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Lung Cancer 101

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This slide presentation is about Lung Cancer. It covers symptoms, standard AMA treatment and what Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine can to to assist in integrative and palliative care. You get the best …

This slide presentation is about Lung Cancer. It covers symptoms, standard AMA treatment and what Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine can to to assist in integrative and palliative care. You get the best care and treatment when you combine the benefits of an integrative team of physicians and caregivers.
I made this 15 minute presentation in the 4th year of my Masters program at Emperors College in Santa Monica, California.
Feel free to contact me about the presentation or for care at (866)629-8089 x101 or email me at amyers@lamobileacu.com. Thanks and enjoy!


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  • 1. Lung Cancer 101 Presented by Alma Myers for Western Clinical 1 with Anna Brantman
  • 2. What is Lung Cancer?
  • 3. • Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs. These abnormal cells do not carry out the functions of normal cells and do not develop into healthy lung tissue. As they grow, the abnormal cells can form tumors and impede the function of the lung, which is to provide oxygen to the body via the blood.• There are different types of lung cancer and each type is treated differently.
  • 4. How does it happen?
  • 5. • All cells in the body contain the genetic material called deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Every time a mature cell divides into two daughter cells, it replicates its DNA exactly. The daughter cells are clones of the original cell, identical in every way. It is in this way that our bodies continually replenish themselves. Old cells die off and the next generation takes their place.
  • 6. • A cancer begins with an error, or mutation, in a cells DNA. DNA mutations can be caused by the normal aging process or through environmental factors, such as cigarette smoke or breathing in asbestos.
  • 7. • Researchers have found that it takes a series of genetic changes to create a lung cancer cell. Before becoming fully cancerous, cells can be precancerous, which means they have some irregularities (mutations) but still function as lung cells. However, precancerous changes may signify progression toward cancer. When a cell with a genetic mutation divides, it passes along its abnormal genes to the two daughter cells, which then divide into four cells with errors in their DNA and so on. Once a cell has a genetic mutation, it may develop more. With each new mutation, the cell becomes more irregular and may not be as effective in carrying out their function in lung tissue. At a later stage of disease, some cells can migrate away from the main tumor and start growing in other parts of the body. »These sites are called metastases.
  • 8. Primary versusSecondary Lung Cancer
  • 9. • Primary lung cancer starts in the lungs. The cancer cells are abnormal lung cells. Sometimes, people will have cancer from another part of their body travel, or metastasize, to their lungs. This is called secondary lung cancer, because the lungs are secondary compared to the original, primary, location of the cancer.
  • 10. • Secondary lung cancer is not lung cancer, but rather the type of cancer from its original site, such as breast cancer. Secondary lung cancer will be treated differently than primary lung cancer, because it is a different disease. This presentation will focus on primary lung cancer.
  • 11. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)• NSCLC accounts for about 80% of lung cancers. There are different types of NSCLC, including• Squamous cell carcinoma (also called epidermoid carcinoma). This is the most common type of NSCLC. It forms in the lining of the bronchial tubes and is the most common type of lung cancer in men.• Adenocarcinoma. This cancer is found in the glands of the lungs that produce mucus. This is the most common type of lung cancer in women and also among people who have not smoked.• Bronchioalveolar carcinoma. This is a rare subset of adenocarcinoma. It forms near the lungs air sacs. Recent clinical research has shown that this type of cancer responds more effectively to the newer targeted therapies.• Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma. This cancer forms near the surface, or outer edges, of the lungs. It can grow rapidly.
  • 12. Small cell lung cancer (SCLC)• SCLC accounts for about 20% of all lung cancers. Although the cells are small, they multiply quickly and form large tumors that can spread throughout the body. Smoking is almost always the cause of SCLC.
