Elements and-principles-1229805285530990-1Presentation Transcript
The Elementsand Principlesof Art
The Elements of ArtThe building blocksor ingredients of art.
LINEA mark with length and direction.A continuous mark made on a surfaceby a moving point.Ansel Adams Gustave Caillebotte
COLORConsists of Hue (another word for color),Intensity (brightness) and Value (lightnessor darkness).Henri MatisseAlexander Calder
VALUEThe lightness or darkness of a color.MC Escher Pablo Picasso
SHAPEAn enclosed area defined and determinedby other art elements; 2-dimensional.JoanMiro
FORMA 3-dimensional object;or something in a 2-dimensional artworkthat appears to be 3-dimensional.For example, a triangle, which is 2-dimensional, is ashape, but a pyramid, which is 3-dimensional, is a form.Jean Arp Lucien Freud
Robert MapplethorpeClaude MonetS P A C EThe distance or area between, around, above, below,or within things.Positive (filled withsomething) and Negative(empty areas).Foreground, Middleground andBackground (creates DEPTH)
TEXTURETEXTUREThe surface quality or "feel" of an object, itssmoothness, roughness, softness, etc. Texturesmay be actual or implied.
The Principles of ArtWhat we use to organize theElements of Art,or the tools to make art.
BALANCEThe way the elements are arranged tocreate a feeling of stability in a work.Alexander Calder
Symmetrical BalanceThe parts of an image are organizedso that one side mirrors the other.Leonardo DaVinci
Asymmetrical BalanceWhen one side of a composition doesnot reflect the design of the other.James Whistler
EMPHASISThe focal point of animage, or when onearea or thing standout the most.Jim Dine Gustav Klimt
CONTRASTA large difference between twothings to create interest and tension.Ansel AdamsSalvador Dali
RHYTHMRHYTHMRHYTHMRHYTHMRHYTHMRHYTHMandMOVEMENTA regular repetitionof elements toproduce the look andfeel of movement.MarcelDuchamp
PATTERNand RepetitionRepetition of a design.Gustav Klimt
UNITYWhen all theelements andprincipleswork togetherto create apleasingimage.Johannes Vermeer
VARIETYThe use ofdifferences andchange to increasethe visual interest ofthe work.Marc Chagall
PROPORTIONThe comparativerelationship of one part toanother with respect to size,quantity, or degree; SCALE.GustaveCaillebotte