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Site selection for a harbour
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Site selection for a harbour

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  • 1. SITE SELECTION FOR HARBOURS
  • 2.  At the time of selection for a harbour, great care should be exercised. Following categories play a great role in the choice of site for a harbour.  Availability of cheap land and construction material.  Natural protection from waves and winds.  Transport and communication facilities.  Industrial development of the locality.  Sea bed, sub soil and foundation conditions.  Availability of fresh water and electrical energy.
  • 3.  Favorable marine conditions.  Defense and strategic aspects.  Traffic potentiality of the harbor. The site should have maximum natural protection from winds and waves. It should have sufficiently large pool of water, with adequate depth to accommodate the expected shipping needs as well as to permit the future needs. The marine conditions should be favorable for structures as well as for navigation. To meet this requirement the site should have low tidal range and small tidal currents.
  • 4. There should not be severe wind and waves and there should be less littoral drift etc. Also there should be no fog problem at the site. The sea bed should be such that it would hold ship anchors and would not involve much capital and dredging maintenance cost. There should not be excessive situation nor scour should pose a problem. Apart from above conditions, the sub- soil for foundation purposes should be favorable. The site to be selected should be preferably on an established trade route and have trade links with other parts of the country through rail,road
  • 5. air and telephone etc. The hinter land should be productive enough to support the trade. All these conditions are desirable but not necessary.

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