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2012 House Staff Briefing: "Asbestos: Environmental and Occupational Exposure Continues"
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2012 House Staff Briefing: "Asbestos: Environmental and Occupational Exposure Continues"



Asbestos Disease Awareness Organization (ADAO) U.S. House of Representatives staff briefing presentation. Speakers included: Dr. Richard Lemen, Dr. Barry Castleman, Linda Reinstein, Brent Kynoch, and ...

Asbestos Disease Awareness Organization (ADAO) U.S. House of Representatives staff briefing presentation. Speakers included: Dr. Richard Lemen, Dr. Barry Castleman, Linda Reinstein, Brent Kynoch, and Barbara Minty McQueen. (July 24, 2012)



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  • Toxicity weight:is a proportional numerical weight applied to a chemical based on its toxicity. The toxicity of a chemical is assessed using EPA-established standard methodologies. For each exposure route, chemicals are weighted based on their single, most sensitive adverse chronic human health effect (cancer or the most sensitive noncancer effect). In the absence of data, the toxicity weight for one pathway is adopted for the other pathway. The range of toxicity weights is approximately 0.01 to 1,000,000.
  • The United States imported 1,100 metric tons of asbestos between July 2010 – July 2011. 92% of this asbestos comes from Canada. Though this figure is the lowest amount of asbestos imported by the U.S. since 1909, consumption increased by 6% over this last calendar year. By continuing to allow asbestos to be imported and used within the United States, more and more people will be exposed through everyday products, such as roofing materials
  • With the help of industrial hygienist Tony Rich, ADAO has started the “Asbestos: See For Yourself” campaign, which aims to educate the public through pictures of asbestos in homes, offices, and of improper removal techniques. Phase I: http://slidesha.re/Jmdytq
  •  Good morning.  Hi, I'm Barbie McQueen, widow of actor Steve McQueen, who died from mesothelioma.
  • As is customary with all ADAO speeches and presentations, I would like to begin with a memorial dedication, to my husband, Steve.
  • These are photocopies of my late husband’s U.S. Marine Corps Service Record Book. Steve served in the Marine Corps from 1947-1950, finding himself in Washington D.C. at the Naval Yard, where he was charged with removing asbestos-filled insulation from massive pipes in the ship’s hold. It is here that Steve and I believe he was first exposed to asbestos, though it is possible he was exposed while on film sets or from the protective suits he wore while racing
  • Asbestos is a known carcinogen causing terminal illnesses including mesothelioma. The love of my life and soul mate, a global icon and world renowned “King of Cool,” was taken from us because of a preventable disease.Asbestos is already banned in 55 countries around the world and it's time for the United States to get off the bench, get in the game, and immediately ban asbestos.
  • The medical communities in the United States and around the world, including the US Surgeon General, Environmental Protection Agency, the World Health Organization and International Labour Organization agree asbestos is a human carcinogen and there is no safe level of exposure.

2012 House Staff Briefing: "Asbestos: Environmental and Occupational Exposure Continues" 2012 House Staff Briefing: "Asbestos: Environmental and Occupational Exposure Continues" Presentation Transcript

