0
AP U.S. History
Chapter 16

Slavery in Antebellum
America

Cotton Gin

1793

Underground Railroad

1808

End of Slave Trad...
Theme 1:
The rise of “King Cotton” in the
South resulted in an explosion of
slavery and a complex social order
that deeply...
I. Rise of “King Cotton”
A. Slavery prior to 1793
B. Eli Whitney’s cotton gin
1. Impact: resulted in the
explosion of slav...
Cotton Exports from the U.S.,
1815-1860
DISTRIBUTION OF SLAVES, 1860
3. Huge domestic slave trade
emerged
-- Importation of
slaves from
Africa had been
abolished in
1808
C. Trade
1. Much cotton exported to
Britain who was heavily
dependent on U.S. supply
2. For a time, prosperity of
North an...
“Peculiar Institution”
A. The planter aristocracy
1. Planters dominated
politically and
economically
2. Carried on early
“...
B. Plantation system
1. Enormous investment of
capital in slaves
-- Risks
2. One-crop economy
3. Attracted few European
im...
II. The Three South's: Slaves of the
Slave System
A. Generalizations
1. Further north, the cooler
climate meant fewer slav...
3. Mountain whites along
Appalachian Mountain range were
the least committed to slavery
4. Southward flow of slaves
contin...
The Three Souths
B. Border South: DE, MD, KY, MO
1. Fewer plantations than in
lower south (tobacco)
-- Cotton plantations scarce
2. Unionis...
C. Middle South: VA, NC, TN, AK
1. Each state: 1 sect like Border; 1
section like Lower South
2. Unionists prevailed when ...
D. Lower South: SC, FL, GA, AL,
MS, LA,TX Known as the Black Belt
1. Most slaves concentrated in
“cotton belt” along river...
G. The White Majority
1. Feared more slave revolts
2. Infuriated by abolitionist
propaganda
3. Belief in racial superiorit...
. The White Majority
A. Only 25% owned slaves by 1860
B. 75% were non-slaveowners
1. Location & type of farming
2. Conditi...
Free Blacks:Slaves without
Masters
A. 250,000 in the South in 1860
-- Border South had the most
B. Discrimination in the S...
D. Afro-American slave culture
1. West-African culture
2. Family
3. Oral traditions
4. Religion
5. Music
C. Plantation slavery
1. Nearly 4 million slaves by 1860
a. Slave trade abolished in 1808
b. Increase in slave population
...
The Value of the Stock of
Slaves in the U.S., 1805-1860
Value of Slaves in 2004
Dollars
Year
1810 - $316,
1820 - $610,
1830 - $577,
1840 - $997
1850 - $1,286,
1860 - $3,059

2004...
3. Brutal punishments
4. New western areas were the
harshest
E. Burdens of the slave system
1. Denial of individual dignity
2. Slaves denied education
3. Slaves at times sabotaged the...
F. Slave revolts
1. Stono Rebellion, 1739

2. Gabriel Prosser, 1800
3. Denmark Vesey, 1822
4. Nat Turner, 1831
Theme 2:
The abolitionist movement in
the North proved unpopular in
both the North and the South.
Eventually the movement
...
VI. Early Abolitionism
A. First abolition movements:
Quakers in
Pennsylvania
This is the cover page to the
"Constitution a...
Early Emancipation in the North
Legal Status of Slavery, 1861
B.

American Colonization Society
founded in 1817
1. Sought to recolonize freed
slaves overseas
2. Liberia

3.