  • 13. Lung Cancer Symptoms
  • 14. Some symptoms of lungcancer that are in the chest: • Coughing, especially if it persists or becomes intense • Pain in the chest, shoulder, or back unrelated to pain from coughing • A change in color or volume of sputum • Shortness of breath • Changes in the voice or being hoarse • Harsh sounds with each breath (stridor) • Recurrent lung problems, such as bronchitis or pneumonia • Coughing up phlegm or mucus, especially if it is tinged with blood • Coughing up blood
  • 15. Some symptoms of lung cancer in the body:• Loss of appetite or unexplained weight loss• Fatigue• Headaches, bone or joint pain• Bone fractures not related to accidental injury• Neurological symptoms, such as unsteady gait or memory loss• Neck or facial swelling• General weakness• Bleeding• Blood clot
  • 16. Lung Cancer Statistics
  • 17. • When you read about statistics, it is always important to remember that they are compiled from populations, or groups, of people. They do not represent individual experiences.• Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers. In 2007, lung cancer accounted for approximately 15% of all cancer diagnoses and 29% of all cancer deaths. It is the second most diagnosed cancer in men and women (after prostate and breast, respectively), but it is the number one cause of death from cancer each year in both men and women. Because lung cancer can take years to develop, it is mostly found in older people. The average age of a person receiving a lung cancer diagnosis is 69 years.
  • 18. • Overall, lung cancer affects men more than women, but that gap is closing. In 2007, an estimated 114,760 men and an estimated 98,620 women will be diagnosed with lung cancer and an estimated 89,510 men and an estimated 70,880 women will die from lung cancer.• Cigarette smoking is the cause of most lung cancers, but there are other factors, too. Exposure to asbestos, radon, environmental factors, or secondhand smoke can cause lung cancer. Sometimes, a person develops lung cancer and doctors do not know why. There are often internal factors (inherited or from our genes) as well as external or environmental factors (from outside of our bodies) involved in the development of any type of cancer.
  • 19. • Lung cancer is the subject of a great amount of research. Promising areas of research include the study of chemopreventive agents and research into targeted therapies, both of which show potential to halt the progression of the development of a cancer cell. However, lung cancer does not receive as much attention, both in funding and in public awareness, compared to other types of cancers that are not as common. Advocates for lung cancer research are working hard to raise awareness of this imbalance.•
  • 20. Here are some organizations that work to support people with lung cancer by raising awareness of the disease and offering information and services to patients and families.• Lung Cancer Alliance www.lungcanceralliance.org• American Society of Clinical Oncologys People Living with Cancer www.plwc.org• National Lung Cancer Partnership www.nationallungcancerpartnership.org
  • 21. When Smokers Quit - What Are theBenefits Over Time?
  • 22. • 20 minutes after quitting: Your heart rate and blood pressure drops.• 12 hours after quitting: The carbon monoxide level in your blood drops to normal.• 2 weeks to 3 months after quitting: Your circulation improves and your lung function increases.• 1 to 9 months after quitting: Coughing and shortness of breath decrease; cilia (tiny hair-like structures that move mucus out of the lungs) regain normal function in the lungs, increasing the ability to handle mucus, clean the lungs, and reduce the risk of infection.• 1 year after quitting: The excess risk of coronary heart disease is half that of a smokers.• 5 years after quitting: Your stroke risk is reduced to that of a nonsmoker 5 to 15 years after quitting.• 10 years after quitting: The lung cancer death rate is about half that of a continuing smokers. The risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus, bladder, cervix, and pancreas decrease.• 15 years after quitting: The risk of coronary heart disease is that of a nonsmokers.
  • 23. Lung Cancer Treatment
  • 24. Surgery• Curative surgery: The removal of a tumor when it appears to be confined to one area, which means an early stage cancer. This type of surgery aims to completely remove the cancerous tumor, and may include remove a wedge, a lobe, or an entire lung.• Palliative surgery: The goal of this surgery is to make the patient more comfortable, e.g., laser surgery for the removal of an obstruction or opening of an airway.
