Introto greektheatre


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Introto greektheatre

  1. 1. Wes tern C ivilization Greek TheaTer
  2. 2. The Greek Theater 5th Century B. C.Golden Age of Greek DramaDramatic festivals were popularPeople witnessed tragic andcomic playsAthens is named for the Greekgoddess, Athena
  3. 3. The land Overview of Greek Theatre The mythsThe stage
  4. 4. The LandGreece has thousands of inhabited islands anddramatic mountain rangesGreece has a rich culture and historyBirthplace of Democracy and CommerceLiterature and Architecture founded inGreecePatriarchal (male dominated) societyPhilosophy, as a practice, began in Greece(Socrates, Plato, Aristotle)
  5. 5. The LandLocated in Europe in the Aegean Sea
  6. 6. The Land
  7. 7. Overview of Greek TheatreThe land The myths The stage
  8. 8. The StageAncient Greeks invented the art of Drama, beginning in Athens
  9. 9. Three MainPortions of Greek The StageTheatre:Skene – Portion ofstage where actorsperformed(included 1-3 doorsin and out)Orchestra –“Dancing Place”where chorus sangto the audienceTheatron – Seatingfor audience
  10. 10. The Stage
  11. 11. The StageGreek plays were performed during religiousceremonies held in honor of Dionysus, theGreek god of wine and revelry (altars generallyon stage)Banks would shut down for days, people wouldtravel from all around to see the dramacompetitions—even prisoners were temporarilyreleased to see the playsTragedy means “goat song” (relates toDionysian rituals)
  12. 12. The Stage
  13. 13. Where and how were the dramas performed? …In an amphitheatre …With a chorus who described most of the action. …With masks …With all the fighting and movement going on off stage. ….With tragedy first, then comedy later.
  14. 14. Masks of Greek TheaTer
  15. 15. The masks were worn for manyreason including: 1. Visibility 2. Acoustic Assistance 3. Few Actors, Many Roles 4. Characterization
  16. 16. Some general categories of masks1. OLD MENSmooth-Faced, White, Grizzled, Black-Haired, Flaxen andMore Flaxen2. YOUNG MENCommon, Curled, More Curled, Graceful, Horrid, Paleand Less Pale3. SLAVESLeathern, Peaked-Beard, Flat Nose4. WOMENFreed Old Woman, Old Domestic, Middle Aged, Leathern,Pale-Disheveled, Pale Middle Aged, Whorish-Disheveled,Virgin, Girl5. SPECIALIST MASKSSome made for specific characters, others for: Mourning,Blindness, Deceit, Drunkenness...etc. (The comic masks,those especially of old comedy, were as like as possible totrue persons they represented, or made to appear moreridiculous)
  17. 17. Masks of Greek
  18. 18. Masks of GreekTheaTe r
  19. 19. Modern-day replicasHero-King Comedy (Servant or Herald ) Tragedy (Weeping Chorus)
  20. 20. TheaTer aT epidaurus
  21. 21. TheaTer aT epidaurus
  22. 22. Major Greek DramatistsAeschylus 524 B.C. Seven Against ThebesSophocles 496 B.C. Antigone OedipusEuripides 480 B.C. MedeaDramatist Born Wrote
  23. 23. Sophocles’ AntigoneSet in Thebes (a city in ancient Greece)Antigone is the daughter of Oedipus andJocastaAntigone’s brothers, Eteokles andPolyneces, took opposite sides in a warEteokles and Polyneces killed each otherin battleAntigone’s uncle, Kreon, became king ofThebes
  24. 24. sophocles
  25. 25. Greek coMedy and
  26. 26. Euripides’ MedeaMedea is a princess from ColchisMedea marries Jason, who is in Colchison a quest for the Golden FleeceMedea betrays her father and murdersher brother for her love of JasonMedea has magical powersJason takes Medea back to his homeland,Corinth, where they have childrenJason takes another wife, the king ofCorinth’s daughter
  27. 27. Jason’s Voyage on the Argo Jason and Medea meet Corinth: Where Jason and Medea settle down
  28. 28. Overview of Greek TheatreThe land The mythsThe stage
  29. 29. Myths played a key role in Greek drama
  30. 30. The Myths – Why they were written1. Explained the unexplainable2. Justified religious practices3. Gave credibility to leaders4. Gave hope5. Polytheistic (more than one god)6. Centered around the twelve Olympians (primary Greek gods)
  31. 31. Explained the UnexplainableWhen Echo tried to getNarcissus to love her, she wasdenied.Saddened, she shriveled tonothing, her existence meltinginto a rock.Only her voice remained.Hence, the echo!
