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LGS 4G LTE Playbook
LGS 4G LTE Playbook
LGS 4G LTE Playbook
LGS 4G LTE Playbook
LGS 4G LTE Playbook
LGS 4G LTE Playbook
LGS 4G LTE Playbook
LGS 4G LTE Playbook
LGS 4G LTE Playbook
LGS 4G LTE Playbook
LGS 4G LTE Playbook
LGS 4G LTE Playbook
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LGS 4G LTE Playbook

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  • 1. 4 G LTE Pl aybook4th Generation Wireless forTHE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LGS 4G Mobile Solutions will enable mobile access to a wide variety of end-user devices and enhance the use of cloud services for the Federal Government. By leveraging LTE commercial wireless infrastructure with carrier grade redundancy, 4G Mobile Solutions will deliver mission-critical services and applications through value-added services management such as Mobile Device Management and Mobile Apps. This white paper addresses how the 4G mobile government worker will benefit from fourth generation wireless technology and focuses on the challenges that the Federal Government faces and the potential benefits realized through LGS 4G Mobile Solutions. S t r at e g i c w h i t e p a p e r 4 G LTE P L AY B O O K
  • 2. 4G for the U.S. GOVERNMENT —Trends & ChallengesMobility is a primary enabler of workforce efficiency. Mobile broadband access reduces the time to perform regular businessfunctions through a more rapid response to situations that require collaboration regardless of team members’ locations. Thisgives transparent access to critical data and applications anywhere, anytime, on any device.Until 2010, most second and third generation cellular networks were based on air interface standards such as Global Systemsfor Mobile (GSM), Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS), and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA).While these standards support both voice and data, none use end-to-end Internet Protocol (IP) that most Federal Governmententerprises utilize on a daily basis. Therefore, federally approved protection systems to secure data in flight and at reston a Federal Government enterprise do not secure the federal data over a commercial cellular network. In 2010, the 3GPP1specified Long Term Evolution (LTE) as the global standard for 4G networks. As a result, commercial service providers areinvesting in LTE networks to handle the rapidly increasing demand for mobile broadband voice, data and video.The mobile government worker needs to use their mobile device across multiple environments with different security levelsfrom the home to a government enterprise to a secure government enclave. Therefore, the Federal Government has driversthat exceed those of commercial mobile subscribers.Table 1–1 | USG Mobile Service Drivers USG Drivers S olu t i o n R e q u i r e m e n t s M ob i l e S e r v i c e s »» Extend Enterprise Unified Communications to mobile devices »» Enhance Situational Awareness through advanced wireless »» Leverage commercial wireless infrastructure, transport & devices Services »» Segregate authenticated USG users’ data from the public network Manag em ent »» Authorize mobile access to apps in a USG private cloud »» Secure centralized management & monitoring of wireless devices D u a l- Hom i n g »» Enforce UGS mobile device restrictions within USG enclave »» Allow USG mobile devices on commercial networks Cov e r a g e »» Scale to smaller base-level enclaves to larger-scale enterprise agenciesB e n e f i t s o f 4 G M ob i l e S olu t i o n s4G mobile services have the potential to dramatically change the way Federal Government accesses and provides unifiedcommunications, resulting in improvements in Network Performance, Cost Savings, and Services Management.Network Performance: 4G LTE technology extends unified communications to the mobile workforce, improves userexperience, and enhances situational awareness for mission-critical services. This technology offers major performance gainsover its predecessor technologies, including delivering broadband to the mobile user at a much lower cost per bit. Gains areattributed to: »» Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) – modulation techniques for increased spectral efficiency. »» Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) – antenna technology for increased link capacity for better user experience. »» Flat IP architecture – end-to-end IP which reduces latency and enables real time interactions.1 The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). http://www.3gpp.org 1 S t r at e g i c w h i t e p a p e r 4 G LTE P L AY B O O K
  • 3. Improvements in 4G over 3G technologies result in a 10-fold increase in throughput, 4-fold increase in spectral efficiency,and a 6-fold gain in reduced latency.Cost Savings: LTE delivers a single global standard, achieving higher economies of scale than 3G technologies. Thecommercial wireless market is experiencing global investment in the LTE technology and user devices. For example, GlobalMobile Suppliers Association (GSA)2 reports that 327 operators in 99 countries have committed to commercial LTE networkdeployments. Even now, it is estimated that there are 347 LTE devices from 63 manufacturers and 72 commercial LTEnetworks in 37 countries. Fueling this dramatic subscriber growth is the explosion of mobile broadband data. It is projectedthat global mobile data traffic is expected to grow at a compound annual rate of 91% over the next five years3. 