The Purpose of Early Childhood Assessment

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This presentation was produced as a class project at WKU for CFS 294 - Fall 2009.

This presentation was produced as a class project at WKU for CFS 294 - Fall 2009.

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  • 1. What Parents Need to Know…About the Purpose of Early Childhood Assessment
    By: Lara Elizabeth Marie Fox
    Produced as a class project at WKU for
    CFS: 294 – Fall 2009
  • 2. What is Assessment?
    The process of gathering information about children from several forms of evidence, then organizing and interpreting that information
  • 3. Assessment Principles
    Benefit children
    Tailor to a specific purpose
    Recognize reliability and validity increase with age
    Age appropriate
    Linguistically appropriate
    Value parents
  • 4. Assessment Strategies
    Standardized Tests
    Informal Assessments: Observations, Teacher-Designed Measures, Checklists, Rating Scales, Rubrics, Performance/Portfolio Assessments, and Technology-Based Assessments
  • 5. Purpose 1
    Assessing to promote children’s learning and development
  • 6. Purpose 2
    Identifying children for health and social services
  • 7. Purpose 3
    Monitoring trends and evaluating programs and services
  • 8. Purpose 4
    Assessing academic achievement to hold individual students, teachers, and schools accountable
  • 9.
  • 10. Standardized Tests
    Measure abilities, achievements, aptitudes, interests, attitudes, values, and personality characteristics
  • 11.
  • 12. Observations
    Allow the teacher to get to know the child as a unique individual, rather than as a member of a group
  • 13.
  • 14. Teacher-Designed
    Allow the teacher to obtain more specific information about each student’s knowledge and skills relative to the instructional objectives of the class
  • 15.
  • 16. Checklists
    Become a framework for assessment and evaluation, instructional planning, record keeping, and communicating with parents
  • 17.
  • 18. Rating Scales
    Require the teacher to make a qualitative judgment about the extent to which a behavior is present
  • 19.
  • 20. Rubrics
    Act as qualitative instruments for assessing student progress or scoring student work
  • 21.
  • 22. Performance/Portfolio
    Measures what children can do or apply, in addition to what children know
    Assessment and evaluation, self-assessment and reflection, and reporting progress
  • 23.
  • 24. Technology-Based
    Assess children through the use of computers and other forms of technology
  • 25. Students
    Know what they are doing well
    Know where they need to work harder
  • 26. Teachers
    Decide what and how to teach
  • 27. Parents
    Additional support for their children
  • 28. School Districts
    Additional support for teachers and students
  • 29. State/Federal Dept. of Education
    Assess educational status
    Additional funding
    Make improvements
  • 30. Sources
    DiGesu, E. (n.d.). The purpose of assessment. Retrieved from http://www. gecdsb.on.ca/d&g/onlinepd/Assessment%20&%20Evaluation/ Purpose.htm
    Katz, L.G. (1998, January 27). A developmental approach to assessment of young children. Retrieved from http://www.kidsource.comkidsource content4/assess.development.html
    Wortham, S.C. (2008). Assessment in early childhood education (fifth edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.
    NOTE: All images can be found on http://www.google.com under an image search
  • 31. Thank You!
    This presentation was produced as a class project at WKU for CFS 294 Assessment of Young Children – Fall 2009