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04 notation

04 notation



This lecture covers the Elements of music chapter 4.

This lecture covers the Elements of music chapter 4.



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    04 notation 04 notation Presentation Transcript

    • Music Notation Notation is a system of writing music so that specific pitches and rhythms can be communicated.
    • Notating Pitch
      • With music notation, we can indicate exact pitches by the upward or downward placement of symbols called notes on a staff .
    • Notation
      • A note is an oval.
      • It’s duration is indicated by whether it is black, white, or has a stem and flags.
      W ht Q EyX
    • Notation
      • A Staff is a set of 5 horizontal lines. Notes are positioned either on the lines or in the spaces.
      • The higher a note is placed on the staff, the higher the pitches.
      w w w w w w w w w
    • Note Naming
      • Seven of the 12 pitches that fill the octave in western music are named after the first 7 letters of the alphabet.
        • A,B,C,D,E,F,G
      • This sequence is repeated over and over to represent the same tones in higher and lower octaves.
      • This sequence represents the white keys on the piano.
    • Note Naming
      • The other five tones of the octave correspond to the black keys of the piano and are indicated by one of the seven letters plus a sharp ( # ) or flat ( b ) sign .
      • The note between C and D may be called C # or D b.
      • A natural sign ( n ) cancels a flat or a sharp.
    • Clef Signs
      • A clef sign is place at the beginning of the staff to show the pitch of each line and space.
      • The two most common clefs are:
        • Treble clef , used for high ranges
        • Bass clef, used for low ranges.
    • The Grand Staff Keyboard music calls for a wide range of pitches to be played by both hands; for this music, the grand staff , a combination of treble and bass staves is used. Note that the C nearest to the middle of the keyboard is called middle C .
    • Notating Rhythm
      • Music notation indicates how long a note lasts in relation to the others in the piece.
      • A single note lasts longer or shorter depending on how it looks.
    • Lengthening Notes
      • Notes can be lengthened by adding a dot after the note.
        • Adding a dot to a note increases it’s value by half.
      • A tie is another way to increase a note’s value.
        • A tie is like a musical plus sign.
              • H + H =4 h h = 4
    • Adding Variety to Notes
      • We can also add rhythmic variety by shortening the duration of a note.
      • One method is the triplet.
        • Three notes of equal value notated as a group
      qqq 3 or qqq 3
    • Notating Silence The length of silence in music is notated by using a symbol called a rest . Rests are periods of silence. Their duration correspond to those of notes.
    • Notating Meter
      • A time signature (meter signature) shows the meter of the piece.
        • It appears at the beginning of the piece and also whenever there is a meter change
      • It consists of 2 numbers, one on top of the other.
        • The top number tells how many beats in a measure.
        • The bottom number tells which note will receive one beat.
    • The Score
      • A score shows the music for each instrument or vocal category in a performing group
      • A conductor uses the score to guide in the performance of the piece.