Linq 2013 Keynote Rory Mc Greal

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Linq 2013 Keynote Rory Mc Greal

  1. 1. EducationalEvolution vs. CreationismRory McGrealLINQ 13RomeCreative CommonsAttribution 3.0 License(some images fair dealing)
  2. 2. AU
  3. 3. The Felt Source
  4. 4. Linaria designs
  5. 5. AcceleratingEvolutionEmilie Ogez
  6. 6. Ancient Learning
  7. 7. Medieval University
  8. 8. From Joi Ito’s Web
  9. 9. What technology hasdone more to destroyhuman communitythan any other?Could it be the portable book?Community or accessibility?
  10. 10. Aldus Manutius15th CenturyPortableBook
  11. 11. Evolution: FREE EducationCOSTS
  12. 12. Evolution: FREE EducationAn asymptotic curveCOSTSZeno’sdichotomyparadox
  13. 13. Evolution: Free EducationGrowth of theWWWhttp://www.anywhere.comReach an infinite audienceTim Berners-Lee
  14. 14. Evolution: Free Education“Death of Distance”• Globaltelecommunications• Satellites• Wireless• InternetAtlas of Cyberspaces
  15. 15. Why OER?• DRM (digital rights management)• Digital licenses
  16. 16. DRM (Digital RightsManagement)You CANNOT• Copy & paste, annotate, highlight• Text to speech• Format change• Move material• Print out• Move geographically• Use after expiry date• Resell
  17. 17. Swiss-copyright.ca
  18. 18. Digital Licenses•Copy & paste, annotate, highlight• Text to speech or hyperlink• Format change• Move material to another computer• Print out• Move geographically• Use after expiry date• Resell• Prohibited to show your content to others• Must accept that you have NO rights• Owners have NO liability even if product doesn’t work• Owners can “invade” your computer without permission• Collect & use personal data• User has a “privilege” to use the product not own it
  19. 19. Open ETextbooks•Copy & paste, annotate, highlight √• Text to speech or hyperlink √• Format change √• Move material to other computer √• Print out √• Move geographically √• No expiry date √• Reuse/Remix/Mash √•Retain privacy and digital rights √√
  20. 20. Access Rights?Vendors can control how,when, where, and with whatspecific brands oftechnological assistanceaudiences are able to accesscontent
  21. 21. ITC 23%Arts 28%
  22. 22. 2007:The Wiley Wikihttp://www.opencontent.org/wiki/index.php?title=Intro_Open_Ed_SyllabusAn Open Coursebased in a wikiParticipants fromaround the worldcontributed to thecreation of the course
  23. 23. 2007: Alec CourosSocial Media and Open EducationOpen online course sessions with guest expertsfrom around the worldhttp://eci831.wikispaces.com/Session+List
  24. 24. 2008: CCK08Stephen Downes, George SiemensThe First Massive Open Online Course (MOOC)http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/wiki/Connectivism_2008
  25. 25. Why is CCK08 the First MOOC?It combines open content (Wiley)and open teaching (Couros)But also…http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/wiki/Connectivism_2008
  26. 26. AI-Class: Redefining MassiveMore than 100,000 people signed up for pre-registrationhttp://www.ai-class.com/
  27. 27. OER Quality:Number of Learners20 or 2 million?
  28. 28. The view from an OERu partnerTraditional modelTraditional model OERu modellearnersThe Anti-MOOCFriesen & Murray
  29. 29. MobiMOOChttp://mobimooc.wikispaces.com/Supporting Mobile Learning TechnologyInge deWaard
  30. 30. Free EducationWireless Access
  31. 31. Mobile learning?+2 billion Internet connexionsWorld population: 7 billion¼ of the world’s populationhttp://www.soil-net.com/album/Places_Objects/slides/Globe%20Planet%20Earth%20NASA.jpg
  32. 32. Global Internet usage010203040506070809010005001.0001.5002.0002.5002001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Per100inhabitantsmillionsIndividuals using the Internet (in millions)Individuals using the Internet per 100 inhabitantsGlobal numbers of individuals using the Internet,total and per 100 inhabitants, 2001-2011International Telegraph Union 2012