  • 25. After surgery, potential side effects include:• Pain. One of the most common side effects associated with surgery. Some surgery for lung cancer requires cutting through the ribs and/or cutting a nerve. This can take several months to heal. A patient should be honest with his or her health care team about pain because there are many options to alleviate it• Infection. Infections at the site of the wound and inside the body are another possible side effect. Antibiotics give by a doctor are able to treat most infections.
  • 26. Chemotherapy• Chemotherapy uses strong chemicals or drugs to kill cancer cells, stop their reproduction, or slow their growth. There are many types of chemotherapy drugs, and they may be given in combination with each other, and also in combination with surgery and radiation.• This therapy may be given daily, weekly, or monthly, and can continue for months or possibly years. Some drugs may be given in cycles, with rest periods between treatments to allow the body to recover.
  • 27. Side effects• Nausea and vomiting. Chemotherapy may cause nausea and vomiting, but there are medications that may help with these issues. Even though eating may be difficult if the patient has nausea and vomiting, it is important to eat frequent, small meals to maintain strength. Eating and drinking slowly and avoiding fatty foods may help. After eating, it is important to not lie down flat for at least two hours, as this may worsen symptoms.• Hair loss. Hair loss can occur on all parts of the body. Hair may fall out completely or may thin. Usually, hair grows back after treatment is completed.• Fatigue. Chemotherapy affects the bone marrow and the bodys ability to make red blood cells, which may temporarily cause anemia. Anemia can make patients feel weak and tired. Getting more sleep at night and resting during the day can help with fatigue. Eating foods rich in iron and regular exercise can also help. .
  • 28. Side effects (cont.)• Infections. Chemotherapys effects on bone marrow may also lower the number of white blood cells, which help fight infection. To prevent infection, patients should avoid exposure to people who have a cold, flu, or other contagious disease. Frequent hand washing helps minimize infections.• Bleeding. Chemotherapy can affect other blood cells called platelets, which may lead to easier bruising or bleeding. Patients should alert their doctors if bleeding occurs.• Mouth sores. Because the lining of the mouth contains cells that are susceptible to chemotherapy, a person may develop sores there during therapy. Because mouth sores are painful, a patient experiencing them may avoid eating. A dietician or oncology nurse will have ideas about how to get appropriate nutrition through beverages, such as liquid supplements and homemade smoothies, and through soothing foods, such as yogurt or puddings.
  • 29. Side effects (cont.)• Loss of appetite. Whether due to nausea or vomiting or some other reason, many patients undergoing chemotherapy report losing their appetites. Eating small meals of healthful foods can help and patients should keep in mind the importance of staying strong through good nutrition. Liquid supplements that contain vitamins and minerals can help maintain nutrition and avoid weight loss.• Diarrhea. Chemotherapy may cause diarrhea because it affects the cells lining the gastrointestinal tract. There are medicines available to help with this side effect. Patients should alert their doctors if diarrhea continues.
  • 30. Radiation• Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy) may be effective for the treatment of lung cancer. It uses high- energy rays, similar to X-rays, but stronger, to kill or shrink cancer cells. Usually, lung cancers are treated from an external source of energy. However research is underway to study the use of implanted radioactive seeds into or near the lung cancer.• Radiation therapy is usually spaced over a number of weeks or months because the doses needed to kill cancer cells cannot be given all at once. The number of treatments a patient receives depends on the type and extent of the tumor, as well as the radiation dosage and how the patient is affected by the treatment.
  • 31. Side effects• Fatigue. Fatigue is the most common side effect of radiation. A patient undergoing radiation therapy should rest as much as possible at night and limit their activities during the day.• Eating problems. Nausea may occur with radiation, as can loss of appetite. Some medications are available to help with nausea and some patients find it useful to eat frequent, small meals throughout the day.• Hair loss. Hair loss may occur on the part of the body undergoing radiation.• Skin reactions. The skin in the treatment area may become dry, irritated, and sensitive, and should be treated gently. In some cases, the skin may resemble skin that has been sunburned and it may peel. The affected area should be kept out of direct sunlight for at least a year after treatment.
