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6-10-2011 Remarks on policy and background of communal land titling NLMA

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By Mr. Chanthaviphone, NLMA

By Mr. Chanthaviphone, NLMA

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  • 1. Communal Land Titling: Government’s Policies and Plans Presented by: CHANTHAVIPHONE INTHAVONGActing Director, LNRRIC, NLMA/MoNRE. To the INGO LWG Meeting on Communal Land Titling 6th October 2011 Learning House, Vientiane Capital City. LNRRIC/NLMA 2011 October 1
  • 2. Topics1.Background of Communal Property2. Government’s Policy and Plans3.Govt’ expectations4.What’s next? LNRRIC/NLMA 2010 August 2
  • 3. Background¥ Resolution of First Forestry & Agri. Congresses 1989: the need to have a clear tenureship for every piece of forest land for effective management LUPLA Campaign 2/3rd Village coverage.¥ National Constitution and Land Law Article 2: Land & NR are common property of the every people of the nation  LU Right Certificate  Land Ownership Certificate/Land Title (Private, State and Communal.
  • 4. Perceptions/Myths State Land Vs Communal Land Examples:Public Land? = Pagoda, School, Road, Market PlacesVillage/communal Land? = Entire or part of the village territory, Slash&Burn rotational cultivation areas, communal wetland.Cooperative Land? = Cooperative field/plantations.Communal Right of Uses in the State Land? = community forests.
  • 5. Land Use & NRM: Issues and Challenges¥ How to generate optimum if not maximum wealth from the country’s land & resources to the country and its population;¥ increasing investment from FDI in Laos has posed unprecedented challenges to national land resources utilization, environmental protection and market-oriented land management;¥ Existence of large number of land development and concession projects without prior national-wide LU planning & Land titling lead to increasing losing of access to land by rural population;¥ Limited law enforcement and governance capacity at local levels (especially at District and Village levels) for Land & Resource sector analysis and policy formulation, implementation and feedbacks; Lead to increasing social conflict and disparity and environmental degradation and occurrence of natural disasters. LNRRIC/NLMA 2010 August 5
  • 6. Impacts of Unplanned and Uncoordinated Use and Management of Land & NR Planned Spending Economic $$$$$$$$ Social & Culture $$$$$ NR & Environment Pennies ! Disaster Relief $$$$$ Unplanned Spending 6
  • 7. National Development Objectives (Summary)¥ Poverty Alleviation (and Food Security),¥ Social Equity,¥ Strong and Good Governance,¥ Sound Natural Resource Management,¥ Sustained Economic Growth through – Hydropower Generation, – Ecotourism & other land link service industries. – Sustainable forestry mgnt and biodiversity conservation; – Development of tree plantations and Agro-forestry, – Mining as a transitory industry, LNRRIC/NLMA 2010 August 7
  • 8. National Future Land Use Target (to 2020)¥ Conservation (Indirect Use) Land: 70% including wetland areas.¥ Production (Direct Use) Land: 30% which comprises of: – Agriculture (Paddy Rice (2 Mio ha) & Annual Cash Crops (0.2 Mio ha), Fruit Trees (0.2 Mio ha), and Grass land (0.4 Mio ha)=> total 2.8 Mio ha. – Production Forestry (Natural Production Forests (1.0 Mio ha) & Plantations (0.8 Mio ha)=>total 1.8 Mio ha. – Infrastructure, Mining & Settlement (2.3 Mio ha) (Awaiting to be approved by GOL & NA) 8
  • 9. Govt’s pland activities related to Land sector¥ Increase awareness and recognition that land and natural resources are the fundamentals for increasing food security, reducing rural poverty and for assuring sustainable nation- wide prosperity,¥ Determine land needs of different sectors and society to meet national development objectives¥ National-Wide Macro- and Micro Land Use Zoning Plans¥ National-wide Land Use (State, Communal & Private) Right Registration Campaign¥ Decentralization of Land Administration and Management Activities (to District &Village Levels)¥ Establishment of a Computerized National Land Information System for effective LAM¥ Increase land revenue of 15% pa to 5% of GDP 9
  • 10. Govt’s plan related to Land sector for Y2012¥ Adoption of the National L&NR Policy and Master Plan to be used within this 5Y plan;¥ Completion of micro-LU plans for every locality of Laos;¥ Completion of national-wide land titling excise (200,000 parcels)¥ Increase land revenue by 15% . 10
  • 11. LAND MANAGEMENT &ADMINISTRATION STEPS
  • 12. Importance of Land management and administration¥ a nation cannot succeed if development objectives of that country are not supported by development policies that are based on good land management and administrationThis is because¥ good land management and administration can maintain proper balance between nature and social and economic development.¥ Need of holistic approach to land management and administration to keep ecological and environmental balance 12
  • 13. Land Management and Administration Steps/Cycle¥ Public Education & awareness raising¥ Land Use Planning and Allocation¥ Land Use Rights Registration¥ Promotion of Land Utilization and Development¥ Collection of Land Use fees¥ Land Use Monitoring and Inspection¥ Land Use /land Transaction Administration¥ Policy Feedback and Updating
  • 14. MACRO-LAND USE PLANNING
  • 15. National LU Master Plan LNRRIC/NLMA 15
  • 16. LNRRIC/NLMA 16
  • 17. LNRRIC/NLMA 17
  • 18. Final Layout LNRRIC/NLMA 18
  • 19. 8.