  33. 33. Global Mobile phone subscriptions010203040506070809010001000200030004000500060002001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Per100inhabitantsMobile-celullarsubscriptions(millions)Subscriptions (in millions)Per 100 inhabitantsGlobal mobile-cellular subscriptions, total and per 100 inhabitants, 2001-2011Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database
  34. 34. Internet Users2006DevelopedDevelopingDevelopedDeveloping2011DevelopedDevelopingInternational Telecommunications Union 2012
  35. 35. Web usage worldwide3.81%WorldwideChad 29%Nigeria 25%Sudan 22%
  36. 36. Mobile Signal CoveragePercentage of the worlds population covered by a mobile cellular signal,2003 compared to 2010200339% not covered61% coveredSource: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database201010% notcovered90% covered
  37. 37. Mobile Telephony2000Total 719 millionDevelopedDevelopingThe developed/developing country classifications are based on the UNM49, see:http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/definitions/regions/index.htmlSource: ITU World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database2005DevelopingDevelopedTotal 2.2 billion2011Total 6 billionDevelopingDeveloped
  38. 38. Mobile learning4.5 billion mobile subscriptions1.5 billion mobile internetusers1/3 only accessinternet via mobile90% of world population is covered by cellularMore timespent onInternetwithMobilethan withdesktops
  39. 39. The world is going mobile
  40. 40. http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1048/1022720488_0a1b779fc8.jpg
  41. 41. Design for MobileFIRST
  42. 42. 4G Mobile Phones• Computer in your phone• Phone in your computer?Motorola DroidSamsung GalaxyIphone 5
  43. 43. TabletsGoogle AndroidiPad MiniSamsung
  44. 44. TabletsShenzhen Tablet <$75Aakash India <$50Ypy Brazil <$75
  45. 45. Sakshat $20 laptopAffordable ComputingIndia to unveil the £7 laptopGovernment hopes its mini-computer, the worldscheapest, will bridge the digital divide between richand poor
  46. 46. One Tablet per ChildNegroponte et al.
  47. 47. E-Books
  48. 48. Free EducationDigital convergence:TVEmailElectronic bookComputerTelephoneRadioWWWFaxClockCameraHandy 21 Oxygen project MITPDANokia5510Game player
  49. 49. Toys?Sony’s PSP GOMobile phoneCD ShapeGizmondo
  50. 50. • Each team faces a fast-paced, complicated series ofobstacles called quests, and each player, via his onlineavatar, must contribute to resolving them or else lose hisplace on the team• "It takes exactly the same skill set people will needmore of in the future to collaborate on workprojects”» Rob Carter, CEO FedEx
  51. 51. = 2 jiffies or 200 milliseconds
  52. 52. Free EducationGilder’s LawBandwidth grows at least threetimes faster than computer power
  53. 53. Free EducationMoore’s Law:Accelerating reduction in the cost ofcomputer power
  54. 54. 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020ComputersPaperFree Education2030
  55. 55. Digital paper
  56. 56. Rollable displayPhillips
  57. 57. Mobile Learning requires OER
  58. 58. OER•Copy & paste, annotate, highlight √• Text to speech or hyperlink √• Format change √• Move material to other computer √• Print out √• Move geographically √• No expiry date √• Reuse/Remix/Mash √•Retain privacy and digital rights √√
  59. 59. The restriction of thecommons by patents,copyright, and databases[right] is not in the interests ofsociety and unduly hampersscientific endeavour.
  60. 60. “On the part of richcountries there isexcessive zeal forprotecting knowledgethrough an unduly rigidassertion of the right tointellectual property . . .”- Pope Benedict XVI
  61. 61. “On the part of rich countriesthere is excessive zeal forprotecting knowledgethrough an unduly rigidassertion of the right tointellectual property . . .”- Pope BenedictXVI
  62. 62. "Lets put all this hype about change andtransformation in perspective. Its underhyped.""Theres somethingcoming after us, and Iimagine it is somethingwonderful.” "Danny Hillis, WiredChange
  63. 63. General Eric Shinseki, retired Chief of Staff, U. S.Army
  64. 64. So, let’s wake up and smell the coffee
  65. 65. rory@athabascau.ca

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