NRCS Manure Related Conservation Innovation Grants


Published on A number of the manure related Conservation Innovation Grants (CIG) have been successful. Several feed management related projects have been major successes under the CIG program. Other successful projects have dealt with such technologies as anaerobic digesters; community digesters; environmental credit trading; lagoon management; manure to energy generation; alternative litter sources, storage, and handling; and pathogen, odor, and emissions mitigation, to name just a few.

The presentation will provide specific numbers of projects a A number of the manure related Conservation Innovation Grants (CIG) have been successful. Several feed management related projects have been major successes under the CIG program. Other successful projects have dealt with such technologies as anaerobic digesters; community digesters; environmental credit trading; lagoon management; manure to energy generation; alternative litter sources, storage, and handling; and pathogen, odor, and emissions mitigation, to name just a few.

The presentation will provide specific numbers of projects and fund fu

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NRCS Manure Related Conservation Innovation Grants

  1. 1. NRCS Manure Related CIGsGlenn H. CarpenterNational Leader Animal HusbandryApril 4, 2013
  2. 2. 2The ancient Egyptians hatched eggs in compost piles.
  3. 3. 3Greeks and Romans believed that manure from arooster spread over the body would protect fromattack by lions and panthers.
  4. 4. 4Pliny the Elder (first century AD) wrote of the beliefthat hens manure massaged into the scalp would curebaldness.
  5. 5. 5John Adams Compost"20 loads of sea weed, ….and 20 Loads ofMarsh Mud, and what dead ashes I can getfrom the Potash Works and what Dung Ican get from Boston, and …..." Thismixture, combined with livestock waste,weeds, and kitchen scraps“ in the Courseof a Year would make a great Quantity ofChoice manure. "
  6. 6. 6Jefferson and manure•In 1793, Thomas Jefferson wrote:"We will try this winter to cover our garden with aheavy coating of manure. When earth is rich it bidsdefiance to droughts, yields in abundance, and of thebest quality.”
  7. 7. 7George Washington and Manure•In June 1785 GW had asked a friend to helphim find a farm manager in England whoknew how to …… above all, Midas like…convert every thing he touches into manure,as the first transmutation towards Gold"
  8. 8. 8Washington’s composter•In 1787 Washington gave detailed directions forconstructing his manure “repository”:“When you go about the repository for thecompost ... if the bottom should not be of goodclay, put the clay there and ram it well before youpave it, to prevent the liquid manure from sinking,and thereby being lost.”
  9. 9. 9Washington’s composter•He also directed that the manure pit have masonrysides and that the bottom was to be paved withcobble stones. The repository was a long, narrowbuilding (31x12-ft in dimension) supported by postson a brick foundation on three sides and by postsset directly into the ground on the fourth.
  10. 10. 10Washington’s and NRCS’composters
  11. 11. 11Gathering Buffalo Chips
  12. 12. 12Summary ofConservationInnovation Grants since2004:Conservation Innovation Grants2002 Farm BillUp to 10 percent of EQIPDemonstration and technology transfer
  13. 13. 13Summary ofConservationInnovation Grants since2004:Summary of Conservation Innovation Grantssince 2004:Almost 500 CIGs since 2004181.7 Million dollars total
  14. 14. 14Summary of Conservation InnovationGrants since 2004:122 Animal Related Grants24.7 percent of grants have been animal related$47.12 million dollars for animal related grants26 percent of funds went to animal related grants
  15. 15. 15Summary of Conservation Innovation Grantssince 2004:96 manure related grants19.5 percent of grants have been manure related$39.6 million dollars for manure related grants22 percent of funds went to manure related grants.
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. 17Manure related CIGsVarying degrees of success fora number of reasons•Lack of planning•Lack of funding (match)•Lack of understanding of thegrant
  18. 18. 18Manure related CIGsProjects have dealt with such technologies asanaerobic digesters; community digesters;environmental credit trading; lagoonmanagement; manure to energy generation;alternative litter sources, storage, andhandling; and pathogen, odor, and emissionsmitigation, to name just a few.
