Transcript of "Stonehenge: what was its function?"
Stonehenge, ca. 3,100 – 1,600 B.C.E., Salisbury Plain,
• Stonehenge is a group of giant stones
(megaliths) in southern England.
• The name “Stonehenge” comes from henge,
the Anglo-Saxon word for “hanging,”
(referring to the horizontal stones).
• A trilithon (or trilith) is a structure
consisting of two large vertical stones
(posts) supporting a third stone set
horizontally across the top (lintel).
• Stonehenge was built in 3 phases, from
about 3100 -1600 BCE. This was more
than 5,000 years ago—during the
Neolithic Stone Age.
•True or false? Stonehenge is
found in Northern England.
•What does the word ‘henge’
•Stonehenge was built during the
• The monument consists of enormous trilithon
stones, positioned in concentric circles.
• The outer circle is almost 30 metres in
• The vertical stones of the outer circle are
sandstone columns connected by lintels -
about 3 metres long.
• There is an even bigger inner semicircle.
• The largest of these stones weighs as much
as a fully loaded cement truck: 40 tons.
• Today, sandstone similar to the kind at
Stonehenge is found about 19 miles north,
but no closer!
• Within the inner circle of pillars and
lintels are smaller stones, called
•The outer circle of stones is
almost _____ metres in diameter.
•The stones of the outer circle
are sandstone columns connected
by __________about 3 metres
•Within the inner circle of
pillars and lintels are smaller
stones, called ‘___________’.
National Geographic & Mike Parker
Question: can you name
one of the theories
(ideas) about Stonehenge?
Arts integration activity: In
groups, create a series of
movements that describe one of the
theories about Stonehenge’s
A special stone
called the Heel Stone
stands at some
distance from the
THINGS TO THINK ABOUT:
Imagine standing at the
centre of Stonehenge and
looking toward the Heel
Stone. If it were the
morning of the summer or
winter solstice, you
would see the sun rise
directly over the Heel
Sources and extra info:
BBC newsclip on inflatable Stonehenge
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