  • 32. New Treatments• Chemotherapy regimens: Different combinations of existing chemotherapy drugs are being explored.• Targeted therapies: These therapies, which include monoclonal antibodies, anti-angiogenesis drugs, and growth factor inhibitors, are designed to treat only the cancer cells, thus sparing normal cells from damage• Photodynamic therapy: The use of light (photo) to shine on cancer tissue and activate drugs is another promising area of research.• Lung cancer vaccines: Vaccines use the bodys immune system to fight diseases by engineering cancer cells so that they are no longer cancerous, but still contain components that the immune system will recognize as foreign.• Gene therapy: As scientists learn more about how the genetic changes in cancer cells, they are working to design ways to correct those changes. The area of gene therapy, in which normal copies of damaged genes are inserted into cells, has much promise, but is still largely experimental.
  • 33. TCMReal or Imaginary
  • 34. Lung Cancer in TCM• If we have a problem with the Lungs, well see pathology consistent with problems of respiration. Well see asthma, coughing, perhaps even Lung cancer. However, on other levels, well see sadness. This is the emotion associated with the Metal element, the Lung element.
  • 35. Some of the associations withthe metal element are as follows: • Yin organ: Lungs • Yang organ: Large Intestine • Season: Autumn • Emotion: Sadness • Direction: West • Color: White • Sensory Organ: Nose
  • 36. • The soul associated with the Lungs is called the Po. The Po is called the animal spirit. This is the part of us that is instinctive and animalistic. The Po is not eternal, it dies along with our body. I believe that it is the Po that harbors the fear of death, because for the Po, death is real. To the Hun, the spirit of the Liver, death is liberation, to the Po death is final. That is why we grieve for the passing of loved ones. It is the Pos recognition of the end of life. The Po is quick to recognize the loss of anything important in our lives, and so "sadness" is the emotion associated with the Metal element.• On another level, Metal energy not only regulates the breathing in and out of air in our lungs but the bonding and releasing of attachments in our lives.
  • 37. • It might be interesting to see what happens if we were to offer smokers an alternative to smoking in the form of yogic practices that incorporate breathing such as Kriya or Pranayana Yoga…• …The true therapy of smoking lies not in the ingestion of the smoke, but in the deep, mindful breathing that takes place while one is smoking…
  • 38. • Of all conditions which the herbalist/traditional Chinese medical doctor may treat, cancer represents a major test of the herbal tools we have at our disposal. A common and largely accurate perception of the damaging effects of malignancy is that "if the cancer doesn’t kill you, the biomedical treatments for it will." This statement, while accurate in some regards, doesn’t take into account the growing effectiveness of chemotherapy against many forms of cancer.
  • 39. One of the most appropriate and effective roles the TCM doctor/herbalist can fulfill• To help reestablish an underlying balance in the individual, and to unravel the complex patterns inherent in the body which can, if left untreated, lead to the development of cancer.• Another appropriate role for TCM doctors and advanced herbalists is in the use of herbs as an adjunct to ongoing biomedical treatment for existing cancer.
  • 40. This can be addressed using any or all of three main approaches:• 1) to offset the damaging side-effects of radiation and chemotherapy;• 2) to benefit the patient’s immune system, which biomedicine overwhelms and supplants with its powerful agents; and• 3) to aid in tumor reduction itself, potentially shortening the length of time the patient needs to receive radiation and/or chemotherapy.
