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Annotating References

Annotating References



HA207 Hospital-Based Massage Therapy ...

HA207 Hospital-Based Massage Therapy
Queensborough Community College
Healing Arts / Massage Therapy Program

How to read a research report and create an annotated reference list.



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  • http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/abs/10.1089/acm.2008.0391
  • http://research.berkeley.edu/ucday/abstract.html http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~bioslabs/tools/report/reportform.html#abstract

Annotating References Annotating References Presentation Transcript

  • Reading a Research Report Annotating a Reference List Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Assignment
    • Using the internet, the library, your textbooks, and any other information resources you have, collect and annotate a reference list of research reports on Massage Therapy and Cancer
    • Use the Bb Wiki to list the references in APA style
      • See the library website for APA style guide
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Objectives
    • Recognize and describe ten components of a research paper
    • Format the reference in APA Style
    • Define terms, note points of particular interest in journal
    • Annotate the paper in reference list
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Journal
    • In your journal
    • List important unfamiliar terms
    • Look them up and write their definitions
    • Note anything you find surprising, or anything that stimulates you to rethink your own assumptions
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Annotate
    • In your annotation, summarize in your own words the methods used in the study and the conclusion — in a paragraph of at least three sentences
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Components of the Paper
    • Title
    • Principle investigator and Co-authors
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Methods
    • Results
    • Discussion
    • Conclusions
    • Literature Cited
    • Funding
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Let’s look at…
    • Providing Massage Therapy for People with Advanced Cancer: What to Expect
    • by Marlaine C. Smith, Traci E. Yamashita, Lucinda L. Bryant, Linnea Hemphill, and Jean S. Kutner
    • published in The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
    • April 2009, 15(4): 367-371
    • Format this paper in APA style.
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • APA Style
    • Smith, M.C., Yamashita, T.E., Bryant, L.L., Hemphill, L. & Kutner, J.S. (2009) Providing massage therapy for people with advanced cancer: what to expect. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15(4): 367-371.
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • The Title
    • Providing Massage Therapy for People with Advanced Cancer: What to Expect
    • What does the title lead you to expect from the paper?
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • The Principle Investigator (PI)
    • project director for research grant or other sponsored project
    • 1st name in author list
    • Does the PI have credibility?
    • Marlaine C. Smith, RN, PhD
      • Christine E, Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL
      • http://nursing.fau.edu/index.php?template=faculty&nav=281&faculty=26
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Abstract 1
    • Approximately 200 word summary.
    • Purpose of the study: Why do we care about the research question?
    • Methods: What did the researchers do to get their results?
    • Results: What did they learn from the data?
    • Implications: What did they conclude about their question?
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Abstract 2
    • “ There is very little information in the literature to prepare massage therapists for what they might expect when they provide treatment to people with advanced cancer in hospice or palliative care. We report an analysis of a subset of data collected from a large multi-site clinical trial of the efficacy of massage therapy for people with advanced cancer. This is the first analysis of empirical data of patient presentation, massage treatment environment, and the characteristics of massage provided for this population.” (p. 367)
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Introduction 1
    • What is the intention of this study?
    • Why did the authors undertake this study?
    • What makes this study important?
      • A brief overview of the literature places this study among related studies
        • supports the argument that this study contributes to knowledge in the field
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Introduction 2
    • This study is based on the premise that massage is effective:
      • “ For patients with advanced cancer receiving hospice or palliative care, massage therapy may provide relief from pain, anxiety, nausea, fatigue, or depression.” (p. 367)
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Introduction 3
    • Why this study is important:
      • “ To our knowledge, no evidence-based published article provides information to massage therapists about patient presentation, environment of care, how massage is provided, and events surrounding treatment within a population with advanced cancer at end-of-life.” (p. 367)
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Methods 1
    • Documentation of specialized protocols and materials used
    • Allows readers to judge the scientific merit of the work
    • Allows other researchers to use the methodology in a new study
    • Is it possible to replicate this study?
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Methods 2
    • Based on a primary study on Reducing End-of-Life Symptoms with Touch
        • http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00065195
    • This study describes secondary outcomes (ie, additional effects of the intervention)
    • 814 massage treatments were given to 151 patients over a 2-week period
    • Both quantitative and qualitative data were gathered
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Results 1
    • Describes the types of data used in the study
    • Reports the amount of each type of data collected
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Results 2
    • Massage therapists documented seven categories of data:
      • General appearance of the patient
      • Most comfortable position for receiving massage
      • Significant patient comments before treatment
      • Treatment environment
      • Position and stroke
      • Parts of the body treated
      • Adverse events and treatment termination
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Discussion 1
    • Provides an interpretation of the results
    • Supports conclusions using data from the study
    • Describes the significance of findings
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Discussion 2
    • “ First, based on these data, it is safe to provide massage therapy to people with advanced cancer receiving hospice or palliative care.” (p. 370)
      • Well-qualified, experienced therapists offering light effleurage and petrissage along with treatment modifications
    • “… rapport [is] often established between therapist and patient through the intimacy of touch.” (p. 371)
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Conclusions
    • What are the implications of the study?
    • Do the methodology and data collected support the conclusions?
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Literature Cited
    • Only the citations noted in the paper are listed
    • All references cited should be listed
    • Do citations lend credibility to the paper?
    • The reader can use these references for further research
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Funding
    • Do funding sources lend credibility to the study?
    • Are there any conflicts of interest?
      • Does the funding source stand to gain from favorable outcome of study?
      • Do the authors stand to gain financially from study’s outcome?
    Dr. Lisa Mertz
  • Summary
    • Learners will read research reports published in peer reviewed journals
    • Consider the ten components of research papers
    • Make notes in their journals
    • Create an annotated reference list
    • Format the references in APA style
    Dr. Lisa Mertz