… And Into The Zone Of Quasi-Rationality Blaise Cronin Rudy Professor of Information Science, Indiana University Honorary ...
“the assembly hall of a secret police academy”
“ This necessary library science”   Pierce Butler,  1933   <ul><li>•  Scientific knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>•  Sociologic...
From Ideology  to (Pseudo)-Science <ul><li>“ A secular priesthood, administering a sacrament of cultural communion to indi...
Aux Armes Citoyens! <ul><li>•  Direct action </li></ul><ul><li>•  Lobbying </li></ul><ul><li>•  Libraries and  democracy  ...
British Empiricism <ul><li>The scattering of articles on a given subject </li></ul><ul><li>Bradford, S. C.  Documentation ...
Plus ça change… <ul><li>“ Too much…research…is of marginal   interest … an interesting   hobby rather than a rigorous purs...
plus c’est la même chose <ul><li>“ Often poorly funded, poorly conducted, poorly recognised” </li></ul><ul><li>Oppenheim, ...
The Golden Years? <ul><li>OSTI & BLR&DD (~£30M, 1965-1990) </li></ul><ul><li>Aslib  -- London </li></ul><ul><li>CRUS  -- S...
What Ails Thee? <ul><li>•  Theoretical bricolage </li></ul><ul><li>•  Lack of meta-analysis </li></ul><ul><li>•  Weak expe...
False Antinomies? <ul><li>Humanistic   Scientific </li></ul><ul><li>Values-based    Evidential </li></ul><ul><li>Qualita...
“Critical chill”? <ul><li>Latour, Bruno  315  </li></ul><ul><li>Foucault, Michel 322  </li></ul><ul><li>Bourdieu, Pierre 1...
Cookie Cutter Research <ul><li>•  Information Needs of ___ </li></ul><ul><li>•  Authorship Trends in ___ </li></ul><ul><li...
Cogito ergo … Humm <ul><li>“… it is time for the  information behavior  community to question its academic relevance and c...
Critique of “Confessional  Methods” in LIS <ul><li>•   Critical incident  technique </li></ul><ul><li>•  Focus groups </li...
Old Wine, New Bottle? <ul><li>“ Evidence-based librarianship seeks to integrate the ‘science’ back into library science” <...
“Saving the Theory” <ul><li>“… when social scientists are right, they too often confirm the obvious. When they don’t confi...
The Economic Value of Elephants  (Bilgnaut, de Wit & Barnes, 2008) <ul><li>•   Charismatic species </li></ul><ul><li>•   K...
ROI Redux <ul><li>•  The BL generates value 4.4 times the level of its public funding </li></ul><ul><li>•  Don King’s rese...
Contingent Valuation of Libraries <ul><li>•  Valuation of non-market resources </li></ul><ul><li>•  Stated  vs  revealed p...
Déjà Vu All Over Again <ul><li>Martyn, J. & Cronin, B.  (1983).  Assessing the impact and benefits of information and libr...
Who Cites the IS literature? Cronin & Meho (2008)
Citations to the IS Literature  Cronin & Meho (2008)
Main Disciplines Citing  Information Studies, 1956-2008 (Larivière, 2010)
Average No. of Authors per IS Paper,  1966-2008 (Larivière, 2010)
Hyperauthorship: Growth of  Massively Multi-authored Papers  ( ISI)
Epistemic Drift?  Sugimoto (2011)
Tipping Point?   Sugimoto (2011)
i -Schools Project <ul><li>Relationship between information, technology, and people. </li></ul><ul><li>Ontologically-chall...
Connectedness Matters <ul><li>Invisible colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Networks of trusted  </li></ul><ul><li>assessors </li><...
The Zeitgeist <ul><li>•   Social media  </li></ul><ul><li>•  Wisdom of the crowds </li></ul><ul><li>•  Folksonomies </li><...
Many Digital Footprints <ul><li>Usage bibliometrics </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-scientometrics </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-bibliomet...
A Common Pool Resource <ul><li>OpenWetWare </li></ul><ul><li>Share your science   </li></ul><ul><li>the sharing of informa...
From LIRG to LIS 2.0 ? <ul><li>•  Communication </li></ul><ul><li>•  Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>•  Participation </li...
The (Tom) Allen Curve
The Importance of Place (Cronin & Shaw)
Establishing a Stronger Presence Major Player Middling Player Minor Player Scholarly Communication X Digital Curation X IR...
Strategic Investment/Positioning Matrix High Opportunity High Capability    Invest High Opportunity Low Capability ? Deve...
DREaM on!
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LIS DREaM 1 Keynote: “… And into the zone of quasi-rationality”

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Opening keynote presented by Professor Blaise Cronin, Rudy Professor of Information Science, Indiana University.

