07 texture

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This lecture covers chapter 7 of the Elements.

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07 texture

  1. 1. Musical Texture Refers to how many different layers of sound are heard at once, what kind of layers they are (melody or harmony), and and how they are related to each other
  2. 2. Musical Texture <ul><li>Monophonic Texture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A single line of melody without accompaniment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Singing or playing the same melodic line by more that one person (unison) adds texture to the monophonic melody </li></ul><ul><li>Polyphonic Texture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simultaneous performance of two or more melodic lines of equal value </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polyphonic means having many sounds </li></ul>
  3. 3. Musical Texture <ul><li>The technique of combining different melodies together at one time is called counterpoint </li></ul><ul><li>Often when counterpoint is used, the same melodies are used by are started at different times ( i.e. Row, Row, Row your Boat ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This technique is called imitation </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Polyphonic Texture <ul><li>In polyphony , several melodic lines compete for our attention </li></ul><ul><li>Polyphony adds dimension that is comparable to perspective in painting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each line enhances and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>heightens the expression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of the others </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Counterpoint <ul><li>If many people talk at the same time it is confusing, but when many melodies are played or sung together, the sounds can be highly expressive </li></ul><ul><li>Counterpoint is the technique of combining several melodic lines into a whole </li></ul>
  6. 6. Polyphonic Texture <ul><li>When music is polyphonic (more than one melody) it often contains imitation </li></ul><ul><li>The composer takes one melodic line and then repeats it in several different ways to achieve his result </li></ul><ul><li>The song “Row, row, row your boat” is an example of strict imitation </li></ul>
  7. 7. Musical Texture <ul><li>When we hear a single melody accompanied by chords, the texture is called homophonic </li></ul><ul><li>A composer can create variety and contrast in his/her music by changing textures </li></ul>
  8. 8. Georges Bizet (1838-1875) <ul><li>Farandole from L`Arlesienne Suite No. 2 (1879) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two contrasting themes are heard in this piece </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many changes of texture contribute to the exciting mood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This piece contains two kinds of homophonic texture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In one the accompaniment and melody have the same rhythm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the other the the rhythm of the accompaniment is different </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This piece also has two kinds of polyphony : with and without imitation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The march theme is presented by the violins and then imitated by the violas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the end of the piece, polyphony results when the march and dance themes are now presented simultaneously </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finally, monophonic texture is heard when the march them is played by the strings in unison </li></ul>

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