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Diffusion and Integration of Educational Technology Project

Diffusion and Integration of Educational Technology Project

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  • A wiki is a collaborative online resource that can be used socially, personally, and organizationally. A wiki functions as a tool for collaboration, networking, knowledge management, and information collection.
  • Why was the wiki invented? What was gave the lead thinker of this innovation the inspiration to create such a tool?
  • The first wiki was launched by Ward Cunningham in order to make the exchange of ideas easier between programmers at the Portland Pattern Repository. The wiki software served as a forum where people could share new ideas.
  • There are potential problems that may be encountered when using wikis. For the novice user, authentication of user input may be an issue when using content found on wikis, in addition to spam. Another problem is the perceived difficulty of navigation of a wiki site. These problems may be circumvented by using other sources to authenticate information in order to discern fact from opinion. Also, using the many security options to increase privacy in communities could potentially deter vandalism of wiki sites. As for the difficulty in navigation, many wikis offer online tutorials to assist new users. The original wiki was design only for the use of PPR computer programmers, so for the average individual, the specialized programming content make the wiki’s content relatively unintelligible to people outside of the programming field. Many of these problems were not foreseen until the development of sister-sites.
  • Editors, visitors, and readers of the WikiWikiWeb began creating pages that were user-modifiable and created new wiki engines. The versatility of the wiki and their ability to be utilized in multiple applications, and in a variety of content areas, made them popular within the internet community.
  • In the innovation-decision process, the knowledge stage exposes the existence of an innovation to a social network. The wiki was debuted to a subset of the employees of the Portland Pattern Repository by Walt Cunningham. Its initial audience was geared towards a select few within the organization.
  • The next stage of the innovation-decision process is the persuasion stage, where there is a creation of a favorable attitude towards the innovation. As reported by Shaw Ryan, there was a show of consensus with PPR programmers.
  • Many who would be willing to use such technologies may need to see how the application can be used effectively. Many may need brief professional development with how to navigate the technology. Strategies that could be implemented to persuade individuals to use the technology are technology development sessions, assigned mentors, or demonstrations of practical use.
  • www.Safeinyourspace.org
  • In conclusion, the main goal of education is to give students the tools that they will need to succeed as a contributing and positive adult into today’s society. The use of wikis is a tool that can assist educators in accomplishing this goal. It can foster a needed sense of community among students, link the teacher as a facilitator of learning rather than the giver of knowledge. Wikis can be an inexpensive and less time consuming way of collaborating with other educators and providing professional developments. Wikis are the new glue that could link all aspects of education together.

Presentation bradleyl Presentation bradleyl Presentation Transcript

  • Wiki
    The Power of the Community-Based Web
  • What is a wiki?
  • Why Wiki? The Need
    http://firstpeopleslibraries.wikispaces.com
  • Ward Cunningham
    Research
    • Solutions
    • Lead Thinkers
    1999:
    Steven Black – FoxPro Wiki
    World66 – Richard and Dowe Osinga
    Swiki – Mark Guzdial & Jochen Rick
    2001
    Wikipedia – Jimmy Wales
    • Problems in the development
    • Intended Audience
    =
    Development
    Of Wikis
    Gipson, S. (2006) Veni, vedi, wiki. eWeek. v23(45). p.22-28.
  • Commercialization of the Wiki
  • Innovation-Decision Process
    Knowledge, Persuasion, Decision, Implementation, Confirmation
  • Knowledge
    • A database of pages that users can edit.
    • The building blocks of a successful wiki are the user comments.
    The Building Blocks of a Wiki
  • Persuasion
    What can wiki do for me?
  • Decision
    Keys to PPR Adoption of Wikis
    • Creation of Social Norms
    • Use of real names
    • Proper style of commenting
    • Conventions regarding deletion and editing of content
    Yea or Nay?
  • Implementation
    May 1995 Portland Pattern Repository began use of the WikiWikiWeb created by Walt Cunningham.
    It Works!!
  • confirmation
    Still here!
    http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?WelcomeVisitors
  • S-Curve Adoption of the Wiki
    Maximum innovation
    2010 - Wikis are being used in a variety of sectors: business, education.
    1999: Sister wiki sites begin to appear - Fox Pro Wiki, Swiki
    1995 - WaltCunninham introduces WikiWikiWeb to Portland Pattern Repository.
  • Perceived attributes of the wiki in education: Who are the adopters?
    Teachers who are new graduates with experience with Wikis.
    Administrators
    Technology Specialists
    (or background)
    Curriculum Specialists
    Teachers with less experience with technology
    More tenured educators
    Student with minimal computer experience
    Educators resistant to change
    Innovators? Early Adopters?
    Laggards?
  • Strategies for Adoption of wikis in education
    • Mentor teachers
    • Professional Development
    • Integration of the innovation into the curriculum
    • Trial period of use
    • Demonstration of practice application
  • Decentralized Diffusion System
    • Individuals share the power of diffusing the innovation within the social system
    • Peer diffusion through horizontal networks
    • Innovations come from users
    • Technology created from perceived needs and problems.
    • High degree of local adaptation as innovation diffuses
  • Attributes for reaching critical mass
    Show users the advantage of using the technology
    How easy or hard is the technology to use
    Are potential users able to preview the technology
  • Why use Wikis in education?
  • Conclusion
    Wikis