4G Mobilitysolutions provide the superior quality of service and cost efficiencies required to handle these trends in data growth,subscriber increases, and mobile devices. The U.S. Government’s adoption of LTE should leverage commercial wirelessinfrastructure and user devices, and potentially reduce service costs.Services Management: A significant advantage of migrating to 4G mobile services is the potential to offer a secure end-userexperience. The USG’s adoption of LTE should leverage commercial wireless infrastructure and user devices, and thereforepotentially reduce service costs, increase the diversity of devices, and extend the availability of mobile broadband.Mobile services management can be achieved through an LGS integratedplatform that manages dual-homing user devices across multiple networksfrom the home to the government enterprise to secure enclaves. By providingcentralized control for device management, real-time policy-based identityaccess, and real-time visibility across the network elements and application Same device - multiple networks & security requirementslayers, the Federal Government 4G workers have ubiquitous, secure mobileservices.A significant challenge in realizing the benefits of 4G is to ensure thesecurity and integrity of highly sensitive and/or classified data. Examplesinclude authentication of user and network, centralized identity and device management, policy enforcement, and theprotection of data inside and outside the U.S. Government. Additionally, the Department of Defense (DoD) has uniquechallenges such as the secure access of information at multiple classification levels under multiple authorities (DoD, DHS)and the Certification & Accreditation process.4G Mobile Solutions adhere to inherent, commercial LTE security mechanisms but also incorporate these security criteria: »» Ensure security & privacy »» Data integrity, separation, protection & management »» Policy-based service management »» Real-time traffic and threat analysis.2 “Evolution to LTE,” June 4. 2012 - www.gsacom.com3 “Cisco Visual Networking Index: Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast Update 2010-2015,” February, 2011. 2 S t r at e g i c w h i t e p a p e r 4 G LTE P L AY B O O K
  • 4. S umm a r y4G Mobile Solutions will be a primary enabler to enhance the Federal Government’s workforce efficiency. Transparentand secure access to high speed, broadband information reduces the time required to perform regular business regardlessof team members’ locations - anywhere, at any time, on any device. A key component of the recently announced FederalGovernment’s Digital Strategy is the ability to deliver and receive digital content in any format in a safe and secure manner.LGS 4G Mobility Solutions provide the foundation to transform the Federal Government’s IT infrastructure and achieve theDigital Strategy goals. 3 S t r at e g i c w h i t e p a p e r 4 G LTE P L AY B O O K
  • 5. 4 G LTE Pl aybook4G Mobility Solutions fromLGS Innovations LGS 4G Mobility solutions offer secure mobile access to a wide variety of end-user devices through value-added services, leveraging commercial LTE infrastructure with carrier grade redundancy to deliver mission critical services and applications. By enhancing the government’s ability to securely send and receive high speed, broadband information – anywhere, at any time, on any device – 4G Mobility Solutions will significantly contribute to mission success, from the warrior on the battlefield to protection of the homeland to improved digital services for the citizen. S t r at e g i c w h i t e p a p e r 4 G LTE P L AY B O O K
  • 6. LTE Overview4G Mobility Solutions are built on Long Term Evolution (LTE) wireless broadband technologies, which are designed tosupport high speed applications via mobile devices. With its architecture centered on Internet Protocol (IP), LTE, based on3GPP Standards, has been designed to have excellent support for web browsing, VoIP, and other IP-based services. Throughthe use of IP protocol stacks, LTE provides the first end-to-end mobile network capable of utilizing IP security mechanismsthat are accepted by many federal agencies to secure both data at rest and data in flight of the mobile user.The “all IP” LTE architecture is shown in the figure below. In earlier wireless standards, voice switching and packetswitching were carried out in parallel. The circuit switching for voice communications is done in the Mobile SwitchingCenter (MSC), and data is handled in the Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) or the Packet Data Serving Node (PDSN) forCDMA. 2G/3G N e w , a ll- IP mob i l e c o r e n e t w o r k i n t r odu c e d w i t h LTE »» End-to-end IP, every service delivered over IP »» Clear delineation of control panel and data plane »» Simplified architecture; flat-IP architecture with a single core LTE+EPCThe lower portion of the figure shows the end-to-end LGS LTE architecture. Mobile terminals are served over IP channelsby eNodeB network elements in the Radio Access Network (RAN). The converged Evolved Packet Core (EPC) controls allmultimedia services. The control plane and data (or bearer) planes are separate, which facilitates scaling, data throughput,QoS (Quality of Service) and a number of other advantageous features. LTE network elements integrate an all-IP backhauland transport network, Mobile Evolution Transport Architecture (META), to enable low latency (less than 20 ms end-to-end)and the delivery of high throughput in a cost-effective way. META supports a diverse set of transport alternatives to enablethe evolution to all-IP across any media (copper, fiber, wireless, satellite). This flexibility is important for potential militaryuses, which can be in widely varying environments that often have limited bandwidth in backhaul facilities. An additionalLTE architectural element is the IP Multimedia Subsystems (IMS) Service Delivery Environment (SDE), which efficientlymanages standardized VoIP and Video services and blends telecom with web 2.0, enabling rich multimedia applicationsregardless of access technology. 5 S t r at e g i c w h i t e p a p e r 4 G LTE P L AY B O O K
