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Topic Maps In The eHumanities
 

Topic Maps In The eHumanities

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Topic Maps is a semantic technology for the integration of heterogeneous data and the convenient deployment of domain specific and semantically enriched web portals. Topic Maps is already widely in ...

Topic Maps is a semantic technology for the integration of heterogeneous data and the convenient deployment of domain specific and semantically enriched web portals. Topic Maps is already widely in productive usage in industry and administration. We demonstrate with six projects the current usage and the opportunities of Topic Maps in the eHumanities. The projects are CeDECA from University of Pavia, RAMLine from the London Royal Academy of Music, Pansori Retrieval System from the Sungkyunkwan University Seoul, Musica migrans from the University of Leipzig, Collection of the Finnish National Gallery, and Text and Semantic from Signum in Pisa.

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    Topic Maps In The eHumanities Topic Maps In The eHumanities Presentation Transcript

    • eScience Conference 2009, Oxford Topic Maps in the eHumanities Dr. Lutz Maicher1 (presenter) Co-Authors of the paper are: Khalil Ahmed2, Alida Isolani3, Aki Kivelä4, Sam Oh5, Antony Pitts6, Salvatore Vassallo7 1Topic Maps Lab, University of Leipzig, Germany 2networked planet, Mill Street, Oxford, UK 3Signum - Scuola Normale Superiore, Via della Faggiola n. 19, 56126 Pisa, Italy 4Grip Studios Interactive Oy, Kristianinkatu 15, 00170 Helsinki, Finland 5Sungkyunkwan University LIS, Faculty Hall 40314, Seoul, Korea 6musicDNA & Royal Academy of Music, London, UK 7University of Pavia, P.za del Lino 2, Pavia, Italy topicmapslab.de
    • Einführung in Topic Maps What is Topic Maps? Subject-centric models! topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 2
    • Einführung in Topic Maps The real world topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 3
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Subject-centric models of the real world topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 4
    • Einführung in Topic Maps What can Topic Maps be used for? topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 5
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Topic Maps is an integration technology topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 6
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Topic Maps is a portal technology topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 7
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Topic Maps makes information subject-centric usable topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 8
    • Einführung in Topic Maps The building blocks of Topic Maps topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 9
    • Einführung in Topic Maps The data model of Topic Maps (topics) Nikolaikirche variant shortname St. Nikolai type English name St. Nicholas Church scope foundation occurrence 1165 type website occurrence www.nikolaikirche -leipzig.de/ type topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 10
    • Einführung in Topic Maps The data model of Topic Maps (associations) container-containee containee container St. Nikolai role type Leipzig role player ass. role association topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 11
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Integration model of Topic Maps The identity of a topic is defined by a set of Subject Identifiers … St. Nikolai http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leipziger_Nikolaikirche http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Nicholas%27_Church%2C_Leipzig http://www.nikolaikirche-leipzig.de/ topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 12
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Integration model of Topic Maps … whenever two topics in one topic map use the same subject identifier, they will be merged. St. Nikolai http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leipziger_Nikolaikirche http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Nicholas%27_Church%2C_Leipzig http://www.nikolaikirche-leipzig.de/ Saint-Nicolas http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Nicholas%27_Church%2C_Leipzig topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 13
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Integration model of Topic Maps • Merging of Topics: a new topic replaces the old ones and provides all information of them as unified access hub • all subject identifiers • all names • all occurrences • all association roles, the topic is playing in http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leipziger_Nikolaikirche St. Nikolai http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Nicholas%27_Church%2C_Leipzig http://www.nikolaikirche-leipzig.de/ Saint-Nicolas and all Occurrences and Roles Played from both Topics … topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 14
    • Einführung in Topic Maps What are Topic Maps (ISO 13250)? • Topic Maps are highly-networked data sources • one topic for each subject • relationships of subjects are associations between topics • subject-centric modelling paradigm • Topic Maps have a human-centric data model • vocabulary for documenting information fits human cognition • network resembles human cognition • Topic Maps have an integration model • whenever two topics represent the same subject, they have to be merged • always one information access hub for each subject • Topic Maps is an international industry standard (ISO 13250) topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 15
    • Einführung in Topic Maps How Topic Maps drive Semantic Portals Case: Musica migrans topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 16
    • Einführung in Topic Maps The domain of Musica migrans (Lutz Maicher, Leipzig) has names birthplace of a person with a lot of different spellings Person Place place of death of a person has educational development place of educational phase has professional development place of a job has concerts place of a concert primary nationality of a person birthday of a person Nationality Date a person day of death of secondary nationality of a person start and end of educational phase goal of educational phase start and end of a job main profession of a person date of a concert archive Profession secondary profession of a person encyclopaedia confessions of a person profession in a job Reference Confession further literature topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 17
