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  1. 1. Personal Stress<br />Personally I think the most stressful thing on me is preparing for an exam and getting stressed on how much I have studied or how much I haven't studied. Another stressful issue I have is people not arriving on time and thinking to my self “ I am going to be late for this event, what if this happens.” <br />
  2. 2. Presentation Outline<br />Part 1 – Stress in General<br />Part 2 - Stress at Work<br />Part 3 – Stress Management<br />
  3. 3. Stress in General<br />
  4. 4. Legal Overview<br />HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 6)<br />Every employer shall take all practicable steps to ensure the safety of employees while at work<br />HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 7)<br />Every employer shall ensure that there are in place effective methods for identifying existing hazards, and (if possible before they arise) new hazards to employees at work.<br />
  5. 5. WHAT IS STRESS ?<br />Stress is a feeling that creates when we react to particular events. Its the body’s way of rising to a challenge and preparing to meet tough situation with focus strength stamina and heighted alertness. <br />The events that provoke stress is called stressors, they cover a whole range of situations, such as good stress and bad stress.<br />
  6. 6. STRESS FEELINGS<br />When you are stressed out there are many feelings and different types of emotions. You can feel jealousy, anger, nervous, Paranoid, worried and get very defensive. This can effect how people feel about you and your work.<br />
  7. 7. TYPES OF STRESSORS<br />Concerns about weight<br />Work stress<br />Financial stress<br />Health of a family member<br />Things to do on your mind<br />Maintenance of the house<br />Paying bills<br />
  8. 8. NEGATIVE STRESS<br />Negative stress is bad stress and can have very bad effects on your body, people around you and your work. The effects stress has on you can be Emotional, physical and behavioural. Some of those effects are<br />Depression<br />Sleeping badly<br />Muscle tension<br />Body language to others<br />Concentration and Memory<br />Weight<br />
  9. 9. POSITIVE STRESS<br />There can also be positive stress this can normally happen when you are very nervous about an up coming meeting or game or job interview. This is good though as it makes you want to perform that extra 10% and could result in you winning or getting the job or promotion.<br />
  10. 10. Systems of Stress<br />Physical symptoms<br />Mental symptoms<br />Behavioural symptoms<br />Emotional symptoms<br />
  11. 11. Aches and pains<br />Diarrhoea or constipation<br />Nausea, dizziness<br />Chest pain, rapid heartbeat<br />Loss of sex drive<br />Frequent colds<br />Physical Symptoms<br />
  12. 12. MENTAL SYMPTOMS<br />Anger<br />Anxiety<br />Apathy<br />Cynicism<br />Defensiveness<br />Depression<br />Difficulty concentrating<br />Feelings of helplessness, hopelessness or worthlessness<br />Feelings of being misunderstood or unappreciated<br />Hypersensitivity<br />Insecurity<br />Irritability<br />Lack of direction<br />Pessimism<br />Resentment<br />Sadness<br />Insomnia<br />Isolation or withdrawal from others<br />Lessened enjoyment of activities that were once pleasurable<br />Loss of appetite or, in contrast, overeating<br />Loss of sexual desire<br />Procrastination<br />
  13. 13. BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS<br />Stress can have effects on your behaviour such as:<br />Increased smoking<br />Increased use of alcohol or drugs<br />Nail biting<br />Neglect of responsibility<br />Poor job performance<br />Unusually poor hygiene<br />Eating more or less<br />
  14. 14. EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS<br />Stress can have effects on your behaviour such as:<br />Anxiety<br />Restlessness<br />Worrying<br />Irritability<br />Depression<br />Sadness<br />Anger<br />Feeling insecure<br />Lack of focus<br />Burnout<br />Forgetfulness<br />
  15. 15. STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES<br /> Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as;<br />heart disease<br />chronic fatigue<br />anxiety attacks<br />mood swings <br />psychological distress<br />depression<br />sleep problems<br />high blood pressure <br />eating disorders<br />
  16. 16. COSTS OF STRESS<br />80% of all modern diseases have their origins in stress.<br />In the UK, 40 million working days per year are lost directly from stress - related illness.<br />Costs in absenteeism to British industry is estimated at £1.5 billion pounds per year.<br />
  17. 17. Stress at Work<br />Stress at work can always be very hectic, as there may be lots of work to do and you just don't know where to start. Ways to reduce stress levels at work is, organise the work load evenly and plan what project, presentation you are going to start on and plan the time evenly.<br />
  18. 18. FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK STRESS<br />The drive for success<br />Changing work patterns<br />Working conditions<br />Overwork<br />Under-work<br />Uncertainty<br />Conflict<br />Responsibility<br />Relationships at work<br />Change at work<br />
  19. 19. Stress Management<br />
  20. 20. Causes of Stress<br />Internal Stresses<br />External Stresses<br />Inability to accept uncertainty<br /> Negative self-talk<br />Unrealistic expectations<br /> Perfectionism<br /> Lack of assertiveness<br />Major life changes<br />Work<br /> Relationship difficulties<br /> Financial problems<br /> Being too busy<br /> Children and family <br />
  21. 21. External Stresses - Organisational<br />Company take over<br />Reductions / layoffs<br />Major reorganisation<br />Company sale / relocation<br />Employee benefit cuts<br />Mandatory overtime required<br />Little input into decisions<br />Mistake consequences severe<br />Workloads vary<br />Fast paced work<br />React to changes<br />Advancement difficult<br />Red tape delays jobs<br />Insufficient resources<br />Pay below going rate<br />Technology changes<br />Employee benefits poor<br />Workplace conditions<br />Consistent poor performance<br />
  22. 22. External Stresses - Major Life Events<br />Major life events can happen to a lot of people and it is not good what they go through, these are some examples of events:<br />Death of a loved one<br />Marriage<br />New house<br />Pregnancy<br />
  23. 23. Internal Stress<br />Internal factors contributing to stress are:<br />Unrealistic expectations<br /> Perfectionism<br /> Lack of assertiveness<br />Sleepy<br />Frustration<br />Anxiety<br />
  24. 24. The best way to keep stress in control is, always keep a cool mind and think out side the box. And different types of learning methods to control stress.<br />Always relax<br />Get a lot of sleep<br />Doing regular exercise can always help<br />STRESS CONTROL<br />
  25. 25. Change your self-confidence and self-esteem<br /> Change your anger management<br /> Change your relaxation and sleep<br /> Change your perception-based strategies<br /> Change your action-based strategies<br />Stress Management Techniques<br />
  26. 26. Summary<br />Build your resilience by:<br />Believe that you will succeed if you keep working towards your goal <br />Have strong relationships with family and friends<br />Take actions to solve problems that is getting to you<br />Believe that you will succeed, and work towards your goal<br />Ask for help if you are not understanding a problem<br />