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Mural Ordinance Update to the Cultural Affairs Commission
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Mural Ordinance Update to the Cultural Affairs Commission

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On August 18, 2011, Code Studies staff presented to the City of Los Angeles' Cultural Affairs Commission on progress, directions of research, and public outreach for the mural ordinance under …

On August 18, 2011, Code Studies staff presented to the City of Los Angeles' Cultural Affairs Commission on progress, directions of research, and public outreach for the mural ordinance under development.

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Transcript

  • 1.
  • 2. Overview
    issues resulting in the current mural prohibition
    directions for research and development
    to preserve existing murals and permit new murals
    procedural next steps toward adopting a mural ordinance
    public outreach efforts
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 3. Definitional
    …is this a mural?
  • 4. …is this a mural?
  • 5. …is this a mural?
  • 6. Definitional
    …is this a mural?
  • 7. Definitional
    …is this a mural?
  • 8. …is this a mural?
  • 9. …is this a mural?
  • 10. …is this a mural?
  • 11. …is this a mural?
  • 12. …is this a mural?
  • 13. Current Code Definitions
    sign
    any whole or part of a display board, wall, screen or object, used to announce, declare, demonstrate, display or otherwise present a message and attract the attention of the public.
    mural sign
    a sign that is painted on or applied to and made integral with a wall, the written message of which does not exceed three percent of the total area of the sign.
    wall sign
    any sign attached to, painted on or erected against the wall of a building or structure, with the exposed face of the sign in a plane approximately parallel to the plane of the wall.
    LAMC SEC 14.4.2
    intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 14. Are murals banned in LA?
    YES (sadly) … and … NO (kind of)
    currently, murals may be permitted:
    -on city property
    -on county, state, or federal property
    -on private property pursuant to
    a legally adopted specific plan,
    supplemental use district,
    or development agreement
    (LAMC SEC 14.4.4 B. 10)
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 15. What?! Why?!
    -pre-1986 – murals not mentioned in Zoning Code
    • 1986 – murals first mentioned in sign ordinance, exempted
    • 16. 2002 – general ban on murals, creation of “sign districts”
    • 17. 2007 – most recent mural approved on private property
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 18. What now?
    Staff direction from the Planning & Land Use Management (PLUM) and
    Arts, Parks, Health, & Aging (APHA) Committees of the City Council:
    preserve & protect existing murals
    maybe a “vintage mural permit” … ?
    enable creation of new murals
    “districts,” “original arts murals,”
    “public art easements,” other approaches … ?
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 19. Considerations
    1st amendment
    regulations must be “content neutral”
    can only include “time / place / manner” restrictions
    implementation
    program costs , accessibility to the public, maintenance, etc.
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 20. preserving
    existing
    murals
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 21. Vintage
    existing mural stock
    city, extra-jurisdictional, & private property
    pre-2002 murals presumably “grandfathered”
    but not clear in code
    “Vintage Mural Permit”
    how to establish date created:
    copyright, historic news clippings, records/receipts, other?
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 22. permitting
    new
    murals
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 23. Public Art Easements
    purpose
    program to create new public art on private property by
    the City becoming “patron of art” through easement approach
    features
    -building owner grants easement on wall to the City
    -requires arts commission approval
    -competitive selection for funding available through the City
    -no limitations regarding size, material, etc.
    -mural must remain in place for 5 years
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 24. Public Art Easements
    selection criteria
    -artistic quality
    -context
    -media
    -scale
    -diversity
    -feasibility
    -originality
    -structural and surface soundness
    -building owner easement
    -building owner maintenance agreement
    -community support
    -public safety
    -accessibility
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 25. Public Art Easements
    benefits
    -opportunity for creation of enormous murals
    -different media and surfaces
    -City investment in art and beautification
    -balanced approach if combined with Original Arts Murals
    issues
    -tight budgetary times
    -unease with easement approach
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 26. Original Arts Murals
    purpose
    administrative permit to allow “original art murals”
    on a content-neutral basis
    on certain terms and conditions
    in a simple, accessible way
    definition of mural
    a hand-produced work of visual art
    which is tiled or painted by hand directly upon,
    or affixed directly to
    an exterior wall of a building
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
    Title 4 Original Art Murals, Charter and Code of the City of Portland, Oregon
  • 27.
    • mural to remain in place for 5 years
    • 28. building owner cannot receive compensation
    • 29. no mechanical parts or changing images
    • 30. historic & design overlay protections
    • 31. no murals on stone walls or brick
    • 32. no murals on residential with < 5 units
    • 33. neighborhood involvement process
    • 34. administrative application & small fee
  • Original Arts Murals
    benefits
    -encourage murals citywide (“let art happen”)
    -separates art murals from signs
    -potentially simple and cheap to administer
    -content-neutral, time / place / manner restrictions
    issues
    -training & implementation
    -assessing public sentiment
    -new legal approach
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 35. Districts
    current provisions
    -murals are OK
    when specifically permitted pursuant to:
    a legally adopted specific plan,
    supplemental use district
    or an approved development agreement.
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
    LAMC SEC 14.4.4 B. 10
    -sign district:
    sign districts are allowed to be established in areas of the City,
    to enhance the unique characteristics
    LAMC SEC 13.11
  • 36. Hollywood Sign District
  • 37. Districts
    benefits
    -promote unique character of communities
    -murals of different types and materials in different neighborhoods
    -may serve as pilot programs
    -legal defensibility
    issues
    -equity in establishment of districts
    -limited geography
    -two-step adoption process
    intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 38. Process
    intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 39. Outreach & Next Steps
    intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
  • 40. Thank You
    Questions? Comments?
    intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP
    Tanner Blackman
    City of Los Angeles | Department of City Planning
    Code Studies | Office of Zoning Administration
    tanner.blackman@lacity.org | 213.978.1195