Supporters...
C. Rise of abolitionism in 1830’s
1. Most important reform
movement of the Second Great
Awakening
-- Reformers saw slavery...
Radical abolitionism
1. Sought immediate and
uncompensated abolition of
slavery
2. William Lloyd Garrison
a. The Liberator...
“I am in earnest -- I will not
equivocate -- I will not excuse -- I
will not retreat a single inch -- AND I
WILL BE HEARD....
3. American Anti-Slavery Society
a. Founded by radical
abolitionists
b. Theodore Weld
-- American Slavery As It Is
(1839)
...
c. Wendell Phillips
(“abolition’s golden trumpet”)
d. Angelina and Sarah Grimke
i. Only white southern female
abolitionists
ii. Some traditionalists were
opposed to females ...
3. David Walker: Appeal to the
Colored Citizens of the World
(1829)
4. Sojourner Truth
5. Elijah Lovejoy
6. Martin Delaney...
7. Frederick Douglass
a. Greatest of the black
abolitionists
-- North Star
b. Narrative of the Life of
Frederick Douglass ...
8. Eventually, most abolitionists
favored war to end slavery
The South lashes back
A. Pre-1830s, more abolitionism
in South than North
B. Abolitionism silenced after 1830
C. Causes fo...
D. Abolitionist literature was
banned in the Southern mail
system
E. Defense of slavery
1. Bible & Aristotle
2. Good for “...
4. George Fitzhugh
-- Slaves were better-off than
“northern wage slaves”
F. Gag resolution, 1836

U.S. Congressman
and former president
John Quincy Adams
led the eight-year
fight to kill the Gag
...
Abolitionist impact in the North
A. Abolitionists unpopular in many
parts of the North
1. Reverence for Constitution
2. Id...
C. Most politicians avoided the issue
of abolitionism. Why?
D. Effect on northern mind by 1850
1. A significant minority s...
3. Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842)
-- “personal liberty laws
4. By 1850, southerners
demanded a new stronger
fugitive slave l...
E. Underground Railroad
1. Chain of anti-slavery homes
used to aid
runaway slaves
2. Harriet Tubman
LOAPUSH 16
LOAPUSH 16
LOAPUSH 16
LOAPUSH 16
LOAPUSH 16
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

LOAPUSH 16

907

Published on

lions

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
907
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Image: Wikipedia Commons
  • NOT FOR PUBLICATION
  • http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/ransom.civil.war.us
  • http://polsci307.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/m2-slave-conc1.jpeg
  • Image in the public domain
  • Map Courtesy of Cal State Humboldt University http://users.humboldt.edu/ogayle/hist110/unit4/SectionalIssues.html
  • http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/ransom.civil.war.us
  • Source: Foundations for Teaching Economics workshop on "Economic Forces in American History:  The Economics of Slavery" by Dr. Dan Benjamin:
  • Images courtesy of the Library of Congress
  • Source: Library of Congress
  • Images are in the public domain
  • CREDIT: “Horrid massacre in Virginia,” 1831(?). Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Reproduction Number LC-USZ62-38902.
  • http://www.slaveryinamerica.org/geography/slave_insurrections.htm
  • Courtesy of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania
  • Wikipedia Commons
  • Wikipedia Commons
  • Source: U.S. State Department
  • Wikipedia Commons "To the friends of Negro Emancipation", celebrating the abolition of slavery in the British Empire http://www.portcities.org.uk/london/server/show/conMediaFile.5566/To-the-friends-of-Negro-Emancipation-(Negros-rejoicing-at-their-freedom).html
  • Wikipedia Commons
  • Poster is in the public domain
  • Photo is in the public domain
  • Poster is in the public domai
  • Image of Harriet Tubman Wikipedia Commons
    Illustration: public domain
  • http://www.slaveryinamerica.org/geography/ugrr_1860.htm
  • Transcript of "LOAPUSH 16"