  • 41. Nutrition and SupplementsFollowing these nutritional tips may help reduce symptoms:
  • 42. • Try to eliminate suspected food allergens, such as dairy (milk, cheese, and ice cream), wheat (gluten), soy, corn, preservatives and chemical food additives. Your health care provider may want to test you for food allergies.• Eat foods high in B-vitamins and iron, such as whole grains (if no allergy), dark leafy greens (such as spinach and kale), and sea vegetables.• Eat antioxidant foods, including fruits (such as blueberries, cherries, and tomatoes) and vegetables (such as squash and bell pepper).• Avoid refined foods such as white breads, pastas, and sugar.• Eat fewer red meats and more lean meats, cold-water fish, tofu (soy, if no allergy) or beans for protein. You should use quality protein sources, such as organic meat and eggs, whey, and vegetable protein shakes as part of a balanced program aimed at gaining muscle mass and preventing wasting that can sometimes be a side effects of cancer therapies.• Use healthy cooking oils, such as olive oil or vegetable oil.• Reduce or eliminate trans-fatty acids, found in such commercially baked goods as cookies, crackers, cakes, French fries, onion rings, donuts, processed foods, and margarine.• Avoid caffeine and other stimulants, alcohol, and tobacco.• Exercise lightly, if possible, 5 days a week.
  • 43. • A multivitamin daily, containing the antioxidant vitamins A, C, E, the B-complex vitamins and trace minerals such as magnesium, calcium, zinc and selenium.• Probiotic supplement (containing Lactobacillus acidophilus), 5 - 10 billion CFUs (colony forming units) a day, for maintenance of gastrointestinal and immune health. You should refrigerate your probiotic supplements for best results.• Omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish oil, 1 - 2 capsules or 1 tbsp. of oil one to two times daily, to help decrease inflammation and help with immunity. Cold-water fish, such as salmon or halibut, are good sources.• Vitamin C, 500 - 1000 mg one to two times daily, as an antioxidant and for immune support.• Alpha-lipoic acid, 25 - 50 mg twice daily, for antioxidant support.• Resveratrol (from red wine), 50 - 200 mg daily, to help decrease inflammation and for antioxidant effects.• L-theanine, 200 mg one to three times daily, for nervous system and immune support.• Melatonin, 2 - 6 mg at bedtime, for immune support and sleep. Higher doses may be beneficial in lung cancer, so check with your health care provider.
  • 44. • Limit diet to quality, not quantity. Cancer cells will absorb the nutrition from food so a small diet of anti- cancer foods would be beneficial. The cancer cells reproduce faster than normal cells and they will die faster as well. A diet bringing in the minimal amount of calories to maintain the bodies metabolism is optimal.• do not eat sugar• become vegetarian (fish is the least harmful, make transition slowly)• eat good quality protein - tofu, beans, eggs, nuts, mushrooms• do not eat cold or bitter foods• do not eat foods which create damp cold or damp heat
  • 45. Homeopathy
  • 46. • An experienced homeopath can prescribe a regimen for supporting general health during lung cancer that is designed especially for you. Acute remedies may be useful for relief of symptoms associated with complications.• Homeopathy may help reduce symptoms and strengthen overall constitution, reduce the effects of stress during cancer, and may help decrease the side effects of chemotherapy.• Radium bromatum is specific for radiation poisoning, especially followed by arthritic complaints. Acute dose is three to five pellets of 12X to 30C every 1 - 4 hours until symptoms are relieved.
  • 47. PhysicalMedicine
  • 48. • Castor oil pack over lungs may decrease side effects of chemotherapy and aid the lungs in detoxification. Saturate a cloth with castor oil and apply directly to the skin, placing a heat source (heating pad or water bottle) on top. Leave in place for 30 minutes or more. For best results, use castor oil packs for three to four consecutive days per week. Packs may be used daily.
  • 49. Acupuncture
  • 50. • While acupuncture is not used as a treatment for cancer itself, evidence suggests it can be a valuable therapy for cancer-related symptoms (particularly nausea and vomiting that often accompany chemotherapy treatment). Studies have indicated that acupuncture may help reduce pain and shortness of breath. Acupressure (pressing on rather than needling acupuncture points) has also proved useful in controlling breathlessness. Patients can learn this technique to treat themselves.• Some acupuncturists prefer to work with a patient only after the completion of conventional medical cancer therapy. Others will provide acupuncture or herbal therapy during active chemotherapy or radiation. Acupuncturists treat cancer patients based on an individualized assessment of the excesses and deficiencies of qi located in various meridians. In many cases of cancer-related symptoms, a qi deficiency is usually detected in the spleen or kidney meridians.
