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Presentation 2 - The Kidney

Presentation 2 - The Kidney

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  • 1. Presentation 2 By Lizann Baker
  • 2. The Kidneys
  • 3. Function of KidneysRemoves wastes from bloodRegulates bodys level of sodium, phosphorus, andpotassiumKeeps blood clean and chemically balancedRegulates water fluid levels
  • 4. Nephr/oNephrology = study of the kidneysNephrologist = physician who specializes in thekidneysNephritis = inflammation of kidney(s)Nephrectomy = removal of a kidneyNephralgia = pain in the kidneyNephromalacia = softening of the kidney
  • 5. 2 Types of Renal FailureAcute kidney injuryChronic kidney disease
  • 6. Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)Abrupt loss of kidney function resulting in the un-balance of electrolytes and the retention of nitroge-nous waste products.Symptoms include: Decreased urine output Fatigue Fluid retention Nausea
  • 7. Treatment for AKIDiuretics – to help balance the amount of fluids in the bodyKayexalate – to control the potassium in the bloodMedications to restore blood calcium levelsDialysis to remove toxins from the blood
  • 8. Chronic Kidney DiseaseProgressive loss of renal function over a period of months or years.Symptoms include: Increased blood pressure Lethargy Fluid retention
  • 9. Treatment for Chronic Kidney DiseaseBlood pressure medicationsHealthy diet/excerciseIron replacement therapy for anemiaDiuretics to control fluid retention
  • 10. Prevention of Kidney DiseaseControl blood pressureWatch for symptoms of anemia (fatigue)Be aware of any changes in urineDrink lots of waterRegular excercise
  • 11. ReferencesWww.mayoclinic.comWww.nationalkidneycenter.orgWww.webmd.com