Communal Land Titling: Government’s       Policies and Plans             Presented by:   CHANTHAVIPHONE INTHAVONGActing Di...
Topics1.Background of Communal Property2. Government’s Policy and Plans3.Govt’ expectations4.What’s next?             LNRR...
Background¥ Resolution of First Forestry & Agri. Congresses  1989: the need to have a clear tenureship for  every piece of...
Perceptions/Myths            State Land Vs Communal Land                        Examples:Public Land? = Pagoda, School, Ro...
Land Use & NRM:                 Issues and Challenges¥ How to generate optimum if not maximum wealth from the country’s la...
Impacts of Unplanned and Uncoordinated Use and Management of Land & NR                   Planned Spending       Economic  ...
National Development Objectives                (Summary)¥   Poverty Alleviation (and Food Security),¥   Social Equity,¥   ...
National Future Land Use Target                (to 2020)¥ Conservation (Indirect Use) Land: 70% including  wetland areas.¥...
Govt’s pland activities related to Land                 sector¥ Increase awareness and recognition that land and natural  ...
Govt’s plan related to Land sector                 for Y2012¥ Adoption of the National L&NR Policy and  Master Plan to be ...
LAND MANAGEMENT &ADMINISTRATION STEPS
Importance of Land management and              administration¥ a nation cannot succeed if development objectives of  that ...
Land Management and Administration           Steps/Cycle¥   Public Education & awareness raising¥   Land Use Planning and ...
MACRO-LAND USE PLANNING
National LU Master Plan         LNRRIC/NLMA      15
LNRRIC/NLMA   16
LNRRIC/NLMA   17
Final Layout    LNRRIC/NLMA   18
8.
MICRO-LAND USE PLANNING
Issues of past LUP/LA exercise Generally participation of the villagers in the LUP/LA exercise    was very low   Village...
Hilly Topography and Limited Agricultural potential     Land under 5% slope     Land 5–25% slope                      Exam...
Land use & land cover     Mostly forest     Upland agriculture & forest     Grassland     Intensive agriculture           ...
Suitability criteria
Tentative Land Use Zones    Native ecotype(soil quality indicator)   Slope class plots       Land Suitability Matrix      ...
Development Objective:                   Bring livelihood systems from poverty to adequacy              20                ...
Family Land Requirements                  ©ò­ † ɤ­ ¾ ­ ¿­ ñ­ º ®­ ö                   ­ ê ­ º ¡ ­ ¦ ì ®£ £ ¸             ...
Present and Predicted Future Land Use Areas With              and Without Project                                         ...
LAND RIGHT REGISTRATION
Govt’s Plan related to Land & NR Use           Right Allocation       National Land and Natural ResourcesSate Land & NR   ...
Different rightsHunting rightsFishing rights
Issuance of Land Titles in different Land use Zones                       Regenerating forest                             ...
Significance of the cadastre                              SDI                          Mapping agencies      Cadastral    ...
NEXT STEP
LNRRIC Plan Follow up activities related to Communal                  land/NR property¥ Finalization and development of gu...
Issues raised¥ How to organize?¥ Who/which organizations are interested in the  said exercises?¥ Who is willing to take le...
Potential Types of           Communal Land & NR in Rural LaosCommunal housing land                                        ...
Thank you !
6-10-2011 Remarks on  policy and background of communal land titling NLMA
6-10-2011 Remarks on  policy and background of communal land titling NLMA
6-10-2011 Remarks on  policy and background of communal land titling NLMA
6-10-2011 Remarks on  policy and background of communal land titling NLMA
6-10-2011 Remarks on  policy and background of communal land titling NLMA
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6-10-2011 Remarks on policy and background of communal land titling NLMA

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By Mr. Chanthaviphone, NLMA

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6-10-2011 Remarks on policy and background of communal land titling NLMA

  1. 1. Communal Land Titling: Government’s Policies and Plans Presented by: CHANTHAVIPHONE INTHAVONGActing Director, LNRRIC, NLMA/MoNRE. To the INGO LWG Meeting on Communal Land Titling 6th October 2011 Learning House, Vientiane Capital City. LNRRIC/NLMA 2011 October 1
  2. 2. Topics1.Background of Communal Property2. Government’s Policy and Plans3.Govt’ expectations4.What’s next? LNRRIC/NLMA 2010 August 2
  3. 3. Background¥ Resolution of First Forestry & Agri. Congresses 1989: the need to have a clear tenureship for every piece of forest land for effective management LUPLA Campaign 2/3rd Village coverage.¥ National Constitution and Land Law Article 2: Land & NR are common property of the every people of the nation  LU Right Certificate  Land Ownership Certificate/Land Title (Private, State and Communal.