  • 7. Inherent Network Securit yThe 4G LTE standard builds in security features such as mutual authentication of the user and network, centralized identitymanagement, and policy enforcement.End user authentication, tracking area list management, and idle mode mobile device access are functions managed in theMobility Management Entity (MME) of the EPC. The system-wide user identity is housed in the Home Subscriber Server(HSS) database. The Policy and Charging Resource Function (PCRF) queries the policy database and enforces QoS policy.Data plane traffic is carried over bearers in virtual containers with unique QoS characteristics. The PCRF supports dynamicQoS management and the Packet Data Network Gateway (PDN GW) acts as the Policy & Charging Enforcement Function(PCEF) point to maintain QoS /SLA for each of the service data flows. »» Authentication »» Query policy database »» Tracking area list management »» Enforce QoS policy »» Idle mode UE reachability »» Request specific QoS THE H O M E S U B S CRI B ER S ER V ER ( H S S ) »» Master user database »» Supports the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) network entities »» Supports authentication and authorization of user »» Provides information about the subscriber’s location PCRF — Policy and Charging Resource FunctionE x t e n d i n g t h e R a d i o A c c e ss Foo t p r i n tSmall cells are small form factor base stations that may be deployed in USG campus environments or on military bases toextend commercial wireless service in-building or outdoors. The LGS portfolio of small cell products has various form-factors, commercial RF spectrum options, and output power levels.Alcatel-Lucent’s award-winning1 lightRadio™ is a radically different small cell product family that is first of its kind.The lightRadio™ technology is a single, scalable small cell, the “Cube,” which is multi-technology and multi-band withwideband active antenna arrays, deployable on a pole, in a stadium or on a building façade, putting data capacity where it isneeded and extending RF coverage. Bell Labs’ analysis estimates that lightRadio™ achieves significant operational savingsover legacy RAN systems: 66% site rental, 60% civil works, and 51% power consumption.1 Alcatel-Lucent’s lightRadio™ receives first place award in 2011 CTIA E-Tech Competition honoring emerging mobile technologies 6 S t r at e g i c w h i t e p a p e r 4 G LTE P L AY B O O K
  • 8. The lightRadio™ incorporates Bell Labs innovations in RF, isan end-to-end IP design with a software defined, ultra-compactbaseband System-on-a-Chip (SoC).The lightRadio has integrated with Wi-Fi access. This innovative,3GPP standards-based approach provides a ubiquitous andeconomical alternative that may extend the U.S. Government’swireless on-campus footprint with trusted Wi-Fi and LTE in thesame cube-based cell. Furthermore, this solution offers seamlessand secure roaming between the 4G commercial and Wi-Finetworks using the same mobile device.S umm a r yThe LGS 4G Mobility Solutions, based on LTE wireless technologies and value added services such as Mobile DeviceManagement and Mobile Apps can deliver secure high speed, broadband data - anywhere, anytime, to any device - and willenhance overall mission effectiveness. A key component of the recently-announced Federal Government’s Digital Strategyis the ability to deliver and receive digital content in any format in a safe and secure manner. 4G Mobility Solutions providethe foundation to transform the Federal Government’s IT infrastructure and achieve the Digital Strategy goals. 7 S t r at e g i c w h i t e p a p e r 4 G LTE P L AY B O O K
  • 9. 4 G LTE Pl aybookWireless Services Managementfor THE U.S. GOVERNMENT A significant advantage of 4G mobile services is the potential for advanced end-user experiences with voice, data, and video communications. LGS 4G solutions offer the U.S. Government value- added services which secure wireless access, while leveraging commercial infrastructure and components with carrier grade redundancy to deliver mission critical services and mobile access to agile, cloud-based applications. The U.S. Government has mobility requirements beyond those of commercial mobile subscribers. For example, the government should control “who” has access to the network, “what” devices access the network and “how” government data is handled by the network. LGS value-added solutions incorporate an integrated approach to mobile services management, which addresses these needs. S t r at e g i c w h i t e p a p e r 4 G LTE P L AY B O O K
  • 10. 4G Service ManagementSolutionsMobile service management can be achieved through an integrated LGS services offer that supports dual-homing userdevices across multiple networks, from the home to the government enterprise to secure enclaves. By providing centralizedcontrol for device management, real-time policy-based identity access, and real-time visibility across the network elementsand application layers, the U.S. Government fourth generation mobile worker can achieve ubiquitous, secure mobileservices.Services that Secure the NetworkLGS provides end-to-end managed services that secure the 4G network to the user devices. USG Service Console Device Capabilities Device Content Subscripton SERVICE MANAGEMENT PLATFORM Access Management KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT Network Security MDM Identity Signaling & IP Traffic Data Source Integration & Visibility Service Orchestration Devices Wireless Networks Mobile IP Network IP Network, B/OSSEnd-to-End Services ManagementLGS services management offers value-added services that: »» Centralize device configuration and management with policy-based rules »» Authorize access to public and private cloud-based applications »» Authenticate dual-homed devices that operate securely within a government enclave & roam to the commercial network »» Provide end-to-end, real-time visibility of government application and network traffic. 9 S t r at e g i c w h i t e p a p e r 4 G LTE P L AY B O O K
