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The relationship between ethnic and religious groups in Indonesia is vulnerable to conflict and has often lead to violence. The intensity of conflicts that has lead violence in the past few years is alarming. Take, for example, the
brutal attacks on Ahmadiyah followers in Cikeusik, Banten province, in early 2011; persistent assaults against the HKBP Filadelfia church in Bekasi, West Java, this year; and also this year, aggressive harassment of Shi’ite followers in Madura, East Java. These are but a few cases of conflicts involving violence between groups in Indonesia. The question remains, however, were these violent conflicts caused or perhaps triggered because of the different group
identities involved? In other words, such question assumes that that the violence is driven by ethnic or religious identity.
Indonesia has been attempting to address drug issues in many ways, which apparently and regrettably, has been more of a failure rather than a success. The government seems to be somewhat confused as to how it should tackle this problem. The number of drug dependents has not decreased despite the punitive approaches and extensive campaigns that demonize people who use drugs.
The third article seeks to provide an overview of how Indonesian drug policies have failed to respect human rights of drug users. However, a detailed analysis of the problems is beyond the scope of this article. It will, therefore, only seek to evaluate fundamental issues of the policies. At the end of this article, it will offer some key recommendations to address the problems that emerged.