The Millennium Development Goals: a cross-sectoral analysis and principles for goal setting after 2015Conceptualising deve...
Post 2015 options<br />Sumner : <br />Continue with the same MDGs, with or without a timeline. <br />More radical: new tar...
Post 2015: aspirations <br />Build on MDG strengths, address weaknesses<br />Core changes:  <br />reduce gaps & fragmentat...
Post 2015: challenges<br />Trade-offs; comprehensive set of development goals vs comprehensive commitment to those goals? ...
Post 2015: proposal<br />Development: a dynamic process involving sustainable and equitable access to improved well-being<...
Holism: avoid gaps, realize synergies<br />Human <br />development<br />change  in  individual human  conditions  &  resou...
Holism: elements<br />Well-being<br />Human <br />development<br />Elements<br />Health <br />Learning<br />Livelihoods<br...
Equity: equality that is fair<br />Opportunity, Process and Outcome <br />Intergenerational and intra-generational<br />Fo...
Sustainability<br />Capacity to persist, and  resist or recover from shocks or stresses affecting productivity<br />Materi...
Ownership<br />Representation, participation, accountability, transparency<br />Intrinsic and instrumental, ends/ means<br...
Global obligation<br />Normative, institutional and political issues<br />Significant transfers of resources from develope...
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Lancet-LIDC Commission on the Millennium Development Goals: Conceptualising Development Post-2015 - Professor Andrew Dorward, SOAS

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Professor Andrew Dorward conceptualises development post-2015 by drawing on the analysis of The Lancet-LIDC Commission on the Millennium Development Goals.

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Lancet-LIDC Commission on the Millennium Development Goals: Conceptualising Development Post-2015 - Professor Andrew Dorward, SOAS

  1. 1. The Millennium Development Goals: a cross-sectoral analysis and principles for goal setting after 2015Conceptualising development post-2015Andrew DorwardSchool of Oriental and African Studies<br />LSHTM, 13 September 2010<br />
  2. 2. Post 2015 options<br />Sumner : <br />Continue with the same MDGs, with or without a timeline. <br />More radical: new targets, perhaps locally defined, with or without a timeline.<br />Combine the MDGs with something new: ‘inner core’ of the existing MDGs, plus ‘outer core’ of new, locally defined targets<br />Manning: go beyond aid, recognise influence of changing global factors & power structures <br />2008-09 Chronic Poverty Report : new development agenda, universal access to basic social protection & universal access to post-primary education by 2020, elimination of absolute poverty by 2025. <br />
  3. 3. Post 2015: aspirations <br />Build on MDG strengths, address weaknesses<br />Core changes: <br />reduce gaps & fragmentation, enhance integration<br />better targeting & indicators<br />greater equity & ownership<br />beyond minimalist poverty reduction / survival<br />Coherent & shared approach to development <br />processes & outcomes<br />principles guiding action across different sectors<br />recognise multiple perspectives<br />recognise means/ ends<br />commitment / action across all countries. <br />
  4. 4. Post 2015: challenges<br />Trade-offs; comprehensive set of development goals vs comprehensive commitment to those goals? <br /><ul><li>Addressing processes as well as outcomes threatens key elements for international consensus & commitment?</li></ul>New global political economy<br />Differing views / interests on emerging global problems <br />‘Tetralemma’ between equity, growth,<br /> democracy, and sustainability<br />
  5. 5. Post 2015: proposal<br />Development: a dynamic process involving sustainable and equitable access to improved well-being<br />Improved well-being <br />Holistic freedoms & capabilities to make choices<br />Quality, quantity, diversity, equity<br />Satisfaction not maximisation<br />Principles: <br />Holism<br />Equity<br />Sustainability<br />Ownership<br />Global obligation<br />
  6. 6. Holism: avoid gaps, realize synergies<br />Human <br />development<br />change in individual human conditions & resources<br />Well-being<br />Overarching ends<br />Environmental<br />development<br />change in access to & relations with natural & environmental resources<br />Social <br />development<br />Change in social relations and resources<br />Dimensions<br />Underpinning means<br />Physical capital<br />Population stabilisation<br />
  7. 7. Holism: elements<br />Well-being<br />Human <br />development<br />Elements<br />Health <br />Learning<br />Livelihoods<br />Energy <br />Nutrition<br />Housing<br />Governance<br />Human rights<br />Gender relations<br />Communications<br />Climate stabilisation<br />Water<br />Population stabilisation<br />Social <br />development<br />Environmental<br />development<br />
  8. 8. Equity: equality that is fair<br />Opportunity, Process and Outcome <br />Intergenerational and intra-generational<br />Focus on <br />quality & adaptability of provision<br />differences in needs, access & abilities of & costs for different groups<br />access, process and outcome targets & indicators by economic, geographic, ethnic, age, gender factors<br />Links with holism, sustainability, ownership, <br />& obligation<br />
  9. 9. Sustainability<br />Capacity to persist, and resist or recover from shocks or stresses affecting productivity<br />Material viability <br />Social /economic viability & acceptability<br />Adaptability (learning)<br />Differences between global & national sustainability<br /> economic productivity growth with material consumption critical for the poor & for increasing population - not for advanced economies?<br />all stakeholders with control over resources need ability & incentives for system maintenance. <br /> Links with holism, equity, ownership & global obligation<br />
  10. 10. Ownership<br />Representation, participation, accountability, transparency<br />Intrinsic and instrumental, ends/ means<br />Open discussion and public scrutiny <br />International, national & local processes, targets & challenges<br />Subsidiarity?<br />Partnerships?<br />Power, interests?<br />Links with holism, equity, sustainability <br /> & obligation<br />
  11. 11. Global obligation<br />Normative, institutional and political issues<br />Significant transfers of resources from developed to developing economies; <br />commitments to address inequities in structural relations between countries<br />Nature of our obligations to people who are not citizens of our country?<br />Challenge to develop & deepen shared obligations, institutional frames and political processes <br />UN reform?<br />

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