LAngsith Presented on New Lao Government and NSED plan 2011-2015 @ Seoul, Korea 2011
Sa Bai Dee Lao P.D.R (Hi Laos) The First GMPA Workshop “Economic and Social Development in Korea and Developing Countries” GSPA – SNU - Seoul @ SK Hall on the 4th November 2011 LAngsith THANASOUKTechnical Officer, Department of Public Administration Development (Ministry of Home Affairs = MoHA)
Lao PDR 3Laos share borderswith 5 countries:① China to North 416 Km2② Myanmar to Northwest 236 Km2③ Vietnam to the East 1. 957 Km2④ Cambodia to the South 492 Km2⑤ Thailand to the West 1. 835Km2
4Laos has been known since ancient times as Lan Xang,or Land of the Million Elephants (Lan Xang Kingdom)which established in the 14th Century (A.D. 1353)by King Fa NGum Maharaj.After centuries of gradual decline, Laos came under the domination of Siam(Thailand) from the late 18th century until the late 19th century when it becamepart of French Indochina. The Franco-Siamese Treaty of 1907 defined thecurrent Lao border with Thailand. Then Japanese occupied French Indochina inWorld War II, French and U.S army.In December 02, 1975 Laos had liberty from the United Statesprotectorate and built new regime lead by the President SomdejSouphanouvong and the Prime Minister Mr. Kaysone PHOMVIHANE.A gradual return to private enterprise and the liberalization offoreign investment laws began in 1986 and open the country tointernational relations. Then, Laos became a member of ASEAN onJuly 23, 1997 and other parties’ member of the world up to now.
5Total area: 236. 800 km2 Land: 230. 800 km2 water: 6. 000 km2About 70 % of geography is mountainous,the highest mountain is PhuBia, height 2,820meters in Xieng Khouang Province.Capital city: VientianeCurrency: KipPopulation: GDP: Growth rate 7.9 % (est.) Total: 6.4 million (est.) Growth rate 2.2% (est.) GDP: US $ 5.600 million (est.) Density: 23 people/ km2 GDP per capita: US$ 1.000 (est.) The population consists of 49 ethnic Natural resources: timber, hydro groups, in 4 main linguistic. electric power, gypsum, tine, gold,Language: (official) Lao. Other languages gemstones.used are French, English, Chinese, Thai,Vietnamese and other ethnic languages. Main Exports: miming, electricity,Religion: 67 % Buddhist, 1.5 % Christian and wood and wood products, garmentsothers 31.5 % and agriculture.
6GDP: Growth rate 7.9 % (est.)GDP: US $ 5.600 million (est.)GDP per capita: US$ 1.000 (est.)Natural resources: timber, hydropower,gypsum, tine, gold, gemstones.Main Exports: miming, electricity, woodand wood products, garments, agriculture etc.Capital city: VientianeCurrency: KipLanguage: (official) Lao. Other languages used are French,English, Chinese, Thai, Vietnamese and other ethniclanguages.Religion: 67 % Buddhist, 1.5 % Christian and others 31.5 %
7 The Prime Minister is the head of government; Cabinets: Prime Minister, Deputy PMs and Ministers were approved by the NA; Governmental Organizations consists: There are 18 Ministries and 3 Orgs. equivalent.1. Government Office;2. Ministry of Defense;3. Ministry of Public Security;4. Ministry of Foreign Affairs;5. Ministry of Finance;6. Ministry of Justice;7. Ministry of Planning and Investments;8. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry; New Ministries and upgrade level (June. 15, 2011)9. Ministry of Industry and Commerce; 17. Ministry of Home Affairs;10. Ministry of Energy and Mines; 18. Ministry of Natural Resources and11. Ministry of Public Works and Transport; Environment;12. Ministry of Health;13. Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare; 19. Ministry of Science and Technology;14. Ministry of Education and Sports; 20. Ministry of Post, Telecommunication and15. Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism; Communication;16. Bank of the Lao P.D.R. 21. Government Inspection Authority.
9Since the creation of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic in 1975, governance hasplayed an important role in the country’s goals to consolidate the nation-state, createnational unity and establish the basis for sustainable and equitable development.The Lao P.D.R has been moving steadily from a command economy to a marketeconomy, attempting to incorporate even the remotest rural areas in a process toensure sustainable growth, increased food security and greater opportunities forpeople’s participation started from 1986 (New Economic Policy).
10• Ensure continuation of national economic growth with security, peace and stability, and ensure GDP growth rate: at least 8% annually – Agriculture and forestry : 3.5% (share: 23.0% of GDP) – Industry : 15% (share: 39.0% of GDP) – Service : 6.5% (share: 38.0% of GDP)• Achieve the MDGs by 2015 and adopt appropriate technology and skills, and create favorable conditions for graduating the country from LDC by 2020• GDP per capita: U.S. $ 1,700 by 2014-2015• Poverty to reduce below 19% and household poverty ratio 11 %• Net enrolment rate at Primary school at 98 %
11Millennium Development Goal① Eradicate Poverty & Hunger② Achieve Universal Primary Education③ Promote Gender Equality④ Reduce Child Mortality⑤ Improve Maternal Health⑥ Combat HIV AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases⑦ Ensure Environmental Sustainability⑧ Develop a Global Partnership for Development⑨ Reduce the Impact of UXO
122009 the Investment Promotion Law was amended.