Spanish legends from the mine
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Spanish legends from the mine

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Spanish legends from the mine Spanish legends from the mine Presentation Transcript

  • THE COAL MININGTHE COAL MINING MUSEUMMUSEUM By: Sergio and AitorBy: Sergio and Aitor
  • INSIDE THE COAL MINEINSIDE THE COAL MINE
  • DIGGING FOR COALDIGGING FOR COAL
  • MINERS AT WORKMINERS AT WORK
  • TROLLEYS AND HEAVYTROLLEYS AND HEAVY MACHINES IMACHINES I THE TROLLEYS FIRST USED ELECTRICITY BUT IT WAS VERYTHE TROLLEYS FIRST USED ELECTRICITY BUT IT WAS VERY DANGEROUS (SPARKS + GAS!!).DANGEROUS (SPARKS + GAS!!).
  • TROLLEYS AND HEAVYTROLLEYS AND HEAVY MACHINES IIMACHINES II THEN THEY USED DIESEL, AND NOWADAYS THEY USE BATTERIES.THEN THEY USED DIESEL, AND NOWADAYS THEY USE BATTERIES.
  • GOING DOWN THE CAGEGOING DOWN THE CAGE (8(8 MTS/’’)MTS/’’)
  • By: Tania & IrisBy: Tania & Iris
  • The mineThe mine TThe mine has got twohe mine has got two parts: the older oneparts: the older one made of wood, and themade of wood, and the new one made of iron.new one made of iron. On the roof there areOn the roof there are two parts: one bar andtwo parts: one bar and two posts.two posts.
  • PipesPipes There are two pipes onThere are two pipes on the roof. One pipethe roof. One pipe carries water, and thecarries water, and the other one carries air.other one carries air.
  • DistributionDistribution The mine is made ofThe mine is made of principal and secundaryprincipal and secundary galleries. Between eachgalleries. Between each floor or gallery therefloor or gallery there are 50 metres.are 50 metres.
  • Access to the mineAccess to the mine In the past, the miners wentIn the past, the miners went down to the mine sitting on adown to the mine sitting on a stick tied to a rope or instick tied to a rope or in stairs made in the rocks.stairs made in the rocks. Then, they went down onThen, they went down on an elevator at 8an elevator at 8 metres/second.metres/second.
  • Ventilation in theVentilation in the minemine There were three types ofThere were three types of ventilation machines: the firstventilation machines: the first one, used the horse strengthone, used the horse strength applied to an axis and a wheel;applied to an axis and a wheel; the second one, used a horsethe second one, used a horse to move the wheel; and theto move the wheel; and the last one, was a miner with alast one, was a miner with a pedal system.pedal system.
  • Taking water outTaking water out Dirty water was extracted from the galleries withDirty water was extracted from the galleries with a gear actioned when a man walked on it. Thena gear actioned when a man walked on it. Then they put water and air through the pipes.they put water and air through the pipes.
  • TrolleysTrolleys First, trolleys worked with electricity, then withFirst, trolleys worked with electricity, then with diesel, and finally, with batteries.diesel, and finally, with batteries.
  • OF THE MINE
  • The mule was a very intelligent and clever animal, and very strong too.
  • They worked very hard and they died in the galleries.
  • The mules could smell the toxic gas and they warned the accident, and they refused to work.
  • When they smelt the miners’ sandwiches they caught them with their mouths and then they ate it.
  • A local legend: The miners didn’t like eating salmon every day, because it was part of their salary.
  • There was so much salmon in the river, that the miners were fed up with it.
  • In the seventies miners were very rich and they lit their cigarettes with bank notes (Another urban legend!!).
  • The boat (in Asturias ``chalana´´) was used to transport coal along the river.
  • The boats went from La Chalana bridge (Laviana) to Sama and then by train to Gijón.
  • The men who drove the boats were called “Chalaneru”.
  • “Chalaneru” is a famous love song between the boatman and his girlfriend.
  • There are two basicThere are two basic dangers with gas :dangers with gas :
  • Gas can cause big explosionsGas can cause big explosions
  • And miners sometimesAnd miners sometimes breath this gas.breath this gas.
  • Lung diseases caused by gas were very common before theLung diseases caused by gas were very common before the 1970 ´s1970 ´s
  • In order to detect gas, miners used a small cage with a birdIn order to detect gas, miners used a small cage with a bird insideinside  If the bird died itIf the bird died it was becausewas because there was gasthere was gas in the galleryin the gallery..
  • ««Dead man walking»Dead man walking» II The “Dead man walking” was a manThe “Dead man walking” was a man sentenced to death who was given asentenced to death who was given a chance to live.chance to live.
  • ««Dead man walking»Dead man walking» IIII  He had to go down toHe had to go down to the mine with a longthe mine with a long torch and wet clothestorch and wet clothes to test if there was gasto test if there was gas in the galleries.in the galleries.
  • «Dead man walking»«Dead man walking» IIIIII  If the “Dead man walking” left the mine aliveIf the “Dead man walking” left the mine alive three times,he was given his life.three times,he was given his life.
  •  The Security Brigade (security team) is very important in the coal mine. They help miners when there’s an accident. They’re on duty 24 hours per day
  •  The Security Brigade team includes the best and the fittest coal miners. Their working hours include rescue exercises and physical training. They have high salaries because their activity is extremely risky.
  •  When there is an accident the Security Brigade uses thermal cameras, oxygen kits and special equipment to work in dangerous atmospheres.
  •  In the history of mining there were a lot disasters like the Aller accident in 1889 with 30 deaths. They are mainly produced by gas explosion, big rocks, collapse or landslides.
  •  A tribute to eleven Check coal miners who died in an accident in 1999.
  • By Alexis Iglesias
  • • Dynamite was used to cause explosions and take coal. At present, people use plastic explosives and detonators.
  • • Dynamite was made with gunpowder in the laboratory.
  • • The biggest explosives company in Spain was called “Explosivos Río Tinto” (ERT).
  • • ERT was a British company that owned the mines in Huelva (Andalucia).
  • • Julio Romero de Torres was a famous Spanish painter who worked for ERT.
  • • He used to paint “explosive” women