05 melody


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This lecture covers the Elements of music chapter 5.

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05 melody

  1. 1. Melody It is a series of tones that add up to a recognizable whole.
  2. 2. Melody <ul><li>It moves by small intervals called steps </li></ul><ul><li>It also can move by large intervals called leaps. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Melody <ul><li>A step is the interval between two adjacent tones in the do-re-mi scale. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do to re, re to mi, mi to fa are all steps. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Any interval larger than a step is a leap . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do to mi, re to fa are all leaps. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Melody can also simply repeat notes. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Melody <ul><li>A melody’s range is the distance between it’s lowest and highest notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Range may be wide or narrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Melodies for instruments tend to have a wider range than those for voices. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Melody <ul><li>How the specific tones of the melody are performed can vary it’s effect. </li></ul><ul><li>If they are sung in a smooth manner they are legato. </li></ul><ul><li>If the notes are sung in a short, detached manner they are staccato. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Melody <ul><li>Many melodies are made up of short parts called phrases. </li></ul><ul><li>Phrases usually come in balanced pairs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first part usually ends in rising pitches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Followed by the second which is similar, but ends with falling pitches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This conclusive ending or resting place is called a cadence . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Melody <ul><li>Sing Row, Row, Row your boat… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first phrase ends as if it has posed a question. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is called an incomplete cadence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Now sing the rest of the song…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The second phrase ends decisively, answering the question. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is called a complete cadence. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Melody <ul><li>Each phrase of the song is the same length, a formula for many melodies called tunes. </li></ul><ul><li>The highest note of the melody is called the climax. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Melody <ul><li>When discussing musical form it is helpful to give a letter name to each phrase. </li></ul><ul><li>Row, Row, Row your Boat is in a, b form. </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Had A Little Lamb is in a, a´ form. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Melody <ul><li>Repetition of a melodic pattern on a higher or lower pitch is called sequence . </li></ul><ul><li>If a melody serves as a starting point for a more extended piece of music that stretches out and goes through a lot of changes, it is called a theme. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Harold Arlen (1905-1986) <ul><li>Over the Rainbow (1938) </li></ul><ul><li>This song has a main melody (A) </li></ul><ul><li>And a contrasting one (B) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be outlined as AABA followed by a closing part </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Harold Arlen (1905-1986) <ul><li>Over the Rainbow (1938) </li></ul><ul><li>This song has a main melody (A) </li></ul><ul><li>And a contrasting one (B) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be outlined as AABA followed by a closing part </li></ul></ul>