6-10-2011 Lessons learned from the Participatory Action Research NLMA


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By Mr. Ekvinay, NLMA

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6-10-2011 Lessons learned from the Participatory Action Research NLMA

  1. 1. Participatory Action Research on Communal Land Titling Ekvinay Sayaraj, Head of Research Division, LNRRIC/NLMA Learning House, 06 th Oct 2011
  2. 2. Why PAR in Sangthong? <ul><li>Piloting Participatory Action Research </li></ul><ul><li>Design communal land adjudication & registration </li></ul><ul><li>Piloting cooperation model between NPA and local authorities </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is PAR? <ul><li>Participatory Action Research (PAR) is/as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact analysis tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict avoidance technique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality control </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Circle of PAR 2.planning 3.Action and observation 4.reflection 1.problem 5.replan Start activity indicators
  5. 5. Circle of PAR in Sangthong 2.-RRA -literature -review legal 3.-Design form -training - 4.-People awareness - capacity 1.Never issued CT 5.CES/reg manual PAR on Communal titling Process, forms
  6. 6. Project committee <ul><li>Directive </li></ul><ul><li>1. Mr. Chanthaviphon Inthavong </li></ul><ul><li>3. Mr. Lounthong Bounmany </li></ul><ul><li>Research Team </li></ul><ul><li>1. Mr. Ekvinay Sayaraj- Team Leader </li></ul><ul><li>2. Ms. Vilaisi Phothilack- project co </li></ul><ul><li>3 . Mr. Khongka Maboonkoun- GIS, Surveying and Database </li></ul><ul><li>4 . Ms. Souphaphon Senganaly- Ban Sor Village </li></ul><ul><li>5 . Mr. Soukan Soupridi- Ban Napor Village </li></ul><ul><li>6 . Ms. Khounthavien Boolom- Ban Vangma Village </li></ul><ul><li>7 . Ms. Manilay Chanthavongsa- Ban Kuay Village </li></ul><ul><li>Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>1.Mr. Joost Foppes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Main activities item Activities Date 1 Meeting with the team/training 29-30/Dec Lao Pako 2 Meetings in the village level Jan-Feb/2011 4 villages 3 Meeting in DLMA 24-26/Feb 4 Meeting in SNV 3 rd March 5 National Workshop ???
  8. 8. Participate in GDG annual meeting
  9. 9. Understanding PAR in Lao Pako
  10. 10. <ul><li>Study legal docs/stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiation practice to understand right allocation </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Importance of rights </li></ul><ul><li>Agree on work plan </li></ul>
  12. 12. Interim workshop at Sangthong
  13. 13. District officials and leaders of villagers in the workshop
  14. 14. <ul><li>constitute 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Land law 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Forestry Law2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Local governance 03/NA 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>ມ 2, 9-12 ownership law1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Decree 88/PM 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative Decree136/PM 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Association Decree115/PM 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction 564/NLMA (adjudication) </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction 012/NLMA (title format) </li></ul><ul><li>PLUP manual 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Land registration by using LandReg (2011) </li></ul><ul><li>Schlager&Ostrom (1992) Property Right Regimes and Natural Resources: A Conceptual Analysis </li></ul>References
  15. 15. state Ownership model ບຸກຄົນ private ??? communal indiv indiv indiv
  16. 16. Communal Ownership <ul><li>Communal rights are mostly blur. It is contrast among private individual and state </li></ul>State right Private right Communal right <ul><li>Blurriness is because of traditional rights are not physically fenced or demarcated. </li></ul><ul><li>To visualize the traditional rights of communal land, we need to find traditional fence and demark by grant a communal title </li></ul>
  17. 17. Principle of communal title <ul><li>To award a communal title, we need to find where is boundary of its traditional fence and what type of fence to be built (type of right to be allowed or/and prohibited). Stakeholders and their traditional rights are necessarily identified . </li></ul>trad.fence boundary Expensive-developed land cheep-undeveloped land CO Curve
  18. 18. Sample right analysis DLMA All villagers member Non-member Withdraw group producers donor clients access X X X X X X X withdraw X X X X X management X X X X X X X exclusion X X X Alienate (transfer, leasing, collateral X - - - - -
  19. 20. Start here? <ul><ul><li>Organize and train the team </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Data collection, CES, actor analysis, regulation formulation, development plan, surveying technique, evaluation </li></ul>Rapid data collection/ consultation/survey/tenure assessment Land use regulation Organize land holders Community Education Service/ negotiation Role of land holder ​ filling form Development plan Database/ Hardcopy &Solf copy Planning, allocation & titling Submit ​ Surveying, adjudication & Titling ​ Development/ Conservation Evaluation Replicate the Project model
  20. 21. <ul><ul><li>Thanks! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your comments are very welcome </li></ul></ul>