REDD+ in Lao PDR:also a “plus” for forest dependent communities?        Colin Moore1, Arlyne Johnson2 & Troy Hansel1      ...
REDD+ in Lao PDR• Lao PDR a priority country for REDD+ implementation   – High carbon stocks, 41.5% forest cover, 0.5-1.4%...
WCS & CliPAD collaboration•    Climate Protection through Avoided     Deforestation (CliPAD) is a Lao-German project     t...
Nam Et Phou Louey NPA• 595,000 ha• High biodiversity values• Established in 1993, WCS technicaland financial assistance si...
Underlying drivers                             Demand for                                                          Low    ...
Agents of land-use change                                                       Government                 Private Farmers...
Results of NEPL REDD+ feasibility study•    Deforestation rates are low and     dispersed across the full extent     of NE...
New REDD+ approach in Houaphan• Currently exploring options to develop a jurisdictional based REDD+approach in Houaphan pr...
NEPL REDD+ project incentives – 1• Participatory Land Use Planning (PLUP) will be implementedin REDD+ target villages   – ...
NEPL REDD+ project incentives – 1 (cont.)• Challenges to making PLUP fully effective   1.    Land Law (2003) is prescripti...
NEPL REDD+ project incentives – 2• Agricultural expansion is the main deforestation driver affectingdistricts around NEPL ...
NEPL REDD+ project incentives – 3• Establish conservation agreements with REDD+ target villages• Agreements outline condit...
NEPL REDD+ project incentives – 4• Conduct outreach and education campaigns to increasecommunity understanding of land and...
REDD+: project vs. national approach• WCS/CliPAD REDD+ project has integrated communitybenefits and land security from the...
RecommendationsIn the immediate term, the WCS/CliPAD REDD+ project andother REDD+ demonstration projects in Lao PDR should...
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Micmac ws wcs redd experiences v20120730

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Micmac ws wcs redd experiences v20120730

  1. 1. REDD+ in Lao PDR:also a “plus” for forest dependent communities? Colin Moore1, Arlyne Johnson2 & Troy Hansel1 Mic-Mac REDD+ Workshop Vientiane, Lao PDR 30 August 2012 1Wildlife Conservation Society, Lao PDR 2 Wildlife Conservation Society & Foundations of Success
  2. 2. REDD+ in Lao PDR• Lao PDR a priority country for REDD+ implementation – High carbon stocks, 41.5% forest cover, 0.5-1.4% deforestation rate – Rural communities highly dependant upon forests for livelihoods• Lao PDR taking steps to prepare for REDD+ implementation – Participant under FCPF and FIP – Established a REDD+ Taskforce (January 2011) – Plans to establish a REDD+ Office (2012) – Selected four official REDD+ demonstration sites
  3. 3. WCS & CliPAD collaboration• Climate Protection through Avoided Deforestation (CliPAD) is a Lao-German project to support development of REDD+ in Lao PDR that is ‘pro-poor’ and supports NPAs• CliPAD selected NEPL NPA as a REDD+ demonstration site (also Nam Phui in Sayabouri province)• CliPAD project will provide both technical (GIZ) and financial (KfW) support to implement REDD+ at these sites• Common goals led to a partnership between WCS and CliPAD
  4. 4. Nam Et Phou Louey NPA• 595,000 ha• High biodiversity values• Established in 1993, WCS technicaland financial assistance since 2003• Zoned into a core zone and controlleduse zone as per 2007 Forestry Law• Illegal hunting, unsustainableharvesting & habitat destruction aremain threats to NEPL’s biodiversity
  5. 5. Underlying drivers Demand for Low Population Demand for Demand for Government agricultural government growth products timber wildlife capacity policy Immediate drivers Limited Resource Inappropriate Lack of Development Poverty Profit extensionavailability LUP enforcement services goals Sources of land-use change Pioneering Land clearing Infrastructure Selective shifting Fire agriculture for cash crops development logging Deforestation Degradation
  6. 6. Agents of land-use change Government Private Farmers Hunters sanctioned Illegal loggers companies entities Sources of land-use changePioneering Land clearing Infrastructure Selective shifting Fireagriculture for cash crops development logging Deforestation Degradation
  7. 7. Results of NEPL REDD+ feasibility study• Deforestation rates are low and dispersed across the full extent of NEPL NPA• Deforestation mainly occurs in areas of low C stock density• All project scenarios analyzed demonstrate a lack of financial sustainability – Project implementation costs exceed potential revenues
  8. 8. New REDD+ approach in Houaphan• Currently exploring options to develop a jurisdictional based REDD+approach in Houaphan province according to VCS and CCBA requirements – CliPAD would support the province establish capacities, REDD+ frameworks and strategies to achieve performance – Mitigation investments would be directed towards a district(s) with a high emission reduction potential to support the province achieve performance (4 main activities) – A benefit sharing mechanism would be established to reward actors that helped reduce deforestation
  9. 9. NEPL REDD+ project incentives – 1• Participatory Land Use Planning (PLUP) will be implementedin REDD+ target villages – Conducted according to GoL issued 2010 PLUP manual• PLUP is expected to result in improved land security 1. Clearer boundaries 2. More realistic land allocations 3. Establishes village level monitoring teams 4. Grants communal land titling
  10. 10. NEPL REDD+ project incentives – 1 (cont.)• Challenges to making PLUP fully effective 1. Land Law (2003) is prescriptive about the amount of land allocated for agricultural purposes 2. PLUP plans receive low legal recognition 3. Communal titling is limited to only certain types of village lands
  11. 11. NEPL REDD+ project incentives – 2• Agricultural expansion is the main deforestation driver affectingdistricts around NEPL NPA• More sustainable forms of agriculture are essential – E.g. biochar, no-till agriculture, crop diversification, minimization of soil erosion and small livestock production – Agricultural intensification has proven challenging in Lao PDR to date• Project expects increased time and financial investment to resultin more active management, monitoring and protection of lands
  12. 12. NEPL REDD+ project incentives – 3• Establish conservation agreements with REDD+ target villages• Agreements outline conditions under which community willreceive compensation for forest protection – Developed as part of FPIC• Community receives payments for performance• Further incentivizes communities to manage and protect theirland• Revenue distribution % and mechanism is yet to be determined – Depends upon GoL decisions
  13. 13. NEPL REDD+ project incentives – 4• Conduct outreach and education campaigns to increasecommunity understanding of land and resource rights• Increased understanding will result in more informed decisionmaking and promote greater engagement
  14. 14. REDD+: project vs. national approach• WCS/CliPAD REDD+ project has integrated communitybenefits and land security from the earliest stages – WCS/CliPAD priority and requirement of the CCB standard• No guarantee that GoL will take the same approach – Likely dependent upon UNFCCC safeguard requirements• Lao PDR REDD+ demonstration projects play an important roleinforming the design of the national REDD+ framework – Show that improved land security can deliver REDD+ goals
  15. 15. RecommendationsIn the immediate term, the WCS/CliPAD REDD+ project andother REDD+ demonstration projects in Lao PDR should supportthe following:1. Ensure titling of collective lands is completed – Promote greater urgency to title agricultural and forest communal lands – Attempt to expand communal titling to all village communal lands2. Establish a REDD+ conflict resolution process – Official channels through which land conflicts can be addressed – Establish third party channels in case government is cause of conflict3. Clarify carbon rights – Eliminate possible competing claims to carbon and therefore land – Ensure benefit distribution mechanism reflects carbon ownership
  16. 16. Thank you

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