In his keynote presentation Professor Cronin will provide a brief historical overview of LIS research before critically reviewing competence and practice in the field. He will identify a number of deficiencies, including lack of cumulation, “narcissism of minor differences,” false antinomies, failure to scale, and redundancy. At the same time, he will highlight several trends that may (or may not) be seen as having potentially positive downstream effects: growth in the number of faculty from disciplines other than LIS populating LIS departments, increasing rigour and diversity of LIS research programs, quantifiable growth in the export of ideas from LIS to other disciplines, greater receptivity of LIS research to outsider literature. He will consider social media both as a means of fostering research collaboration and as a subject warranting significant research attention in its own right. He will conclude by considering a few domains in which LIS researchers may be able to establish a stronger presence.

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LIS DREaM 1 Keynote: “… And into the zone of quasi-rationality”

  1. 1. … And Into The Zone Of Quasi-Rationality Blaise Cronin Rudy Professor of Information Science, Indiana University Honorary Visiting Professor, City University London Visiting Professor, Edinburgh Napier University DREaM, British Library, July 2011
  2. 2. “the assembly hall of a secret police academy”
  3. 3. “ This necessary library science” Pierce Butler, 1933 <ul><li>• Scientific knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>• Sociological study </li></ul><ul><li>• Historical consciousness </li></ul>
  4. 4. From Ideology to (Pseudo)-Science <ul><li>“ A secular priesthood, administering a sacrament of cultural communion to individual souls” </li></ul><ul><li>Butler, 1933 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Aux Armes Citoyens! <ul><li>• Direct action </li></ul><ul><li>• Lobbying </li></ul><ul><li>• Libraries and democracy </li></ul>
  6. 6. British Empiricism <ul><li>The scattering of articles on a given subject </li></ul><ul><li>Bradford, S. C. Documentation . 1948. </li></ul><ul><li>First formulation: 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>M. Bates’ Fig. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Plus ça change… <ul><li>“ Too much…research…is of marginal interest … an interesting hobby rather than a rigorous pursuit of new insights.” </li></ul><ul><li>UGC & National Advisory Board on Higher Education, 1986 </li></ul>
  8. 8. plus c’est la même chose <ul><li>“ Often poorly funded, poorly conducted, poorly recognised” </li></ul><ul><li>Oppenheim, 2010 </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Golden Years? <ul><li>OSTI & BLR&DD (~£30M, 1965-1990) </li></ul><ul><li>Aslib -- London </li></ul><ul><li>CRUS -- Sheffield </li></ul><ul><li>LMU -- Loughborough </li></ul><ul><li>PCRC -- Leicester </li></ul><ul><li>CCR -- Bath </li></ul><ul><li>et al. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What Ails Thee? <ul><li>• Theoretical bricolage </li></ul><ul><li>• Lack of meta-analysis </li></ul><ul><li>• Weak experimental design </li></ul><ul><li>• Redundancy & lack of cumulation </li></ul><ul><li>• Culture wars </li></ul>
  11. 11. False Antinomies? <ul><li>Humanistic  Scientific </li></ul><ul><li>Values-based  Evidential </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative  Quantitative </li></ul><ul><li>Relativism  Realism </li></ul><ul><li>Constructivism  Objectivism </li></ul><ul><li>Emic  Etic </li></ul>
  12. 12. “Critical chill”? <ul><li>Latour, Bruno 315 </li></ul><ul><li>Foucault, Michel 322 </li></ul><ul><li>Bourdieu, Pierre 188 </li></ul><ul><li>Barthes, Roland 67 </li></ul><ul><li>Derrida, Jacques 73 </li></ul><ul><li>Lyotard, Jean- Francois 37 </li></ul><ul><li>Levi-Strauss, Claude 34 </li></ul><ul><li>Baudrillard, Jean 29 </li></ul><ul><li>Ricoeur, Paul 44 </li></ul><ul><li>Deleuze, Gilles 35 </li></ul><ul><li>Merleau-Ponty, Maurice 19 </li></ul><ul><li>Guattari, Felix 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Kristeva, Julia 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Althusser, Louis 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Bataille, Georges 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Lacan, Jacques 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Total cites = 1,202 (~1% of articles) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cookie Cutter Research <ul><li>• Information Needs of ___ </li></ul><ul><li>• Authorship Trends in ___ </li></ul><ul><li>• A Citation Profile of ___ </li></ul><ul><li>• __ Library Use Study </li></ul>
