Small and Backyard Poultry Flocks

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Proceedings available at: www.extension.org/67609

Because of their size, it is possible to raise most poultry species (chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, pigeon, etc.) with only a minimal amount of acreage. This has made them increasingly popular in rural, suburban, and urban areas throughout the United States. They are suitable for 4-H/classroom projects, backyard flocks, as well as small- and medium-sized production flocks. Many of those who have started raising poultry have limited experience with poultry production.

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Small and Backyard Poultry Flocks

  1. 1. SMALL AND BACKYARDPOULTRY FLOCKSDr. Jacquie JacobUniversity of Kentucky
  2. 2. American poultry production started out as small home flocks
  3. 3. World War II increased demand for poultry meat and eggs
  4. 4. Poultry production became more mechanical
  5. 5. At the end of World War II mechanization continued to increase
  6. 6. In-line processing facilityLaying houses1278910345611COMMERCIAL EGG PRODUCTION
  7. 7. COMMERCIAL CHICKEN MEAT PRODUCTION
  8. 8. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  9. 9. NATIONAL ANIMAL HEALTHMONITORING SYSTEM 2004 STUDY• Chickens of table-egg breeds were found in63.2% of the backyard flocks surveyed– On average backyard flocks had 35.1 birds, rangingfrom an average of 26.1 in the southeast region to49.2 birds in the east region– Nearly 1 in 3 backyard flocks had fewer than 10birds
  10. 10. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  11. 11. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  12. 12. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS• 1 hen produces 64 grams (as is basis) of manure each day• 23 kilograms per year (>50 lbs.)
  13. 13. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  14. 14. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  15. 15. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  16. 16. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  17. 17. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  18. 18. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  19. 19. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  20. 20. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  21. 21. 2007 Ag Census• Laying hens: > 143,000 farms with flocks of< 20,000 hens– 125,195 farms had < 50• Broilers: > 10,000 farms sold <16,000 broilerseach year– Majority selling < 2,000 broilers each year• Turkeys: > 5,500 farms selling < 2,000 turkeyseach year
  22. 22. SMALL POULTRY FLOCKS
  23. 23. SMALL POULTRY FLOCKS
  24. 24. SMALL POULTRY FLOCKS
  25. 25. SMALL POULTRY FLOCKS
  26. 26. SMALL POULTRY FLOCKS
  27. 27. www.eXtension.org/poultry

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