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Small and Backyard Poultry Flocks
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Small and Backyard Poultry Flocks

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Proceedings available at: www.extension.org/67609 …

Proceedings available at: www.extension.org/67609

Because of their size, it is possible to raise most poultry species (chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, pigeon, etc.) with only a minimal amount of acreage. This has made them increasingly popular in rural, suburban, and urban areas throughout the United States. They are suitable for 4-H/classroom projects, backyard flocks, as well as small- and medium-sized production flocks. Many of those who have started raising poultry have limited experience with poultry production.

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Transcript

  • 1. SMALL AND BACKYARDPOULTRY FLOCKSDr. Jacquie JacobUniversity of Kentucky
  • 2. American poultry production started out as small home flocks
  • 3. World War II increased demand for poultry meat and eggs
  • 4. Poultry production became more mechanical
  • 5. At the end of World War II mechanization continued to increase
  • 6. In-line processing facilityLaying houses1278910345611COMMERCIAL EGG PRODUCTION
  • 7. COMMERCIAL CHICKEN MEAT PRODUCTION
  • 8. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 9. NATIONAL ANIMAL HEALTHMONITORING SYSTEM 2004 STUDY• Chickens of table-egg breeds were found in63.2% of the backyard flocks surveyed– On average backyard flocks had 35.1 birds, rangingfrom an average of 26.1 in the southeast region to49.2 birds in the east region– Nearly 1 in 3 backyard flocks had fewer than 10birds
  • 10. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 11. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 12. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS• 1 hen produces 64 grams (as is basis) of manure each day• 23 kilograms per year (>50 lbs.)
  • 13. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 14. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 15. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 16. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 17. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 18. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 19. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 20. BACKYARD POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 21. 2007 Ag Census• Laying hens: > 143,000 farms with flocks of< 20,000 hens– 125,195 farms had < 50• Broilers: > 10,000 farms sold <16,000 broilerseach year– Majority selling < 2,000 broilers each year• Turkeys: > 5,500 farms selling < 2,000 turkeyseach year
  • 22. SMALL POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 23. SMALL POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 24. SMALL POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 25. SMALL POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 26. SMALL POULTRY FLOCKS
  • 27. www.eXtension.org/poultry