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Susquehanna Exposures To Construction Loans
Susquehanna Exposures To Construction Loans
Susquehanna Exposures To Construction Loans
Susquehanna Exposures To Construction Loans
Susquehanna Exposures To Construction Loans
Susquehanna Exposures To Construction Loans
Susquehanna Exposures To Construction Loans
Susquehanna Exposures To Construction Loans
Susquehanna Exposures To Construction Loans
Susquehanna Exposures To Construction Loans
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Susquehanna Exposures To Construction Loans

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A case study showcasing techniques in analyzing a bank’s charge-offs in light of court filings relating to construction and development loans extended bankrupt home builders. Susquehanna Bank’s …

A case study showcasing techniques in analyzing a bank’s charge-offs in light of court filings relating to construction and development loans extended bankrupt home builders. Susquehanna Bank’s financial reports and exposures to bankrupt home builders are used to illustrate how a red flag might have been raised regarding potential under-estimation of charge-offs in construction & development loans. For more details, visit http://www.homebuilder-bankruptcy.com

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  • 1. Case Study of Susquehanna Bank and Charge-Offs
  • 2. Susquehanna Bank – a bank which took $300M in TARP  money and lightly covered in the media Analysis based on comparing losses in court filings and charge-offs  documented in call reports Preliminary results shows under-estimation of charge-offs in  construction & development loans, at least YTD charge-offs on 9/30/08 12/31/08 call reports showed nearly doubling in charge-offs  numbers, though amounts outstanding in default status only had a slight change between Q308 and Q408 Red flag could have been raised earlier by looking into the bank’s  exposures to bankrupt companies and estimated losses
  • 3. Excerpt from Call Report for Susquehanna Bank (Hagerstown, MD) ending 9/30/08 YTD charge-offs for construction & development loans totaled $2.4M
  • 4. …at least 4 separate exposures in Maryland to  construction & development loans with potential losses Recipients of Construction Loan District Case No. Bankruptcy Date Exposure Amt Caruso Virginia Homes BR, LLC) Maryland 08-18275 6/23/2008 $ 1,000,000.00 Caruso Maryland Homes CY, LLC) Maryland 08-18268 6/23/2008 $ 6,934,313.00 Caruso Homes Inc Maryland 08-18254 6/23/2008 $ 1,910,341.00 Island Developers Fruitland LLC Maryland 08-20557 9/15/2008 $ 1,009,000.00 We can find more defaults, but given the low level of the  documented charge-offs and the aggregate of these 4 exposures is around $11M, let’s take a look at the losses incurred in these cases
  • 5. Analyzing Island Developers Fruitland LLC:   Construction loan of over $1million  Though the bankruptcy occurred in Sep’08, the loan should be in non-accrual status earlier ▪ Foreclosure proceedings first docketed on 7/3/08 (forestalled by filing) ▪ Developer was 7 payments past due at the time of bankruptcy filing 9/11/08: Bank files motion for relief from stay, asserting  Apr’08 appraisal value of property to be $940,000 12/4/08: Property sold at auction for $525,000  Nominal loss estimated at 52.6%* and exceeds $3,000   Possibility that bank might have charged off this loan in 2007 *At the time of sale, the amount outstanding (including fees and charges) was $1.108 million
  • 6. For 2 of the Caruso Homes construction loans, schedules of assets &  liabilities filed on 8/30/08 provided values* of collateral upon which Susquehanna’s loans were secured See estimated losses which supported higher charge-offs by Sep’08  Recipients of Construction Loan Collateral Scheduled Value Exposure Amt Estimated Loss Caruso Virginia Homes BR, LLC) 4 Lots in Breckenridge Estates 411,012.00 $ 1,000,000.00 59% Caruso Maryland Homes CY, LLC) 33 Lots in Rivergate Estates 3,448,060.00 $ 6,934,313.00 50% Without counting estimated loss on the 4th exposure (to Caruso  Homes Inc – insufficient data):  Losses on these 3 loans alone amount to $4.56 million  Higher than $2.3 million in YTD charge-offs on 9/30/08 *Scheduled values in the current environment of declining real estate prices might mean even lower values at time of sale. Also, the developer has no incentives to provide lower values, otherwise it quickly constitutes evidence that the developer has no equity and the bank might obtain relief to foreclose
  • 7. Question: Could the bank have charged off these loans earlier in  2007?  Probably not, the defaults occurred in 2008  Even if they did, the charge-offs in 2007 totaled $1.3M, making total charge-offs in 1/1/07-9/30/08 period $3.7M  Still less than $4.56M estimated losses in 3 exposures alone
  • 8. The Bank finally reported a spike in charge-offs for 12/31/08  Note that there are 3 Susquehanna Bank entities  Analysis in earlier slides premised on Susquehanna Bank (the MD entity) making the  Maryland loans (MD office referenced in construction loan docs attached as exhibits in filings) Why is this material? The bank consolidated its numbers for Dec’08 reporting,  instead of reporting by entity See excerpt below – showing the consolidated numbers (I have summed up the numbers  for the 3 separate Sep’08 call reports for comparison purposes) Susquehanna Susquehanna (merged) (summed) 12/31/2008 12/31/2008 9/30/2008 9/30/2008 Charge-offs Recoveries Charge-offs Recoveries '000s (YTD) (YTD) (YTD) (YTD) 1. Loans secured by real estate a. Construction, land development, and other land loans 1. 1-4 family residential construction loans 3,586 3 2,946 3 2. Other construction loans and all land development and other land loans 5,299 2 268 2 Note the spike of YTD charge-offs from $3.2M (9/30/08) to $8.9M (12/31/08) 
  • 9. To round up the case, let’s take a look at the numbers for defaults  (90 days past due and non-accrual status)  Excerpt below shows amounts outstanding on loans placed in default status  Observation: Little change between 9/30 and 12/31 numbers, i.e., the spike in Dec’08 is unlikely due to defaults recorded in Q4 Susquehanna Susquehanna 000s (merged) (summed) 90 days past 90 days past due + due + Change over Nonaccrual Nonaccrual 2008Q4 12/31/2008 9/30/2008 1. Loans secured by real estate a. Construction, land development, and other land loans 1. 1-4 family residential construction loans 29,103 30578 -4.82% 2. Other construction loans and all land development and other land loans 23,259 22073 5.37% Conclusion: Questions could have been raised about the Sep’08 YTD  charge-offs with some research on potential losses based on bankruptcies to which the bank was exposed
  • 10. For more details on distressed construction loans, bankrupt home builders and the banks exposed to this sector, visit: http://www.homebuilder-bankruptcy.com http://thedownturnanalyst.com

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