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The Rise Of Christianity
 

The Rise Of Christianity

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This slide show was created by Learner Middle & High School World History teacher Lisa Byard. Learner is an online middle & high school.

This slide show was created by Learner Middle & High School World History teacher Lisa Byard. Learner is an online middle & high school.

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  • Students should be able to write that the destruction of the Wailing Wall signified a turning point in Jewish history. With the temple gone the priests ’ role weakened.
  • The resurrection became the central event of a new religion called Christianity.
  • The trinity is the central belief in Christians. The Father, son and Holy Spirit.

The Rise Of Christianity The Rise Of Christianity Presentation Transcript

  • The rise of Christianity
  • I. The beginning of Christianity
    • To keep peace the Romans allowed the people in the provinces to practice their different religions.
    • As long as the people honored the gods of Rome & the “ divine spirit ” of the emperor.
    Byard
  • A. Jews and the roman empire
    • Jews known as zealots , feared Judaism would be weakened by outside influences & therefore, supported rebellion against Rome to establish their own independent state.
    Byard
  • A. Jews and the Roman Empire
    • Other Jews believed that GOD would soon send a messiah or savior to lead the Jews to freedom.
    • From A.D. 66 to A.D. 70 the Jews revolted against Rome
    Byard
  • A. Jews of the Roman Empire
    • The Romans destroyed all but the western wall of the second temple
    • The western wall is known as the Wailing Wall
    Byard
  • What was the significance of this destruction?
  • A. Jews and the Roman Empire
    • Rabbis -- Jewish scholars who interpreted scripture ( Jewish law) -- began to lead Jewish congregations
    Byard
  • A. Jews and the roman empire
    • Hadrian ended the last Jewish revolt.
    • He banned all Jews from the holy city of Jerusalem
    • So, Jews built communities outside Jerusalem & from here Christianity arose
    Byard
  • B. The teachings of Jesus
    • Jesus began teaching around A.D. 27.
    • He wandered the countryside w/ his followers & disciples.
    • He performed miracles.
    Byard
  • B. The teachings of Jesus
    • His life & teachings are recorded in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke & John.
    • The gospels make up the 1 st 4 books of the new testament.
    Byard
  • B. The teachings of Jesus
    • Jesus ’ teachings were derived from Jewish traditions.
    • He emphasized that:
      • people must love GOD above all else.
      • they should love others as they love themselves
      • there is only ONE true GOD
      • GOD cares for all people; especially those that are suffering
    Byard
  • c. The death of Jesus
    • Romans believed Jesus was an enemy of the state
    • He was arrested & put on trial by Pontius Pilate (the governor).
    • Soon after, Jesus was crucified
    Byard
  • C. The death of Jesus
    • According to the gospels, Jesus arose from the dead.
    • He remained on earth for 40 days before ascending to heaven.
    • His followers believed this is what proved that he was the messiah.
    • They called him Jesus Christ ( christos - the Greek word for messiah)
    Byard
  • C. The death of Jesus
    • Followers believed that through his death all people could be redeemed or saved from GOD ’s final judgment.
    Byard
  • What became the central event of a new religion? What was the religion called?
  • II. The spread of Christianity
    • Jesus disciples believed that GOD ’s final judgment was coming soon.
    • Christianity spread slowly
    • Christianity was appealing because it accepted everyone, poor & rich alike.
    • The Roman government viewed Christianity as a Jewish sect.
    Byard
  • II. The spread of Christianity
    • Many Christians became martyrs ( they were put to death for their belief ) when Rome outlawed Christianity because they viewed it as a threat.
    Byard
  • II. The spread of Christianity
    • After the era of the 5 good emperors violence & unrest shook the empire (200s A.D. )
    • After realizing that they could not punish all Christians, Rome accepted Christianity as a religion
    Byard
  • III. The Romans adopt Christianity
    • The Roman emperor Constantine declared his support for Christianity.
    • He was baptized on his deathbed.
    • Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of the empire
    Byard
  • III. The Romans Adopt Christianity
    • The Christian church became more organized.
    • Priests conducted services & ceremonies
    • Bishops were above priests & headed the church in each city
    Byard
  • III. The Romans adopt Christianity
    • Patriarchs of these cites became pope (latin word meaning “ father ”)
    • Peter, Jesus ’ disciple was considered the first pope.
    Byard
  • What is the central belief for Christians?