Overview<br />issues resulting in the current mural prohibition <br />directions for research and development<br />to pres...
Definitional<br />…is this a mural?<br />
…is this a mural?<br />
…is this a mural?<br />
Definitional<br />…is this a mural?<br />
Definitional<br />…is this a mural?<br />
…is this a mural?<br />
…is this a mural?<br />
…is this a mural?<br />
…is this a mural?<br />
…is this a mural?<br />
Current Code Definitions <br />sign<br />any whole or part of a display board, wall, screen or object, used to announce, d...
Are murals banned in LA?<br />YES (sadly) … and … NO (kind of)<br />currently, murals may be permitted:<br />-on city prop...
What?!  Why?!<br />-pre-1986 – murals not mentioned in Zoning Code<br /><ul><li>1986 – murals first mentioned in sign ordi...
2002 – general ban on murals, creation of “sign districts”
2007 – most recent mural approved on private property</li></ul>intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps   ...
What now?<br />Staff direction from the Planning & Land Use Management (PLUM) and<br />Arts, Parks, Health, & Aging (APHA)...
Considerations<br />1st amendment<br />regulations must be “content neutral”<br />can only include “time / place / manner”...
preserving<br />existing<br />murals<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps   MURAL WORKING GROUP <...
Vintage<br />existing mural stock<br />city, extra-jurisdictional, & private property <br />pre-2002 murals presumably “gr...
permitting<br />new<br />murals<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps   MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
Public Art Easements<br />purpose<br />program to create new public art on private property by<br />the City becoming “pat...
Public Art Easements<br />selection criteria <br />-artistic quality<br />-context<br />-media<br />-scale<br />-diversity...
Public Art Easements<br />benefits<br />-opportunity for creation of enormous murals<br />-different media and surfaces<br...
Original Arts Murals<br />purpose<br />administrative permit to allow “original art murals”<br />on a content-neutral basi...
<ul><li>mural to remain in place for 5 years
building owner cannot receive compensation
no mechanical parts or changing images
historic & design overlay protections
no murals on stone walls or brick
no murals on residential with < 5 units
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Mural Ordinance Update to the Cultural Affairs Commission

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On August 18, 2011, Code Studies staff presented to the City of Los Angeles' Cultural Affairs Commission on progress, directions of research, and public outreach for the mural ordinance under development.

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Mural Ordinance Update to the Cultural Affairs Commission