  4. 4. Perceptions/Myths State Land Vs Communal Land Examples:Public Land? = Pagoda, School, Road, Market PlacesVillage/communal Land? = Entire or part of the village territory, Slash&Burn rotational cultivation areas, communal wetland.Cooperative Land? = Cooperative field/plantations.Communal Right of Uses in the State Land? = community forests.
  5. 5. Land Use & NRM: Issues and Challenges¥ How to generate optimum if not maximum wealth from the country’s land & resources to the country and its population;¥ increasing investment from FDI in Laos has posed unprecedented challenges to national land resources utilization, environmental protection and market-oriented land management;¥ Existence of large number of land development and concession projects without prior national-wide LU planning & Land titling lead to increasing losing of access to land by rural population;¥ Limited law enforcement and governance capacity at local levels (especially at District and Village levels) for Land & Resource sector analysis and policy formulation, implementation and feedbacks; Lead to increasing social conflict and disparity and environmental degradation and occurrence of natural disasters. LNRRIC/NLMA 2010 August 5
  6. 6. Impacts of Unplanned and Uncoordinated Use and Management of Land & NR Planned Spending Economic $$$$$$$$ Social & Culture $$$$$ NR & Environment Pennies ! Disaster Relief $$$$$ Unplanned Spending 6
  7. 7. National Development Objectives (Summary)¥ Poverty Alleviation (and Food Security),¥ Social Equity,¥ Strong and Good Governance,¥ Sound Natural Resource Management,¥ Sustained Economic Growth through – Hydropower Generation, – Ecotourism & other land link service industries. – Sustainable forestry mgnt and biodiversity conservation; – Development of tree plantations and Agro-forestry, – Mining as a transitory industry, LNRRIC/NLMA 2010 August 7
  8. 8. National Future Land Use Target (to 2020)¥ Conservation (Indirect Use) Land: 70% including wetland areas.¥ Production (Direct Use) Land: 30% which comprises of: – Agriculture (Paddy Rice (2 Mio ha) & Annual Cash Crops (0.2 Mio ha), Fruit Trees (0.2 Mio ha), and Grass land (0.4 Mio ha)=> total 2.8 Mio ha. – Production Forestry (Natural Production Forests (1.0 Mio ha) & Plantations (0.8 Mio ha)=>total 1.8 Mio ha. – Infrastructure, Mining & Settlement (2.3 Mio ha) (Awaiting to be approved by GOL & NA) 8
  9. 9. Govt’s pland activities related to Land sector¥ Increase awareness and recognition that land and natural resources are the fundamentals for increasing food security, reducing rural poverty and for assuring sustainable nation- wide prosperity,¥ Determine land needs of different sectors and society to meet national development objectives¥ National-Wide Macro- and Micro Land Use Zoning Plans¥ National-wide Land Use (State, Communal & Private) Right Registration Campaign¥ Decentralization of Land Administration and Management Activities (to District &Village Levels)¥ Establishment of a Computerized National Land Information System for effective LAM¥ Increase land revenue of 15% pa to 5% of GDP 9
  10. 10. Govt’s plan related to Land sector for Y2012¥ Adoption of the National L&NR Policy and Master Plan to be used within this 5Y plan;¥ Completion of micro-LU plans for every locality of Laos;¥ Completion of national-wide land titling excise (200,000 parcels)¥ Increase land revenue by 15% . 10
  11. 11. LAND MANAGEMENT &ADMINISTRATION STEPS
  12. 12. Importance of Land management and administration¥ a nation cannot succeed if development objectives of that country are not supported by development policies that are based on good land management and administrationThis is because¥ good land management and administration can maintain proper balance between nature and social and economic development.¥ Need of holistic approach to land management and administration to keep ecological and environmental balance 12
  13. 13. Land Management and Administration Steps/Cycle¥ Public Education & awareness raising¥ Land Use Planning and Allocation¥ Land Use Rights Registration¥ Promotion of Land Utilization and Development¥ Collection of Land Use fees¥ Land Use Monitoring and Inspection¥ Land Use /land Transaction Administration¥ Policy Feedback and Updating
  14. 14. MACRO-LAND USE PLANNING
  15. 15. National LU Master Plan LNRRIC/NLMA 15
  16. 16. LNRRIC/NLMA 16
  17. 17. LNRRIC/NLMA 17
  18. 18. Final Layout LNRRIC/NLMA 18
  19. 19. 8.