  • 20. MICRO-LAND USE PLANNING
  • 21. Issues of past LUP/LA exercise Generally participation of the villagers in the LUP/LA exercise was very low Village land use maps, regulations, data on land titles etc. was lost / not available at DAFO or LMA The villagers did not really know if their temporary land use certificate was still valid or how to obtain an actual land title (no follow-up after 3 year validity) LUP/LA arrangements were largely obsolete due to population increase and land concessions Only temporary land use certificates have been issued so far (only 1 permanent land title in the sample) which are all invalid by now. LNRRIC/NLMA 2010 August
  • 22. Hilly Topography and Limited Agricultural potential Land under 5% slope Land 5–25% slope Example of Land (Biophysical) Condition in Northern Part of Laos.22
  • 23. Land use & land cover Mostly forest Upland agriculture & forest Grassland Intensive agriculture mostly mixed forest/upland production systems23
  • 24. Suitability criteria
  • 25. Tentative Land Use Zones Native ecotype(soil quality indicator) Slope class plots Land Suitability Matrix Conservation status 1 S S S S S S 2 U U U U U S 3 U U M S M M +  4 5 M U S U S U S U U U U U + 6 U U M U M S 7 U U S S S M 8 U U U U U U 9 U U M U M M … 
  • 26. Development Objective: Bring livelihood systems from poverty to adequacy 20 Project objective Adequacy level = 17.5 M kip per family Income level at which (Estimated poverty line)Million kip families can meet food, Subsistence level = 12.2 M clothing, & shelter needs, 10 kip per family Current conditions plus education, medical & Income level at which tax expenses, plus small Average output = 8 M kip savings families can meet food, per family clothing, & shelter needs, plus occasional – but insufficient – education, POVERTY ADEQUACY medical & tax expenses 0 26
  • 27. Family Land Requirements ©ò­ † ɤ­ ¾ ­ ¿­ ñ­ º ®­ ö ­ ê ­ º ¡ ­ ¦ ì ®£ £ ¸ ªNo. Land Category Area (ha) ¯½ ² ©- º ¤- ò À - ¢ ©- Àœ † ª) ­ º ­ (»­ ê1 Paddy - ¾ - - ½ ½ ¾ §ö ì - - - ¯ ê 0.22 Run- ff capture or rain-ed terrace rice - ¾ Õ É o f - -¾ ³ 13 Vegetable Garden ¦ ¸ - - ñ °¡ 0.0124 Forage Plot ­ ¶ ˜ ­ ©­ ø­ õ ­ É ¦ ñ ¢ ­ ­ à ¯ ¡ ² ©ì µ © ¤­ 0.55 Orchard ¦ ¸ - Ä´ ɹ É ¾ Ã Ï - - ¡ 0.26 NTFP Garden ¦ ¸ ­ ­ £ˆ ¤­ È­ º ¤­ ö À º ¯ ¶ ©¤ ¢ 0.57 Fish Pond ¦ ½ ¾ ¯ - 0.018 Community Forest ¯È- ö - §É ¾´Ä § 1.59 Village Production Forest ¯È- ½ ò - º ¤- É- ¾ - ©¢ ®¾ ° ì 1.5 Subtotal ì ¸ ´ ¨ º © 5.4
  • 28. Present and Predicted Future Land Use Areas With and Without Project Present With Project Without Project Without Project ¯½ ÷ ñ ¥® --- ´ ó£¤- ¾ -- ¡ -  ®Òó£¤- ¾ ´Â -- ¡ - ®Òó£¤- ¾ ´Â -- ¡ - 2000 2008 2008 2020 Population ¯½ ¾ º - § ¡ - - 2,928 3,476 3,652 5,087 Agricultural Land ê † ò- ½ ò¿ © --¡ --¦¡ Area (ha) À œ † »­ ) ­º­( ª ê Swidden À œ †»È ­º­­ êÄ 1,097 0 1,713 2,384 Bush Fallow À œ † È­ì ‰ ­º­­¶ ¶ ê¯ À 4,325 0 5,043 7,027 Irrigated Paddy Field ê † ¶ ö ­ ´ ´ ¶ ­ ­­ì ­ ­ ­ ¤ ¯ ê 132 202 132 132 Run­ ff Capture/Rain­ed Rice Terrace ê † ¶ Õ É o f ­ ­ ­¶ ³ 0 289 0 0 Vegetable Garden ¦ ¸ - - ö £¸ 7 8 8 10 Forage Terrace À œ † ¶ ˜ ­ © ­º­­ ­­Ã ê ¢ 0 351 0 0 Fruit Orchard ¦ ¸ - - ´ ɹ É ¾ Ä - - ¡ Ã Ï 1 140 1 