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Overview<br />issues resulting in the current mural prohibition <br />directions for research and development<br />to preserve existing murals and permit new murals<br />procedural next steps toward adopting a mural ordinance<br />public outreach efforts<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  3. 3. Definitional<br />…is this a mural?<br />
  4. 4. …is this a mural?<br />
  5. 5. …is this a mural?<br />
  6. 6. Definitional<br />…is this a mural?<br />
  7. 7. Definitional<br />…is this a mural?<br />
  8. 8. …is this a mural?<br />
  9. 9. …is this a mural?<br />
  10. 10. …is this a mural?<br />
  11. 11. …is this a mural?<br />
  12. 12. …is this a mural?<br />
  13. 13. Current Code Definitions <br />sign<br />any whole or part of a display board, wall, screen or object, used to announce, declare, demonstrate, display or otherwise present a message and attract the attention of the public.<br />mural sign<br />a sign that is painted on or applied to and made integral with a wall, the written message of which does not exceed three percent of the total area of the sign.<br />wall sign<br />any sign attached to, painted on or erected against the wall of a building or structure, with the exposed face of the sign in a plane approximately parallel to the plane of the wall.<br />LAMC SEC 14.4.2<br />intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  14. 14. Are murals banned in LA?<br />YES (sadly) … and … NO (kind of)<br />currently, murals may be permitted:<br />-on city property<br />-on county, state, or federal property<br />-on private property pursuant to <br />a legally adopted specific plan,<br />supplemental use district,<br />or development agreement<br />(LAMC SEC 14.4.4 B. 10)<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  15. 15. What?! Why?!<br />-pre-1986 – murals not mentioned in Zoning Code<br /><ul><li>1986 – murals first mentioned in sign ordinance, exempted
  16. 16. 2002 – general ban on murals, creation of “sign districts”
  17. 17. 2007 – most recent mural approved on private property</li></ul>intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  18. 18. What now?<br />Staff direction from the Planning & Land Use Management (PLUM) and<br />Arts, Parks, Health, & Aging (APHA) Committees of the City Council:<br />preserve & protect existing murals<br />maybe a “vintage mural permit” … ?<br />enable creation of new murals<br />“districts,” “original arts murals,”<br />“public art easements,” other approaches … ?<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  19. 19. Considerations<br />1st amendment<br />regulations must be “content neutral”<br />can only include “time / place / manner” restrictions<br />implementation<br />program costs , accessibility to the public, maintenance, etc.<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  20. 20. preserving<br />existing<br />murals<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  21. 21. Vintage<br />existing mural stock<br />city, extra-jurisdictional, & private property <br />pre-2002 murals presumably “grandfathered”<br />but not clear in code <br />“Vintage Mural Permit”<br />how to establish date created:<br />copyright, historic news clippings, records/receipts, other? <br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  22. 22. permitting<br />new<br />murals<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  23. 23. Public Art Easements<br />purpose<br />program to create new public art on private property by<br />the City becoming “patron of art” through easement approach<br />features<br />-building owner grants easement on wall to the City<br />-requires arts commission approval<br />-competitive selection for funding available through the City <br />-no limitations regarding size, material, etc.<br />-mural must remain in place for 5 years<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  24. 24. Public Art Easements<br />selection criteria <br />-artistic quality<br />-context<br />-media<br />-scale<br />-diversity<br />-feasibility<br />-originality<br />-structural and surface soundness<br />-building owner easement<br />-building owner maintenance agreement<br />-community support<br />-public safety<br />-accessibility<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  25. 25. Public Art Easements<br />benefits<br />-opportunity for creation of enormous murals<br />-different media and surfaces<br />-City investment in art and beautification<br />-balanced approach if combined with Original Arts Murals<br />issues<br />-tight budgetary times<br />-unease with easement approach<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  26. 26. Original Arts Murals<br />purpose<br />administrative permit to allow “original art murals”<br />on a content-neutral basis<br />on certain terms and conditions<br />in a simple, accessible way<br />definition of mural<br />a hand-produced work of visual art <br />which is tiled or painted by hand directly upon, <br />or affixed directly to <br />an exterior wall of a building<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />Title 4 Original Art Murals, Charter and Code of the City of Portland, Oregon<br />
  27. 27. <ul><li>mural to remain in place for 5 years
  28. 28. building owner cannot receive compensation
  29. 29. no mechanical parts or changing images
  30. 30. historic & design overlay protections
  31. 31. no murals on stone walls or brick
  32. 32. no murals on residential with < 5 units
  33. 33. neighborhood involvement process
  34. 34. administrative application & small fee</li></li></ul><li>Original Arts Murals<br />benefits<br />-encourage murals citywide (“let art happen”)<br />-separates art murals from signs<br />-potentially simple and cheap to administer<br />-content-neutral, time / place / manner restrictions <br />issues<br />-training & implementation<br />-assessing public sentiment<br />-new legal approach<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  35. 35. Districts<br />current provisions<br />-murals are OK<br />when specifically permitted pursuant to:<br />a legally adopted specific plan,<br />supplemental use district<br />or an approved development agreement.<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />LAMC SEC 14.4.4 B. 10<br />-sign district:<br />sign districts are allowed to be established in areas of the City,<br />to enhance the unique characteristics<br />LAMC SEC 13.11<br />
  36. 36. Hollywood Sign District<br />
  37. 37. Districts<br />benefits<br />-promote unique character of communities<br />-murals of different types and materials in different neighborhoods<br />-may serve as pilot programs<br />-legal defensibility<br />issues<br />-equity in establishment of districts<br />-limited geography<br />-two-step adoption process<br />intro| definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  38. 38. Process<br />intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  39. 39. Outreach & Next Steps<br />intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />
  40. 40. Thank You<br />Questions? Comments?<br />intro | definition | background | approaches | next steps MURAL WORKING GROUP <br />Tanner Blackman<br />City of Los Angeles | Department of City Planning<br />Code Studies | Office of Zoning Administration<br />tanner.blackman@lacity.org | 213.978.1195<br />
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