    • Einführung in Topic Maps http://www.musicamigrans.de topicmapslab.de List page for personsMaicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) - Oxford - in Musica migrans Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference Dr. Lutz 18
    • Einführung in Topic Maps topicmapslab.de Individual page (general) Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) - Oxford - for person in Musica migrans Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference Dr. 19
    • Einführung in Topic Maps topicmapslab.de Individual page (professional carreer)the(maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) migrans Topic Maps in for person in 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher eHumanities - eScience Musica 20
    • Einführung in Topic Maps topicmapslab.de Individual page (working places) for(maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de)migrans- Topic Maps in the eHumanities -in Musica Dr. Lutz Maicher places eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford 21
    • Einführung in Topic Maps topicmapslab.de Individual page for profession(maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) - Oxford - in Musica migrans Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference Dr. Lutz Maicher 22
    • Einführung in Topic Maps topicmapslab.de Professional carreer as mapLutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) - Oxford - Topic Mapsa the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference Dr. for in person in Musica migrans 23
    • Einführung in Topic Maps topicmapslab.de Individual page (as pdf dossier)Maicher person -in Musica migrans - for (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) Topic Maps in the eHumanities eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford Dr. Lutz 24
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Further Topic Maps projects in the eHumanities topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 25
    • Einführung in Topic Maps http://www.cedeca.it topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 26
    • Einführung in Topic Maps CeDECA (Salvatore Vassallo, Pavia) • Topic Maps portal for census of cultural patrinomy in the province of Pavia, Italy – Books, Articles, pictures, music, persons, architectural heritage, archives, immaterial heritage, etc. – Organised as virtual museum with rooms of places, museum, folklore, history, memories and books – Additional two transversal rooms: agents and multimedia items – Current volume: 1.600 Topics and 4.000 associations • Main Challenge: – Impossibility to define a priori the data model (fluid ontology) – Various Names of individuals topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 27
    • Einführung in Topic Maps RAMline (Anthony Pitts, London; Khalil Ahmed, Oxford) topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 28
    • Einführung in Topic Maps RAMline (Anthony Pitts, London; Khalil Ahmed, Oxford) • Part of long time project at Royal Academy of Music – Goal: provdie a model for connection between people, places and musical work – Provide pupil a tool to chart own musicial development and link it to a wider context of pathways and influences • RAMLine is a Topic Maps application built on top of Microsoft Sharepoint • RAMLine launched first spinn-off – musicGPS is an iPhone application topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 29
    • Einführung in Topic Maps RAMline (Antony Pitts, London; Khalil Ahmed, Oxford) creating capturing connecting communicating topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 30
    • Einführung in Topic Maps topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 31
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Pansori Retrieval System (Sam Oh, Seoul) • Topic Maps based knoweldge base about the Korean folk music Pansori – People and Pansori are first class objetcs • User study has been shown – users locate information with fewer browsing in less time – provides conceptual understanding of a domain – users performed well in complex tasks topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 32
    • Einführung in Topic Maps http://www.signum.sns.it topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 33
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Text and Semantic (Alida Isolani, Pisa) • System for support of semantic research by providing aids for reading and interpretation of philosophical texts – Use Case example: Giordano Bruno‘s „De gli eroici furori“ – Users can navigate seperately the work and it‘s various interpretations topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 34
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Collection of Finnish National Gallery (Aki Kivelä, Helsinki) topicmapslab.de http://collection.fng.fi/ 35
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Collection of Finnish National Gallery (Aki Kivelä, Helsinki) • Virtual Museum (as Topic Maps portal) which presents all artworks from the Finnish National Gallery – Volume: 33.000 artworks from 3.600 artists (which is 100.000 topics and 500.000 associations) • Based on three data packages (provided as Topic Maps) – FNG‘s information system Muusa provides the most artwork information, including artist related – Iconclass vocabulary used to annotate artwork from the Museum for Contemporary Art Kiasma • And other ad hoc vocabularies from FNG museums – Curated texts from exhibitions – (GUI) texts topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 36
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Summary topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 37
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Topic Maps in the eHumanities topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 38
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Identity and Identification - our main challenge • In nearly all applications in the humanities we store networked information about – Persons – (historical ) Places – Events – Cultural Objects • To unleash the power of global interconnection of data we need: – Normalized Identification of Individuals – Standardized Ontologies for the eHumanitites domains topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 39
    • Einführung in Topic Maps Imprint This talk was provided by the Topic Maps Lab … it‘s a research group dedicated to Topic Maps technologies. • Located at the University of Leipzig, Germany – Chair of the Topic Maps Labs: Dr. Lutz Maicher Contact: maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de 0049 / 341 / 97 32303 • Funded by the BMBF (German Federal Ministry for Research and Education) • Portal: http://www.topicmapslab.de topicmapslab.de Topic Maps in the eHumanities - eScience 2009 Conference - Oxford - Dr. Lutz Maicher (maicher@informatik.uni-leipzig.de) 40