  • 11. Mobile Devices & Services ManagementLGS leverages Alcatel-Lucent Customer Experience Solutions (CXS) to secure “What” is on the network. CXS performsstandards-based Mobile Device Management (MDM) that simplifies key user device touch points for activation, support, andmaintenance. It handles device operations and help desk capabilities to support and maintain a wide range of 2G, 3G, and4G mobile devices: »» Android, iPhone, Blackberry Support »» Automatic Device Detection »» Configuration management »» Lock & Wipe, passwords, remote control, problem remediation »» Applications installation »» Multi-device-capable: handset, USB modems & CPEs.CX Analytics (CXA) Services extend traditional MDM functions with end-to-end visibility and control of mobile broadbandservices across the entire service delivery chain. These capabilities pinpoint and resolve customer issues by gathering andanalyzing critical QoE information from devices, back office, and network management systems.Mobile Services OptimizationAlcatel-Lucent CX Optimization (CXO) Services help manage “How” a complex wireless user and network environmentoperates through a powerful tool to optimize decision making and implement corrective actions. The ALU WirelessNetwork Guardian (WNG) capability provides mechanisms to the U.S. Government to analyze and manage their data anduser traffic on the network.Often wireless service providers stitch together separate performance and analysis tools to manage their networks, namelyRF analysis tools (cell performance without linkage to users, apps, devices, or Quality of Experience (QoE)), IP managementtools (aggregate IP apps, traffic, trends without connection to RAN/RF load, and performance or QoE), and customer caretools (profile, trouble tickets, service plans, billing history without connection to QoE, usage, performance).The Alcatel-Lucent CXO Wireless Network Guardian (WNG) overcomes these shortcomings. It automates and correlatesdata and performs analysis from the user device through the network elements, thereby giving end-to-end visibility toapplication, traffic performance, and anomalies. Several typical use case scenarios include: »» Alarms on heavy users and congested cells in real time; congestion-based policy management »» Understanding the relationship between network settings/policies and device/application behavior »» Identifying the impact of permitted/prohibited device features on network load and performance »» Identifying popular new “over-the-top” applications and their impact. 10 S t r at e g i c w h i t e p a p e r 4 G LTE P L AY B O O K
  • 12. » Cellular asset surveillance Managed Security Center » Notification of issues » Forensic analysis interface » Load threat updates to system Notification and Analysis Remote Access » Integration with agency-unified threat management center Anomaly notification 9900 Wireless Government threat and use profiles 5780 Dynamic Network Guardian Services Controller Extract government user flow and provide custom analysis Process and trigger Monitor and analyze Backhaul Packet core Radio access network Customized Control of Government Cellular Network ResourcesIdentity Access AssuranceSecuring “Who” has access to the network is done through a partnership with Daon’s IdentityXTM Identity Managementplatform. Daon uses a smartphone’s ability to securely establish one’s identity through a combination of encryption, PINentry, location-based technology, and biometrics such as voice, face, and palm image matching. This allows the U.S.Government to set the level of security for each type of transaction, such as financial, database, electronic health records, orsecure call conferencing.The IdentityXTM Identify Management platform operates transparently and securely across a commercial wireless network.When the customer initiates a transaction in the cloud (e.g., accessing an on-line health record), a request is made for accessassurance. Depending on the type or level of transaction and the configured verification methods associated with thattransaction level, the application prompts the customer to enter verification data on their phone through some combinationof biometrics and/or passwords. This may be used in conjunction with PKI-verified possession of the device itself and eventhe user’s GPS location.S umm a r yLGS offers managed services that incorporate device management, identity management, and network forensics to assist theU.S. Government to better provision, control, and monitor their wireless traffic and device usage within the government’senclave, within the enterprise, and across the commercial networks. Our value-added 4G services management solutionaddresses how to manage a complex wireless network through mechanisms that provide visibility to the cloud-basedapplications and network traffic in an end-to-end manner. 11 © 2 0 1 2 – L G S I n n ov at i o n s L L C - All R i g h t s R e s e r v e d L G S , L G S I n n ov at i o n s , a n d t h e L G S I n n ov at i o n s lo g o a r e t r a d e m a r ks o f L G S I n n ov at i o n s L L C .

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