Martin, Slovakia


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Martin, Slovakia

  1. 1. MMAARRTTIINN AA SSIIMMPPLLEE GGUUIIDDEE TTHHRROOUUGGHH OONNEE SSMMAALLLL TTOOWWNN...... AAuutthhoorrss:: MMiillaann OOnnddrraassoovviicc,, JJaann JJaammrriisskkaa TTrraannssllaattiioonn ccoorrrreecctteedd bbyy:: MMggrr.. AAnnddrreeaa FFaabbrroovvaa
  2. 2. What is it „Martin“? Martin ( up to year 1950 “Turciansky Svaty Martin”) is a town in the north of Slovakia. It is the historical centrum of Turiec and also a distric town. It is situated at about 20 kilometers south-east from Zilina, and 170 kilometres north-east from Bratislava (capital city of Slovakia), in Zilina district. It is situated in Turiec Valley along the river called Turiec, under the foothills of Mala Fatra. Martin is also separated to numerous parts. The names of the all parts are listed below.
  3. 3. 2 - Priekopa - Zaturcie - Kosuty - Podhaj - Strane - Sever - Stred - Tomcany - Jahodniky - Ladoven
  4. 4. 3 Basic History First written mention is from year 1284. In the middle ages, Martin had a very good strategic position. From 17th century to year 1922 Martin became the centre of Turiec District, and in 19th century Martin became also the centre for Slovak Culture. At the end of 19th century the “Slovak National Revival” started here. Since the year 1863 is is the seat of Matica slovenska. In the year 1866 Slovakian Petal Gymnasium was established here. On 30th October 1918 thanks to Declaration of Martin, Slovakia joined with the Czech republic and created one unit called “Czechoslovak republic”. By the end of the Second World War, Martin was freed by the Red Army on April 11th, 1945. On 24th August, 1994 Martin was declared by law for the
  5. 5. 4 national town of culture in Slovakia. Matica slovenska Matica slovenska one of the most cultural sites of the Slovak Republic. Matica slovenska is international Slovak cultural institute with its headquarters in Martin. The mission of Matica slovenska is to consolidate the Slovak nation, lash and exponentiate national awareness of the Slovaks and country men living in the foreign countries, deep an attitude for citizens to slovakian nation. Headquarters 1st building:
  6. 6. 5 The authentic building of Matica was built in 1864-1865. The building was built according to a project of an architect Jan Nepomuk Bobula from the gifts of the Slovaks. Originally, almost classical building, was rebuilt at the beginning of 20th century for state institute. In the building is now located stood exposition Slovak national literature museum. 2nd building: The second building of Matica Slovneska was built in 1925 – 1926 according to the proposal of Ján Palkovič. From year 1964 the building is a cultural monument. In the small park in front of the building is a bronze statue by Jan Kulich from 1964.
  7. 7. 6 Recent headqaurters of Matica slovenska was situated in this building. 3rd building: The third building of Matica slovenska was built in 1963 – 1975. It was the headquarters of Matica slovenska up to 2005. After the division of Matica slovenska and Slovak national library, the third building serves for the needs of Slovak national library. Matica slovenska is now situated back in the second building.
  8. 8. 7 Other cultural monuments Saint Martin Roman Catholic Church The church dates back to 70 year of 13th century. It belongs to the category of roman-catholic churches. The church was built at already existing graveyard, and there’s also one theory, that at the same place some small church or chapel was previously built, too. National Cemetery It could be called „The final resting place of many
  9. 9. 8 important personalities of Slovakia“. The list includes writers, poets, national activists, pedagogues and many others. The first building of Tatra Banka Built in 1912 – 1913 according to the project of Milan Harminc. It’s the building where Declaration of Slovak nation was accepted, and then Slovak and Czech republic created one unit called Czechoslovak republic, as mentioned above.
  10. 10. 9 Copyrights The Internet was used as the source of correct and actual information. Photographs were created originally for this purpose without any break of copyright.