Institut für Informatik undWirtschaftsinformatik (ICB)The Appropriateness of Open Educational ResourcesThomas RichterPicture:Winding-tower, EssenPictures:University of Duisburg Essen
The Appropriateness of Open Educational Resources2Quality and Educational ResourcesQuality (ISO 8402-1986)“the totality of features and characteristics of a product orservice that bears its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs”Freely Transferred to EducationalResourcesAn Educational resource can be considered having quality if itserves it’s purpose within a defined context
The Appropriateness of Open Educational Resources3Quality Standards for Learning Resourcesn IEEE Learning Objects Metadata (2002)o Description of Educational Resources through Metadatan IMS Learning Design (2003)o Focuses on the a Description of Learning Designs (What, Who, forWhom, How,…)n ISO/IEC 10796-1:2005o Provides a holistic Process Model for the Design, Implementation, andUse of Educational Resourcesn Dublin Core (2006)o Description of Educational Resources through Metadatan ISO-IEC 19788-1:2011o Description of Educational Resources through Metadatan Further National & Context Specific Quality Standards …
The Appropriateness of Open Educational Resources4Professionally Produced Educational (Pay-)Contentn usually produced for a very specific target group (e.g., 3rdgrade school education, Lower Saxony - Germany,mathematics)n Definition of quality: Must fit the particular purposen If a resource officially is accredited to be used in uppercontext, it fits the purpose and thus, it must have qualityQuality Standards1. particular purpose and target group can be modelled2. Quality Standards ensure that this particular purpose is metà Quality Standards for Educational Resources generallyare useful!
The Appropriateness of Open Educational Resources5Open Educational Resourcesn also, originally produced for a very specific target group(e.g., 3rd grade school education, Lower Saxony - Germany,mathematics)n BUT: open and available for everyone to use …n different to professional contents: once available for thecommunity, target group is variable à requirements changen good practice: Metadata Standard is followed … future userknows the originally targeted contextBut does this particular information actually help the user todetermine if a resource fits into his scenario?
The Appropriateness of Open Educational Resources6Criteria for Appropriateness (users’ perspective)• RICHTER, T. (2010). Open Educational Resources im kulturellen Kontext von e-Learning. Zeitschrift für E-Learning (ZeL), Freieelektronische Bildungsressourcen, 3/2010, pp. 30-42.CompaniesCultureLernerSatisfaction& DemandsGeograph. &Educational-InfrastructureInternetSecurityReligionTechnichalInfrastructureDemographicDevelopment„MediaRichness“ActorsRules,Standards,AgreementsFinancialAspectsPoliticsHistoryState ofDevelopmentLegalIssuesE-LearningScenarioCountry / RegionCompany/SocietyAuthor/Educator Tutor Learner
The Appropriateness of Open Educational Resources7Appropriateness as Individual Quality Concept… a formerly High Quality Educational Resource loses it’s levelof quality through when not matching Individual CriteriaAppropriatenessAn Open Educational Resource is appropriate for aparticular scenario and purpose, if it meets therequirements of the scenario and supports theindividual purpose …
The Appropriateness of Open Educational Resources8Quality of OER is related to …n the actual content of a learning resourcen the didactical design employedn context-specific examplesn optical and Cognitive designn particular cultural issuesn further context-specific requirementsn ...“I do not expect to find learning resources thatexactly meet my very particular requirements but forme, an educational resource has a certain quality (isvaluable), if I can make it useful.”n (from an interview with school teachers in an ODS Visionary Workshop)
The Appropriateness of Open Educational Resources9ConclusionIf the idea of OERs is making EducationalResources useable for everyone (and not justaccessible) than the most significant qualitycriterion is adaptability!“Adaptability” should become aMandatory Definition Element inMetadata Standards!1.
The Appropriateness of Open Educational Resources10Are there any questions?(Feel free to contact me via e-Mail)contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
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