  • 51. • Acupuncture enhanced the cellular immunity of patients with malignant tumors: percentages of CD3+, CD4+, ratios of CD4+/CD8+, and the levels of beta-EP increased, while the levels of SI-2R decreased.• Acupuncture was performed on breast and uterine cancer patients who had suffered skin injuries from radiation therapy. Radionuclide and rheographic studies as well as evaluation of hemostatic function showed acupuncture to be effective for edema and pain. It also improved lymph flow and rheovasographic indexes, and normalized stasis.
  • 52. • figures 2A and 2B were taken on June 15 before and after acupuncture treatment, respectively. The maximum temperature of the abdominal area reduced from 38.450C to 37.130C due to acupuncture.• Figures 2C and 2D were taken on June 28 before and after acupuncture treatment. The maximum temperature of the belly reduced from 39.030C to 37.490C.
  • 53. Traditional Chinese Medicine Cancer Treatment:• Cancer caused by basic internal causes and pathogenic factors Pathogenic factors: Blood stasis, Phlegm, Toxic substance Basic Internal Cause: Qi/Blood/Yin/Yang deficiency
  • 54. TCM Cancer Pattern:• Spleen Deficiency Leading To Kidney Deficiency• Yang Deficiency with: Deficiency (ie fatigue)• Dampness (ie teeth marks)• Blood Stagnation (purple tongue)• Toxins• When treating cancer the spleen is deficient and special care must be taken not to damage the spleens function. Any type of tonification of the body will not only strengthen the zheng Qi it will also strengthen the cancer cells! One must also limit their sexual activity in order to save their kidney essence.
  • 55. Emotions Linked To Cancer:Clinically 90% of cancer patients had an excessive emotional situation priorto the onset of the cancer symptoms. Tradiionally if they were sad they willhave lung symptoms and possibly lung cancer. If they were angry then they will haveliver cancer. Generally there is a 5 stage emotional response to cancer:• Denial - Not Me (wants 2nd and 3rd opinions, does not want to accept)• Anger - Why Me (nervous and angry, does not know what to do)• Agreement - Help Me (unfocussed, getting as much info as possible)• Depression - Kill Me (difficulty dealing with their position)• Acceptance - Treat Me (focussed on treatment)Acupuncture can be beneficial for these emotions:• Depression - yin tang, Du 20, St 36, Pc 6 MOXA - Ren 4,6,10• Frustration - Lv 3, Gb 34 (help release emotions - induce crying)• Anger - calming points, liver and heart meridians• Over Thinking (help me) - spleen and stomach points
  • 56. TCM Cancer Treatment:• Must attack the tumor and strengthen vital Qi at the same time.• Attacking Tumor -must use toxic herbs or poisoning herbs. Hot Toxic are better than Cold Toxic.• Strengthening Zheng Qi/Vital Qi -must keep spleen Qi strong, use the least spleen harmful herbs.• Detoxify Herbs/Formulas: Wu Wei Xiao Du Yin Pu Gong Ying, Yuan Hua, Da Qing Ye, (Huang Lian/Bai/Qin too cold for spleen)• Poisoning Herbs For Anti-Cancer Use: Quan Xie, Wu Gong, Zhe Chong
  • 57. Herbs
  • 58. • Herbs are generally a safe way to strengthen and tone the bodys systems. As with any therapy, you should work with your health care provider to get your problem diagnosed before starting any treatment. You may use herbs as dried extracts (capsules, powders, teas), glycerites (glycerine extracts), or tinctures (alcohol extracts). Unless otherwise indicated, you should make teas with 1 tsp. herb per cup of hot water. Steep covered 5 - 10 minutes for leaf or flowers, and 10 - 20 minutes for roots. Drink 2 - 4 cups per day. You may use tinctures alone or in combination as noted.
