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9. Space Nutrition And Tomatosphere  Robert Morrow
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9. Space Nutrition And Tomatosphere Robert Morrow

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  • 1. Canadian Symposium X Saskatoon, March 2009
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5. Houston…we have water!
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.
    • Curriculum-based … and CANADIAN
    • Grades 2 to 10 - an integral part of curriculum, not an “add-on”
    • blind study
    • Entirely web-based
    • FREE … thanks to our sponsors
    • additional units on nutrition for 2009 - 10
  • 9.
    • Nutritious + lycopene
    • Good exchanger - O 2 for CO 2
    • Hardy seeds, short germination period, low light compensation point, rapid growth, easily pollinated, high yield of food energy
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.
    • Heinz 9471 F1;
    • no genetic modification;
    • Teachers get 30 of each type for each class registered;
    • control group + second set which has undergone treatment as indicated
    • March or within 7 working days
  • 13.
    • HOW TO FEED A MARTIAN (3/4)
    • Surviving on the Red Planet (6+)
    • The Martian Environment (weather station on Mars (7+)
    • THE ENERGY TO SURVIVE – NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TRIP TO MARS (9/10)
  • 14.
    • Two age groups 9 – 12 and 13 – 16
    • Propose menus for Dr. Bob Thirsk, (CSA Astronaut, in space – May – November, 2009) – tasty, satisfy nutritional requirements for a weightless environment
    • Provide rationale for foods proposed and how they satisfy various requirements.
  • 15.
    • Pedagogical/background information on CSA website
    • Evaluated by jury of nutritional experts
    • Deadline for submissions - May 15, 2009
    • Individual or team submissions (team of 4 maximum)
    • One top prize in each age group + prizes for each of #2 - #5 in each age group + participation prizes for top 100.
    ASTROMENU
  • 16.  
  • 17.
    • Evolution from the 1960’s
    • started with bite-sized cubes and pastes, squeezed from a tube
    • now, MUCH improved – sheathed in plastic or aluminum … not visually appealing, but healthy, vital, tasty and nutritious
  • 18.  
  • 19.
    • Astronauts challenged by:
    • weightlessness radiation
    • deficiency of UV lack of fresh edibles
    • Must have macronutrients – carbs, proteins, fats … and micronutrients – vitamins and minerals
    • Exit, spacewalks, exercise programs and re-entry pose problems in terms of energy requirements.
  • 20.
    • Proteins – must be regulated …
    • too high  kidney stones/renal problems
    • too low  loss of bone and muscle density
    • lack of sun … Vitamin D
    • calcium and sodium … must be moderated
    • radiation exposure – change in DNA which can lead to higher risk of cancer
    • anti-oxidants are very important
  • 21.
    • Rehydrated - water removed; aluminum or plastic; velcro or cords; secured to trays or walls
    • Thermostabilization – heat added to kill microorganisms and enzymes; aluminum cans or retort packages; food maintains original consistency; retains texture/flavour
    • Irradiation – warmed in an oven (as are the thermostabilized foods)
  • 22.
    • No food that is flaky, crumbly, powdery
    • but…still can have cornflakes – with dry milk (rehydratable)
    • 3 meals/day + snacks
    • 16-day rotating menu at ISS
    • shuttles are different – individualized
    • typical dinner?? Teriyaki chicken, rice pilaf, Italian vegetables, tortillas, brownies.
  • 23.