  14. 14. Cogito ergo … Humm <ul><li>“… it is time for the information behavior community to question its academic relevance and credibility….” </li></ul><ul><li>Fisher & Julien ARIST , 2009 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Critique of “Confessional Methods” in LIS <ul><li>• Critical incident technique </li></ul><ul><li>• Focus groups </li></ul><ul><li>• Micro-moment time-line interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Davenport (2010) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Old Wine, New Bottle? <ul><li>“ Evidence-based librarianship seeks to integrate the ‘science’ back into library science” </li></ul><ul><li>Eldredge (2000) </li></ul>
  17. 17. “Saving the Theory” <ul><li>“… when social scientists are right, they too often confirm the obvious. When they don’t confirm the obvious, they’re too often wrong.” </li></ul><ul><li>John Lewis Gaddis (2002) </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Economic Value of Elephants (Bilgnaut, de Wit & Barnes, 2008) <ul><li>• Charismatic species </li></ul><ul><li>• Keystone species </li></ul><ul><li>• Economic value generators </li></ul>
  19. 19. ROI Redux <ul><li>• The BL generates value 4.4 times the level of its public funding </li></ul><ul><li>• Don King’s research: 1970s onwards </li></ul><ul><li>• U. of Colorado study 2011 </li></ul>
  20. 20. Contingent Valuation of Libraries <ul><li>• Valuation of non-market resources </li></ul><ul><li>• Stated vs revealed preference model </li></ul><ul><li>• Willingness to pay for non-use </li></ul><ul><li>• Survey-based technique </li></ul>
  21. 21. Déjà Vu All Over Again <ul><li>Martyn, J. & Cronin, B. (1983). Assessing the impact and benefits of information and library research. Journal of Documentation , 39, 171-191. </li></ul><ul><li>Craghill, D. & Wilson, T.D. (1987). The impact of information research . London: British Library. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Who Cites the IS literature? Cronin & Meho (2008)
  23. 23. Citations to the IS Literature Cronin & Meho (2008)
  24. 24. Main Disciplines Citing Information Studies, 1956-2008 (Larivière, 2010)
  25. 25. Average No. of Authors per IS Paper, 1966-2008 (Larivière, 2010)
  26. 26. Hyperauthorship: Growth of Massively Multi-authored Papers ( ISI)
  27. 27. Epistemic Drift? Sugimoto (2011)
  28. 28. Tipping Point? Sugimoto (2011)
  29. 29. i -Schools Project <ul><li>Relationship between information, technology, and people. </li></ul><ul><li>Ontologically-challenged? Scope creep? </li></ul>
  30. 30. Connectedness Matters <ul><li>Invisible colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Networks of trusted </li></ul><ul><li>assessors </li></ul><ul><li>Communities of practice </li></ul><ul><li>In-groups / Gate-keeping elites </li></ul>Gina Czarnecki
  31. 31. The Zeitgeist <ul><li>• Social media </li></ul><ul><li>• Wisdom of the crowds </li></ul><ul><li>• Folksonomies </li></ul><ul><li>• Open access </li></ul><ul><li>• Open peer review </li></ul><ul><li>• Creative Commons </li></ul>
  32. 32. Many Digital Footprints <ul><li>Usage bibliometrics </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-scientometrics </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-bibliometrics </li></ul><ul><li>altmetrics </li></ul><ul><li>http://altmetrics.org/manifesto </li></ul>
  33. 33. A Common Pool Resource <ul><li>OpenWetWare </li></ul><ul><li>Share your science </li></ul><ul><li>the sharing of information, know-how, and wisdom …in biology & biological engineering. </li></ul><ul><li>http://openwetware.org/ </li></ul>
  34. 34. From LIRG to LIS 2.0 ? <ul><li>• Communication </li></ul><ul><li>• Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>• Participation </li></ul><ul><li>• Publication </li></ul>
  35. 35. The (Tom) Allen Curve
  36. 36. The Importance of Place (Cronin & Shaw)
  37. 37. Establishing a Stronger Presence Major Player Middling Player Minor Player Scholarly Communication X Digital Curation X IR / Search X Usage Metrics X HCI / CSCW X Information Architecture X
  38. 38. Strategic Investment/Positioning Matrix High Opportunity High Capability  Invest High Opportunity Low Capability ? Develop Low Opportunity High Capability ? Maintain Low Opportunity Low Capability X Exit
  39. 39. DREaM on!

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