Linq 2013 Keynote Rory Mc Greal
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Linq 2013 Keynote Rory Mc Greal






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Linq 2013 Keynote Rory Mc Greal Linq 2013 Keynote Rory Mc Greal Presentation Transcript

  • EducationalEvolution vs. CreationismRory McGrealLINQ 13RomeCreative CommonsAttribution 3.0 License(some images fair dealing)
  • AU
  • The Felt Source
  • Linaria designs
  • AcceleratingEvolutionEmilie Ogez
  • Ancient Learning
  • Medieval University
  • From Joi Ito’s Web
  • What technology hasdone more to destroyhuman communitythan any other?Could it be the portable book?Community or accessibility?
  • Aldus Manutius15th CenturyPortableBook
  • Evolution: FREE EducationCOSTS
  • Evolution: FREE EducationAn asymptotic curveCOSTSZeno’sdichotomyparadox
  • Evolution: Free EducationGrowth of theWWWhttp://www.anywhere.comReach an infinite audienceTim Berners-Lee
  • Evolution: Free Education“Death of Distance”• Globaltelecommunications• Satellites• Wireless• InternetAtlas of Cyberspaces
  • Why OER?• DRM (digital rights management)• Digital licenses
  • DRM (Digital RightsManagement)You CANNOT• Copy & paste, annotate, highlight• Text to speech• Format change• Move material• Print out• Move geographically• Use after expiry date• Resell
  • Digital Licenses•Copy & paste, annotate, highlight• Text to speech or hyperlink• Format change• Move material to another computer• Print out• Move geographically• Use after expiry date• Resell• Prohibited to show your content to others• Must accept that you have NO rights• Owners have NO liability even if product doesn’t work• Owners can “invade” your computer without permission• Collect & use personal data• User has a “privilege” to use the product not own it
  • Open ETextbooks•Copy & paste, annotate, highlight √• Text to speech or hyperlink √• Format change √• Move material to other computer √• Print out √• Move geographically √• No expiry date √• Reuse/Remix/Mash √•Retain privacy and digital rights √√
  • Access Rights?Vendors can control how,when, where, and with whatspecific brands oftechnological assistanceaudiences are able to accesscontent
  • ITC 23%Arts 28%
  • 2007:The Wiley Wiki Open Coursebased in a wikiParticipants fromaround the worldcontributed to thecreation of the course
  • 2007: Alec CourosSocial Media and Open EducationOpen online course sessions with guest expertsfrom around the world
  • 2008: CCK08Stephen Downes, George SiemensThe First Massive Open Online Course (MOOC)
  • Why is CCK08 the First MOOC?It combines open content (Wiley)and open teaching (Couros)But also…
  • AI-Class: Redefining MassiveMore than 100,000 people signed up for pre-registration
  • OER Quality:Number of Learners20 or 2 million?
  • The view from an OERu partnerTraditional modelTraditional model OERu modellearnersThe Anti-MOOCFriesen & Murray
  • MobiMOOC Mobile Learning TechnologyInge deWaard
  • Free EducationWireless Access
  • Mobile learning?+2 billion Internet connexionsWorld population: 7 billion¼ of the world’s population
  • Global Internet usage010203040506070809010005001.0001.5002.0002.5002001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Per100inhabitantsmillionsIndividuals using the Internet (in millions)Individuals using the Internet per 100 inhabitantsGlobal numbers of individuals using the Internet,total and per 100 inhabitants, 2001-2011International Telegraph Union 2012
  • Global Mobile phone subscriptions010203040506070809010001000200030004000500060002001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Per100inhabitantsMobile-celullarsubscriptions(millions)Subscriptions (in millions)Per 100 inhabitantsGlobal mobile-cellular subscriptions, total and per 100 inhabitants, 2001-2011Source: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database
  • Internet Users2006DevelopedDevelopingDevelopedDeveloping2011DevelopedDevelopingInternational Telecommunications Union 2012
  • Web usage worldwide3.81%WorldwideChad 29%Nigeria 25%Sudan 22%
  • Mobile Signal CoveragePercentage of the worlds population covered by a mobile cellular signal,2003 compared to 2010200339% not covered61% coveredSource: ITU World Telecommunication /ICT Indicators database201010% notcovered90% covered
  • Mobile Telephony2000Total 719 millionDevelopedDevelopingThe developed/developing country classifications are based on the UNM49, see: ITU World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database2005DevelopingDevelopedTotal 2.2 billion2011Total 6 billionDevelopingDeveloped
  • Mobile learning4.5 billion mobile subscriptions1.5 billion mobile internetusers1/3 only accessinternet via mobile90% of world population is covered by cellularMore timespent onInternetwithMobilethan withdesktops
  • The world is going mobile
  • Design for MobileFIRST
  • 4G Mobile Phones• Computer in your phone• Phone in your computer?Motorola DroidSamsung GalaxyIphone 5
  • TabletsGoogle AndroidiPad MiniSamsung
  • TabletsShenzhen Tablet <$75Aakash India <$50Ypy Brazil <$75
  • Sakshat $20 laptopAffordable ComputingIndia to unveil the £7 laptopGovernment hopes its mini-computer, the worldscheapest, will bridge the digital divide between richand poor
  • One Tablet per ChildNegroponte et al.
  • E-Books
  • Free EducationDigital convergence:TVEmailElectronic bookComputerTelephoneRadioWWWFaxClockCameraHandy 21 Oxygen project MITPDANokia5510Game player
  • Toys?Sony’s PSP GOMobile phoneCD ShapeGizmondo
  • • Each team faces a fast-paced, complicated series ofobstacles called quests, and each player, via his onlineavatar, must contribute to resolving them or else lose hisplace on the team• "It takes exactly the same skill set people will needmore of in the future to collaborate on workprojects”» Rob Carter, CEO FedEx
  • = 2 jiffies or 200 milliseconds
  • Free EducationGilder’s LawBandwidth grows at least threetimes faster than computer power
  • Free EducationMoore’s Law:Accelerating reduction in the cost ofcomputer power
  • 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020ComputersPaperFree Education2030
  • Digital paper
  • Rollable displayPhillips
  • Mobile Learning requires OER
  • OER•Copy & paste, annotate, highlight √• Text to speech or hyperlink √• Format change √• Move material to other computer √• Print out √• Move geographically √• No expiry date √• Reuse/Remix/Mash √•Retain privacy and digital rights √√
  • The restriction of thecommons by patents,copyright, and databases[right] is not in the interests ofsociety and unduly hampersscientific endeavour.
  • “On the part of richcountries there isexcessive zeal forprotecting knowledgethrough an unduly rigidassertion of the right tointellectual property . . .”- Pope Benedict XVI
  • “On the part of rich countriesthere is excessive zeal forprotecting knowledgethrough an unduly rigidassertion of the right tointellectual property . . .”- Pope BenedictXVI
  • "Lets put all this hype about change andtransformation in perspective. Its underhyped.""Theres somethingcoming after us, and Iimagine it is somethingwonderful.” "Danny Hillis, WiredChange
  • General Eric Shinseki, retired Chief of Staff, U. S.Army
  • So, let’s wake up and smell the coffee