Health-Agriculture Inter-Linkages and Institutions: Breaking Down the Silos - Dr Josef Schmidhuber, Food and Agriculture Organization
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Health-Agriculture Inter-Linkages and Institutions: Breaking Down the Silos - Dr Josef Schmidhuber, Food and Agriculture Organization

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Dr Josef Schmidhuber, Food and Agriculture Organization, discussed the connections between health and agriculture at the LCIRAH conference in London, June 2010.

Dr Josef Schmidhuber, Food and Agriculture Organization, discussed the connections between health and agriculture at the LCIRAH conference in London, June 2010.

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  • Agriculture links NCDs and CDs in many ways; I tried to illustrate just a few. On element of institutional reform should therefore entail efforts towards a better understanding of these links. In understand that the creation of the LEVERHULME CENTRE FOR INTEGRATIVE RESEARCH on HEALTH AND AGRIUCLTURE (LCIRAH) is a first step into the right direction. Promote research towards inter-linked, inter-disciplinary analysis. Complex problems can seldom be fixed with simple prescriptions. Awareness building of interlinkages Technical organizations such as FAO, WHO, OIE to work more closely together amongst themselves (as they try to do in the One Health approach) but also with other organizations that are not undertaking technical work. UNICEF, for instance, could help in terms of awareness building and advocacy, UNEP in showing up the agro-ecological problems and linkages of agriculture, wildlife and the environment, the IFIs need to shift away from single, insolated programmes towards integrated, more holistic approaches; we (FAO) have received very clear and positive signs from the World Bank that they are interested in financing eco-regional approaches to OH. (UNSIC), UK/US: policy at the highest possible level of decision making (prime minister, president’s office); as the future of UNSIC appears to be unclear, the need for an effective, executive institutional location for zoonotic problems in general and pandemic threats in particular becomes more acute. In order for the IFIs to be able to move towards integrated health approaches, the technical ground work has to be delivered first. This means inter alia research towards eco-regional disease dynamics, regional (research) capacity building and the creation of innovative eco-regional approach to addressing the disease burden. Then bundle efforts in a global health funds for OH under the supervision of the G8/G20 NGOs are active but there is no international institutional anchor

Transcript

  • 1. Health – agriculture inter-linkages and institutions: Breaking down the silos Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research on Health and Agriculture (LCIRAH) Dr Josef Schmidhuber Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • 2. POP growth GDP growth Globalization of food patterns More demand for food, meat, LS products, offal NCDs Urbanization Reduced calorie expenditure + Fast & convenience food, more fat, salt & sugar Need to produce more food, more meat & LS products More saturated fats, cholesterol, sugar, etc. Geno/pheno predispo. Agriculture and the disease burden of NCDs and CDs: some critical links
  • 3.  
  • 4. POP growth GDP growth Globalization of food patterns More demand for food, meat, LS products, offal NCDs Urbanization Reduced calorie expenditure Fast & convenience food, more fat, salt & sugar CDs Peri-urban LS production Need to produce More food, more meat & LS products High animal stocking densities High “human densities”/urbanization New co-existence of large ‘ pathogen producers’ and small, ‘ pathogen distributors’ LUC, deforestation, encroachment on new land, habitats, species jump Transportation w/i countries Transportation across countries: trade Large scale production with high (prophylactic) medication, MR patho- gens but with imperfect bio-exclusion Infections, inflammations Specialization of production More saturated fats, cholesterol, sugar, etc. Geno/pheno predispo. Agriculture and the disease burden of NCDs and CDs: some critical links
  • 5. Need for institutional reform
    • Need for a more holistic research approach to agriculture and health.
    • Need to promote research that addresses the root causes of disease burdens, both NCDs and CDs.
    • Need to instill a multidisciplinary approach into the work programmes of all key players in the area of agriculture and public health.
    • Need for a improved supra-national disease control and early warning systems, located at the highest level of decision making (office of the Prime Minister)
    • Need to shift financing towards integrated health approaches, both for NCDs and CDs.
    • Need to close institutional gaps, where they still exist. (wildlife ?)
  • 6. Thank you. Questions?