  • Asbestos: Environmental and Occupational Exposure Continues Asbestos Disease Awareness Organization (ADAO) www.adao.us July 24, 2012Reinstein 7.24.2012
  • Speakers Dr. Richard Lemen, PhD, Assistant Surgeon General, U.S.P.H.S. (ret.) Dr. Barry Castleman, ScD, Environmental Consultant Linda Reinstein, ADAO President and Co-Founder J. Brent Kynoch, Managing Director, Environmental Information Association Barbara Minty McQueen, mesothelioma widowReinstein 7.24.2012
  • Education. Advocacy. Community.Reinstein 7.24.2012 Lemen 7.24.12 www.adao.us
  • ADAO Memorial Dedication Larry 1945 – 2012 Mesothelioma Victim United Stateswww.AsbestosDiseaseAwareness.org
  • Reinstein 7.26.2012
  • Update: U.S. Senate Resolution S. 389 Designating the first week of April 2012 as `National Asbestos Awareness Week. Resolved, that the Senate urges the Surgeon General, as a public health issue, to warn and educate people that asbestos exposure may be hazardous to their health.Reinstein 7.24.2012
  • “Consequences of Continued Asbestos Use” Richard A. Lemen, Ph.D. Assistant Surgeon General, U.S.P.H.S. (ret.) July 24, 2012Lemen 7.24.2012
  • What Happens to Asbestos in the Respiratory System Nose Filters out fibers >100µ long Cilia Clears mucus (and fibers) from lung Lung Cancer Free Alveolar Macrophages (FAMs): Phagocytize fibers within Mesothelioma lung Lemen 7.24.2012
  • Are Asbestos-Related Diseases a Pandemic? A pandemic is the excessive occurrence of a disease in a large portion of the worldH1N1 Pandemic Asbestos-related diseases 14,142 Deaths worldwide  More than 107,000* Deaths worldwide each year  More than 10,000 Deaths in the U.S. each year***107,000 is probably an underestimate because it doesn’t include other cancers (e.g.Larynx and Ovary)**EWGLemen 7.24.2012
  • Asbestosis deaths increased 20-fold from 1960s to 1990s and are continuing 1600 1400 Number of Asbestosis Deaths 1200 ICD-10 ICD-9 1000 ICD-8 800 600 400 200 0 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 00 02 04 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 Source: NIOSHLemen 7.24.2012
  • Relative Inhalation Toxicity of Chemicals Listed in the EPA’s Toxic Release InventoryAsbestos (friable) (1332-21-4) Known Carcinogen 1,000,000Benzidine (92-87-5) Known Carcinogen 480,000Bis(chloromethyl) ether (542-88-1) Known Carcinogen 440,000N-Nitrosodiethylamine (55-18-5) Known Carcinogen 310,000Propyleneimine (75-55-8) Known Carcinogen 300,000N-Nitroso-N-ethylurea (759-73-9) Known Carcinogen 280,000Diisocyanates (N120) Non-Carcinogen 180,000N-Nitrosodimethylamine (62-75-9) Known Carcinogen 100,000Acrolein (107-02-8) Non-Carcinogen 90,000Cadmium and cadmium compounds (7440-43-9) Known Carcinogen* 90,000Chromium and chromium compounds (7440-47-3) Known Carcinogen 86,000Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) (N575) Known Carcinogen* 71,000 Lemen 7.24.2012
  • “U.S. Asbestos Product Imports and Contamination” Barry Castleman, ScD Environmental Consultant July 24, 2012Castleman 7.24.2012
  • ADAO Product Testing 5 Products Contaminated With Asbestos Monitoring Needed Once a ban is enacted, the U.S. will need to analyze imported products so that Americans will not be endangered by unlabeled asbestos products which may already be coming in (violating OSHA regulations).Castleman 7.24.2012
  • Contaminated Asbestos in Stone and Minerals  NIOSH is looking into contaminant asbestos in talc, stone, & other minerals.  The California Air Resource Board (CARB 435) limit of 0.25% asbestos in stone and gravel should be able to be met nation-wide. Castleman 7.24.2012
  • Safer Substitutions Exist  No U.S. manufacturers make asbestos brake pads, gaskets, and A-C pipes. Banning imports of these asbestos products protects U.S. workers and companies.  Non-asbestos diaphragms and membrane cell technology are alternatives to discredited asbestos diaphragm and mercury cell technology.Castleman 7.24.2012
  • Top Asbestos Facts 1. The US still imports asbestos from Canada and asbestos products from a large number of countries. Monitoring of asbestos product imports for OSHA cancer labeling is needed. 2. There are safer substitutes to asbestos that provide equal functionality at comparable costs. 3. 55 countries worldwide have banned asbestos. The United States still has not.Castleman 7.24.2012
  • “Asbestos, Still Legal and Lethal” Linda Reinstein President/Co-Founder Asbestos Disease Awareness Organization (ADAO) July 24, 2012Reinstein 7.24.2012
  • ADAO Memorial Dedication Alan Reinstein 1939 - 2006 Mesothelioma Victim United Stateswww.AsbestosDiseaseAwareness.org
  • How Small is Asbestos? 2-3 rice grains 20,000 Asbestos Fibers 5-6 human hairsReinstein 7.24.2012
  • Asbestos is a Proven Human Carcinogen and There is No Safe Level of ExposureReinstein 7.24.2012
  • Reinstein 7.24.2012
  • Environmental Exposure: Natural and Man-made Disasters W.R. Grace Vermiculite Mine Joplin, MO Libby, MTReinstein 7.26.2012
  • Occupational Exposure Under the Steps of the CapitolReinstein 7.26.2012
  • The Human Face of Disease • New Patient Profile • Woman • Under the age of 50 • Environmental or Take-Home Exposure • 10,000 annual asbestos-caused deaths in the USA • 107,000 annual asbestos-caused deaths globally • 3,000 new cases of mesothelioma are diagnosed each year in the United StatesReinstein 7.26.2012
  • “Asbestos: See For Yourself ”Reinstein 7.24.2012
  • “Asbestos: Regulatory Concerns and Violations” J. Brent Kynoch Managing Director, EIA July 24, 2012 “Our multi-disciplinary membership collects, generates and disseminates information about environmental issues in buildings and facilities.”Kynoch 7.24.2012
  • Existing Regulations  TSCA • AHERA – Asbestos in Schools Rule. Accreditation requirements extended to public and commercial buildings.  NESHAP • The 1% rule. • All buildings must be inspected for asbestos prior to demolition or renovation.  OSHA – Exposure limits regardless of %.Kynoch 7.24.12
  • Enforcement?  By EPA’s own admission, enforcement is “dismal.”1  Existing regulations are sufficient to protect worker and environmental health.  Budgets (for inspectors) continue to be cut, but “encouragement” can and should be pushed downhill.Kynoch 7.24.2012
  • Enforcement Issues  Marco Island, FL – June 5, 2010 settlement - $81,772 – neither contractor nor city take liabilityKynoch 7.24.2012
  • What Can Be Done?  Beef Up TSCA, NESHAP, and OSHA, Enforcement • Current enforcement is handcuffed by red tape and lack of power. • Provides jobs. • Pays for itself. • Enforcement will stem violations that lead to exposures, disease and death.  Increase education and encourage funding. • Demolition and renovation permits. • Greater involvement at local levelKynoch 7.24.2012
  • “Get Off the Bench, Get in the Game, and Immediately Ban Asbestos” Barbara Minty McQueenMcQueen 7.24.2012 July 24, 2012
  • ADAO Memorial Dedication Steve McQueen 1930 - 1980 Mesothelioma Victim United StatesMcQueen 7.24.2012
  • Steve McQueen Marine Corps Service RecordsMcQueen 7.24.2012
  • McQueen 7.24.2012
  • McQueen 7.24.2012
  • Reinstein 7.24.2012