletion. Within his leadership principles Lincoln highlights to be “results oriented” meaning“building strong alliances” and actually completing the tasks.Sam WaltonSam Walton believes to “celebrate your success” in honor of completing a tasks and gaining groupcohesion. His rules of leadership discuss interpersonal skills such as “loosen up and everyone around youwill loosen up” for leaders to gain insight to accurately complete a tasks and group commitment in theprocess because “together you will all perform beyond your wildest expectations”. Overall, he providesdisciplines to gaining commitment.Colin PowellColin Powell believed in winning as a General for his principles that “sharing credit” and “to avoid havingyour ego so close to your position” shows his ability to complete tasks successfully, provide recognition,and control the success. To embody this thought takes handling the fame and fortune that comes fromgaining commitment and channeling that energy back through the transformational process.Martin Luther KingMartin Luther King speech has a finish and an end. Through this journey he engages obstacles betweenhim and his audience, similarities, and expresses tasks completion is Group Cohesion. Group Cohesionin his speech is represented through comparisons, everyday life, and publications use as part of hismethod.Page | 19
  20. 20. Barak ObamaObama speech following the Tuscon Shooting stress group cohesion and tasks completion through thelifestyles of the victims and the challenges facing the country. To engage the audience the stated, “itraises the question of what, beyond prayers, and expressions of concern is required of us going forward,how can we honor the fallen?” This not only speaks of the tasks America has already completed but thestart of one at that time, that requires full commitment, and requested action from fellow citizens. Hisacknowledgement and recognition of the victim and his audience engages commitment.Page | 20
  21. 21. Morale: Buy in Each of the leaders are able to gain the buy in by increasing Morale. Some of our leader’soutcome came after death rather than within their lifetime. For example, Sam Walton believes Moraleis generated through qualities such as commitment.LincolnLincoln stresses character within his vision as his principle to “have courage and to handle unjustcriticism” describes how to deal with gaining acceptance and getting everyone one board. To sustain ithe claims people should “preach a vision and continually reaffirm it.” This message sends leadersaround the world that interpretations need to be reaffirmed and there is nothing more important thengetting everyone involved.Sam WaltonSam Walton believes that “commitment to your business” and “love your work” will spread like a germand engage everyone around you. A powerful message of communication that is healthy and open byencouraging information and empowerment to increase morale and gain commitment.Colin PowellThe buy-in for a general is the “demanding” of the leadership. This means the commitment needed issought by demands, dedication, and good decisions. Good decisions determine morale and the overallbuy in due to measurability of the outcome and the consequences. Colin Powell embrace goodintentions and inspiration comes from demands and direction.Martin Luther King Jr.Martin Luther King uses his ability to inspire and draw connections to gain commitment. Again, hisability to be flexible within his influences and elevates those qualities that are most important to anyman. For example, “But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believethat there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation” makes connections andgains commitment from a wide audience.Page | 21
  22. 22. ObamaObama buy in and morale is signified through the applauses in his speech. Overall, he utilized the samestrategy as king by relating not only to the victims, god, and the giving environment but also, creating avision for America. By taking the role as the average American he was able to communicate with theaudience effectively by questioning actions, expressing gratitude, and joining the nation in prayer.Page | 22
  23. 23. FeedbackFeedback comes in many shapes and sizes just as our leaders. Feedback is the analytical phrase ofadjusting the model during the transformational process. Feedback means actions following taskscompletion, critiques, or recommendations. Feedback’s communicated directly and indirectly by theleaders for discussion.LincolnFor feedback, Lincoln believed that people should handle criticism and never act out of vengeance. Thisis very important when provided with constructive feedback. Lincoln believed in feedback in the form ofdrawing connections or stories.Sam WaltonThe greatest feedback one can receive according to Sam Walton is “you make a lot of mistakes and stillrecover if you run an efficient operation. Or you can be brilliant and still go out of business if you’re tooinefficient”. Also, Sam believed people should “exceed customers expectations” and “give them whatthey want”. On the positive leadership note Sam encourage people to “set high goals, encouragecompetition, and then keep score.” The greatest payoffs are those that are measured and feedbackreceived.Colin PowellColin Powell feedback is within the decisions people make. He communicates things “will be better inthe morning”, “ego-control” and to remain calm when making decisions. Such feedback from a generalis more direct and intentional in the message.Martin Luther KingMartin Luther King feedback was presented by the accounts of history and the lives of African Americansat that time. He brings to light the “urgency of the moment” implying the need for immediate action,feedback, and “tranquility in America.”Page | 23
  24. 24. ObamaThe feedback present in the speech addressing the nation is the attention to inspire demographic andgeographic boundaries by connecting with Americans through situations: “After all, that’s what most ofus do when we lose somebody in our family -– especially if the loss is unexpected. We’re shaken out ofour routines. We’re forced to look inward. We reflect on the past: Did we spend enough time with anaging parent, we wonder. Did we express our gratitude for all the sacrifices that they made for us? Didwe tell a spouse just how desperately we loved them, not just once in a while but every single day?”The feedback is for the victims and the sacrifice that they made inspiring politics in such an unwillingplace.Page | 24
  25. 25. Leadership Model AnalysisLincoln Principles on Leadership Personal CharacterLincoln Core PrinciplesPeople (vision, persuade, inspire)Character (Drawing connections, assumed role, situational)Endeavor (Drawing connections and vision)Communication (group cohesion or morale, metaphors)FeedbackPage | 25
