9. Space Nutrition And Tomatosphere Robert Morrow


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9. Space Nutrition And Tomatosphere Robert Morrow

  1. 1. Canadian Symposium X Saskatoon, March 2009
  2. 5. Houston…we have water!
  3. 8. <ul><li>Curriculum-based … and CANADIAN </li></ul><ul><li>Grades 2 to 10 - an integral part of curriculum, not an “add-on” </li></ul><ul><li>blind study </li></ul><ul><li>Entirely web-based </li></ul><ul><li>FREE … thanks to our sponsors </li></ul><ul><li>additional units on nutrition for 2009 - 10 </li></ul>
  4. 9. <ul><li>Nutritious + lycopene </li></ul><ul><li>Good exchanger - O 2 for CO 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Hardy seeds, short germination period, low light compensation point, rapid growth, easily pollinated, high yield of food energy </li></ul>
  5. 12. <ul><li>Heinz 9471 F1; </li></ul><ul><li>no genetic modification; </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers get 30 of each type for each class registered; </li></ul><ul><li>control group + second set which has undergone treatment as indicated </li></ul><ul><li>March or within 7 working days </li></ul>
  6. 13. <ul><li>HOW TO FEED A MARTIAN (3/4) </li></ul><ul><li>Surviving on the Red Planet (6+) </li></ul><ul><li>The Martian Environment (weather station on Mars (7+) </li></ul><ul><li>THE ENERGY TO SURVIVE – NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TRIP TO MARS (9/10) </li></ul>
  7. 14. <ul><li>Two age groups 9 – 12 and 13 – 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Propose menus for Dr. Bob Thirsk, (CSA Astronaut, in space – May – November, 2009) – tasty, satisfy nutritional requirements for a weightless environment </li></ul><ul><li>Provide rationale for foods proposed and how they satisfy various requirements. </li></ul>
  8. 15. <ul><li>Pedagogical/background information on CSA website </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluated by jury of nutritional experts </li></ul><ul><li>Deadline for submissions - May 15, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Individual or team submissions (team of 4 maximum) </li></ul><ul><li>One top prize in each age group + prizes for each of #2 - #5 in each age group + participation prizes for top 100. </li></ul>ASTROMENU
  9. 17. <ul><li>Evolution from the 1960’s </li></ul><ul><li>started with bite-sized cubes and pastes, squeezed from a tube </li></ul><ul><li>now, MUCH improved – sheathed in plastic or aluminum … not visually appealing, but healthy, vital, tasty and nutritious </li></ul>
  10. 19. <ul><li>Astronauts challenged by: </li></ul><ul><li>weightlessness radiation </li></ul><ul><li>deficiency of UV lack of fresh edibles </li></ul><ul><li>Must have macronutrients – carbs, proteins, fats … and micronutrients – vitamins and minerals </li></ul><ul><li>Exit, spacewalks, exercise programs and re-entry pose problems in terms of energy requirements. </li></ul>
  11. 20. <ul><li>Proteins – must be regulated … </li></ul><ul><li>too high  kidney stones/renal problems </li></ul><ul><li>too low  loss of bone and muscle density </li></ul><ul><li>lack of sun … Vitamin D </li></ul><ul><li>calcium and sodium … must be moderated </li></ul><ul><li>radiation exposure – change in DNA which can lead to higher risk of cancer </li></ul><ul><li>anti-oxidants are very important </li></ul>
  12. 21. <ul><li>Rehydrated - water removed; aluminum or plastic; velcro or cords; secured to trays or walls </li></ul><ul><li>Thermostabilization – heat added to kill microorganisms and enzymes; aluminum cans or retort packages; food maintains original consistency; retains texture/flavour </li></ul><ul><li>Irradiation – warmed in an oven (as are the thermostabilized foods) </li></ul>
  13. 22. <ul><li>No food that is flaky, crumbly, powdery </li></ul><ul><li>but…still can have cornflakes – with dry milk (rehydratable) </li></ul><ul><li>3 meals/day + snacks </li></ul><ul><li>16-day rotating menu at ISS </li></ul><ul><li>shuttles are different – individualized </li></ul><ul><li>typical dinner?? Teriyaki chicken, rice pilaf, Italian vegetables, tortillas, brownies. </li></ul>