  32. 32. To justify religious practices Drama and plays were founded to worship Dionysus, god of grapes, vegetation, and wine at his festival.
  33. 33. rooTs in Worship of dionysusGod of Wine and revelry
  34. 34. Theater of DionysusDionysia was an annual festivalin honor of the god DionysusTheater of Dionysus was anopen-air Theater with roomfor fifteen thousand spectators
  35. 35. Theater of Dionysuscarved out of a stone hillside looked like a semicircle withsteeply rising tiers of seats
  36. 36. Theater of Dionysus
  37. 37. Theater of DionysusAt the bottom was therounded orchestra orperformance area wherethe chorus sang and danced
  38. 38. dionysus TheaTer in aThens
  39. 39. Theater of DionysusBehind the orchestra was anopen, almost bare, stagewhere actors spoke theirlines from behind hugemasks
  40. 40. dionysus TheaTer in aThens
  41. 41. dionysus TheaTer in aThens
  42. 42. Theater of DionysusMale actors performed all therolesActors switched masks to play anumber of roles – both femaleand male
  43. 43. dionysus and
  44. 44. To give credibility to leaders Used myths to create family trees for their leaders, enforcing the made-up idea that the emperors were related to the gods and were, then, demigods.
  45. 45. To give hopeThe ancient citizens ofGreece would sacrifice andpray to an ORACLE.An oracle was a priest orpriestess who would send amessage to the gods frommortals who brought their Where DID hope come from?requests. After unleashing suffering, famine, disease, and many other evils, the last thing Pandora let out was HOPE.
  46. 46. oracle of
  47. 47. oracle of delphi
  48. 48. delphi
  49. 49. delphi
  50. 50. Mount Olympus… …Where the Olympians lived. Who are the Olympians?
  51. 51. TheOlympiansAre the 12Main Gods
  52. 52. The Olympians
  53. 53. ZeusKing of godsHeavenStormsThunderlightning
  54. 54. Poseidon Zeus’s brother King of the sea Earthquakes Horses
  55. 55. HadesBrother to Zeus andPoseidonKing of the Underworld(Tartarus)Husband of Persphone
  56. 56. Ares God of war
  57. 57. HephaestusGod of fireCraftspeopleMetalworkersArtisans
  58. 58. ApolloGod of the sunMusicPoetryFine artsMedicine
  59. 59. HermesMessenger to the godsTradeCommerceTravelersThieves & scoundrels
  60. 60. Dionysus God of Wine Partying (Revelry)
  61. 61. HeraQueen of godsWomenMarriageChildbirth
  62. 62. Demeter Goddess of Harvest Agriculture Fertility Fruitfulness Mom to Persephone
  63. 63. HestiaGoddess of HearthHomeCommunity
  64. 64. Athena Goddess of wisdom Practical arts War
  65. 65. AphroditeGoddess of love and beauty
  66. 66. Artemis Goddess of hunting and the moon.
  67. 67. TheStoryline
  68. 68. cenTralcharacTer is of The eliTe class
  69. 69. cenTralcharacTer suffers adoWnfall
  70. 70. cenTralcharacTeris neiTher WhollyGood nor Wholly evil
  71. 71. doWnfall is The resulT of a faTal flaW
  72. 72. MisforTune s involvecharacTers Who arerelaTed or Who are friends
  73. 73. TraGic acTionsTake place offsTaGe
  74. 74. cenTralcharacTer has aMoMenT ofrecoGniTio n
  75. 75. audienceexperiences piTy and fear
  76. 76. piTy andfear leads To acaTharsis
  77. 77. The End