  19. 19. 19Successful manure related CIGEntity TitleOutcome
  20. 20. 202004 successful manure related CIGAlabama Mountains,Rivers and ValleysRC&D, Inc.On-Farm Demonstrations ofLow Cost Alternatives forTemporary Litter FacilitiesSteel truss buildings showed an attractive cost-benefit ratioand good farmer acceptance. Long-term performance hasnot been evaluated – a potential problem in a causticenvironment.
  21. 21. 212004 successful manure related CIGUniversity of GeorgiaResearch Foundation,Inc.Using cropping alternativesto improve water quality inhigh nutrient status farmsIdentified a localized crop (Pearl Millet) that could begrown to utilize soil phosphorus and improveassociated water quality. Pearl Millet is an acceptablefeed for poultry.
  22. 22. 222005 successful manure related CIGWisconsin Departmentof Agriculture, Trade,and ConsumerProtectionWisconsins Dairy andLivestock AirEmission/Odor ProjectEvaluated various BMPs. Provided NRCS with abasis for recommending certain practices formitigating odors, ammonia, and hydrogen sulfidefrom dairies.
  23. 23. 232005 successful manure related CIGIowa CattlemansAssociationVegetative TreatmentSystem TechnologyImplementationLooked at VTAs under varying situations. Resultedin tech notes on the siting, design, and managementof VTAs, and a collaborative report on VegetativeTreatment Systems for open feedlot runoff. Foundat:
  24. 24. 242005 successful manure related CIGVirginia Tech Precision Feeding to ReduceNutrient Losses from VADairy FarmsSignificant educational programming wascompleted as part of this project. Worked directlywith over 200 farmers. Developed incentivesystem. A total of 3 national webcasts (webinars),8 conference presentations, 4 peer-reviewedextension publications, 5 newsletters, and 2abstracts were presented to farmers and theiradvisors.
  25. 25. 252005 successful manure related CIGWashington StateUniversityDevelopment and Integration of aNational Feed ManagementEducation Program andAssessment Tools into a CNMPEducational tools on feed management. Feedmanagement fact sheets. Training of TSPs for the feedmanagement CNMP. Creation of a Feed Nutrientmanagement tool. Fact sheets are available on WSUdairy nutrient management page, or on LPES.
  26. 26. 262005 successful manure related CIGPenn StateUniversityControlling Odor and Nutrient Lossesto Surface Runoff, Groundwater andAir with New and ConventionalManure Injection Technologies on No-Till and Sod SoilsThis project gave NRCS a scientific basis to recommendcertain manure application practices for reducing nutrientlosses to water and air in the Chesapeake Bay area.
  27. 27. 272006 successful manure related CIGCoaltecEnergyUSA, Inc.Gasification of Poultry Litter toProduce Bio-Energy for HeatLearned that proper management and preparation of the gasifierfuel is essential. Proper storage of litter, the addition of wood orother material to manage the moisture content of the litter, andchanges to the feed system to provide a more consistent fuel to thegasifier can be very beneficial to this system.
  28. 28. 282006 successful manure related CIGCayugaCounty SWCDCayuga County EnvironmentalRegional DigesterThis project demonstrated the value of mesophyllicdigester design to community digesters that co-digestother products along with dairy waste. It showed thevalue of large scale digesters and large scale digestion.
  29. 29. 292007 successful manure related CIGEnvironmentalCredit GroupProviding Carbon Credit Incentivesfor the Adoption of Lagoon Covers onHog Farms in NC and Dairies in NYThis project found that the possibility of coveringlagoons to flare methane is entirely possible, but thecurrent market price and condition for greenhouse gascredits was not found to be sufficient to stimulate farmersto adopt this technology.
  30. 30. 302007 successful manure related CIGBrinson Farms Methane Capture on Broiler PoultryFarm for Renewable Energy andEnvironmental ProtectionThis project was successful from the standpoint ofmethane production and energy generation from broilerlitter, but the need to add water to bring the litter fromapproximately 30 to over 90 percent moisture and theassociated problems with handling the high moisturedigestate leaves questions unanswered.
