Legends from the mine

  • 368 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
368
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. THE COAL MINING MUSEUM By: Sergio and Aitor
  • 2. INSIDE THE COAL MINE
  • 3. DIGGING FOR COAL
  • 4. MINERS AT WORK
  • 5. TROLLEYS AND HEAVY MACHINES I THE TROLLEYS FIRST USED ELECTRICITY BUT IT WAS VERY DANGEROUS (SPARKS + GAS!!).
  • 6. TROLLEYS AND HEAVY MACHINES II THEN THEY USED DIESEL, AND NOWADAYS THEY USE BATTERIES.
  • 7. GOING DOWN THE CAGE (8 MTS/’’)
  • 8. By: Tania & Iris
  • 9. The mineThe mine has got twoparts: the older onemade of wood, and thenew one made of iron.On the roof there aretwo parts: one bar andtwo posts.
  • 10. PipesThere are two pipes onthe roof. One pipecarries water, and theother one carries air.
  • 11. DistributionThe mine is made ofprincipal and secundarygalleries. Between eachfloor or gallery thereare 50 metres.
  • 12. Access to the mineIn the past, the miners wentdown to the mine sitting on astick tied to a rope or instairs made in the rocks.Then, they went down onan elevator at 8metres/second.
  • 13. Ventilation in the mineThere were three types of ventilation machines: the first one, used the horse strength applied to an axis and a wheel; the second one, used a horse to move the wheel; and the last one, was a miner with a pedal system.
  • 14. Taking water outDirty water was extracted from the galleries witha gear actioned when a man walked on it. Thenthey put water and air through the pipes.
  • 15. TrolleysFirst, trolleys worked with electricity, then withdiesel, and finally, with batteries.
  • 16. OF THE MINE
  • 17. The mule was a very intelligent andclever animal, and very strong too.
  • 18. They worked very hard and they diedin the galleries.
  • 19. The mules could smell the toxic gas andthey warned the accident, and theyrefused to work.
  • 20. When they smelt the miners’ sandwichesthey caught them with their mouths and then they ate it.
  • 21. A local legend: The miners didn’t likeeating salmon every day, because it waspart of their salary.
  • 22. There was so much salmon in the river,that the miners were fed up with it.
  • 23. In the seventies miners were very rich and they lit their cigarettes with bank notes (Another urban legend!!).
  • 24. The boat (in Asturias ``chalana´´)was used to transport coal along the river.
  • 25. The boats went from La Chalana bridge (Laviana) to Sama and then by train to Gijón.
  • 26. The men who drove the boats were called “Chalaneru”.
  • 27. “Chalaneru” is a famous lovesong between the boatman and his girlfriend.
  • 28. There are two basic dangers with gas :
  • 29. Gas can cause big explosions
  • 30. And miners sometimes breath this gas.
  • 31. Lung diseases caused by gas were very common before the 1970 ´s
  • 32. In order to detect gas, miners used a small cage with a bird inside If the bird died it was because there was gas in the gallery.
  • 33. «Dead man walking» IThe “Dead man walking” was a man sentenced to death who was given a chance to live.
  • 34. «Dead man walking» II He had to go down to the mine with a long torch and wet clothes to test if there was gas in the galleries.
  • 35. «Dead man walking» III If the “Dead man walking” left the mine alive three times,he was given his life.
  • 36.  The Security Brigade (security team) is very important in the coal mine. They help miners when there’s an accident. They’re on duty 24 hours per day
  • 37.  The Security Brigade team includes the best and the fittest coal miners. Their working hours include rescue exercises and physical training. They have high salaries because their activity is extremely risky.
  • 38.  When there is an accident the Security Brigade uses thermal cameras, oxygen kits and special equipment to work in dangerous atmospheres.
  • 39.  In the history of mining there were a lot disasters like the Aller accident in 1889 with 30 deaths. They are mainly produced by gas explosion, big rocks, collapse or landslides.
  • 40.  A tribute to eleven Check coal miners who died in an accident in 1999.
  • 41. By Alexis Iglesias
  • 42. • Dynamite was used to cause explosions and take coal. At present, people use plastic explosives and detonators.
  • 43. • Dynamite was made with gunpowder in the laboratory.
  • 44. • The biggest explosives company in Spain was called “Explosivos Río Tinto” (ERT).
  • 45. • ERT was a British company that owned the mines in Huelva (Andalucia).
  • 46. • Julio Romero de Torres was a famous Spanish painter who worked for ERT.
  • 47. • He used to paint “explosive” women