Lizann baker presentation 2

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Presentation 2 - The Kidney

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Lizann baker presentation 2

  1. 1. Presentation 2 By Lizann Baker
  2. 2. The Kidneys
  3. 3. Function of KidneysRemoves wastes from bloodRegulates bodys level of sodium, phosphorus, andpotassiumKeeps blood clean and chemically balancedRegulates water fluid levels
  4. 4. Nephr/oNephrology = study of the kidneysNephrologist = physician who specializes in thekidneysNephritis = inflammation of kidney(s)Nephrectomy = removal of a kidneyNephralgia = pain in the kidneyNephromalacia = softening of the kidney
  5. 5. 2 Types of Renal FailureAcute kidney injuryChronic kidney disease
  6. 6. Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)Abrupt loss of kidney function resulting in the un-balance of electrolytes and the retention of nitroge-nous waste products.Symptoms include: Decreased urine output Fatigue Fluid retention Nausea
  7. 7. Treatment for AKIDiuretics – to help balance the amount of fluids in the bodyKayexalate – to control the potassium in the bloodMedications to restore blood calcium levelsDialysis to remove toxins from the blood
  8. 8. Chronic Kidney DiseaseProgressive loss of renal function over a period of months or years.Symptoms include: Increased blood pressure Lethargy Fluid retention
  9. 9. Treatment for Chronic Kidney DiseaseBlood pressure medicationsHealthy diet/excerciseIron replacement therapy for anemiaDiuretics to control fluid retention
  10. 10. Prevention of Kidney DiseaseControl blood pressureWatch for symptoms of anemia (fatigue)Be aware of any changes in urineDrink lots of waterRegular excercise
  11. 11. ReferencesWww.mayoclinic.comWww.nationalkidneycenter.orgWww.webmd.com

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