6-10-2011 Case example: Communal land titling in Sangthong district ENG
Towards Communal Land Titles in Sangthong DistrictSustainable Women Empowerment Project, Sangthong District Lounthong Bounemany, Chief of DLMA Sangthong District Land Management Authorities (DLMA)
Overview of Sangthong• Sangthong district is one of nine districts of Vientiane prefecture and it was the 8th district established on 23 November 1993. Located is 55 Km along the Mekong River to the north. In the north bordering Mead, Feuang and HinHeap districts, Vientiane province In the south bordering Sikottabong, Vientiane Capital. In the east bordering Phouphanang National Park (Phonehong and Naxaythong districts) to the west bordering with Mekong River General information: 37 villages divided into 5 clusters and 461 units; 5,484 HH and population: 28,266, women 13,946; Lao loum 92,96%, Kamu 7%, Hmong 0.02% Agriculture based: 95.5 %; public service 2.52 %; trade and services 1.98%.
Land Use Planning: Between -0 to - - DLMA implemented land use planning in village and cluster level by collaborating with concerned stakeholders, chief of villages and village land committee. DLMA divided into 5 teams collected information and processed data into data base Using the pictures from (Quick bird) and Landsat-7 as well as Indian satellite picture for identified areas
The area of village clusterCluster number Name of cluster Area (ha) Percentage % 1 Ban Kuappeang 10,866.635 14.30 2 Ban Kok Hae 15,902.004 20.09 3 Ban Phialath 8,367.724 11.01 4 Ban Nalath 14,936.975 19.66 5 Ban Kouay 25,908.091 34.10 Total 75,981.430 100 %
Types of Land UseThe area of land used in SangthongNo Type of Land Area in hectare Percentage 1 Construction land 1687.21 2.22 2 Agriculture land 29916.63 39.37 3 Forest land 38782.97 51.04 4 Culture land 237.62 0.3 5 Wet land 4238.7 5.58 6 Industrial land 485.48 0.64 7 Transport land (road) 534.53 0.7 8 Defense land 35.628 0.05 9 Other 73.3 0.1 Total 75992.068 100
Management plan regulations Formal agreement village boundaries Drafted village regulations. Nominated two volunteers to manage village land. Form for following up village land use Selecting the good unit model.
Characteristic and potentials of Sangthong Located along the Mekong River and trading and services with Thai border and VTE Capital Has high potential for food production, livestock raising and handicrafts Potential in term of minerals
Important issues required to register communal land tiltles in 4 villages 1. People need to see the benefits of bamboo before it can become an incentive to manage forest 2. Land use planning 3. Identification forest types (Production forest) 4. Inventory (bamboo, rattan) 5. Forest management plan
Prepare to registration communal land tilting deeds See 5 steps Public hearing (village consultation meeting) Collecting information with chief of village and villagers for investigation history of the land Boundary milestone (boundary marking) only production forest Measuring by using GPS and drawing map koh-1 and ask private land owners with shared borders to “finger print” (slide 13) Use the data from koh-1 to draw the map in koh-2 form certificated by chief of village (slide 13) Request temporary communal land titling deeds from DLMA (samnouan khamhong form, 5 pages, slide 14-16) After 90 days if no comments and feedback from villagers or other stakeholders in the district the permanent communal land tiling deed is issued to the village (see slide 17) After 3 years need the permanent tile needs to be reviewed to get re-approval
Results to dateVillage Village Selected Bamboo Proposed area (ha) management (%) communal land area (ha) (ha) by DLMA (2010) (2011)Ban Na Po 2,591.16 50 60 43.77Ban Vang 7,981.34 85 85 38.39MarBan 6,035 60 80 138.48KouayBan Xor 8,281.5 337 95 1,887.01Total 24,889 532 2,107.65