  26. 26. Sam Walton Leadership Culture Vision •Motivate your partners, set high goals, encoutage competition Drawing connections •Communicate everything you possibly can to your partners •Dont take yourself seriously, loosen up and have fun Feeback •Appreciate everything your associates do for the busienss •Listen to everyone and figure out ways to get them talking Inspiration •Exceed customer expectations Group Cohension •Make good on all your mistakes, swim upstream Leadership Qualities Set goals Motivate Empower Award and Recognize Listen and Respond Focus on the Customer Minimize Opportunities “Avoid having your ego so close to your position that when your position falls, your ego goes with it.” ColinPage | 26
  27. 27. Powell Leadership Analytical ReasoningLeadership Qualities Behavioral CognitiveAnalyze Perseverance AnalyzePerseverance Humility Consider all assumptionsBig headed, stay in control and never Vision What’s possible may not beunderestimate probable PerformanceConsider all possibilities Make informed decisions Control OpportunitiesMake informed decisions Pursue and take risks OptimisticNegotiate to winAttention to detail Stay in controlRecognition Negotiate to winHumility RecognitionVision and Pursue Control OpportunitiesControl opportunitiesOptimistic Vision and Assumed Role Feedback Think the impossible because “It can be done”. “Share Credit” Perseverance, “Get mad, then get over it” Humility Recognition Drawing connections-Morale-Buyin Transformational Don’t let adverse facts stand in the way of a good decision. “Control opportunities”, Alternatives Be careful what you choose. You may get it. Analyze Inspiration Tasks Completion It ain’t as bad as you think. It will look better in the morning. Get mad, then get over it. Negotiate to win Perpetual optimism is a force multiplier. Perseverance Page | 27
  28. 28. Martin Luther King, Jr.: Persuasion Speaking“We cannot walk alone. And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall march ahead. Wecannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you besatisfied?" we can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gainlodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as long as theNegros basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as aNegro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote.No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters andrighteousness like a mighty stream.ThoughtsThis passage from Martin Luther Kings “I have a dream” is powerful and inspirational and drawsconnections through the environment. Each line sends a message that completes the communicationand leadership model. Analytically we are viewing a speech that effectively communicate, gain moraleand the buy-in and in the end empowers any audience with word substitution”.Analysis to compare communication modelCommunicate Powerfully: “word choice and message” and ensure it aligns with a diversity of people.Example of metaphors, connections, the passage above “we cannot walk alone”, we must make the pledgethat we shall march ahead”, “satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel”Effective Questioning: Ask questions that challenges either the assistor or the resistor Example of transformational "When will you be satisfied?"Persuasive Statements: After making the connection, end by describing and persuading the vision. Example Inspiring/vision: We cannot walk alone. And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall march ahead. We cannot turn back.Negotiations: Seek diplomacy, psychological fear, and war simultaneous to either persuade or inspire overall, connect with audience through visions and drawing connections.Outcome: Increase in cultural acceptability, Networking, Internal Marketing, Motivation, and Empowerment.Through such examples, Martin Luther King personifies and metaphorically communicate his vision by drawing connections upon influences and differences that completes the leadership model Such a passion of leadership is a result of vision and the intent to inspire and draw connection to captivate the audience, gain commitment, and increase cultural acceptability.Page | 28
  29. 29. President Barack Obama: Inspirational SpeechThese men and women remind usthat heroism is found not only on Acknowledge and recognize everyone Evolvethe fields of battle. They remind usthat heroism does not require “And, Daniel, Im sorry, you may deny it, but weve decided you arespecial training or physical a hero because”strength. Heroism is here, in thehearts of so many of our fellow “We are grateful to Daniel Hernandez”citizens, all around us, just waitingto be summoned -– as it was on “Gabby opened her eyes, so I can tell you she knows we are here”Saturday morning. Their actions,their selflessness poses a challenge “His final act of selflessness was to dive on top of his wife,to each of us. It raises a question sacrificing his life for hers”of what, beyond prayers andexpressions of concern, is required “Our hearts are full of hope and thanks for the 13 Americans whoof us going forward. How can we survived”honor the fallen? How can we betrue to their memory?Learning Lessons and Leadership Model 1. Acknowledge and recognize everyone Evolve 2. Relate and tell stories about those you recognize 3. Use Metaphors, stories, and comparisons to relate to your audience 4. Create a visionPresident Obama made connections with his audience and align them under a vision of the livesof the victim, Americans, and the challenges to come. He use inspirational speaking throughoutthe speech as indicated in the quote below: “they help me believe” “I believe we can be better. Those who died here, those who saved lives here - they help me believe. We may not be able to stop all evil in the world, but I know that how we treat one another is entirely up to us. I believe that for all our imperfections, we are full of decency and goodness, ““If there are rain puddles in Heaven, Christina is jumping in them today” <President Obama>Page | 29
  30. 30. Five Marks of a Great LeaderMoral courage Vision: “It is the willingness to stick to ones beliefs, to pursue a course of action in the face of overwhelming criticism, great adversity and, not least, the faintheartedness of friends and allies”Judgment Drawing Connections. Clever people with enormously high IQs often show scarifying bad judgment. Nor is it education. When I need advice, I rarely turn to someone with first-class honors from a top university. Situational Being able to judge well is often linked to an ability to mix with and learn from other peopleA sense of priority Assumed Role Sorting out the truly big from the small takes an innate horse sense thats not given to most human beings. It has little to do with intelligence, but it is nearly always the hallmark of a great leader.The disposal and concentration of effort Metaphor and Storytelling As a schoolboy right after World War II, I had the good fortune to get a minute of Winston Churchills time."Mr. Churchill, sir," I asked, "to what do you attribute your success in life?" He replied instantly,"Conservation of energyHumor Transformational Who communicated chiefly through one-liners, of which he had many thousands, that covered every possible occasion.Page | 30
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