    1. 1. AP U.S. History Chapter 16 Slavery in Antebellum America Cotton Gin 1793 Underground Railroad 1808 End of Slave Trade 1800s 1831 Garrison’s Liberator Nat Turner’s Revolt 1831 1847 Douglass’ North Star
    2. 2. Theme 1: The rise of “King Cotton” in the South resulted in an explosion of slavery and a complex social order that deeply affected whites as well as blacks.
    3. 3. I. Rise of “King Cotton” A. Slavery prior to 1793 B. Eli Whitney’s cotton gin 1. Impact: resulted in the explosion of slavery 2. Cotton kingdom developed into a huge agricultural factory
    4. 4. Cotton Exports from the U.S., 1815-1860
    5. 5. DISTRIBUTION OF SLAVES, 1860
    6. 6. 3. Huge domestic slave trade emerged
    7. 7. -- Importation of slaves from Africa had been abolished in 1808
    8. 8. C. Trade 1. Much cotton exported to Britain who was heavily dependent on U.S. supply 2. For a time, prosperity of North and South seemed to rest on slavery 3. Cotton accounted for 57% of all U.S. exports by 1860 -- South produced 75% of the world’s cotton
    9. 9. “Peculiar Institution” A. The planter aristocracy 1. Planters dominated politically and economically 2. Carried on early “Cavalier” tradition of early Virginia
    10. 10. B. Plantation system 1. Enormous investment of capital in slaves -- Risks 2. One-crop economy 3. Attracted few European immigrants
    11. 11. II. The Three South's: Slaves of the Slave System A. Generalizations 1. Further north, the cooler climate meant fewer slaves; less commitment to maintaining slavery 2. Further south, the warmer climate meant more slaves; heavy commitment to maintaining slavery
    12. 12. 3. Mountain whites along Appalachian Mountain range were the least committed to slavery 4. Southward flow of slaves continued from 1790 to 1860 5. The South was NOT a monolithic political and cultural entity -- Only interference from outsiders tended to unify southerners
    13. 13. The Three Souths
    14. 14. B. Border South: DE, MD, KY, MO 1. Fewer plantations than in lower south (tobacco) -- Cotton plantations scarce 2. Unionists overcame disunionists during the Civil War 3. Fewest # of slaves in the South: 17% of population 4. 22% of white families owned slaves
    15. 15. C. Middle South: VA, NC, TN, AK 1. Each state: 1 sect like Border; 1 section like Lower South 2. Unionists prevailed when Lincoln was elected; Disunionists prevailed when the war began 3. Slaves = 30% of population 4. 36% of white families owned slaves
    16. 16. D. Lower South: SC, FL, GA, AL, MS, LA,TX Known as the Black Belt 1. Most slaves concentrated in “cotton belt” along river valleys 2. Cotton was king; also sugar & rice 3. Disunionists prevailed after Lincoln was elected in 1860 4. Slaves = 47% of population 5. 43% of white families owned slaves
    17. 17. G. The White Majority 1. Feared more slave revolts 2. Infuriated by abolitionist propaganda 3. Belief in racial superiority
    18. 18. . The White Majority A. Only 25% owned slaves by 1860 B. 75% were non-slaveowners 1. Location & type of farming 2. Conditions 3. Why defend slavery? C. Mountain whites 1. Location & farming 2. Political affiliation
    19. 19. Free Blacks:Slaves without Masters A. 250,000 in the South in 1860 -- Border South had the most B. Discrimination in the South C. 250,000 in the North in 1860 -- Philadelphia D. Discrimination in the North -- Often denied education and suffrage; segregation existed in some states
    20. 20. D. Afro-American slave culture 1. West-African culture 2. Family 3. Oral traditions 4. Religion 5. Music
    21. 21. C. Plantation slavery 1. Nearly 4 million slaves by 1860 a. Slave trade abolished in 1808 b. Increase in slave population due to natural reproduction 2. Slaves seen as valuable “property” a. Slave auctions b. Floggings and Breakers
    22. 22. The Value of the Stock of Slaves in the U.S., 1805-1860
    23. 23. Value of Slaves in 2004 Dollars Year 1810 - $316, 1820 - $610, 1830 - $577, 1840 - $997 1850 - $1,286, 1860 - $3,059 2004 (adjusted for inflation) $4,490 $11,100 $12,000 $19,300 $25,300 $55,900
    24. 24. 3. Brutal punishments 4. New western areas were the harshest
    25. 25. E. Burdens of the slave system 1. Denial of individual dignity 2. Slaves denied education 3. Slaves at times sabotaged the master’s plantation 4. Many tried to escape