  • 59. • Green tea ( Camellia sinensis ) standardized extract, 250 - 500 mg daily, for antioxidant, anticancer, and immune effects. Use caffeine-free products. You may also prepare teas from the leaf of this herb.• Reishi mushroom ( Ganoderma lucidum) standardized extract, 150 - 300 mg two to three times daily, for anticancer and immune effects. You may also take a tincture of this mushroom extract, 30 - 60 drops two to three times a day.• Olive leaf ( Olea europaea ) standardized extract, 250 - 500 mg one to three times daily, for anticancer and immune effects.• Milk thistle ( Silybum marianum ) seed standardized extract, 80 - 160 mg two to three times daily, for detoxification support.• Fermented wheat germ extract, 1 packet dissolved in favorite beverage once daily, for anticancer and immune effects.
  • 60. • Listed below are ten herbs from the Chinese and western herbal traditions which address this third treatment approach--tumor reduction itself, via their antineoplastic action. Consider that different forms of malignancy are treated with different substances, and each individual case may require entirely separate treatment principles, suggesting that anti-neoplastic herb choices must be chosen from appropriate categories of action. Obviously, there are more than 10 herbs with antineoplastic action in the Chinese and western pharmacopeia, but these can be considered a jumping off point for further study; this is my personal intent. Information provided on these herbs is based on both empirical and clinical evidence gathered third-hand; verification of clinical and/or empirical findings is difficult to provide without access to the studies themselves, and no guarantees are made for these herbs’ effectiveness. References for all information is provided below.
  • 61. • Common Name: Oldenlandia Chinese Name: Bai He She She Cao Latin: Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae/Oldenlandia Diffusae Family: Rubiaceae TCM Category: Clear Heat/Relieve Toxicity Antineoplastic Action(s): --Used in treatment of stomach, esophageal and colon cancer; --Activates reticuloendothelial system and increases phagocytosis by lymphocytes. Also, in high concentrations shows inhibitory affect in vitro on cells from acute lymphocytic and granulocytic leukemia.
  • 62. • Common Name: Selaginaella Chinese Name: Shi Shang Bai Latin: Herba Selaginellae Doederleinii Family: Selaginellaceae TCM Category: Clear Heat/Relieve Toxicity Antineoplastic Action(s): --Mice inoculated with granuloma-180 and injected with Shi Shang Bai showed 40-50% tumor inhibition of tumors; Mice with hepatic cancer lived significantly longer than control group not treated with Shi Shang Bai. --Helpful in treatment of lung and throat cancer, and malignant hydatidiform moles, with remission in 50% of patients. Commonly used in China in treatment of smaller body cancers in nose, throat, lung and liver. When used with chemotherapy and radiation shown to accelerate cancer remissions.
  • 63. • Common Name: Sophora Root Chinese Name: Shan Dou Gen Latin: Radix Sophorae Tonkinensis Family: Leguminaceae TCM Category: Clear Heat/Relieve Toxicity Antineoplastic Action(s): --In doses of 60g/kg had significant effect in treatment of cervical cancer in mice, and an inhibitory affect on sarcoma-180. Used in treatment of acute lymphocytic/granulocytic leukemia, inhibiting dehydrogenase activity and cellular respiration of malignant cells.
  • 64. • Common Name: Zedoania Chinese Name: E Zhu Latin: Rhizoma Curcumae Ezhu Family: Zingeberaceae TCM Category: Invigorate Blood Antineoplastic Action(s): --Inhibits granuloma-180, often combined with San Leng (Rhizoma Sparganii Stoloniferi). –-In China, 80 cases of cervical cancer patients were treated with a solution of Zedoania, which was injected directly into the tumor sites. 30 patients were completely cured, while 15 were found to have a 50% size reduction.
  • 65. • Common Name: Rhubarb Root and Rhizome Chinese Name: Da Huang Latin: Radix et Rhizoma Rhei Family: Polygonaceae TCM Category: Clear Heat/Relieve Toxicity Antineoplastic Action(s): --Injected subcutaneously had a killing effect on neoplastic granulomas in mice. Inhibited growth of melanoma, breast tumor cells and ascitic hepatic carcinoma in humans via the actions of emodin and rhein, major constituents of Da Huang.