1 NTFP Garden ¦ ¸ ­ ­£ˆ ¤­ È­ º ¤­ ö À º ¯ ¶ ©¤ ¢ 0 351 0 0 Fish Pond ¦ ½ ¾ ¯ - 0.16 6.67 0.16 0.16 Subtotal ì ¸ ´ - Ȩ ¨º 5,562 1,348 6,897 9,554 Forest Land À œ † È- ´ É -º--¾ ê¯ Ä Area (ha) À œ † »­ ) ­º­( ª ê Community Forest ¯È- ö - §É ¾´Ä § 997 1,052 997 997 Village Production Forest ¯È- ½ ò - º ¤- É- ¾ - ©¢ ®¾ ° ì 0 1,052 0 0 Dedicated Plantations ¦ ¸ - - È- ½ ² ¾ - ò ¯¾ - ½ © ¦ À ¡ 0 110 0 0 State Production Forest ¯È- ´ ɹ È ñ ¾ - ¤- © Ä Á ì 8,767 11,764 7,432 4,775 Watershed Protection Forest ¯È- ɤ- ñ - Í È Õ ¾ º ¡ - Á ¤- ¯ 1,337 1,337 1,337 1,337 NBCA ¯È- ½ ¤¸ - ¾ - ¦ ¹ 8,570 8,570 8,570 8,570 Subtotal ì ¸ ´ - Ȩ ¨º 19,671 23,885 18,336 15,679 Total Area ì ¸ ´ ­­ œ † Àº­ ê 25,233 25,233 25,233 25,233
  • 29. LAND RIGHT REGISTRATION
  • 30. Govt’s Plan related to Land & NR Use Right Allocation National Land and Natural ResourcesSate Land & NR Non-State Land & NR Communal Land Private Land & & NR NR
  • 31. Different rightsHunting rightsFishing rights
  • 32. Issuance of Land Titles in different Land use Zones Regenerating forest Reserved land Community forest Newly allocated Agricultural land parcels Wildlife conservation forest Watershed protection forest
  • 33. Significance of the cadastre SDI Mapping agencies Cadastral and other data Land Spatially providers management enabled engines… paradigm government1. Multipurpose Incorporating:Cadastre(German style) Tenure Land policy Spatially2. Title or deeds Value enabled Sustainable LAS development Integrated functions Parcels Bettertenure style Properties decision - Economiccadastres Buildings making - Environmental Roads - Social Services to - Governance business Use and3. Taxation driven publiccadastre(Latin /Spanish /French) Country Development context
  • 34. NEXT STEP
  • 35. LNRRIC Plan Follow up activities related to Communal land/NR property¥ Finalization and development of guide line and data collection format for national survey/research on communal land and NRM.¥ Organize a national wide survey and compilation of case study/information related to communal rights related to land & NR in different localities, landscapes and ethnics of Laos;¥ Development of policy brief document on communal land titling;¥ Organization a national workshop on communal land titling;¥ Production of resources book/hand out of case studies on communal land use and titling;¥ Production of training materials for TOT on communal land use and titling;¥ Organize a national training of TOT on communal land titling for Provincial and District personals.
  • 36. Issues raised¥ How to organize?¥ Who/which organizations are interested in the said exercises?¥ Who is willing to take lead?¥ Potential cooperation between LWG and and &NRSubSector?
  • 37. Potential Types of Communal Land & NR in Rural LaosCommunal housing land Communal land for spiritual functions ( Cemetary, pagoda/church, etc..) community production Communal land for public forestry utilities (village admin office, school, health care, market, etc..) communal agricultural Reserved communal land for plantation future allocation Communal wetland Rotational slash&burn cultivation areas Communal protection forests
  • 38. Thank you !