  20. 20. MICRO-LAND USE PLANNING
  21. 21. Issues of past LUP/LA exercise Generally participation of the villagers in the LUP/LA exercise was very low Village land use maps, regulations, data on land titles etc. was lost / not available at DAFO or LMA The villagers did not really know if their temporary land use certificate was still valid or how to obtain an actual land title (no follow-up after 3 year validity) LUP/LA arrangements were largely obsolete due to population increase and land concessions Only temporary land use certificates have been issued so far (only 1 permanent land title in the sample) which are all invalid by now. LNRRIC/NLMA 2010 August
  22. 22. Hilly Topography and Limited Agricultural potential Land under 5% slope Land 5–25% slope Example of Land (Biophysical) Condition in Northern Part of Laos.22
  23. 23. Land use & land cover Mostly forest Upland agriculture & forest Grassland Intensive agriculture mostly mixed forest/upland production systems23
  24. 24. Suitability criteria
  25. 25. Tentative Land Use Zones Native ecotype(soil quality indicator) Slope class plots Land Suitability Matrix Conservation status 1 S S S S S S 2 U U U U U S 3 U U M S M M +  4 5 M U S U S U S U U U U U + 6 U U M U M S 7 U U S S S M 8 U U U U U U 9 U U M U M M … 
  26. 26. Development Objective: Bring livelihood systems from poverty to adequacy 20 Project objective Adequacy level = 17.5 M kip per family Income level at which (Estimated poverty line)Million kip families can meet food, Subsistence level = 12.2 M clothing, & shelter needs, 10 kip per family Current conditions plus education, medical & Income level at which tax expenses, plus small Average output = 8 M kip savings families can meet food, per family clothing, & shelter needs, plus occasional – but insufficient – education, POVERTY ADEQUACY medical & tax expenses 0 26
  27. 27. Family Land Requirements ©ò­ † ɤ­ ¾ ­ ¿­ ñ­ º ®­ ö ­ ê ­ º ¡ ­ ¦ ì ®£ £ ¸ ªNo. Land Category Area (ha) ¯½ ² ©- º ¤- ò À - ¢ ©- Àœ † ª) ­ º ­ (»­ ê1 Paddy - ¾ - - ½ ½ ¾ §ö ì - - - ¯ ê 0.22 Run- ff capture or rain-ed terrace rice - ¾ Õ É o f - -¾ ³ 13 Vegetable Garden ¦ ¸ - - ñ °¡ 0.0124 Forage Plot ­ ¶ ˜ ­ ©­ ø­ õ ­ É ¦ ñ ¢ ­ ­ à ¯ ¡ ² ©ì µ © ¤­ 0.55 Orchard ¦ ¸ - Ä´ ɹ É ¾ Ã Ï - - ¡ 0.26 NTFP Garden ¦ ¸ ­ ­ £ˆ ¤­ È­ º ¤­ ö À º ¯ ¶ ©¤ ¢ 0.57 Fish Pond ¦ ½ ¾ ¯ - 0.018 Community Forest ¯È- ö - §É ¾´Ä § 1.59 Village Production Forest ¯È- ½ ò - º ¤- É- ¾ - ©¢ ®¾ ° ì 1.5 Subtotal ì ¸ ´ ¨ º © 5.4
  28. 28. Present and Predicted Future Land Use Areas With and Without Project Present With Project Without Project Without Project ¯½ ÷ ñ ¥® --- ´ ó£¤- ¾ -- ¡ -  ®Òó£¤- ¾ ´Â -- ¡ - ®Òó£¤- ¾ ´Â -- ¡ - 2000 2008 2008 2020 Population ¯½ ¾ º - § ¡ - - 2,928 3,476 3,652 5,087 Agricultural Land ê † ò- ½ ò¿ © --¡ --¦¡ Area (ha) À œ † »­ ) ­º­( ª ê Swidden À œ †»È ­º­­ êÄ 1,097 0 1,713 2,384 Bush Fallow À œ † È­ì ‰ ­º­­¶ ¶ ê¯ À 4,325 0 5,043 7,027 Irrigated Paddy Field ê † ¶ ö ­ ´ ´ ¶ ­ ­­ì ­ ­ ­ ¤ ¯ ê 132 202 132 132 Run­ ff Capture/Rain­ed Rice Terrace ê † ¶ Õ É o f ­ ­ ­¶ ³ 0 289 0 0 Vegetable Garden ¦ ¸ - - ö £¸ 7 8 8 10 Forage Terrace À œ † ¶ ˜ ­ © ­º­­ ­­Ã ê ¢ 0 351 0 0 Fruit Orchard ¦ ¸ - - ´ ɹ É ¾ Ä - - ¡ Ã Ï 1 140 1 1 NTFP Garden ¦ ¸ ­ ­£ˆ ¤­ È­ º ¤­ ö À º ¯ ¶ ©¤ ¢ 0 351 0 0 Fish Pond ¦ ½ ¾ ¯ - 0.16 6.67 0.16 0.16 Subtotal ì ¸ ´ - Ȩ ¨º 5,562 1,348 6,897 9,554 Forest Land À œ † È- ´ É -º--¾ ê¯ Ä Area (ha) À œ † »­ ) ­º­( ª ê Community Forest ¯È- ö - §É ¾´Ä § 997 1,052 997 997 Village Production Forest ¯È- ½ ò - º ¤- É- ¾ - ©¢ ®¾ ° ì 0 1,052 0 0 Dedicated Plantations ¦ ¸ - - È- ½ ² ¾ - ò ¯¾ - ½ © ¦ À ¡ 0 110 0 0 State Production Forest ¯È- ´ ɹ È ñ ¾ - ¤- © Ä Á ì 8,767 11,764 7,432 4,775 Watershed Protection Forest ¯È- ɤ- ñ - Í È Õ ¾ º ¡ - Á ¤- ¯ 1,337 1,337 1,337 1,337 NBCA ¯È- ½ ¤¸ - ¾ - ¦ ¹ 8,570 8,570 8,570 8,570 Subtotal ì ¸ ´ - Ȩ ¨º 19,671 23,885 18,336 15,679 Total Area ì ¸ ´ ­­ œ † Àº­ ê 25,233 25,233 25,233 25,233
  29. 29. LAND RIGHT REGISTRATION
  30. 30. Govt’s Plan related to Land & NR Use Right Allocation National Land and Natural ResourcesSate Land & NR Non-State Land & NR Communal Land Private Land & & NR NR
  31. 31. Different rightsHunting rightsFishing rights
  32. 32. Issuance of Land Titles in different Land use Zones Regenerating forest Reserved land Community forest Newly allocated Agricultural land parcels Wildlife conservation forest Watershed protection forest
  33. 33. Significance of the cadastre SDI Mapping agencies Cadastral and other data Land Spatially providers management enabled engines… paradigm government1. Multipurpose Incorporating:Cadastre(German style) Tenure Land policy Spatially2. Title or deeds Value enabled Sustainable LAS development Integrated functions Parcels Bettertenure style Properties decision - Economiccadastres Buildings making - Environmental Roads - Social Services to - Governance business Use and3. Taxation driven publiccadastre(Latin /Spanish /French) Country Development context
  34. 34. NEXT STEP
  35. 35. LNRRIC Plan Follow up activities related to Communal land/NR property¥ Finalization and development of guide line and data collection format for national survey/research on communal land and NRM.¥ Organize a national wide survey and compilation of case study/information related to communal rights related to land & NR in different localities, landscapes and ethnics of Laos;¥ Development of policy brief document on communal land titling;¥ Organization a national workshop on communal land titling;¥ Production of resources book/hand out of case studies on communal land use and titling;¥ Production of training materials for TOT on communal land use and titling;¥ Organize a national training of TOT on communal land titling for Provincial and District personals.
  36. 36. Issues raised¥ How to organize?¥ Who/which organizations are interested in the said exercises?¥ Who is willing to take lead?¥ Potential cooperation between LWG and and &NRSubSector?
  37. 37. Potential Types of Communal Land & NR in Rural LaosCommunal housing land Communal land for spiritual functions ( Cemetary, pagoda/church, etc..) community production Communal land for public forestry utilities (village admin office, school, health care, market, etc..) communal agricultural Reserved communal land for plantation future allocation Communal wetland Rotational slash&burn cultivation areas Communal protection forests
  38. 38. Thank you !
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