  • 66. • Common Name: Red Clover Latin: Flos Trifolium pratense Family: Papilionaceae Antineoplastic Action(s): --Red Clover contains isoflavone compounds, such as genistein, which have weak estrogen properties. Various laboratory studies show that these isoflavones may help prevent and combat malignant tumors, especially of the breast and prostate.
  • 67. • Common Name: Pau D’Arco, Lapacho, Taheebo Latin: Tabebuia impestiginosa Family: Rubiaceae Antineoplastic Action(s): --Lapachol and beta-lapachone (known collectively as naphthaquinones) are two primary active compounds in Pau D’Arco. These compounds have anti-cancer/anti-tumor properties, although the effective dosage is considered toxic; Pau D’Arco is commonly used in the treatment of cancer in Central and South America with good results.
  • 68. • Common Name: Mistletoe Latin: Viscum alba Family: Loranthaceae Antineoplastic Action(s): --Contains anti-tumor proteins, and has been shown by current cancer research in Germany to have antineoplastic activity.
  • 69. • Common Name: Cleavers Latin: Galium aparine Family: Rubiaceae Antineoplastic Action(s): --Cleavers is considered the best lymphatic tonic in the western herbal pharmacopoeia, and is both alterative and diuretic. It has a long tradition of use for tumor reduction and lymphatic drainage, especially indicated when cancer has nodal involvement.
  • 70. • Common Name: Sweet Violet Latin: Flos Viola odorata Family: Violaceae Antineoplastic Action(s): --Sweet Violet has a long tradition and reputation as an anti-cancer herb, used especially as a poultice for cancers of the skin. Current scientific research has yet to bear out this reputation in the clinical setting
  • 71. Western MedicineCombined With TCMCancer Treatments:
  • 72. 4 stages of treatment:1. attack cancer,2.rebuild immune system,3.attack cancer,4.rebuild immune system.
  • 73. Chemotherapy:• Blood stasis and Toxic heat Always Accompany Chemotherapy• Between Chemo treatments the Vital Qi must be rebuilt and nourished• After Chemo -Tonify, nourish and rebuild• for all 3 stages we MUST - tonify, detoxify, poisoning (toxic herbs for cancer), move stasis, eliminate phlegm/damp
  • 74. Before Chemotonify vital Qi (white blood cells) and keep emotions calm and healthy• Ba Zheng Tang Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Tang• Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang Gui Pi Tang• Shi Quan Da Bu Tang
  • 75. During ChemoTreat side effects as well Blood stasis and Toxic heat.• Tao Hong Si Wu Tang + detoxify herbs/formula• Liang Xue Si Wu Tang + detoxify herbs/formula• Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang + detoxify herbs/formula
  • 76. After ChemoTonify, nourish and rebuild
  • 77. Surgery• (post surgery usually Spleen/Lung and Qi/Blood Deficiency)• Tonify before surgery• Tonify after surgery• for all stages we MUST - tonify, detoxify, poisoning (toxic herbs for cancer), move stasis, eliminate phlegm/damp
  • 78. Radiation• due to its extreme heat it damages Qi, Yin and Body Fluids• Use Qi and Yin Tonics - Zheng Ye Tang Sheng Mai San Sha Shen Mai Men Dong Tang Zhu Ye Shi Gao Tang• Depending on where the radiation is being administered use guiding herbs.• Upper jiao - nose eye symptoms lower jiao - lin syndrome• for all stages we MUST - tonify, detoxify, poisoning (toxic herbs for cancer), move stasis, eliminate phlegm/damp
  • 79. Blatantly Plagiarized from the following:• http://www.lungcancer.org/• http://acupuncture.com/• http://www.umm.edu/• http://www.acupuncturetoday.com/• http://tcm.health-info.org/