  31. 31. 312010 successful manure related CIGWashingtonStateUniversityDecision aid tool to enhance adoption offeed management 592 practice standardfeed nutrient management planningeconomics FNMPWSU refined the FNMP$ tool, and developed casestudies. Develop and distribute a "Users Guide" on theDecision Aid Tool to NRCS. Conduct then quantify theresults of training workshops. Publish fact sheet on thenewly developed Assessment Tool with cost savings andfeed management strategies at the whole farm scale.
  32. 32. 322010 manure related CIGsUniversity of MarylandEastern ShoreGypsum Curtains:Reducing solublephosphorous (P) lossesfrom P-saturated soils onpoultry operationsWestern United DairymenWater balance approach forseepage measurementsfrom liquid dairy manurestorage ponds
  33. 33. 332010 manure related CIGsWNC CommunitiesInnovative composting forwestern North Carolinalivestock facilityFermentationExperts, Inc.Fermented liquid feeding toreduce phosphorous in swinemanure
  34. 34. 342010 manure related CIGsThe University of Vermontand State AgriculturalCollegeDigging Deeper: New andInnovative Tools to ImproveNutrient Management of Livestockand Specialty Crop FarmsWashington StateUniversityAn integrated nutrient recovery,Class-A fiber production process,and H2S scrubbing system thatworks in series with dairy manureanaerobic digesters—farm-scaledemonstration on two WashingtonState
  35. 35. 352010 manure related CIGsWashington State UniversityImpact of AnaerobicDigestion on Air Quality ina Community AnaerobicDigesterThe Pennsylvania StateUniversityWithout Carrot or Stick:Promoting BMPs on SmallDairy Farms
  36. 36. 362010 manure related CIGsGreat Lakes Ag Energy,LLCUse of a constructed wetlandand a mass culture of attached,filamentous algae to complimentmethane-digester technology inmanaging dairy-farmphosphorus runoffNC State UniversityManure Belt Collection Systemand Energy Recovery System
  37. 37. 372011 manure related CIGsNational Fish andWildlife FoundationUsing excess manure to generate farmincome in the Chesapeake’s phosphorushotspotsAviHome, LLC.Commercial demonstration of theReduction of Ammonia Production andother environmental Benefits in PoultryHouses through use of a PlenumFlooring System
  38. 38. 382011 manure related CIGsCornell UniversityDemonstration and Validation ofvermicompost based fertilizers andsubstrates in greenhouse production as anorganic nutrient source that returns animalwaste to plant production while reducingnutrient leaching to the environmentRodale InstituteNutrient management in organic no-tillsystems
  39. 39. 392011 manure related CIGsUniversity of IdahoDemonstration and evaluation ofalternative manure managementtechniques in Southern IdahoUniversity of KentuckyResearch FoundationCompost bedded pack barnhousing system for dairy manurestorage/treatment
  40. 40. 402011 manure related CIGsGreentrust Alliance, Inc.Application of InnovativeBioremediation technology toN/P Removal Associated withAgricultural OperationsQuasar Energy Group, LLCAnaerobic Digester Facility toprocess livestock waste anddivert nutrients from thewatershed
  41. 41. 412011 manure related CIGsPenn. State UniversityUse of stackable materialanaerobic digester for combinedheat and power generation,manure odor reduction and foodwaste energy recoveryEastern Shore RC&DOn Farm demonstration ofenergy generation andphosphorus recycling as analternative to land application ofpoultry litter on the DelMarVA
  42. 42. 42SummaryThrough the use of a number of conservationpractice technologies NRCS can helpfarmers and ranchers handle manure andother waste products in such a way that thereis no negative impact on water or air quality.
  43. 43. 43SummaryThrough the CIG program, NRCS can helpbring new technologies to the forefront byproviding a means of technology transfer,either directly to industry, or through inclusionof the new technology in NRCS’ conservationpractice standards.
  44. 44. 44SummaryFor more information about CIG go to theCIG webpage at: main/na
  45. 45. 45Questions?
  46. 46. 46References•Smith, Page, The Chicken Book, (Boston: Little, Brown,1975)•John Adams, Diary and Autobiography of Adams, ed. L.H. Butterfield (Cambridge, Mass.. Belknap Press ofHarvard University Press, 1961), 1:249•George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.•