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Musical Form The organization of musical elements in time
Musical Form <ul><li>The techniques that create musical form are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition-  hearing the same them...
Repetition <ul><li>This type of composition appeals to us because we can recognize and remember parts of music we hear ove...
Contrast <ul><li>Forward motion, conflict and change of mood all come from contrast  </li></ul><ul><li>Opposition of loud ...
Variation <ul><li>In the variation of a musical idea, some of its features will be retained while others are changed  </li...
Musical Form <ul><li>When referring to musical phrases the smaller case letters (a, b) refer to short sections of songs or...
Musical Form <ul><li>Three part form is called  ternary </li></ul><ul><li>This form can be represented as statement -( A )...
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) <ul><li>Dance of the Reed Pipes  from Nutcracker Suite (1892) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I...
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) <ul><li>Dance of the Reed Pipes  from Nutcracker Suite (1892) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I...
Johann Sebastian Bach (1717-1723 ) <ul><li>Forlane  from Suite No. 1 in C Major for Orchestra </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is in ...
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08 form

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This lecture covers 08 Form from the Elements of Music.

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Transcript of "08 form"

  1. 1. Musical Form The organization of musical elements in time
  2. 2. Musical Form <ul><li>The techniques that create musical form are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition- hearing the same theme over and over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast- loud to soft, fast to slow, many to few </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variation- changing the melody to a higher pitch or varying the accompanying rhythm </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Repetition <ul><li>This type of composition appeals to us because we can recognize and remember parts of music we hear over and over </li></ul><ul><li>Through repetition, melody is engraved in the memory </li></ul>
  4. 4. Contrast <ul><li>Forward motion, conflict and change of mood all come from contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Opposition of loud and soft, strings and brass, fast and slow, major and minor- helps the composer develop musical ideas (and the listener from falling asleep) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Variation <ul><li>In the variation of a musical idea, some of its features will be retained while others are changed </li></ul><ul><li>The melody might be restated with a different accompaniment, or the rhythms might be changed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Musical Form <ul><li>When referring to musical phrases the smaller case letters (a, b) refer to short sections of songs or phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Capital letters refer to large sections of the piece (A, B) </li></ul><ul><li>A` or a` refers to a section that is very similar to the previous section </li></ul>
  7. 7. Musical Form <ul><li>Three part form is called ternary </li></ul><ul><li>This form can be represented as statement -( A ), contrast or departure- ( B ), and return ( A ) </li></ul><ul><li>If the return of ( A ) is varied, it is outlined as A B A´ </li></ul>
  8. 8. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) <ul><li>Dance of the Reed Pipes from Nutcracker Suite (1892) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a clear example of ABA´ form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Section A features three flutes playing a staccato melody which feels light and airy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Section B contrasts in tone color, melody, and key </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The concluding A´section is a shortened version of the opening A section </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) <ul><li>Dance of the Reed Pipes from Nutcracker Suite (1892) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a clear example of ABA´ form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Section A features three flutes playing a staccato melody which feels light and airy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Section B contrasts in tone color, melody, and key </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The concluding A´section is a shortened version of the opening A section </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Johann Sebastian Bach (1717-1723 ) <ul><li>Forlane from Suite No. 1 in C Major for Orchestra </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is in two part, binary form (AABB) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part A is a lilting phrase with varied repetition of this phrase (a a´) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part B is twice as long as A </li></ul></ul>
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