    26. 26. F. Slave revolts 1. Stono Rebellion, 1739 2. Gabriel Prosser, 1800 3. Denmark Vesey, 1822 4. Nat Turner, 1831
    27. 27. Theme 2: The abolitionist movement in the North proved unpopular in both the North and the South. Eventually the movement appealed to a growing minority of northerners who came to see slavery as a moral evil and sought to prevent the spread of slavery into the western territories.
    28. 28. VI. Early Abolitionism A. First abolition movements: Quakers in Pennsylvania This is the cover page to the "Constitution and Minutes of the Pennsylvania Society for promoting the Abolition of Slavery and the relief of Free Negroes unlawfully held in Bondage" (PAS) when it reorganized in 1787.
    29. 29. Early Emancipation in the North
    30. 30. Legal Status of Slavery, 1861
    31. 31. B. American Colonization Society founded in 1817 1. Sought to recolonize freed slaves overseas 2. Liberia 3. Supporters of colonization
    32. 32. C. Rise of abolitionism in 1830’s 1. Most important reform movement of the Second Great Awakening -- Reformers saw slavery as a sin 2. Abolitionists were inspired by Britain’s freeing of its slaves in 1833
    33. 33. Radical abolitionism 1. Sought immediate and uncompensated abolition of slavery 2. William Lloyd Garrison a. The Liberator, 1831 Liberator b. Views
    34. 34. “I am in earnest -- I will not equivocate -- I will not excuse -- I will not retreat a single inch -- AND I WILL BE HEARD.” -- William Lloyd Garrison, 1831
    35. 35. 3. American Anti-Slavery Society a. Founded by radical abolitionists b. Theodore Weld -- American Slavery As It Is (1839) Icon of the American AntiSlavery Society (18321865)
    36. 36. c. Wendell Phillips (“abolition’s golden trumpet”)
    37. 37. d. Angelina and Sarah Grimke i. Only white southern female abolitionists ii. Some traditionalists were opposed to females playing a public role in the movement e. Arthur and Lewis Tappan -- Funded the American AntiSlavery Society and the Liberator f. The movement eventually split along gender lines
    38. 38. 3. David Walker: Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World (1829) 4. Sojourner Truth 5. Elijah Lovejoy 6. Martin Delaney Wood engraving of a mob in Alton, Illinois destroying the warehouse containing Lovejoy’s printing press
    39. 39. 7. Frederick Douglass a. Greatest of the black abolitionists -- North Star b. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845) c. Sought practical approach compared radical abolitionists d. Looked to politics to end slavery to
    40. 40. 8. Eventually, most abolitionists favored war to end slavery
    41. 41. The South lashes back A. Pre-1830s, more abolitionism in South than North B. Abolitionism silenced after 1830 C. Causes for southern concern 1. Nat Turner 2. Nullification crisis of 1832 3. Increased abolitionist literature circulating in the South
    42. 42. D. Abolitionist literature was banned in the Southern mail system E. Defense of slavery 1. Bible & Aristotle 2. Good for “barbaric” Africans 3. Master-slave relationships resembled family
    43. 43. 4. George Fitzhugh -- Slaves were better-off than “northern wage slaves”
    44. 44. F. Gag resolution, 1836 U.S. Congressman and former president John Quincy Adams led the eight-year fight to kill the Gag Resolution
    45. 45. Abolitionist impact in the North A. Abolitionists unpopular in many parts of the North 1. Reverence for Constitution 2. Ideal of Union 3. Economic dependence on South B. Mob outbursts in response to extreme abolitionists
    46. 46. C. Most politicians avoided the issue of abolitionism. Why? D. Effect on northern mind by 1850 1. A significant minority saw slavery as a moral evil and undemocratic 2. The “Free-Soil” Party emerged by 1848 based on the antiextension of slavery into the western territories -- “ Free-soil” movement morphed into the Republican part in the 1850s
    47. 47. 3. Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842) -- “personal liberty laws 4. By 1850, southerners demanded a new stronger fugitive slave law
    48. 48. E. Underground Railroad 1. Chain of anti-slavery homes used to aid runaway slaves 2. Harriet Tubman
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×