Lord of the flies: Interactive Island Tour- Teaching Resource

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This is a teaching resource on the themes and symbols found in the novel Lord of the Flies for high school students studying the novel.

This is a teaching resource on the themes and symbols found in the novel Lord of the Flies for high school students studying the novel.

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  • 1. The Pig’s Head Castle Rock The Mountain The Parachutist The Conch The Lagoon
  • 2. The Conch After Ralph and Piggy discover the Conch it becomes a powerful symbol reflecting themes of civilisation and authority in the novel. It embodies law and order and holds the right to speak. It then becomes the vessel of democratic power and political legitimacy for the boys. It is fitting that when Rodger rolls the boulder onto Piggy, causing his death, the conch is also destroyed. The crushing of the conch shell signifies the final destruction of the civilised instinct in almost all of the boys on the island.
  • 3. The Pig’s Head Castle Rock The Mountain The Parachutist The Conch The Lagoon
  • 4. The Parachutist It represents the ‘beastie’ that the boys fear. This fear is based on natural instincts but it is brought to life in a physical form of the parachutist. It represents the fear within all the characters on the island. They fear the beast because it exists within each of them. It also symbolises and foreshadows violence and tragedy, as the parachutist clearly suffered a violent and tragic death. The rotting of the parachutist’s body represent the rotting away of civilisation, law and order on the island and the fall of mankind.
  • 5. The Pig’s Head Castle Rock The Mountain The Parachutist The Conch The Lagoon
  • 6. The Pig’s Head
  • 7. The actual head itself represents the ending of a life or of hope. The head is surrounded by flies and becomes the Lord of the Flies. It represents the evil growing within the boys; like the disgusting smell that gets worse and worse. It shows that evil never leaves and will remain. It shows that evil lies within every human heart. The head becomes a physical representation of the beast, a symbol of the power of evil or the devil inside the boys. Lord of the Flies is a translation of the original Hebrew name, Beelzebub. A name used to refer to a powerful demon in hell or the devil.
  • 8. The Pig’s Head Castle Rock The Mountain The Parachutist The Conch The Lagoon
  • 9. The Mountain The mountain is the highest peak on the island and could be seen as the pinnacle of life and civilisation on the island. It signifies the truth as many characters climb to the top of the mountain in search for truth about the beast. The signal fire which begins at the mountain, is a symbol of the boy’s connection to civilisation. It serves as a means of rescue and return to society, a symbol of hope. Ironically, it is not the signal fire that leads to their rescue it is the fire of savagery to kill Ralph.
  • 10. The Pig’s Head Castle Rock The Mountain The Parachutist The Conch The Lagoon
  • 11. Castle Rock Castle Rock is a fortress, which Jack can defend. It is small and has no food or soft ground to live on. On Castle Rock there are no rules, no adult figures and no authority. Here the boys grow to believe they must hunt or be hunted. It becomes a place where the ‘strong’ thrive and the ‘weak’ perish. The Castle Rock symbolizes hell on earth.
  • 12. The Pig’s Head Castle Rock The Mountain The Parachutist The Conch The Lagoon
  • 13. The Lagoon The bright shimmering lagoon represents excitement and adventure at the beginning of the novel. While at the same time it shows their isolation and the private utopia they have stumbled upon. Similar to the garden of Eden, the are handed utopia. As the boys move further and further into the island away from the lagoon the loss of this excitement and innocence.